Imatges de pÓgina

said nor diduize, Paul neither ap's attention is due to them.

lation at Antioch proclaims him În vol. v. (394) of the Monthly to have been fallible; and the Repository, I spoke of Grotius as candour with which his defects citing the Codec Bezce under the and ihose of some of the other designation of Manuscriptus qui apostles, art recorded, is a sign of in Anglia est. This opinion I the truth of their doctrine, and had entertained in consequence of may answer the beneficial end of remarking the agreement between rendering us dissatisfied, in mat. most of the various readings wbich ters of Christian faith and prac. he quotes and those of that cele. tice, with any absolute guide in- brated document. However, on ferior to him who is our head, referring to Wetstein's Prolego. even Jesus, the shepherd and mena, § 4, and to Hammond's bishop of our souls. We are built, note upon Ephes. ii. 15, I see indeed, on the foundation of pro- reason to conclude that Grotius pbels and apostles: but then really had in view the Codér Ale Christ himself is the chief corner erandrinus, which often coincides, stone.

as is well known, with the Codex Dr. Middleton", who does not Bezæ. I beg therefore to avail attempt to justify Peter's beba- myself of the earliest opportunity viour in the instance which I have of mentioning and correcting my been considering, is, nevertheless, mistake.

N. of opinion that Paul was guilty of Oct. 30. 1812. much the same inconsistency when he complied with some of

Illustrations of Scripture. the ritual observances of the Jews, [From an Interleaved Bible.] for the sake of gratifying the pre

Daniel viii. 3, judices of his countrymen. Now The oriental historians have there is a wide distinction in the mingled the little that they knonin cases: and Paley has furnished concerning the transactions of Exthe proper reply to the allegation.t ropean nations, particularly conWhile the course pursued by cerning the reign of Alexander the Peter was detrimental to the rights Great, and his conquest of Persia, and the comfort of the Gentile with so many fabulous'and incrobelievers, whom he virtually con. dible circumstances, that hardly strained to said nor did any thing which Though they misrepresented every could, in the least degree, affect event in his life, they entertained the liberty wherewith they had an high idea of his great power, been invested by the founder of distinguishing him by the appella the gospel.

tion of Escander Dhélcarnein,

The Two-Horned, in allusion to The manuscript to which Gro

the extent of his dominions, which, tius refers in his Annotations on according to them, reached from the New Testament.

the Western to the eastern ex

tremity of the earth.--Herbelot • Posthumous Works, Article i, Bib. Orient. Ait. Escander. + Hora Paulinz, Galat. No.

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“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame.


Art. I. Traité ou l'on Expose ce George the Second, fairly written

que l'Ecriture nous apprend de in his own hand, with a request ia Divinité de Jésus Christ. that if it were published, it should Par Feu Monsieur Pierre Fran. not be till after his death. The çois Le Courayer. A Londres. MS. was given by the Princess to 1811.

Dr. Bell : who, with some apolo. Or, A Treatise on the Divinity of gies for publishing a work, con

Christ, by Dr. Le Courayer, faining doctrine contrary to that 8vo. pp. 392. White and of the Church of England, has Cochrane.

sent it to the press. The doctrine This Treatise is on many ac. supported in this treatise must ex. counts worthy of particular atten- cite peculiar interest, when the tion. The author in his charac- quarter is considered whence it has ter and circumstances was singu. comè. The Unitarians will doubtlar. Educated in the Church of less be disposed to glory on acRome, he was a regular monk and count of the support which their chief librarian of the Abbey of St. distinguishing tenet has obtained Genevieve, at Paris. About the from an advocate every way qualiyear 1728, when he was in the fied to give a decision, unbiassed forty-seventh year of his age, be and candid and that is the result wrote a Treatise in defence of the of the most extensive and perse: validity of English Ordinations, vering investigation. the publication of which raised The first section is chiefly pre. against him a violent persecution liminary. The design of it is to that occasioned him to leave France, shew that the writers of the New aid to take up his residence in Testament were sufficiently qualiEngland. Here he was patronized fied to give a decided testimony by the noble and the learned: concerning the person and offices from Government he obtained a of Jesus Christ, and to do that pension of 2001. per annum. He whetber they are supposed to write died at the advanced age of 95, in from plenary inspiration or only October 1776. His protracted from the principles of integrity life was devoted almost entirely to and honesty which mark authenthe study of theology. He con- tic bistorians. The second section tinued in communion with the proves by a minute detail of erie Church of Rome, attending mass dence and rigid examination of all when he was in London, though the passages in the four evangelists in the country he joined in the which bear on the point, that the service of the Church of England. Jews never regarded Jesus as God The manuscript of this tract on the during his life; that the apostles Divinity of Christ was given by never regarded him as God dur. him to the Princess Amelia, ing his life; that they never re. daughter of our late sovereign, garded him as God after his death;

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that he was considered by them as more foreign to the gospel than
a prophet, as the Messiah and the that of the Tritheists, who main.
Son of God; and, that these titles tain there are three distinct sub-
are perfectly consistent with his stances or subsistences in the
proper humanity. It is likewise Deity, and all of them equal,
evinced, with very great perspi- and that of the Arians who say,
cuity, that the miracles of our there are three substances and
Lord prooed, and were only de. two of them unequal. He asserts
signed to prove, the validity of his in the most positive manner, in
mission, and not the Divinity, various parts of his tract, that the
taking that term in the strict sense, doctrine of the Socinians is the
of his person; and, moreover, most conformable to the scriptures
that his discourses, as well as his and to the Catholic faith. The
miracles, have for their object, not following are the words (p. 307),
the establishment of his personal in which he bears his testimony to
Divinity, but the truth and impor- Socinian orthodoxy :-
tance of his mission. In the third « It is certain that on the article of
section, amongst other particulars the unity of substance in God, their sen-
worthy of notice, is enquired,

timents ought to be considered as per-
" What is the fundamental point truth the foundation of their system of

fectly orthodox, since they make that
of the Christian religion !" Which religion.”
is shewn to be the belief of the After all, however, the learned
mission of Jesus and not of his monk shows that he associates
Divinity.--It is proved that the himself so nearly with the Socinia
apostles required of those whom ans, not from choice, but from
they baptized and admitted into necessity. He professes to disap-
the church, faith in the Messiah. prove the Socinian interpretation
ship of Jesus, and not in his sup. of the proem of the first chapter of
posed Godhead. A large collec- the Gospel of John, and the pas.
tion of texts of scripture is intro- sages in the Epistle to the Colos-
duced in proving or illustrating sians in which creation is ascribed
the points canvassed under these to Christ. He will not admit that
heads, in the selection and eluci. they relate to the new creation, to
dation of which, very consi- renovation or a moral change. He
derable originality and acuteness contends that they have reference
are discovered.

to the logos or word, (i. e. the
Some remarks are made on wisdom or the power of God,) by
passages in the evangelists that which the material universe was
are commonly brought to support formed, and that became, in due
the proper Divinity or pre-exist. time, united to the man Jesus,
ence of Christ, which appear to There seems in this specimen of
have entirely originated with the interpretation an inconsistency,
author, and are not to be found and a departure from his usual
in the writings of either the old sagacity and acumen.
Socinians or the modern Unita. He gives the same sense that is

commonly given by the Socinians
In the opinion of Dr. Courayer, to those passages which speak of
there cannot be a doctrine relating Jesus “ descending from heaven,"
to the person of Christ, which is " being with God," " having glory

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704. Review.--Maltby and Cunningham on the Bible Society.
before the foundations of the they are only Socinianism very
world,” and being before “Abra. thinly disguised.
ham.” Why then should he hesi That his posthumous reputation
tate to adopt the Socinian inter- for orthodoxy might not be injured
pretation of creation when attri- with Protestants as well as Roman
buted to Jesus, since that appears Catholics, this prudent son of
to be only a branch of the same mother church wishes it to be
general scheme of interpretation, known, that though he accords
by which the import of the preced. with the Socinians in the article of
ing phraseology is fixed ? Besides, the divine unity, he widely differs
the creation that is spoken of in from them in reducing all the
the Colossians is" evidently re- effects of the death and sacrifice
ferred to Jesus as the Messiah, of Christ to that of an example
and as the head of the Church, alone-in depriving God of the
and not to an abstract principle of foreknowledge of future contin.
power or wisdom which dwelt gencies--in denying the eternity
originally in God and was. com. of tbe torments of hell, and in re-
municated in some incomprehen. ducing revealed religion to little
sible mode to the man Christ more than the establishment of

the great truths of natural religion.
In various places the venerable How far the modern Unitarians
author speaks of an union of God are implicated in these charges,
to the man Jesus, though he denies since they are of age” they can
an unity. By which he means, answer for themselves,
so far as he can be understood, The perusal of this Treatise, to
that Jesus had a larger communi. every inquirer after scriptural
cation of supernatural power than truth, will amply repay the labour,
any other of the prophets and mes. It is hoped that a sufficient degree
sengers of God.

of attention to its valuable con. He takes special care to prevent tents will be excited, to give pub. it being supposed he meant that in licity and currency to a translaconsequence of this union, the tion, which no doubt in that case human nature received any pro. would soon be attempted. perties of the divine nature, or the

W. S. divine nature any properties of the humanity

Indeed, after all the divisions ART. II. Thoughts on the Utility and subdivisions of schemes on

and Expediency of the Plans the doctrine of the 'Trinity and the

proposed by the British and person of Christ, there are no

Foreign Bible Society. By more than three which are intelli

Edward Maltby, D. D. Pre. gible, viz. that of the Tritheists,

bendary of Leighton Buzzard, the Arians, and the Socinians or

in the Cathedral Church of strict Unitarians. When the other

Lincoln, &c. London: printed schemes are analysed and put to

for Cadell and Davies, 1812. the test of fair criticism, they turn

8vo. pp. 68. out to be nothing else than one of Art. III. Observations, designed ihese." As to the systems of modal as a Reply to the Thoughts of Trinitarianism and Sabellianism, Dr. Maltby, on the Dangers of

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circulating the whole of the undertakings. We quote the pas.

Scriptures among the Lower sage as we find it, and are per. Orders. By J. W. Cunning. suaded that it has a very striking ham, A. M. Vicar of Harrow and useful application to the state on the Hill, and late Fellow of of things on this side of the chan. St. John's College, Cambridge, nel, whatever be the situation of London: printed for Hatchard them on the other, and Co. 1812. 8vo. pp. 67. Of the Lancasterian schools

Future ecclesiastical historians indeed Dr. Maltby is the avowed will record the memorable fact, and enlightened friend : and that, among the Protestants of though we cannot subscribe to his these United Kingdoms, the great thoughts on the utility and expe. body of the clergy of the church diency of the plans proposed by of England, and they alone, bave the British and Foreign Bible som discountenanced, not to say ac. ciety, yet we give bim the fullest tively opposed, 'the British and credit for the purity of his views, Foreign Bible Society, and also and listen with the most respectful the instruction of the offspring of attention to his reasonings. He the poor in the Scriptures, with is a scholar and a writer of no out note or comment. At a mo.

At a mo. ordinary merit. In point of in ment when we were painfully im- formation, of style, and of unaf, pressed by this consideration, we fected candour, he rises far su. met with the following sentence in perior we say, not merely to Mr. one of the most respectable of our Cunningham (for were this the dạily prints: *

extent of his ascendancy his ho“Dr. Duigenan called upon

nour would be trifling), but to most. the House [of Commons) to look of the controversialists and theo to the conduct of the heads of the logians of the day. If his argu. Roman Catholic clergy in Ireland, ments bave not convinced us, we Doctors Troy, Hussey, Coppin his good sense and moderation":

have been edified, however, by ger and Milner, who, when a proposition was made for the erec.

and we are not ashamed of action of schools for the education knowledging that from such a man of the children of the poor, op

we differ with reluctance. posed all plans which went to ad.

His objections to the society mit persons of all sects to the are singular: he thinks it no sell advantages of these establish. evident axiom that the whole of ments,"

the Bible is necessary, or could be Whether this part of the learned intended, for the use civilian's speech be correctly re- classes of mankind; and he ported, we have not the means of tells us that it cannot be un. ascertaining; nor is it our province derstood without conment, to judge of the pertinency with and that the end of the instiwhich he insists on the opposition tution would be better answer. of the Irish Catholic priesthood to ed by the circulation of a selec. union and comprehension in some tion from the Scriptures. Now, of the most important of all human to these statements, and to the

reasoning employed in illustration • Globe, April 24, 1812. of them, it seems a proper, and

of all


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