Imatges de pÓgina

He gave on its first formation, his ever since they became a distinct name with a life subscription to it; religious society. and such was the interest which The respectful but plain un. he took in its growing success, that cringing manner in which their he gave to its funds a life subscrip. Address is drawn up, and its con. tion every year during his life: trast with some other recent ad. the money for this purpose passed dresses 10 the throne, has been through the writer's hands, and he very properly noticed in your can confidently assert, from fre. Monthly Retrospect of Public Af. quent and familiar intercourse, fairs ; nor should I criticise any that the great success of the Unita- passage in it as the intent of the rian Fund, and the completion of compilers is not only good but the“ Improved Version of the New cannot well be mistaken ; did not Testament," were the two objects a similar ambiguity and jocorthat lay nearest bis heart; and rectness of expression pervade also when hearing the accounts of the the Epistle on subjects highly im. society read, and contemplating portant and very liable to be misthe consequences which, in his understood. opinion, they were calculated ul These commendable advocates timately to produce, bis counte- for peace say, “ It is now many 'nance would brighten up, and he years since war has been spreadseemed animated with all that be. ing its desolation over great part nevolent zeal which distinguished of the civilized world.” Which is bis more active days. I would equivalent to declaring there has just add, that Mrs. Lindsey, in- been a long period of peace since fuenced by the same ardent desire the occurrence of the evils they to promote the object of the insti. deplore. Whereas they sbould tution with that of her venerable rather bave said war has been and generous husband, made year. spreading for many years ils dely donations to the society as long vastations, &c. The conclusion as she lived.

of the same paragrapb is also inD. E. correct. It seems intended to in.

Itimate the propriety of the Prince Remarks on the Quakers' Yearly Regent's Counsellurs seeking“ di. Epistle.

vine direction” in order to enable Aug. 16, 1812. them to second his use of the royal In your last number you have prerogative in " putting a period given (p: 470) the Quakers' late to this dreadful state of devas. Address to the Prince Regent in tation.” But it says, “ We trust favour of peace, and their Annual the wisdom of thy councils, as Epistle of Counsel and Admoni- they seek for divine direction, will tion to the Meetings of Friends in be enabled to discover, &c.” The Great Britain, Ireland and else- pronoun they has do proper ante. where. The first of these docu- cedent; and however truly it ments is creditable to their Chris. may be a mark of wisdom in Cabi. tian feelings in the cause of suffer. net ministers and statesmen to act ing humanity, and indicates a con- agreeably to divine direction in an tinued adherence to their well- undeviating regard to those great known testimony against all war, principles which are of universal


612 Remarks on the Quakers' Yearly Epistle. obligation, viz. to do justly, to love goes on excellentiy in ascribmercy, and to walk bumbly before ing the "origin" of " that love" of God, I fear a long period will which they partook together, to elapse before these will really be " the boundless mercy of God, come the maxims on which the through Christ our holy Redeemer, rulers of nations will govern their through him who died for us, and actionis.

who ever lipeth to make interces. Iti my remarks on the Epistle sion for us." This is sound, scripfor 1811 (p. 716 of vol. vi.) I no. tural, and strictly accordant io ticed two singular instances of am, the standing, and almost uniform, biguity in the use of the possessive language of their ancestors, in sepronoun “bis,” by one of which ligious profession. What is it this the “ death" of God is spoken of passage asserts or necessarily iminstead of the death of Christ; in plies? the other the duty of worsbipping Ist. That the love of God to God, is recommended, as an “ac. man his rational offspring." takes knowledgment of our dependence its origin in his own boundless on the power” of Christ. Such werey." Or that he is essentially mistakes as these, tending to con. merciful in and of himself, and is found the most important sçrip- not rendered placable apd forgiytural distinctions, cannot be too ing by another, care fully guarded against, and re. 2nd. That under the Christian quire to be pointed out whenever dispensation this original love and they are fallen into.

boundless mercy of God is conThe Epistle of the present year municated to mankind “ through begins with an ambiguous expres- Christ our boly Redeemer." sion - Being permitted at the pre Sdly. That these benefits flowsent time to investigate the state ing from the unbought mercy and of our religious society;'? but goodness of God, were conveyed whether it means by the favour of to us through a being capable of God, or by the indulgence of a dying, which cannot truly be aftolerant government, does not ap. firmed of God, but“ through him pear. If the former it should, I who died for us,” that is, “ Christ think have been so stated, if it was our holy Redeemer." deemed necessary to announce so 4thly, That this same being self-evident a truth. « For in him “who died for us, ever liveth to we live and move and have our make intercession for us.". The being."

Epistle says nothing respecting The natural reference of the the true seriptural sense of the passage as it stands, seems rather term translated intercession, but to the government, and if so, to it seems to me they cannot have intimate either some recent inter- understood it as explained by the ruption to their meeting as usual, Calvinists, on whatever growinds the or an apprehension of such an declaration rests, with which they event. Neither of which could, conclude the subject of the I think, be intended. How much“ boundless mercy of God." They better and more simple would it say " we have found this love to have been to say, Being met to extend to you our brethren." investigate, &c. The paragraph Might they net have added, and

to all the families of the earth. love, joy and adoration, in the preBut then this grand consulatory sence of him through whuse love truth should be stated as a scripe we were first awakened,” I do not tural doctrine, and not as a new understand. The scriprures appear discovery of their uwn.

to me to hold out the prospect of In the conclusion of the same a vast increase of knowledge in a paragraph the conspilers of this future state of existence, and not Epistle say, “We have desired merely of love, joy and adoration, to be directed to impart to you in degrees far beyond our present such information and counsel as bighest conceptions. We are en. may tend to your increase in the couraged to believe, we sball" fear of the Lord.That is, as I then see as we are seen,” where. suppose the connection requires, as now, we are only enabled 10 of God, the source from whence see many ibings as through a all the benefits spoken of just be. glass darkly.” fore are said to have originated, I In recommending " Friends to am the more inclined to this con. be prompt in undertaking, and struction of those words, as I con- prudent in executing the blessed ceive them in the language of the office of peace. maker," I most sacred writers, as always meaning cordially coneur; but I do not Jehovah, or God the Father, un, know what they mean, when they less their application is specially .speak of " seeking to Jesus, for limited to the Lord Jesus, or to assistance in performing an office some other person.

on which he has pronounced his The same expressions occur in blessing." That is, whether by the next paragraph, so directly “ seeking to Jesus," they mean after the mention of Christ, as to praying to him, or seeking to nn. render their intended application derstand and obey bis precepts, and somewhat more ambiguous, but to follow his example. If the for. even here it is so consonant to the mer. I am not aware of any scripforegoing assertion of “ the bound- tural warrant for such an exi rcise. less mercy of God through Christ," If the latter it is doubtless an inthat I cannot hesitate to say such cumbent duty on all Christians. is įts fair construction. According This paragraph concludes with to which it may be truly and holding up

as the absolute recésscripturally said, that we are "un. sity for all true disciples" (of Jesus) worthy of the least of the Lord's to live in peace one with another, mercies, and dependent only on and to forgive one another.” his compassion for our final ac. Granted : it is the true badge of ceptance."

discipleship, and is so stated in I also readily grant “ that no many genuine texts. But I carro awakened mind,” or sincere Chris- not grant this to be a Christian tian, “ can be without a view to a duty, on aceount of the reason better and an enduring state," else which this Epistle assigns, al. would their religion be vain and though that reason is founded on hopeless. But on what authority the rendering of Eph. 1v. 32, in the authors of this Epistle say, the received version,“ even as God " that in the state to which we as. for Christ's sake has forgiven pire there is nothing but eternal them.” The Greek preposition s



614 Remarks on the Quakers' Epistle for 1812. in this passage seems to bave been “tbar God's love is not the effect first so translated by Cranmer. In of Christ's satisfaction," but in Jerome's Latin Bible the passage unison with the doctrine laid stands thus, (edit. printed in 1479) down as the present belief of the sicut et Deus in Christo donarit Society in the first paragraph of vobis." lu the old authorized this Epistle, that " Christ is the English version “as also God in proper gift and effect of God's Christ bath pardoned you.” Pur- love." ner bas it “ even as God in Christ The next paragraph is excellent. has forgiven you.” Newcome and In that which follows“ the youth the Improved version of the New in general" are exhorted " to seek Testament, “as God also through the society of experienced Friends, Christ hath forgiven you.And -and to receive their admonition Wakefield to the like import. with meekness and attention." If

No person that understands this exhortation as to the first part ever so little of Greek, will deny of it had been reversed, it might that by far the most literal and have been as appropriate and juusual meaning of the preposition dicious. How shall those youths sy is, in or through, nor is there who are only " about to leave the any plausible pretext for rendering protection of a parent, and to en: it otherwise in this passage, see. ter into the busy scenes of life," ing that in the genuine scriptures, rightly distinguish between those and even in the received version, who are really men of experience, God is never said to forgive any and those who are not? It seems person for Christ's sake, or on to me the proper province of all account of any other consideration that are duly qualified by know. than his own boundless mercy and ledge and experience in any Chris. goodness. When therefore the tian church, to seek out those who compilers of this Epistle had set are in need of counsel, and having out with so sound a doctrine, and found them, to be willing to im. might have appealed to Purver's part it, always remembering how translation, who was of their own much may depend on the manner persuasion, as well as to a cloud in which this important daty is of uther witnesses of far greater av. discharged. That the way to sucthority, I lament they should have ceed with the greatest certainty is, stumbled on this erroneous read. to conciliate their affections by ing, as I lamented some years be kindness of deportment, and to fore, that Joseph Gurney Bevan, convince their understandings of in his life of the apostle Paul, the advantages of attending to the should have given it without any advice imparted. note thereon, although he has re 16:That ihe season of early youth marked several other less impor. is a season of peculiar danger,” tant errors in the same chapter, cannot be too strongly in pressed, „which in the received version re- but it may be urged with great quire correction. This false read. zeal, and yet with so much re. ing represents Christ as the cause pulsive austerity and harshness, as of the placability of God, where totally to fail of producing on the as the early Friends beld as tender and susceptible minds of J. G. Bevan must have known, youth the effect intended, and ever

to aggravate those evils it was de. it is probable the defective manner signed to prevent. The paragraph in which it exbibits the sense of concludes thus, “ And if you grow the text, escaped the attention of up under this sense” (of danger) the greater part of a numerous as

you will from time to time be sembly, on its being read therein led to cry for preservation to him once, or even twice. But it seems who has said, (and his words are to indicate a disingenuous contri. Amen for ever,) · Him that com. vance on the part of the Com. eth to me I will in no wise cast mittee who drew it up, harrily out.''

compatible with Christian since. Do then the compilers of this rity and candour. An open avowal Epistle mean to affirm, that no in a manner that no one could young persons can be sensible mistake of their real sentiments, “ that the season of early youth would be more creditable to such is a season of peculiar danger,” a Committee than 10 adopt such who do not“ cry for preservation" indecisive, obscure and ambiguous to Jesus, or, in other words, ad- language as several of the Epistles dress their supplications unto him? of later years exhibit; instead of I should charitably hope not, yet using such definite, simple, sound such is the express import of the and scriptural language as emi. language they use. The sense of nently distinguishes the Epistles of the peculiar dangers to which their ancestors, and especially youth is incident, may be as forci. with regard to the supreme object bly impressed upon the minds of of their

religious worship, whether those who, believing that all the in prayer, praise or thanksgiving. words of Christ " are Amen for erer,” and that he hath com.

[To be concluded in our next.] manded his followers, both by pre. cept and example to worship and supplicate his father and our Epitaph in Mill Hill ChapelFather, his God and our God," and

Yard, Leeds. him only, as on those who ad pt

SIR, Sep 13, 1812. any Arian or Trinitarian articles Looking lately into a " History of faith and objects of worship. of Leeds," 18mo. 1797, I was

In the above text, John vi. 37, attracted, by an easy association, so partially quoted, without the to the article of Mill. Hill Chapel, least mention of God the Father, where “ the celebrated Dr Joseph Jesus is recorded even in the same Priestley presided for a number of verse as saying, “All that the Father years." “ It was erected in 1672," giveth me, shall come to me, and” and is " said to have been the first (then follows the part selected by built in the North of England, after the compilers of this Epistle)" him the general indulgence." that cometh to me I will in no Among the epitaphs “in the wise cast out.” Had the verse chapel-yard” is the following, been given entire, the sense of the which, I suppose. inay have been passage would have been tolerably composed by the late minister of complete, but it is still more so in the chapel. The adaptation of connexion with the context at Virgil you will probably deem not large. As the passage is managed, unhappy.

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