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ter, it must be formed by atten, for which you are destined. May
tion to the best motives; these are a kind Providence answer our
acceptance with the Divine Be. wishes ! But still it is possible
ing, and usefulness to our fellow that your days may be cut off in
inen: these ends, though not in the bloom of your youth, and
the same way, are to be sought that tlic hopes of your friends
and obtained in every profession may be buried in the grave: al-
and art of life. In every situation low me for a moment, my Eu-
there is an appropriate proprielý genius, to obtrude on you the
of character to be preserved; in thought of mortality; allow me
no station can any valuable ac. to adopt the exhortation with
quisitions be made without perse- which Dr. Doddridge concludes
verance and assiduity; without the introduction to his course of
the continual bent of the mind to Lectures in Divinity, and with a
its peculiar duties and aims; little alteration to leave it with
without the increasing exertion you.
of every mental and moral power. "I would remind you, dear
Whatever ollice a young man is to Sir, that you may enter into
fill, let him enter upon it with eternity before you” have gone
thought and reflection. Let him, through the course of academical
whatever object 'is before him, studies, which you are now com.
consider how the best principles of mencing; " and, therefore, I
conduct may be made to aid his would bescech and charge you,
particular views, and to blend by all your hopes and prospects
with them; and let him lay down there, that it be your daily and
the rules by which he ought, and governing care, after having so.
by which he will be governed. lemnly devoted your soul to God
Having well weighed the wisdom through Christ, in the bonds of
and propriety of these rules, and the Christian covenant, to live
having deliberately and seriously like his servant, to keep yourself
formned bis resolutions, let them in the love of God, and to en.
be held sacred through life; let deavour in all things to adorn his
purity, goodness, and dignity be gospel. So you will be most
ihe predominant objects of his likely to succeed in your inqui.
aim, rather than the secular ad. ries,' through the communication
vantages and pecuniary emolu. of light from the grea: Father of
ments of his station : they will lights; and so you will be pre-
follow as the rewards of his skill, pared for the infinitely nobler
industry, and integrity, and as discoveries, enjoyments, and ser-
the blessings of heaven on his en. vices of the future slate;
lightened, virtuous and laudable though you should be deprived of
efforts.

the residue of your days here, and
All these reflections and hints, cut short (as many promising
to hasten to a close, proceed upon youth have been) in the intended
the expectation which the vigour studies and labours of this
of youth, and the probabilities of course, "* I remain, with other
life encourage is to indulge, viz.
ibat you will live to finish your

• Doddridge's Course of Lectures : studies; that you will live to ap- Vol. I. Introduction, p. 5. K ppis's pear under that public character Edition.

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692

Charles James Foi. 1 hopes and wishes for you, my against every thing that ordinary Eugenius,

mortals might call his own interest Your affectionate friend. or ease : who knew of no interest

but yours, nor could taste of any

ease, while despotism and intoCharles James For.

lerance, and war, were ravaging [From Mr. Brougham's Speech at Liver. the earth: who blending in his pool, October 16, 1812.]

genius the severer qualities of pro. I yesterday took the liberty of found intellect, free, enlarged, prosessing myself as one of the and original conception, with the adversaries, certainly in a very most attractive graces that can humble sphere, of Mr. Pitt's adorn the mind-tempering the measures. I would not, however, sublime features of his talents have you to think, gentlemen, with the softness of the most ami. that my political creed is made up able virtues, and exposing what. only or opposition and denial - ever human failings he had with that I feel nothing but antipa- the honest simplicity that per. thies, or acknowledge no leader vaded each part of his fraine ; 10 follow and venerate. I avow presented to his attacbrd followers myself among the most zealous a character, if possible, more to followers of a man who has now, be loved than venerated, and as well as his celebrated antago- taught all that approached him, nist, unhappily for England, min. at how humble soever a distance, gled bis dust with the sacred to cultivate him, rather with the ashes of the fathers of her liberty, homage of their affections, than When I express, or rather at their fears. It was he who, for tempt to express, my profound your sake, and for the great cause and unalterable veneration for his of civil and religious freedom, memory, it is not surely in the vowed eternal war with your opvain hope of increasing my love pressors, and united to himself for him, but that I may pass the those faithful friends of their last moments I have to be amongst country, whose exalted rank, I you in performing the duty, most sincerely believe they undervalue sad, indeed, but most pleasing to compared with the place they our feelings—I have not named possess in your service, whose him—is it necessary I should? vast possessions they account as am speaking to you, friends of less precious than the treasure of liberty, advocates of peace, of the people's love; among whose one who was your undaunted titles and honours they regard that leader in every struggle for the illustrious descent as the chief, constitution; in all the efforts which they derive from the noble which you have seen made for the martyrs of English liberty! He repose and the happiness of man. was their leader and yours-alas! kind! Of him in whom the mighti. I need not name him; for with est powers of eloquence were far wbum can you possibly confound less wonderful, than the prodi. bim? Yet it may be grateful to gious virtue which unceasingly our ears to hear that name which pointed them against all the ene- is all that remains of him. I am uies of human happiness; and then a follower of CHARLES

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Fox.-(Immense shouting, united dence in a court of justice, and with expressions of grief). By yet no such use is made of them, his principles it is my delight to nor any other that I can find, regulate my conduci-and judg. after such immense pains have ing by what he did and said, of been taken by committees apwhat he would have done had he pointed in each meeting to collect been preserved to our days, I feel these accounts from house to well assured, that he would have house, except the insertion of the now followed a course if possible gross amount in the Yearly Epis. still more popular, because he de. Nor can I learn after much would have seen, more and more inquiry why it is inserted in those clearly, the vital importance to Epistles, where it always seems the country of a strici union be. to be awkwardly introduced, and tween the people and their leaders, out of its place. against the growing corruptions After observing, that "the in. and augmented insolence of the famous traffic with Africa in court!

slaves has been abolished by law," Liverpool Mercury, Nov.6, 1812. they say with much propriety,

we desire friends not to forget

that slavery still exists within the Remarks on the Quakers' Yearly British empire.” This is becom. Epistle.

ing those who possess and are (Concluded from p. 615.] duly sensible of the inestimable For what good purpose the advantages of civil and religious amount of what these Epistles liberty. The Epistle adds, “and call“ sufferings,” is annually bla: to suffer their sympathy still to zoned, it is difficult to say. It flow towards its oppressed victims,” may serve to shew the aggregate It was not, however, a mere in. and comparative wealth of such dulgence of sympathetic feelings, of the members of the Society as but an excitement of the public are by law subject to the payment mind to a due sense of the enor.

ofiythes,” and other ecclesias, mities of the slave trade, which tical demands, &c. And if I paved the way for its abolition. have been rightly informed, the And if ever the just stigma which original intention of the Society attaches to British legislators for in directing these accounts to be permitting slavery within its juris. collected and recorded, was, that diction is removed, it will, most they mnight be able to give a probably, be brought about by true account thereof to the Go. similar means.

Nor could any vernment when occasion requires,” body of men come forward with in order that they might be re- more consistency than the Quak. lieved from what they conceived ers, to arouse their countrymen the grievous burden of tythes and to exert themselves 10 wipe away other ecclesiastical demands. this reproacbful stain also from Thesc accounts have been annu- their statute book.

The early, ally collected for above 110 the persevering efforts of the So. years, with minule details of each ciety, acting, not like a body particular case duly wilnessed, as whose members held various opi. if prepared to be adduced as evi. nions on the subject, but as bea VOL. VII.

4 V

691 Rowarks on the Quakers' Yearly Epistle. ing all of one heart and of one able construction on cach other's mind, with regard to the abolition aim and object, as being capable of the African slave trade, is not of promoting the same end by va. forgotten hy a generous minded rious mcans, the Episile insists people. 'i he knowledge of this as a matter of great importance, fact, so honourable to this Society, as it most surely is, that all should the known advocates of peace and be looking to the same Lord good order, who conscientiously for his gracious assistance: bav. object to such use of arms as may ing the same faith, and being take away life, even in a just baptized with the same baptism." quarrel, or a purely defensive As this paragraph gives no ex. war, will have prepared the pub- planation whom it speaks of as lic for receiving their appeals on the Lord,and twice aftersuch a subject with attention : wards as “the same Lord,” I And I trust "their sympathy” feel myself called upon in justice will in time produce its proper in. to consider it as speaking of God Auence. They have much reason the Father, seeing those terms to feel encouragement on this oc- have always that meaning in the casion, from the reflection sug. Scriptures, unless a different apgested by one of the instructive plication of them is particularly parables of our great Lord and marked. No text is specially reMaster,-"A little leaven leaves- ferred to in this passage, but the eth the whole lump."

sense of those which are evidently " Though the subjects of our alluded to, lead to the same con. concern may be somewhat various," clusion. They are, I suppose, say the compilers of this Epistle, these, as none can well be more “it is still pleasant to reflect that pertinent to the occasion: “ The all are aiming at the same object, same Lord over all, is rich unto and all looking to the same Lord all that call upon him." Rom. for his gracious assistance.” This x. 12. “Ove Lord, one faith, is truly like Christian brethren, one baptism, one God and Father to give each other credit for aim of all, who is above all, and ing at the same object, while the ihrough all, and in you all. But subjects of their concern may noto every one of us is given have been even more various than grace, according to the measure appears by the Epistle. And I of the gift of Christ.” Eph. iv. 5, should hope the indulgence of 6, 7. If any language can be such Christian dispositions one to. more clear and definite than this, wards another, would dispose it must I believe be sought in the them to extend an equal degree writings of the same apostle, who of candour and charity to others assures us in the first chapter of also. The subjects of their con. this Epistle, that the Great Be. cern may be various, and yetibey ing to rhom he addressed his may all be aiming at the same "prayers,” and gave “ thanks,” object, with as much success too, was no other than “ The God as the poor publican who was of our Lord Jesus Christ, the censure: and disowned by the ther of Glory." How then.“ can self-righteous pharisee

it be otherwise," I would ask in Even while putting this cbarit. the words of this Yearly Meeting

he says,

2

Epistle, “than that we should work is to be effected

to his rely on the same Lord?The praise.". When I consider the great importance of knowing to application of the term omnipotent whom we address our supplicain the Epistle for 1810, to the tions and offer supreme worship, meek and humble Jesus, I am is most strikingly intimated by somewhat doubtful to whom this our Great Master, in his discourse phrase was intended to be applied: with the woman of Samaria, when whether to that same Jesus

Ye worship ye know whom the Jews crucified,” whom not what: we know what we wor. “God raised up,"--and made ship, for salvation is of the Jews.” both Lord and Christ,” or to his That is, the true object of wor. “God and Father.In the saship, the author of salvation, has cred writings “omnipotence” is been make known unto the Jews, only ascribed to Jehovah, or God and is acknowledged by them as the Father. And the other term the Supreme God. The two which is so oddly combined with next verses inform us in the words it in this Epistle, is applied in the of Jesus, the Messiah, that, “ The New Testament, to no one but true worshippers shall worship the the Apostle Paul, who says, Father.” As if he had said, “ According to the grace of God, worship addressed to any other which is given unto me, as a wise object is unworthy of the pame; master builder, I have laid the or, worshipping “ye know not foundation, and another buildeth what.” He next says what sort thereon. But let every man take of worship only can be acceptable heed how he buildeth thereupon.” when addressed to the proper ob. 1 Cor. iji. 10.

How then can ject. He does not say whether apy person have thought such an it should be mentally or vocally, appellation more appropriate to in this form of prayer, or in that the Supreme Being, than such as posture. No; but “in spirit the Scriptures furnish in the rich. and in truth, for the Father seek- est profusion ? If the mention of eth such to worship him.” This a spiritual louse just before was is as indispensable a condition as thought lo require a continued the foregoing, and the next verse allusion to that subject, and the assigos a most cogent reason for intent was to be explicitly under. duly attending to both.

" God stood, bow natural would it is a spirit, (not three spirits, nor have been to have said under the even two) and they that worship direction of him “that built all him, must worship him in spirit things, that is God. Heb. and in truth.”

ii. 4. After having spoken, surely in That is Christian love leads to uncouth language, of “those universal benevolence” is readily plunges into exercise and conflict granted, the same love “which which wash us from confidence takes its origin in the boundless in our own exertions," we are in- mercy of God,” as stated in the treated" to consider that it is by beginning of this Epistle, and if means of individual exertions, the latter end had recognized some under the direction of the omni- similar scriptural truth concernpotent master builder, that the ing the head of Christ,it

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