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283. We learn on enquiry, that religion is to be supported, and
a gentleman stated, 269, to be in the partiality and calumnies ob.
the list of Dr. Ashworth's students, servable in their biographical de.
was only in his eighth year when lineations.
that valuable tutor died, and did Calvinists, unless, the effect of
not enter on his academical course their principles be counteracted
till the autumn of 1784! And we by great comprehension of mind
can assure our readers that similar and benevolence of temper, will
blunders are scattered through the be prejudiced, of course, against
• work, nor least in the tables, formed Arminians. What but ihis pre-
by Mr. Bogue and Mr. Bennett, judice could draw the following
of the dissenting congregations in portrait of the Wesleyan Metho-
the several English counties.

dists? (392.)
They say, 40, 41, of Dr. Sam. “ – the want of competent know-
uel Johnson:

ledge in the great boily of their preach.

ers, has nourished error and enthusiasm “ In prose he has happily taken the among the people, and too fully justiprecedence of Addison, whose Spectator fied the heavy censnie which has been has much to pollute as well as to divert passed upon this communion, as con and instruct.

taining a greater sum of ignorance of This may be a well-intended the scriptures than was ever found in but is a very illiterate decision. any body of Protestants since the Rc

formation."
Where the Rambler has one ad.
mirer, the Spectator has twenty,

We do not vouch for the accuespecially among men of taste and racy of the picture : sects better cultivation; and the editorship

known to the historians, are as of the Spectator and the respon. much distinguished as the Armisibility of the papers to which the

nian Methodists by ignorance historians allude a serious respun.

of the scriptures.' sibility it was), rested with Steele,

With some encomiums on the not with Addison, of whom John. Particular Baptists is mixed a con. son himself declares,” “ He has

demnation of the Antinomianism restored virtue to its dignity and which certain of their ministers taught innocence not to be asham. are here said to have encouraged. ed.

As to the General Baptists, it is of the ignorance and negligence the natural consequence of their of the present historians of the departure from evangelical sentiDissenters, and, we are constrained ments, that they are charged by to add, of their gross misrepresen.

these writers with a want of piety:

We tations, we shall bring forward suspect, too, that no Sandeother proofs under the heads of manian would recognize as strict. their ireatment of sects differ, ly just the view presented by ing from their own, their ac

Messrs. Bogue and Bennett of the count of nonconformist academies, religious body so denominated. their speculations on the decline That reputed Socinians find no of Presbyterian congregations, quarter at their bands, is nothing their view of the methods by which wonderful.'. Of these they fre

quently speak in the spirit which * See Johnson's Life of Addison, and, I am holier than thou,' frequent

exclaims, Stand by thyself, for Marther, No.555 of the Spectator.

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632 Review.Bogue and Bennett's History of the Dissenters. Vol. IV. ly with the rancour of little and memory of a worthy man and to ungoverned minds, and as often the feelings of a most exemplary with the arrogance of conscious relict. Mr. Berry, ib. and 261, infallibility. The party zeal of the has now retired from the stated historians, even loses sight of services of the ministry, in conse. truth, and (257) falsely ac. quence of his infirm health. cuses one Unitarian writer of Concerning the late Mr. Robins, “ recommending without a blush 269, 270, who was visited, for the pious pleasures of the play. many years, with a similar afflic. house on a Sunday,” and ano.. tion, more might bave been said ther of “despising prayer as nu. with truth, propriety and benefit. gatory.” Such are the artifices on the fidelity of the Rev. John and the slanders by which they Horsey of Northampton, in the hope to captivate the prejudices discharge of his duty, when he and strengthen the bigotry of was a theological tutor under their ignoranı admirers! To the Coward's trustees, a most ungeopinions of Arians and Socinians nerous and unfounded suspicion the catch-word heresies is lavishly is, in this work, attempted to be applied by these authors: Arians thrown. The calumny met with and Socinians themselves they a compleat refutation in the stigmatize as heretics.

Among Monthly Magaz. Vol. VI. 318the absurdities to which human 320. VII. 16-19: and more weakness gives birth, none, sure. respectable students than those ly, can be grosser than the use of whom Mr. Horsey educated, nethis language by Protestants and ver adorned any dissenting aca. Dissenters. To hear it, gratifies demy within the circle of our pera particular class of unbelievers, sonal observation. and furnishes a triumph to the Our historians remark of Mr. Romanist: while to men who Micaijah Towgood that “he really understand the principles gave lectures in the academy [at and genius of Nonconformity it Exeter) on biblical criticism, for is insufferably disgusting.

which his learning and judgment, The classical attainments and though not his orthodoxy, emithe taste of the late Dr. Thomas nently qualified him.” (272.) Hi. Gibbons, 259, were nut perhaps therto, we had been taught, by of the highest order. But bis the lessons and examples of such style was elegance itself compared men as Griesbach, Michaëlis and with that of Mr. Boglie and Mr. Porson, that “ biblical criticism" Bennett: and he uniformly be, is perfecily independent on religi. haved to persons of all communi, ous systems, whether orthodor or ons with the courtesy of a gentle. heretical. But this, it seems, is man and the affection of a Chris, aut the judgment of those accom. tian. Admitting that Dr. Daniel plished and Protestant divines Fisher, 260, was “ extremely Messrs. Bogue and Bennett! unpopular as a preacher,” still When they go on to say (273) there could be no necessity for that the progress of Mr. 'Ken. his

unpopularity being recorded rick's mind "shews the tendency by these writers: delicacy would of what are called moderate prin. have paid some respect to the ciples to Arianism, and the nice to

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Socinianism, un the utmost verge portion of their respectability. of Deism," they assert an un- It is only inferir to that to which blushing falsehood. At York every thing is inferior, the charity (286) the number of the students which never faileth, ardent love has increased through successive to God, to the Saviour and to years, and at present (Sept. 1812) mankind: and we can inform inuch exceeds twenty.

Mr. Bogue and Mr. Bennett that Generally speaking, we differ “the aims and professions" of the from the writers in our opinion of excellent seminary in the north the nature and the mode of the which is supported by Dissenters educauion which should be given of the Presbyterian denumination, to candidates for the ministry. are more than nominal. 299.

In one point we agree with It affords us pleasure to see an them: we decidedly preter small intimation that classical and sci. academies to those which are large entific knowledge is mure encou. and splendid. They better suit raged in some of the Independent the circumstances of Dissenters academies than it was at former and their ministers, and are far periods. In proportion as it is more friendly to the ends of disci- diffused among the pupils, we pline and study. Yet these bis. may hope that bigotry will lose torians, !hough, apparently, they ground and be discountenanced. view this subject in the same light A familiar and correct acquainwith ourselves, intimale, not very lance with the best productions consistently or rationally, the ex. of Greece and Rome, is, in parti. pediency of attempting the esta. cular, so admirable an instrument, blishment of something like a dis. in judicious hands, of carrying on senting university. 308, 309, 310. scriptural studies with advantage,

We cannot look with so favour- that we join in Mr. Wakefield's ble an eye as they do on minis. rigret at the indifference with ters who ascend the puipic without which this object is regarded in preparatory instruction. On the most of our academies. Messrs. whole, nevertheless, they plead Bogue and Bennett, we may well for such instruction, and wish, suppose, are forgetful that a tole. we presume, to be considered as rable master of those languages, alike ivimical to a half education possesses great facilities for the ac. and to one which is costly and fi. tainment of others. 301-304. nished. Among the bulk of the “ Theology" say they (305), Dissenters the danger is on the may be pronounced the forte of former side. This is sufficiently dissenting students." If indeed proved by the style and tone and we should take indiscriminately a character of the present work, given number of undergraduates at and by many of the facts which the university, and, in the same it records or at which it glances, manner, an equal number of ju. Sound learning is so intimately nior students at our academies, connected with free enquiry, and it would be seen, we believe, that therefore with the interests of re. the latter are more conversant ligion, that when nonconformist with the scriptures and with books ministers cease to cultivate and of systematic theology. Even the possess it, they will lose a great scriptures, bowever, are not read

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634 Review.-Bogue and Bennett's History of the Dissenters. Vol. IV.
to sufficient purpose by the pupil, cred volume, while two years are
unless he can read them well in occupied with lectures" on those
the originals; and the value of principles the truth or false hood
what these gentlemen term “ sys. of which connot be legitimately
tematic theology” we estimate ascertained or heruist than by that
very meanly, so far as it is syste- same critical examination which
matic. When the word falls such lectures are made to pre-
from authors of their stamp, it cede! This, in the eyes of every
signifies The Institutes of Calvin true Protestant and Nonconform.
and The Catechisms of the Assem, it, is an inverted order of theolo.
bly of Dirines. Now, although gical investigation. Our readers
we shall not deny that there is will, besides, remark that only
a time of life when these works three years are dedicated to the
should be put into the hands of whole course, and that, though
students in divinity, we protest, astronomy is professedly taught,
nevertheless, against their being we hear notbing of lectures in
prescribed to them at the begin. mathematics,
ning of their inquiries: we pro. There is some justness in the
test against students being bruught following observations, 307 308 :
acquainted with any formularies " Whether it arises from the earlier
of faith, be they whose or what initiation or longer course of study en-
they may, before they have taken joyed by the clergy, so that they have
their views of revealed truth from had time to wear away their youthful

affectation, or whether they have heen a careful and critical perusal of brought to heir level by intercourse the native records of Judaism and with a larger circle of superior minds, Christianity. Here, we imagine, or to whatever other cause it may be the historians and ourselves are clergymen frequentiy excel in that mo

attributed, it is a fact that serious young completely at issue. We copy dest concealment of learning and simple two sentences, describing the me. mode of instruction which indicate at thod of instruction pursued in once the great and good man. In these Mr. Bogue's own seminary at respects they turish an example which

the students from the dissenting acaGosport: 282.

demies ought to imitate with unwearied Of the three years to which the attention: for they are excellencies in course of instruction is limited, the two which they are too frequently defecfirst are occupied with lectures on the tive." principles of Christianity, and the last with lectures on the sacred books.

But whence does the defect During the whole time Latin, Greek proceed? Chiefly from that superand Hebrew are studied, and instruc- ficial communication of literary tions are given in geography and astro, and theological instruction which Jewish antiquities, ecclesiastical history characterizes many of our dissent. and the pastoral office."

ing seminaries. Let not Messrs. What does this tutor mean by Bogue and Bennett charge upon “the principles of Christianity" the pupil what is mainly attribuif not the principles of Calvinism? table to the superintendant and Allowing him then to copsider, the tutor. them as identical, we have before One of their favourite topics, us bis admission that only one is the decline of Presbyterian year is devoted to any thing like congregations, especially in the e critical examination of the sa- metropolis. In recently looking

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through some numbers of a been so large a number of avowed
certain History of Dissenting and respectable Antitrinitarians
Churches, &c. By W. Wilson, in this country as at the present
which we are persuaded, is not day.
unknown to our authors, and in We learn from our authors,
which greater regard is paid to 506, that “ the modern' associa.
truth and delicacy than in their tions, for the suppression of vice,
own volumes, we saw, or fancied and for the observance of the
“ We saw, both public and personal Lord's-day, find their most zea.

Teasons why Mr. Bogue should lous members and patrons among
have been silent on this subject. Dissenters, who,” it is affirmed,

It is a fact that both in London: 66 have by these and other means and in the country many congre. elevated the standard of public gational as well as Presbyterian morals.". The manner of the societies have declined ; and the historians clearly indicates their decay of the former would have approbation of calling in the aid been far more general, had not of the civil magistrate to the supsupplies of ministers been gained port of truth and virtue : such is - from the Calvinistic Methodists. their consistency as nonconformThis is a consideration to which ists and the professed disciples of

the historians should, in justice - him whose kingdom is not of this - and candour, have attended. world! For ourselves, we blush

Will they infer that the Indepen. at hearing that there are any nondent congregations which have conformists in these worse than either dwindled or become ex. equivocal associations : pure as tinct were not strictly orthodox ? may be their motives, their under. The truth is that it cannot be the standings are deplorably ill-in. - daty of the enlightened minister formed. The end cannot sanctify

of religion to gralify the invetera. : the means: the standard of public cy of prejudice and the depravity morals can never be elevated, but . of taste in his hearers, which it is must be extremely degraded, by

one branch of his office to cor- spies and appruvers, by constables . sect. Consequently, no disgrace and prosecutions. To make men : or' blame attaches to the man, be hypocrites, is one thing: to ren. be Trinitarian or Antitrinitarian, der them truly good, is a very who will not sacrifice every thing different and a far more arduous to the love of popular applause. process. On the principle of these On the other hand, it cannot: societies, it would not be difficult be denied that the absence, ei. to justify the deservedly repre. ther totally or in a great degree, hended prosecution of the Wool. of doctrinal, and what some men stons and Annetts of a former - have attempted to stigmatize as and of the Williamses and Eatons controversial, preaching, has been of the present age. Wben once injurious to the prosperity of cer. we invite the services of justici. tain classes of the Dissenters. aries, gaolers and executioners in Happily, a more consistent prac. religious concerns, it will be ex. tice begins to be adopted: and ceedingly difficult to dismiss or the beneficial effects of it are al. limit them. For the same reason, ready evident; there never having and with equal propriety, we may

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