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State of Public Affairs. honour to be, Gentlemen, your of Christians, will exercise their ever faithful servant,

own rules for the admission of pube (Signed) STANHOPE. lic or private teachers among To Dr. Adam Clarke, and themselves, yet it is the unalienable Joseph Butterworth, Esq. right of every man to worship

'The Resolutions of the said God agreeably to the dictates of General Committee, respecting the his own conscience; and that he principle which recoguizes the has a right to hear and to teach rights of conscievce, is recited in those Christian truths which be their circular letter, dated July conscientiously believes, without 31, 1812, in the following words, any restraint or judicial interfer. vie.

ence from the civil magistrate, “ As to the principle, the Com. provided he do not hereby disturb mittee, at an early stage of their the peace of the community : and deliberations, came to the resolu. that on no account whatever tion, That although all well-regu- would the Committee concede this lated societies, and denominations fundamental principle.

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS ;

OR,

The Christian's Survey of the Political World.

Horrors upon horrors ! Battles, mur. a market there for wooden houses. ders, conflagrations call for the deepest Many of their streets have also wood infeelings of sorrow on the one hand, sicad of stone for their pavement. whilse painted dolls, and infatuated su. Scarcely was the conqueror lodged in perstition, and blasphemous invocations the Kremlin when ihe town around him excite on the other contempt and indig- was fired in every direction by wretches pation. Smolensko had exhibited a appointed for the purpose. All the en. scene which harrowed up the soul. From gines had been previously removed, and this place the conqueror marched in the the destructive element had anlimited atmost confidence of victory to the en- sway for several days. The greater part trenched camp of the Russians at Moske of this unhappy city was thus reduced wa,about seventy miles from Moscow. A to ashes; the Kremlin alone, separated battle of cwo days decided the contest; a by high walls from the other part of the murderous batile, which, dreadful as have town, remained unhurt; and the barbeen those which this age has witness barians who devised the plan had the ed, exceeds them all in the horrid work pitiful satisfaction of knowing that they of war, in carnage and destruction. The had produced infinitely more misery Russians fed in every direction, and Jest than the conqueror ever intended; that the road open to Moscow. The con, they had rendered the city in great mea queror lost no time, and a few days sure useless to him; and that if their after was scated in the Kremlin, the in- arms should by the fortune of war be terior of the city, a fortress like the se- successful, they would find their capital raglio, that was the ancient seat of em. destroyed by their own folly, their own pire, the throne of the autocrat. wicked and murderous hands.

What sesistance was made in the tak. Whilst the fire was consuming Mos ing of the city we know not; but thc cow, a different scene took place at te barbarians who were conquered erecut. tersburgh, There they were buoyed up cd a play which will hold them up to with the hopes of Russia being the seat the detestation of the civilised world and of death to the French army. They se of all posterity The erections of Mos- ceived intelligence of the battle on the cow are chiefly of wood; and they have Moskwa on the name-day of the empo

ror, and the dispatch was read in the That the French should stand in need cathedral at the end of a solemn service. of repose after such exertions is natu. The multitudes testified their joy by loud rally to be expected; that it should have acclamations, and the ambassador frotn so admirable a position for it is a great England was deceived by the communi- advantage. The mind of Buonaparte cation made to him by the emperor. cannot in the mean time be idle; and as The protection of Sergias and the holy at Wilna he was planning the present virgin was a shield to the Russians conquest, so at Moscow he is preparing against the infidels, who were, in the for the overthrow of the government at language of the court, completely de- Petersburgh. At this season of the year feated. Buonaparte was indeed not tak- Muscosy is peculiarly unfavourable to en, but the intelligence of his being a military movements; for a certain time prisoner was expected in the next dise before the setting in of the extreme cold patch. Rewards were in consequence the country is not fit for travelling ; but bestowed by the autocrat on several ge. after the setting in of the frost cho counnerals upon this occasion; and it is not try presents a white, level, hard surface, certain that he was not himself, equally on which cannon can be transported with his subjects, duped by that intelli- with great expedition, without making gence which a few hours' more would any impression to injure the roads. set at nought, and then the secret could The French army are therefore placed not be concealed, that Moscow was in at present in the best situation for their danger; to be confirmed at last by the ulterior objects, and we cannot see any sounds that must appal them, “Buona- reasonable grounds for those hopes parte is in the Kremlin, and the ruins which are cherished in this country, of Moscow are under his eye." that the barbarians, with their broken

When the scene of action is at such a armies, will be able to make any effecdistance, little confidence can be placed tual resistance to the great conqueror. in the reports which are continually The nobles, whose estates are now in fabricated of the state of the respective his hands, may not be so attached to armies. The dispatch from our ambas- their government as to their property; dor åt Petersburg, calculated to raise the and the peasantry of the country is so de expectations of the country of a termi- graded that we cannot expect from them nation of the war in favour of its ally, the magnanimity of freemen; and it has was contrasted in the very same paper been said, that in the Russian language by the bulletin from the French army, a word for Liberty is not to be found, announcing their entrance into Moscow. Thus the governments of the carth Another dispatch from the ambassador are overturned, and man is taught that talked of the very favourable positions however high in honour he may be, he of the Russian armies, the steadiness of has not here an abiding place. The the people, their perfect confidence in mighty are cast down from the thrones, ultimate success, norwithstanding the and one of low degree is set over them. capture of the capital, the cutting off of When will ye be wise, O ye kings, and all Buonaparte's resources, and the pro- be learned, ye that are judges of the bable annihilation of his army. This carth ? High and low, rich and poor was considered as a complete refutation must feel, when the judgments of God of the report that the autocrat was de- are upon the earth, that there is only posed, and that the nobility of the em- one way of ruling a people; that righe pire had made its peace with the French cousness exalts a nation and sin depresscmperor by a carte blanche for the for- es it; and however any family or sets of mation in his hands of a new govern. families may pride themselves on their ment. Another bulletin, dated on the distinction from their fellow mortals, 2oth of September, was thought buc yet if they do not possess those qualities, meagre, and to encourage the prospects by which alone a family ought to be held out by our ambassador: for it states distinguished, they will merge into the merely, that great depots of provisions conimon mass, and their descendants and magazines of clothing had been may suffer the very oppressions of which found in Moscow, whose civil govern their ancestors were the inventors. ment was organised, and that the greater Of the beneficial advantages of the part of the army was cantoned in the confederacy between Petersburgh, Stockcity, where it was recovering from its holm and London, nothing decisive fatigucs.

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State of Public Affairs. sanguine in our expectations from it. melancholy reflection, that the success The diversion to be made by Berna- of the English arnis should be tarnished dotte is very problematical; and the sca- by i he re erection of thar horrid tribuson is so far advanced that he has su.j- nal, whose existence is a disgrace to ciently plausible reasons for delay, every nation, that upholds or counteCould it also take place, the streng h of nances such an infamous outrage on the the French is such on the shores of the rights of humanity and conscience The Baltic, that little impression will be Cortez, as w.s to be expected in the made by a force, to be brought in ships, present pians of hum.n policy has made to act on any quarter. A report was a de see respecting the persons who current, that the Swedish troops were have held ottices under the intrusive to be employed ag insi Norway, a coun- king, which, if the tide turns, will try, indeed, belonging to an ally of the sanction a similar decrec against themFrench, but how is this to benefit the selves namely, to preven the t vourgeneral cause ? A more prova le thing ers of the incrudar from holding offices is, that this contest will end in the is, under the re-established governinent. toia, ion of Finland to Sweden. In the Thus, the possessions and otices of the south of Russia the Persians have ob. country may for a long time be in a tained a victory over our allr, chiefly in state of great con usion, for Buonaparte consequence of the skill of the British will not casily be deterred from his pur. officers, who had not heard of the pose; and if he returns successful change of affairs in Europe; and thus En- from his bar aric conquests, the peningland is now zealous in support of those sula of Spain will not be easily wrested barbarians, with whom, a sew months from his powerful grasp. ago, it was in open bostilities. So tickle, To the wars of Russia and Spain is so changeable are worldly politics, added that of the United States, which

Spain does not present any thing de- is now entitled to the nan e of a regular cisive. The power of the Cortez is es- war, since hostilities have been announctablished at Madrid, and the intrusive ed by both sides according to the usual king, as he is vow called, holds his forms. They have also taken place uncourt in Valencia. There he is support der singular circumstances; for England ed by a very powerful asmy, and may has suffered a triling loss, which was maintain his ground for a great length feit very keenly, and has gained a vic. of time, as Loid Wellington has found tory infinitely more important. The sufficient employment in the north. Americans sent a torce into Upper CaThere he has been stopped for a nada, which they deemed quite suffici. long time by the castle of Burgos, a. ent for the enterprise, and their entrance gainst which he has made unsuccess. into the province was preceded by a ful attacks ; but, most probally, it is gasconading proclamation, too much al. at this time in our possession. The lied to the intamous manifesto of the remains of Marmoni's army have re. Duke of Brunswick, when he entered treated to a considerable distance behind Frnce. The American had soon cause it, and are waiting for reinforcements to repent of his rashness : for hc had from France before they can make any scarcely advanced into the Canadian

to support their sinking territo y, when a much inferior force cause. If they can keep possession of approached him; and, without a battle, the country to the north of the Ebro it w.chout, apparently, sufficient miliis as niuch as they can expect. Some tary cause, he laid down his arms, and circumsiances have occurred favourable surrendered himself with his whole arto the Anglo-Spanish cause. Lord Wel my pr soners of i ar. Thus the i anadas lington has been declared generalissimo are saved from hosule invasion, and the of Spain ; and thus he will be able to States may dread an attack from the lodirect the forces of that country to the dians on their borders, who, though best advantage. He is in possession of they behaved extremely well in the the capital, and an increasing energy English army, and were kept within may be expected on the part of the S; a bounds, may, when left to chemselves, nish; but we shall regret to have the carry on their plans with horrid barbareport confirmed that the Inquisition is rity. This is one of the wretched ef. re-established in Madrid. It will be a fects of this unhappy war, which might

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wasily have been avoided by men of en- termine on the reality of his guilt or lightened minds and christian principles innocence. At Mexico the revolutionin both cabinets.

ary party is very strong; in Lima and The glooil, spread over the United Peru it is said to be decidedly upperStates by the loss of an army, was dissi- most. At Buenos Ayres very sanguipated by a victory at sea , by one of our nary measures have been pursued to ships of war being destroyed by an quell an insurrection on the point of American ot far superior force. A fa- breaking out of the old Spaniards against tal accident carried off early in the ac- the existing government. The war betion the masts of our ship; but it was !ween this colony and Moute Video con. not surrendered till it was completely tinues; but the Brazilians have with. unmanageable, an soon after the pri- drawn from the contest.

Every thing soners were re noved the ship went to portends the separation of the old from the bottom. The Americans had how the new world, to be united hereafter ever the satisfaction of seeing the cap- by leagues of amity and commerce, taiu of an English frigate with his crew broken according to custom, as it suits prisoners in one of their ports. The the interest, folly and caprices of the disparity in force was not considered, a cabinets by which the future countries victory, however, gained over an English will be governed. frigate was a subject of universal con At home, the chief occupation of gratulation aud on this side of the At: men's minds has been on the returns lantic it excited more mortification than made to Parliament of the new knights, the case required. The predatory war citizens and burgesses elected to perform on the seas has been carried on by the the duties required of them by their Americ ins with considerable success, constituents, who, it is well known, and the balance, as was to be expected, are very different in different places. In is on their side. Thus two nations, some they consist of a large body of formed to benefit each other, are wrong- electors, in others of very few; in some ing themselves by mutual injuries, and are the election is independent, in others it adding another to the nnumerable in- results from the fiat of a single indivi. stances of the follies of mankind, who dual. From a body of men so congrefight for their lust , their passions, their gated the sense of the people of the caprices, expend un war what would bring United Kingdom cannot be collected, an extensive tract into cultivation, and and their voice can have but little lavish their treasure and their blood and weight At no time has greater apathy their labour just as idly as the hired pu- prevailed in a general election. Å gegilists on a public stage; if we might neral sentiment seems to have pervaded not say that the latter have indeed more the electors of the little weight of their specious arguments to adduce in favour votes, whilst the system throws so much of their employment."

power into the hands of a few individu. Casting our eye from the United als

, in whom, in fact, the legislature of States along the map of the new world, the country is vested. we see every wh re tracts marked by In four places were very remarakable the outrages to which the present state elections, -Westminster, London, Bris. of war and confusion gives rise. At tol and Liverpool, and we might add to Baltimore an inquest ha been taken on them Leicester. In Wesiminster the the horrid murders there coinmitted, popular party was triumphant, bringing but the murderers seem likely to evade in unanimously their old members, Sir the punishment of the law, and are sup- Francis Burdett and Lord Cochrane, ported in their crimes hy a las less mul- both of whom in their letters exposed in titude. At the Caraccas a counter re- strong terms those abuses of which the volution is taking place, owing, it is country has too much reason to comsaid, to the advintage taken by the plain. In this city, a committee of inpriests of the late convulsions of the dependent men, of too much property earth, which are artfully a cribed to the to be niade the dupes of the higher Vengeancc of heaven for their refusal to raoks, and too little to command indu. submit any longer to the government of ence, has by very wise measures secured the mother country.

Miranda, the che independence of election, and simichief leader, is taken, and is deemed to lar committees in great towns and counbe a traitor by all parties ; but our in. ties would effectually produce the same formation is too incorrect for us to de- effects, and cstablish, in duc time, a

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Correspondence. proper representation. In London, the Farther attempts have been made it great influence of various corporations the midland counties to produce peace and mercantile bodies secured the elec- by petitions to the ensuiog parliament, tions of the three ministerial candidates, in which we have too great reason te and, by the cross voles, intended to keep apprehend that the Catholies will again out Mr. Waithman and Alderman suffer a defeat. Opposition bas boce Wood, placed Alderman Com he at the made to them in the corporation head of the poll. At Bristol, Sir Samuel of Dublin, but we are happy to say that Romilly was thrown out; and at Liver. the cry of No Popery was scarcely heand pool,

Mr. Canning was broughe in, in op. in any part of the country during the position to Mr. Brougham. Mr Can: eleccions le one or two places the caz ning was very explicit as to his parliament didates appealed to the supposed alliance ary conduct, declaring himself a decide of church and state ; that is, the alliance ed enemy to parliamentary refore, and of a small body of people with the state a strenuous admirer and supporter of the to deprive the majority of its rights. politics of Mr. Pitt. The election was However, the country seems to be too strongly contested, which shews that the wise o be misled by such nonsense, and whole town is not so completely infa- though the United Kingdom may be tuated. At Leicester, a feeble attempt the last of the European states to so was made to bring in Mr. Roscoe knowledge the rights of conscience, yet However elected, the gentlemen will the established sect cannot long maintain have an arduous task to perform. The its ground; for it is dwindling away by complete success of the ministry in the the people forming places of worship of House will not insure success to their their own, and the religion of the ese measures, and Buonaparte is not to be tablished sect will, in ne short time, be beaten by majorities in parliament. nothing else buta religion of state.

CORRESPONDENCE.

We have received from Scrutator a defence of the passage in his pamphlet ani. madverted on by our correspondent, H. P. PP. SIO, E. Both writers appear to us to have misinterpreted Dr. Priestley's dying language, which is, we presume to think, accurately explained in the Review of the “ History of Dissenters" in our present number. But we should nevertheless, have given a place to som tator's letter, had he not so strongly, and somewhat barshly, urged his forma statement, which is indelicate (to say the least) to the memory of Dr. Priestley, and is extremely open to misrepresentation and abuse from the numerous caemies of that great man and of the cause which survives him.

The writer of the double, unpaid, anonymous letter, containing a trifting extract and bearing the post-mark of Bolton, is informed that his letter is returned to the Past Office: as is also the anonymous letter, containing likewise a worthless aktract, bearing the post park of Guildford.

In our nett,

The Resolutions of the Deputies,
The Circular of the Protestant Society,
The Report of the Unitarian Fund,
Review of Le Courayer's last Treatise, and
Review of Belsham's Memoirs of Lindsey, &c. C.

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