Imatges de pÓgina


might be a sufficient, reply that, « He is very far from contending according to the concession of Dr. that there are no cases in which it would Maltby himself, the whole of the which it would be highly meritorious

be desirable to bestow a Bible, or in contents of the sacred volume are to bestow it. But, after much inquiry “important to the evidence and as well as observation, be entertains the explanation of our religion;" great doubt as to the number of such and, further, that the church of cases; and, consequently, is of opinion

that every purpose, substantially useEngland prescribes the reading of ful, might have been effected with far them all, successively, in public less labour and far less expense, and worship, that whoever sces or

without increasing a spirit of religious hears the comment ought, in jus. approach should be most carefully

faction, towards which even a distant tice, to be in possession of the avoided.” text, that there would be extreme difficulty in forming a selection of other persons, we answer, have

The inquiries and observation for common use and general cir- shewn that there is a larger multi. culation, and that the society in tude of such cases,” much largquestion actually provides Testa- er, it must with regret and shame ments as well as Bibles.

be owned, than was commonly It becomes us, however, to be imagined. As to the Bible Sumore minute in our notice of his ciety being accompanied by an pamphlet.

increase of the spirit of religious 1, 2, Surely,” says Dr. Maltby, faction,” the friends of this instispeaking of the Bible Society, “if the pro- tution, be it remembered, are mises held out by the promoters of this most desirous of general union : plan, or the views entertained by its and its object, laws and mea, zealous advocates, had a reasonable expectation of being accomplished, every sures are eminently catholic and true Christian must, of necessity, con comprehensive; so that, if, after cur in it. But it will not

, I trust, be all, it is, unhappily, the occasion thought to derogate from the sincerity of increasing a spirit of religious of the zeal of such a Christian, if he pauses to consider in what degree it be faction," the source of the evil probable that such hopes and such will be found elsewhere. views can be realized. If, upon reflection, he is satisfied that there are far

7. “I may ask-to what end either more difficulties in the way of an useful

a poor man in our own country, or a and complete fultilment of the expecta- told to read the peculiarities of the Mac

convert from other religions, shall be tions, cherished by such a society, than

saic law, contained in the latter


of are apparent at first glance, not only Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus ? is he just fied in withholding his con- To what purpose they shall read by far currence, but it is an act of duty, also, the greater part of Numbers and Deupublicly to state his reasons for refusing to concur in it."


We will here remind Dr. Malte Upon these sentences we will by of his own words: these books only observe, that the difficulties

are “important to the evidence may indeed be more and greater and the explanation ” of the Jewe (than are apparent at

In the directions glance," while, nevertheless, they which some of them contain in remay not be such, either in number spect of ceremonies, the poor man or magnitude, as to preponderate may discern a sign of reality : in against the proposed and obvious the exquisitely humane precepts advantages of the undertaking. of the moral code of Moses, he

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will see a confutation of many a the “ explanation" of their reli-
misrepresentation made by unbegion.
lievers; and in Deuteronumy, he

24. “ It is proposed to put such a will behold a strong attestation to person (confessedly illiterate) in possesthe narrative in Erodus and Num. sion of this book (the Bible], without bers.

any intimation of its difficulty, without 13. Of Dr. Maltby's catalogue terpretation, &c.”

any caution as to the danger of misin. of those books of the Old and New Testament in which "all parties

Yet the evil, if evil it be, is inwill allow that every truth or doc- separable, we conceive, from the trire essential to the belief or con

just exercise of the privileges and duct of a Christian is contained,” principles of Protestants, when

acting 'in mutual concert i and we must say that it excludes some to which multitudes besides our.

even, on Dr. Maltby's own sheiv. ' selves ascribe no small importance, the clergy and other miristers of

ing, there can be no danger when To mention a single instance, if we do not circulate the former of religion are attentive to their

duty. Paul's letters to the Corinthians, we, so far, deny the poor man thor's wishes for a new translation

25, 26. We share in our au. the benefit of reading two of the Enest and most impressive chapters time, however, we must do what

of the Scriptures: in the mean in the teenth and the fifteenth of that which we are desirous.

we can, though it be not all of

Much epistle. Perhaps indeed not even the smallest number of Christians might also be expected from a would quite agree in framing :

revision of the articles of the Eng

lish church. But who that dis. selection of the Scriptures for

cerns the signs of the times, can common use and dissemination : and this difficulty, or rather im indulge the hope of its being

made? Who does not perceive, Practicability, of consent is, in

that the season for it has long since our judgment, a satisfactory rea. son for the distribution of the passed away? whole.

31, 32. “Let it be recollected, it was

considered a great privilege at the time 17. “ Nor can it be a matter of con- of the Reformation, that one 'Bible in vern to them (the unlearned), whether the vulgar tongue, should be placed in árcumcision was, or was not, necessary, each parish church.” to the Gentile converts, nor what is the precise meaning of the various allusions

True: but the art of reading is to the approaching destruction of Jeru- not, in the present day, the ex. salem, which are so frequently to be clusive property of very

few permet with in the apostolical wrirings."

sons: and the Bible Society is in Yes! Being themselves of Gen- fact co-operating with the Lancas. tile extraction, they are deeply terian and other schools, and interested in knowing whether fairly availing itself of their they be released or not from the cessful efforts. obligation of practising a burden. 34. "Certainly, however, it does some and most painful rite: they seem a most remarkable circumstance, are interested too, in understand that, when war is carried on to an uning whatever-can throw light on peculiarly harsh and unrelenting ; at

precedented extent, and with a spirit so 66 The evidence," or contribute to such a crisis a pure philanthropic fecling

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bursts out for the purpose of sending the union of all the clergy in the
Bibles to the Continent."

measures of this society, would
And most unfeignedly do we effectually prevent it from being
deplore the apparent inconsistency. converted to the party purposes
Nevertheless, bé our national acts of any one denomination, wbetber
what they may, we are thankful of churchmen ar of dissenters
and rejoice that individuals and or of both.
coluntary societies cherish better We now take our leave of Dr.
feelings, and propose to themselves Maltby, with the view of beslow.
higher aims.

ing some of our time and thoughts
37, 38. Dr. Maltby glances at on his theological opponent.
the flames which laid a great part Mr. Cunningham possesses, un-
of Copenhagen in ashes, and evio doubtedly, good intentions, and
dently refers to a right honour. is a man of lively and ready ta.
able patron of the Bible Society, lents. But his manner of writing
who was the main instrument of is declamatory and diffusé, bis
kindling them. In this case the reasoning, frequently destitute of
inconaistency of the noble lord is, precision ; nor, like the gentle.
doubtless, to be lamented. But man on whom he animadverts, is
can the charge be fairly extended be a proficient in biblical studies.
19 a religious institution of which He is not the successful advocate
be happens to be one of the Vice- of an excellent'cause; and in his
Presidents? If the fact supply a defence of it we look in vain for
plausible objection against any the catholicism which a regård
one of our religious and charitable to the constitution and pretensions
societies, it must be against the of the Bible Society ought to have
Society for furnishing Bibles to produced. Mr. C. occasionally
our Sailors and our Soldiers, indutges himself in harsh and

39, &c. The remarks of Dr. bitter insinuations against those
Maltby on the subject of foreign, wbo have the misfortune to differ
missions, are, in general, admire from him in their interpretation
ably deserving of attention, and of the Scriptures and of the arti.
he professes himself unable to dis- cles of the established church: he
cover grounds of policy or libe seems to be one (the sect, alas! is
rality, for the invariable exclusion much too numerous) wbo will
of every dissenter ftom the society' “ quarrel with a man that hath a
in Bartlett's Buildings. 47, 48. hair more or a hair less on bis

49, 50. This writer is visibly beard than he has;"** and we are
alarmed lest those who style them. apprehensive that such a champion
selves professors and teachers of of the society is ill calculated to
evangelical religion, gain an in remove the fears and suspicions
creased ascendancy by means of expressed by Dr. Maltby.
the success of the Bible Society 3. He asks, " whether Scrip
Such he thinks is the motive of ture supplies a single passage
some of them, in giving it their which makes civilization a pre.
zealous patronage. But, admits requisite of piety?" The answer
ting bis suspicion to be welt found to which question depends on his
ed (and we make the admission
only for the sake of the argument),



definition of the terms piety and mind or dispensations of a Being who civilization. But Mr.‘c. shall surrounds them on all sides, and touches reply to his own inquiry: “it Scripture, then, are unintelligible, is

them on every point; that parts of the was,” says he, (20) "in the Au. no ground for their exclusion from the gustan age that the sun of Chris. houses of the poor. Religion never tianity arose upon the nations.” proclaimed itself to be free from mysScripture then furnishes us with head in the clouds."

teries. Its base is among us, but its the best authorities for regarding civilization as a pre-requisite of

Of these propositions the two piety: and it were a libel on the

last are false, and the others be. gospel to suppose that it can be side the purpose. The point here effectually preached to men who at issue between Dr. Nialtby and are in a state of absolute barba.

Mr. Cunningham, is not whether rism, and strangers to the culti. religion itself be comprehensible vation of the mind and to the arts or incomprehensible, but in what and decencies of social life.

degree the writings which are the 9, 10, 11. We believe, on the records of Revelation, can be in. principles which we have already telligible to the poor? In the nature laid down, that the sacred volume and in the providential dispensa. is designed and calculated for tions of the Supreme Being, there general use. But truth and jus. be searched out.

is, no doubt, much which cannot sice require us to add that some

Revelation, of Mr. C.'s arguments to this ef. however, so far as it is revelation, fect, are inconsequential. “The cannot be obscure: as well might Scriptures,” says he," were de.

it be asserted that light is darklivered with great solemnity to ness, and darkness, light. Nor man;" a position which, speak.

does Dr. Maltby deny that the Christian revelation


be under ing correctly, should be restricted to the Jewish law. Again, he stood even by the unlearned read. quotes the words of our 'Sa- ers of the sacred volume : all viour,“ scarch the Scriptures,” which he maintains, is, that the &c. and those of Paul, “all design of the Gospel may be taught Scripture is given," &c. 'though them without the necessity of putboth these texts are manifestly ii. ting the whole of that volume into mited to the writings of the former every man's hands. covenant.

17. Mr. C. gives the following 14. There is no evidence what. description of Christianity: ever to shew that the closing in. “ Its night falls, and its sun rises, junction in the book of the Reve. alike upon the whole mass of society." lation, was intended to apply to In what school then has this the whole of the Bible. The gentleman been learning Christ, best of causes will be injured, in who says of himself, “I am the the eyes of a certain class of men, light of the world?” That there when weak reasoning is employed are mysteries in natural religion we in its vindication.

know: in Christianity there are 15, 16. “ It is not for those whose the word mystery our author to

none. The scriptural meaning of powers are defeated and exhausted in the examination of a blade of grass, to tally overlooks. hope that they shall comprehend the

30. “ Although Christianity never VOL. VII.

4 Y


made such a gigantic, nominal and geo. ous opinions, which swáy, insengraphical progress as when it mounted sibly, all our future judgments the throne of the empire, it is to be re

and conclusions. membered that its corruptions kept pace with its aggrandizement. Its period of 49,50. Dr. Maltby is arraigned greatest deterioration commenced when for proposing “to substitute for it exchanged for the imperial sceptre its the entire copy of the Scriptures, crown of thorns."

a rolume judiciously selected from This is a memorable concession Cappe's Life of Christ," or, ia on the part of a minister of a na- other words, according to Mr. tional hierarchy: we can refer to Cunningham's gloss,

6 from a simila: acknowledgments Life of Christ written by a known by writers of the same establisb. Sociniun.” Thus, Lardner might ment, who are of yet higher cha- be styled a known Socinian: and, racter and ranko.

on the same goodly principle, the 31. The author notices the reading of his Credibility, &c. decay of Socinianism,” within might be forbidden. Were our the last fifty years.

author acquainted with Mr. It is much longer since Socini- Cappe's theological productions, anism had any fooling in this and especially with bis Sermons, country: and believing, as we do, he would think more favourably that its characteristic tenet and and more justly both of this re. practice are unscriptural, we re- puted Socinian and of his system. juice in its decay: Let Mr. C. When prejudice and bigotry ask, be told, nevertheless, that the “Can any good thing come out number of worshippers of the One of Nazareth the answer of God, the Father, through one truth and candour is, Come and Lord, Jesus Christ, has increased ‘and is increasing through the Bri. 53. In Mr. Cunningham's opi. tish Isles ; being, indeed, much nion, it is one of the paramount greater at present than in any


advantages of an establishment, mer period of our history,

and especially of our own, that it 1b. "«"The resuscitation" of

preserves a record of its first prin. what he calls "the fundamental

ciples, and perpetuates the lessons doctrines of Christ,” he attributes, of its early fathers.”

“ Its early in a considerable degree,

fathers,' indeed, he seems to re. plain men, putting plain 'con

gard with an almost idolatrous structions upon plain passages veneration. But need we remind The Bible."

him that it is still matter of From this language he would, doubt, nor least among the learnhowever, have refrained had he ed and judicious clergy, wbat are studied Mr. Locke's inestimable the lessons of the reformersPreface to bis Paraphrase on Paul's whether they speak the language Epistles. Constructions which of Arminius or of Calvin? Arti. we imagine to be plain, are often cles and creeds therefore are not those which we derive from our the bulwarks of the real union of preconceived and possibly errone. the church; there being nearly as

striking a diversity, nay, opposi• Lowth's Visit. Serni: 2d. Ed. 10, tion of sentiment concerning their 11. and Jepyno's Disquis. 62,65. meaning as there is in our seve

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