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676 On an Union for the sake of obtaining Peace. religion and humanity may be in- science and civilized manners, and terested in the termination of hu. especially the light and spirit of man misery, and the promotion Christianity have made consider. of general peace and happiness, able advances. From the perfect the question concerning the prace unity and simplicity of the divine ticability or expediency of peace mind, it follows that he must re or war, must, after all, be deter. gard with equal concern, the well mined by political considerations. being of the respective nations, I am inclined to think, however, whose interests, from the narror that few who are accustomed to views and intricate labyrinths of those enlightened and amiable selfish policy, are absurdly set in views of man and his Maker, and opposition to each other; and by to those attentive reflections on the his gospel he enjoins the assiduous spirit and requisitions of the gos- culture of that unity of mind, be. pel, which unite with Unitarian- tween the several families of mán. ism, will be much influenced by kind, by which he is uniformly ac. considerations of this kind. Im. tuated towards them all. The pressed by a strong conviction of manifestation of suchi sentiment the obligations of morality, of the by a body of men, embracing the exalted benignity and peculiar truth as it is in Jesus, may be mildness, which distinguish that of productive of an efficacy on the the gospel, and of the increasing minds of our fellow countrymen, weight of those obligations, in pro- and on those of a neighbouring portion to the quantity of human people denominated enemies, which happiness or misery, and of virtue can be estimated only by the and vice, involved in their observ: event. Those enemies, it should ance or violation, they are sensible be remembered, have embraced of their application, as the indis. every favouring occasion, of mani. pensable criterion of national poli. festing an anxious desire to exo cy. The morality of the gospel change hostility for reciprocity of assuredly will give no countenance affection; and however such an to projects for the advancement effort may be disappointed, with of national glory and aggrandise- regard to the accomplishment of ment by war; and it most strongly its specific object, it cannot fail inculcates, that safety is to be to promote in individuals those sought, as in general it is much genial affections, whose reward is most likely to be obtained, by the treasured up in the lasting se exercise of the pacific virtues, ra. renity of heaven! Such comther than by indulging and fo- siderations (as tending most direct menting all the wrathful propen. ly to promote peace and good will sities of which our nature is sus- on earth) may, moreover, be ceptible. Whatever useful ends justly regarded as of much supe may be effected by martial pur. rior importance in the scale of suits, in a rude, uncivilized state policy, than any of those specula. of mankind, they are directly ad. tions about future contingencies, verse to the common employments, with which the interested and am. and at variance with the prevail. bitious are endeavouring to fomerrt ing sentiments and propensities of national antipathies" ; and with a state of society, in which arts, which weak and selfish minds are

more apt to be alarmed, than with ous duties, the observance or vioany of those consequences, which lation of which, may produce the must, sooner or'later, be the re- most beneficial or the most missult of needless and interminable chievous consequences. The inwarfare.

terests and the duties of the two The advocate for war should people, mutually considered, are be competent to demonstrate, that inseparable from peace, and of it' is called for by a vecessity, those duties, war is, by one or both which is paramount to all that in- parties, a most flagrant violation, calculable mass of natural and But the interests and prevailing moral evil wbich it produces, and passions of men intrusted with exsufficient to outweighs with abun- tensive authority, are, in such dant interest, every plea of reason, questions especially, apt to impose religion'and humanity, which can a bias much too powerful, in oppo. possibly be alledged against it! If sition to the awiul duties of their he be in possession of no such functions. It is therefore a inost powers of demonsiration, how can sacred obligation of the people, he escape the charg: of being ac. when points of such sovereign ima cessary to such enormous evils, portance are to be determined, to without any just' or rational forget for a moment their private grounds for his conduct?

concerns, and the inconveniences The importance of nations col. attendant on the immediate exlectively manifesting towards each pressions of their minds, and have other the sincerity of their pacific ing, individually examined and wishes, is a point which deserves deliberated on ihe subject, to step to be attended to much more ihan forward in a body and with one it is. By the mutual manifesta, voice declare their common senti. tion of such a spirit, by the body ments. of the people, the projects of the I pretend not to suggest wbat interested and ambitious may be particular plan of proceeding will overruled, and the passions them. be most proper to be adopted, for selves repressed, or turned into a collecting the sentiments of the channel in which they will ope- different Unitarian societies. But rate with less injury to their fel. I conceive that among a body of low men. There'is nothing which men, so desirous of forming a sysa should so forcibly arrest the at. tem of union, little difficulty will tention of 'a people, as the sum- be found in carrying such an obmons to become the instruments ject into effect, by means of a con. in invading the lives and proper. vention of deputies at some centies of others. The attack of their tral situation. Should any of the own privileges, by their own rulers societies be stationed in situations is, in great measure, a question of 100 remote from the common interest and choice how far it shall place of meeting, for their depube' permitted; but attacks upon ties to attend personally, i heir senthe lives, properties and privileges timents, at least, can be commuof men who have no common in- nicated. It is in part on account of terests nor obligations with them- the facility with which any comselves or their rulers, is a question mou measure may be carried into which involves the most imperi- effect by societies of men, as well as

VOL. VII.

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678 Mr. Rutt on an Autograph of the late Rev. R. Robinson's,
on account of the importance of came into my possession, very late.
contemplating the measure which ly, by mere accident.
is now recommended, in a religi Among some books offered for
gious point of view, that it seems sale I observed a copy of that
peculiarly proper to be adopted common little volume, The Life
by religious bodies. But as the of Dr. C. Mather. On the first
great object is the promotion of a blank page was written Robert
general effort on the part of Britoas, Robinson, A. D. 1754, followed
it will of course be desirable to by the passage, Heb. vi. 12, as
endeavour to extend the connec- an appropriate motto to the pious
tion, by an union with other work. Looking at the blank leaf,
societies or bodies of men; an at the end of the book, I found
object, the practicability or expe- that Robert Robinson bad there
diency of which, might be deter- recorded the date of his birth, and
mined at the convention of depu- the progress of his Calvinistic con-
ties.

version from conviction to assur-
Nothing but what he conceives ance. The passage is here co-
to be the peculiar pressure of the pied verbatim.
occasion, could have induced an Robertus, Michaelis, Mariæque
obscure individual to presume so Robinsor Filius. Natus Swaff.
far as to suggest the adoption of a hami, Comitatu Norfolciæ, Sa.
particular measure, to so many of turni die Sept. 27, 1735. Rena.
his superiors. He has not how- tus Sabbati die Maii 24, 1752,
ever, ventured upon this commu. per predicationem potentem Geor.
nication of his sentiments, without Whitefield. Et, gustatis do-
the concurrence of those Unitarian loribus Renovationis duos annos
friends in his neighbourhood with mensesque septem, absolutionem
whom he has consulted: and most plenam, gratuitamque per. san-
sincerely would he be gratified to guinem pretiosum Jesu Christi,
learn that, in conformity with inveni (Tuesday, Dec. 10, 1755)
what l'as actually been done by cui sit honor et gloria in secula
several religious societies, he has seculorum. Amen.
been anticipated by some measures Which may be thus literally
which may have been projected, translated :
or are in contemplation, but wiih Robert, son of Michael and
which he is ai present unac- Mary Robinson. Born at Swaff.
quainted.

ham in the county of Norfolk, I remain, Sir,

Saturday, Sept. 27, 1735. Born Yours, very respectfully, again on Sabbath.day, May 24, AN UNITARIAN. 1752, by the powerful preaching

of George Whitefield. And, bay. Mr. Rutt on an Autograph of ing tasted the pangs of the new the late Rev. R. Robinson's. birth two years and seven months,

Bromley, Oct. 25, 1812. I have found (Tuesday, Dec. 10,
SIR,

1755) full and gracious deliver. I apprehend that I may gratify ance, through the precious blood many of your readers by commui. of Jesus Christ, to whom be honour nicating to you an account of a and glory for ever and ever. short but curious document, which Amen.

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ary 1735.'

My friend, Mr. George Dyer, peculiarities of Calvinism under in his interesting “Memoirs of its soberer forins. Nor can it be Robert Robinson," has remarked, fairly douhted that, had the di. (p. 18) that “the minister to vine Providence continued his life, whom he was the most affection and a capacity for exertion, he ately attached was George White. would have proved an able ad. field, whom he called his spiritual vocate of the faith which he once father.” But his materials do opposed. not appear to have furnished the

I remain, Sir, yours, biographer with any information

J. T. RUTT. so minute as the above document, which may serve also to correct an Messrs. Bogue and Bennett's error (p. 3.) as to the date of Mr. Judgment on the Spectator. Robinson's birth which is there SIR, Nov. 2. 1812. given as on the eighth of Janu In your last Review are various

specimens of English composition, During the period to which this such as the united taste and judg. document refers, Robinson was ment of Messrs. Bogue and Ben. serving his apprenticeship to a nett have produced. I was at. hair.dresser in Crutched Friars. tracted, especially, to their cen. In 1756, probably on his acquire sure (p. 631) of the Spectator, ing the mental relief and satisfac- on a point too important to the tion he has expressed, he became best interests of mankind, for de. a preacher among the Methodists served censure to be justly withof Mr. Whitefield's persuasion. held. Give me leave to quote an As a preacher he could scarcely earlier writer on the same subject. ever have been uninteresting, I refer to Dr. Watts, in his Dise though for a few years he was course on the Education, of Youth, not a little extravagant. I say Sect. 9. He is objecting to the this on his own authority, in con. playhouse, as he found it, and as versation, when we once passed a “ Mr. Collier, Mr. Bedford, and day together in the neighbour. Mr. Law had censured it," for hood of Cambridge. He parti. he admits as to "a dramatic recularly took shame to himself, as presentation of the affairs of hu. he expressed it to me, for the man life,” that it might be so nonsense he bad talked in that contrived as to “entertain a vir. village more than twenty years tuous audience with innocent de. before. He had been spiritualiz- light, and even with some real ing the blessing of Jacob pro. profit.” He however soon adds, nounced on his son Judah, and after having proposed "reading had discovered the deep things of in private some few" select plays, orthodox theology adumbrated by

1. Thuse volumes of siort essays the vine and the asses colt. which are entitled the Spectator,

It is well koown that Mr. Ro. will give a sufficient knowledge of binson rot only put away such the ways of the world, and cure childish things, as his maturer us of a hundred little follies, with. judgment considered that mode of out the danger there is in reading Christian teaching, but also gra- of plays; though even in those dually detached his mind from the very volumes, I could heartily

were

680 On the Society for Converting the Jews. wish that bere and there a leaf convert them, are distinct ques.

left out, wherein the writers tions, upon which I believe your speak too favourably of the stage, friends and the Socieiy will noc and now and then (though rarely) agree. Hitherto I cannot find that introduce a sentence that would the Society has been the mean of raise a blush in the face of strict converting apy Jew of matured virtue."

years, of weigbt, or learning; and Your readers may now easily, its whole success appears to be concompare, not to say contrast, the fined to the education of about a manner of Messrs. Bogue and couple ofscore of the destitute chi). Bennett' with that of Dr. Watts, dren of this people. Even so much, in whose character, both as an it may be said, is a proof that author and a man, were united good has been done; but the good the gentleman, the scholar and should evidently over-balance the the Christian.

evil, before we can be certain OTIOSUS. that much progress has been made

in the work of conversion. Mill On the Society for converting the not the Jews view with secret Jews.

cnvy and vexation the attempt (We copy the following article from inade lo rob them of their chilthe Dublin Evening Herald, of Wednes. dren? Will they not complain of a lady, who was desirons of the opinion it as an unwarrantable and imof the writer, a beneficed Irish clergy. moral proceeding, and place it as man: it has not, we believe, been be- a set-off against all the powerful fore reprinted in England.

-Ed.)

arguments advanced for their con. DEAR MADAM,

version? The way to convert them I return you with my thanks, is not by wounding their feelings the sermons and tracts you hands and provoking their batred. This ed me, which detail the plans and must be so self-evident to persons of proceedings of the London So- the least reflection, that it may ciety for promoting Christianity well be doubted,' whether the amongst the Jews. As your leaders in this offensive plan bave friends in Min doubt, not been as intent

intent upon Aattering whether they ougbi to subscribe to men in power, as upon convertthe funds of this Society or not, ing the Jews. It must gratify an and as you wished for my opinion intolerant party to see the people upon this subject, in compliance amused with a notion, that its with your request I must say, most forward parisans are that I can give them no encou. njarkable for their faith and holy ragement subscribe. --The zeal, and are really occupied and tracts, I admit, are well written, influenced by liberal and grand and contain solid arguments ad. ideas. But where is the grandeur dressed to the Jews, and forcible of their views, or how appears appeals to Christians, in favour their confidence in the prophecies of the Jewish nation, in which of the Scriptures, which foretell we all must feel highly interested; the restoration of the Jews, when, but the farther means adopted by after years of exertion, and the the Society to convert the Jews, expenditure of considerable sums, and the opinions to which it svould they seem delighted with baying

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