Imatges de pÓgina
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ber manners were invariably frank fined ; and, amidst the corrup-
and open, displaying a heart with. tions and commotions of the times,
out disguise.

she embraced in the expansion of
Entertaining a most lively sense her heart the people of every
of the critical state of Europe, and country and language, of every
of her own country in particular, political distinction and religious
she felt the greatest anxiety on sect; triumphing in the hope and
hearing any new event which in. belief of their eventual happi-
volved important consequences, ness, resulting from the conflicts
till she had an opportunity of of the day.
communicating her opinions on She was a firm believer in the
the subject to some congenial wisdom and justice of God, in
mind. Although destined to see the truth and importance of the
realized so very few of her benevo. divine mission of Christ; a Chris.
lent prospects, she was still atten. tian according to the pure max.
tive to the public welfare, more ims of the gospel, equally free
especially where the cause of civil from bigotry and spiritual pride.
and religious liberty was concern. Her religious principles were li-
ed. Yet she was not in the habit beral in the best sense of the
of delivering political axioms by word; and yet she made no parade
rote; she was accurately acquaints of those principles, and shewed
ed with the foundation of her prin- no anxiety to obtain converts to
ciples, and regarded their conse. her creed. Allowing to others
quences as tending to the happi. the full exercise of their reason
ness of mankind. But above all and conscience, she regarded the
things she seemed gratified in re, virtuous of every denommation as
ferring to the authority of Dr. equally acceptable in the sight of
Jebb, to whose bust, which stood God. She drew consolation in
beside her on a table, she often her own sufferings from the pros.
pointed with reverence and with pect of a future life, and placing

her trust in the goodness of provi.
Her sentiments were most truly dence, she bore them with forti.
liberal, free from acrimony, and tude and resignation to the last.
unbiassed by any thing selfish or The talents of Mrs. Jebb were
narrow. Candid in 'her judg. so blended with an amiable soft-
ment of others, to whom she at. ness, her ardour and firmness
tributed ber own generous feelings, were so tempered with gentleness
she never but with extreme reluc- and urbanity,' that whilst her
tance gave up a favourable opinion. friends were numerous, it was
Hence it became difficult to con- impossible she could have a single
vince her of the hypocrisy and am- enemy amongst those who knew
bition which too frequently actuate her. In her friendships she was
the most prominent characters; ardent and sincere, entering warm.
though when, as in the case of Mr. ly into the hopes and disappoint.
Pitt, she was completely undeceiv. ments, and rejoicing in the good
ed, she attempted not to conceal her fortune of those to whom she was
indignation. The determined ene- most intimately attached. Ow-
my of vice, tyranny, and opprés, ing, indeed, in her latter years, so
sion, her benevolence was uncon. much to the attention of others,

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672 Penal Laws which aggrieve the Catholics of Ireland.
she repaid them with a grateful nephew and executor, Mr. Tork-
heart, and was apt to forget her ington, cf Little Stukely, and her
own sufferings in anxiety for the friends Mr. Northmore of Cleve,
welfare of her friends.

in Devonshire, and Mr. Disney,
She had a nice and even scru. Barrister at Law. She was in.
pulous sense of honour and pro- terred in the Dissenters' bury-
priety, and a delicacy of mind, ing.ground in Bunhill Fields, im.
which admitted no compromise mediately over the body of her
with that masculine boldness, in husband, as she had frequently
which some females, of a highly desired, the funeral service, as
cultivated intellect, have at times used by the society in Essex Street,
indulged. Though so long infirm being read by Mr. Belsham, the
that her life, bad been a series of present minister of that chapel.
rarely intermitted suffering, sbe A plain stone marks the place
had none of that querulousness of their interment, on which is
which seeks pleasure in tedious simply inscribed
and unprofitable complaint to

JOHN JEBB, M. D. those around; and she was equally

1786. devoid of every wish to interfere in

ANN JEBB, his relict.
the concerns of others, unless

very delicately, from unaffected
benevolence, and with a reason-

No monumental eulogy, so able hope of doing good.

often prostituted to the undeservAfter a confinement of

ing, is wanting to record their many

worth. Their death will be long years, Mrs. Jebb died at her house in Half-moon Street, Picca. lamented, their virtues long rea dilly, January 201h, 1812. On membered by surviving friends

G. W. M.. the 28th of the same month, she was attended to the grave by her London, August 20, 1812.



Penal Laws which aggrieve the tice or civil officers, all their arms,

Catholics of Ireland. armour and ammunition, of every [From A Statement, &c. Part II. con kind. After that day search cluded from our last No. p. 609.) might be made in their houses for CHAP. VII.

arms, and any two justices might

compel any Catholic suspected Of the Laws which forbid the of having arms to appear before Catholics to have or use arms.

them, and to answer the charge In 1695, an act was passed en. or suspicion upon his oath. titled, " An Act for better se. In 1698, another açt was pass. curing the Government by disarm. ed, eptitled, "An Act for the ing the Papists ;” by which all preservation of Game;" which Catholics within the kingdom were directs that no Catholic shall be required to discover and deliver employed “as fowler for any up, by a certain day, to the jus. Protestant, or shall bave, keep,

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use, or carry any guns or fire- (and in default of payment the arms, under colour or pretence punishment of whipping) for not tbereof."

working on Catholic Holidays; In 1739, it was thought proper 2, a penalty of 101. for burying to re-enact these prohibitions except in the Protestant Church with additional rigour, and in yards: 3, a fine of 10s. (and in 1775, a statute still more rigorous default of payment, the punish. was enacted, which was made ment of whipping) for pilgrimages perpetual in 1800.

and meetings at holy wells. To The statute of 1793, re-enact- which we may add, 4, the sta. ed the prohibition against the tute enacted in 1571, making it humble and unprotected Catholics, high treason to obtain any written but qualified and almost removed or printed instrument from the it as to two classes of wealthy Ca- Bishop of Rome, or from any tholics, viz.

person authorized by him. 1. Such, as are seized of a free. bold estate of 1001. yearly, or Doubtful Penal Enactments. possessed of a personal estate of 1. Whether a Catholic may act 1000l. value, and take the Ca. as a Director of the Bank of Ire. tholic oaths prescribed by the sta. land?" or, 2, as constable of a tute of 1793,

district, under the Police Acts? 2. Such as (being seized us a or, 3, as assistant or usher to a freehold estate of 101. yearly, and Protestant schoolmaster? or, 4, less than 1001. yearly, or being as guardian of a Protestant child, possessed of a personal estate of or of the child of a non-qualifying 3001. and less than 10001. value) Catholic? ā, Whether a Catholic take the oath of 13 and 14 Geo. clergyman may be the guardian III, and also swear and subscribe of any child? 6, Whether a Caan affidavit, in open court, veri- tholic may endeavour to reconcile fying the value of their property, a Protestant to the Catholic reliand also qualify pursuant to the gion? 7, Whether a Catholic statute of 1793.

schoolmaster may employ a ProAll Catholics who are not com, testant assistant or usher, or re. prehended within these two classes, remain still liable to every hard.

* The superior intelligence acquired ship and severity imposed by the by Bank Directors, and participated in former statutes of 1695, 1698, by their immediate connexions, is ma1739, and 1775, while Protestants nifestly of the highest value to every of every class and degree, even the ly prove a shield against beavy losses,

merchant and trader. It may frequeat. meanest, are authorised to have as the want of it may lead to ut'er ruin. and use arms of every kind, with. The late Mr. Edward Byrne, the first out restraint or distinction : nay, respecting the advantages incident to a

merchant in Ireland, when questioned they are in various ways actually Directorship, gave this conclusive and provided with arms at the public pointed answer. "I have bad debts in expense.

my books to the amount of 70,000l.

Had I been a Bank Director, or had I Of Penal Statutes not already bad debts would probably not have ex

an active friend in the Direccion, these specified.

ceeded 20,000). Thus I lose 50,000h Aș !, a pecuniary fine of 2s. by this exclusion,"

074 On an Union for the sake of obtaining Peace. ceive or instruct a Protestant vourable to the right of petition. pupil? 8, Whether the Protestant ing. On the other hand, several servant of a Catholic master may of the most learned and indepenhave or use arms? 9, Whether a dent judges and barristers of IreCatholic, having conformed to land favour the opposite con. the Protestant religion, and after. struction. The great Lord Ers. wards returned to the Catholic kine, too, perbaps the first aufaith, (or, in legal parlance, a thority in the empire upon such a relapsed Papist) is entitled to par- question, bas unequivocally contake of the relief granted to Ca. demned the construction attempt. tholics, by the remedial statutes ed by the Irish government. The from 1778 to this day, upon the learned and constitutional Sir terms of qualification prescribed Arthur Pigot and Sir Samuel to all other Catholics? 10, Whe. Romilly concur with him. Lords ther any assembly of Catholics Eldon and Ellenborough (though may appoint a select number of called upon in Parliament) maindiscreet persons, for the sole and tained an expressive silence, which bona fide purpose of preparing left room for no doubt of their and presenting a petition to the dissent from the Irish Court of throne or to parliament, praying King's Bench. the repeal of the penal laws which After an expenditure of 20,0001. aggrieve them?

of public inoney, great public This last question is of recent agitation, and irritating controorigin: having been started in versy, this question remains ad. 1811, by the discreet, temperate, huc sub judice. It is in regular and liberal administration of the process through the Irish law Duke of Richmond. It has eme courts, in the shape of actions, ployed and perhaps exhausted all at the suit of certain arrested Cathe vigour of the Irish govern. tholics against William Downes, ment, during nearly the last two Esq. (Chief Justice of the Irish years. Twelve priry counsellors, King's Bench) for an arrest and the chancellor, judges of the false imprisonment, under an il. king's bench, attorney and soli- legal warrant—and it may ulti. citor-general, have vehemently mately receive its decision in the pressed for a construction unfa. House of Lords.


On an Union for the sake of ob. of view, is unquestionably of the taining Peace.

most pressing interest to every Maidstone, Sept. 15, 1812. pious and feeling mind; and can. SIR,

not but be felt to have a most inI beg leave through the medi. timale connection with the objects um of your Repository, to offer of that religious body, who are my sentiments upon a subject, now so laudably uniting their efwhich though but too commonly forts, in the promotion of just and regarded rather in a political and generous views, concerning the worldly than

a religious point one great object of religious ador

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ation. Nothing can so power. which his reward affords the most
fully excite the commiseration satisfactory evidence.
of the sympathizing mind at the Unanimity is an object towards
present moment, as the contem- which the attention of Unitarians
plation of those incalculable mi- is now particularly directed.
series, which are the continual They have actually experienced
result of the war, in which the great advantages, with respect to
nation of which we form a part, the promotion of their common
and to whose proceedings we are cause, from the degree of unani.
necessarily, in a considerable de. mity which has already been ef-
gree, accessary, has been so long fected. But these advantages
engaged; nor can any thing in a have operated only as an addi-
moral point of view be more deep. tional incitement to farther exer-
ly afflictive, than the thought of tions; and new plans are in con-
the enormous mass of moral evil, templation for uniting them yet
which must be generated and fo. closer in the bands of Christian
mented by such procrastinated fraternity, and for animating them
hostility. Is not an union of effort with one spirit, in behalf of the
to avert, if possible, this most simple uncorrupted religion of
dreadful scourge of humanity, the gospel. The love of God
this disgrace to our country, in and of man are the great springs
which all Britons are personally by which they desire to be actuat-
concerned, an object most de. ed, and the manifestation of the
serving of the exertions of the former by the latter, inay be said
body of Unitarian Christians ? to be their peculiar aim in their
The principles of Unitarianism struggle with the powers of super-
point immediately to personal, stition. There cannot therefore
practical virtue, as the sole ob- be a more suitable object for their
ject and end of all religion. All common concurrence, or more
the duties of Christianity, by no adapted for the recommendation
means excepting those sublime of their common principles, than
virtues, love of enemies, forgive. an endeavour to be instrumental
ness of injuries, and even meek in restoring the blessings of peace
sufferance for righteousness sake, to their country and to Europe,
are by them distinctly discerned by bearing their united protest
to be personally obligatory. And against the continuance of a prac-
so far are they from entertaining tice, the present fatal effects of
the fond imagination, that the which are exceeded only by the
obedience or sufferings of Christ, permanent degradation of the men-
can operate in any manner, in tal and moral powers, of which
lieu of their own righteousness, it is necessarily productive.
that they are fully convinced that There are no doubt persons who
his conduct is wholly intended for would object to the adoption of
the imitation of his followers, such a measure by a religious
under similar circumstances, as society, on the ground of its being
the sole means of procuring the rather a national concern, than
divine acceptance, and of obtain that of any particular community,
ing that immortal felicity, of and that however the friends of

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