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Memoir of the Rep. J. B. Dewhurst. Wakefield's intended Greek Lexi. in the Athenæum, hut the want con, No. xii. p. 563, and a letter, of an immediate motive to compo stating a singular literary blunder, sition, since the cessation of that No. xvii. p. 412."
kork, bas bitherto preventet e These papers in the Atheneum, from proceeding in the executica were given under the bead of Clas. of my plan. The request of the sical Disquisitions, commencing proprietors of the Classical Juti. with a "Sketch of the Literary nal, which you hate bad the good. History of Greece,” as “ an intro- ness to communicate, will iodec duction to an account of its prin- me to resume it, and to beston cipal writers." The design, as such labour on it as my leisure further described, (Atb. i. 148,) may permit. You may depend was, “ to treat, in succession, of ou an article either for the next the great writers of Greece, and or the succeeding number, and to give a summary account of their afterwards I hope in pretty regular lives and writings, and the princi- succession. With respect to the pal editions and manuscripts of next Nurnber I speak doubifully, their works.” This design had as it is possible that in the interval been carried on from Homer to I may be absent from home. Thucydides, when interrupted by I beg at the same time to rethe cessation of the Athenæum, in turn you my thanks for your kiad June, 1809.
offer of service in town, of which Only a few weeks before his should an opportunity occur ! death, Mr. Dewburst bad formed will thankfully avail myself. the intention of completing his I remain, very respectfully, Sir, original plan, respecting the Clas. Your obedient servant, sical Disquisitions.
JOHN DEWHURST. pears from the tollowing letter, Hackney, July 17, 1812. with which we have been favoured P.S. I am not aware that I by the gentleman to whom it was am in possession of any tracts addressed
which, from their scarcity and
value, are deserving of republicae To the Editor of the Classical tion in the Classical Journal.” Journal.
To the Monthly Repository,
Mr. 'Dewhurst contributed (Vol. “I beg leave to return you my iji. p. 533) a Literary Memoir of sincere thanks for the last Num. Professor Porson, and (iii, 336) ber of the Classical Journal, which & Review of Clarke's Succession of I bave had the honour of receiy- Sacred Literature. He had de. ing from you. I bave seen most signed to begin, with the next or all of the preceding Numbers, year, in the same work, a series and have derived great entertain of papers, Biographical, Critical, ment and instruction from them, and Theological, io chronological and it will give me much satisfac. order, on ihe Greek and Latin tion to contribute any thing in Fathers. His assistance towards my, power 'to so respectable a the republication and enlargement work. It was always my inten. of Mr. Wakefield's Memoirs in tion to continue at some period 1804, cannot be omitted in this the series of papers commenced enumeration of bis literary avoca
tions. Of his friendly attentions, few; kings would class both as those concerned in that work have warriors and statesmen; ecclesia lively recollection. Mr. Wake. astics both as statesmen and men field lived long enough in the same of learning, and learning was society with Mr. Dewhurst to nearly, if not quite, confined to know and esteem him, but they ecclesiastics. In each of these were too soon separated, or from classes there were several articles similarity of tastes and occupa. from our friend's hand, some of tions, they could scarcely have them copious; and I shall be failed to become very intimate. much disappointed if they do not
In 1807, there had been pubo appear before the public in the lished among the literary notices form in which I received them. in the Athenæum (ii. 512), a pro- Our friend's uncommon modesty posal for “a British Biography, made him pertinacious in requestarranged in chronological order, ing that I would add, alter, or and so classed as to bring into one expunge; and my responsibility point of view the several descrip. fully entitled me to add, or tions of eminent persons who have expunge; perhaps rejection would lived at the same period.” This bave been preferable to alteration, work was commitied to the able at least in any case where cither direction of our friend Dr. Malkin, principle or matter of fact was who has obligingly informed us involved. But I had no intention, that he engaged the assistance of with respect to the articles in quesMr. Dewhurst till by his important tion, to have exercised the right occupations on his election to the of a conductor; and I tbink that mastership of Bury School, he was if ever they appear in print, they himself obliged to decline the un- will pláce Mr. D.'s character high dertaking. The following extract with the public in a line in which from Dr. Malkin's letter, written he was utterly unknown), as an in immediate reply to our inqui. historian. With respect to the ries, will, we are persuaded, be department he was to bave filled, interesting, not only to the friends had we continued to act together, of Mr. Dewhurst but to all who he desired, in a tone and temper are concerned for ihe promotion which you would at once recogof English literature.
nize, that he night have such " When
I relinquished the articles as I could not satisfacwork, a large proportion of the torily procure from other quarters ; lives, to be contained in the first but he did not wish so to engross volume, wbich was lo come down any department, as to shut out 10 ihe Conquest, were wriiten and any contribution from
names ready for the press.
of these more imposing with the public. lives about one.Third were written This was friendly, as well as mo. by Mr. D. At that early period dest, and I latterly depended on you are sensible that llie provinces him as a main prop of the work, of history and biography are in a much greater degree than scarcely, if at all, distinguishable; when I first proposed the engageindeed, that biography is his. ment. I was first induced tu setory. Professions and occupations lect him in consequence of his in life not being then subdivided acknowledged learning and sound as they are now, the classes were judgment;, which had been prin.
Asemoir of the Rev. J, B. Dewhurst. cipally led in a different channel, to classical literature Mr. Dersbut which, I was certain, would hurst had several projects.” Of accompany him whithersoever he these few, if any, traces are found might deviate. I did, however, among his papers. He proba. before I had any personal experi. bly depended, like Mr. Wakefield, ence of his qualifications, fear on his tenacious memory, to bring that there mighc be a coldness and together his materials whenever lie a dryness not unusual in the come should require them. positions of those who are scho The year of which he was fars rather than men of the world, destined not to witness the close, In this respect, 1 had very agree. was begun by him with a truly ably deceived myself; for the grand design of moral and in articles of which I speak · had a tellectual improvement. When sufficiently agreeable variety of the competitors for wealth light and shade; and he seemed power expire, big with life's futualways, for which at first I should rities, we feel only the vanity of not have given him credit, to pre. buman expectations. A sudden fer an anecdote to an argument. interruption of wisdom and virtue, In a word, there was much more in their progress towards perfecof the man of the world in his tion, excites other emotions. writings as a biographer, than Such were those with which we could be expected from his man. examined a manuscript found ners and way of life; and far more among Mr. Dewhurst's papers, of the British and Saxon scholar, and certainly intended for Do inand of the antiquary, than could spection besides his own. It is be looked for in one of the first dated, “Hackney, January 9, scholars of the day, in the dead 1812," and entitled Ratio studio languages. As a classical scho. vrum. lar, he was among the first, and This manuscript, an outline exclusively as such is he generally never filled up, and therefore un. known; but those who confine fit for publication, contains, with him within those limits, knew him a large enumeration of authors very imperfectly; he bad a me. in various languages, a plan of mory exceeded, perhaps, only by study comprehending the circle of that of Porson, an was the most the sciences, and what can now universal man whom I ever had be attained of learning, sacred and the pleasure of knowing inti- profane. The languages named, mately."
as, no doubt, to be acquired, or Such were Mr. Dewhurst's oc. the knowledge of them improved, cupations as a writer, in which, are “Hebrew, Greek, Modera as his contributions were always Greek, Latin, English, Italian, anonymous, he was scarcely French, Spanish, German.” Dis. known, except to literary associ- tinct days of the week appear to ates and very intimate friends. have been designed for peculiar Yet, bad his life been preserved, studies. Only Friday, Saturday, it is probable he might have over. and Sunday are appropriated to come his diffidence, and appeared the following pursuits. “F. Bi. before the public professedly as bliography; S. Math. and Mod. an author. Dr. Malkin has re- Languages; Sun. Theology." marked to us that “ with respect Towards the close of this manu.
66 Es. 1.
script, Mr. Dewhurst thus ex. ten during the present year by Mr.
divjon of women in the most poThe concluding division is en. lished nations of antiquity, to their titled, “Subjects of Essays.” present state, cannot be disputed, On the last page of the manu- and it seems equally certain, that script is the following entry, which their improved situation in modern probably describes the subjects European society, is partly owing on which he designed to write. to the influence of Christianity,
On the periods into partly to the customs and feelings which the literary history of this transmitted from our German ancountry may be divided, and cestors, refined through the medi. characteristics of each. Ancient; um of chivalry. An engagement Henry VIII. Elizabeth, &c. Pe- which I am under the necessity of riod of Dryden; of Pope ; of fulfilling, in the course of next Johnson; after Johnson; 1200– week, has for soine days occupied, 1500; 1500–1560; 1560— and continues to occupy, all my 1660; 1660-1700; 1700- leisure hours. I should have been 1745; 1745-1780; 1780—1812. happy had time allowed, to have
“ Es. ii. On the literary attain- searched further into the subject, ments of persons destitute of the though I do not know that I should advantages of cducation : in na. have met with any thing worthy of thematics, Ferguson, Hutton, notice. Asit is, I shall put down Simpson, Vince, &c.: in poetry, a few references to common books, Bloomfield, Burns, Blackett. which occur to me at the moment, Trace the causes of such attain. with most of which you have in ments; and estimate the degree of all probability already met. Gib. merit and talent which it implies. bon i, 241, 360. In the note on
" Es. iii. On the affinity of the former of these passages, he Hebrew and Egyptian customs. refers to the story of Metellus Nu. Marsham.
midicus, told by Aulus Gellius, “Es. iv. On the literary cha. and mentioned also in the Epitome racter, its advantages and disad. of Livy, L. 59. It will, in all vantages, good and bad qualities.” probability, be given at length in
'It will scarcely be a digression Hooke. Gibbon viii. 57, on the if we here transcribe a letter write condition of women according to
Memoir of the Rep. J. B. Dewhurst. the civil law, where there are many “ P.S. I have most of the books references to various authors. Some mentioned above, with the excepremarks in Hume, in connection tion of Aulus Gellius. You may with the divorce of Catharine, find him at the Institution.” queen of Henry VIII. Juvenal, There was a project which Sat. vi. on women, where many engaged many of Mr. Den hurst's descriptions occur, without doubt, last thoughts, and cannot be here horribly exaggerated. Barthelemy, unnoticed with justice to its im. Voyage du jeune Anacharse. A portance, or the ardous with which chapier on women in Potter's Gre he entertained it. The institution cian Antiquities. There is not formed in 1806, under the name much, I believe, in Adam. Pro. of the Unitarian Fund, can scarce. bably in Robertson's introductory ly be unknown to any Unitarians, volume to Charles V. which 1 and has attracted some attention have not at hand. On the whole, from Christians of other persuathe condition of women seems to sions. The design of that institu. have been much less subject to re. tion, as expressed by its founders, striction among the Romans than was for promoting Unitarianism among the Greeks, and their in. by means of popular preaching. tellectual character to have been The growing success of the deproportionably superior. Many sign, rendered highly expedient, Roman ladies of high rank, ap- if not indispensable, another object. pear, from Cicero (Brut. 58.), to This was a provision for a course have been well educated. The of study, accessible to those who common story of Cornelia is to the desired to become popular preach. honour of the Roman Matrons. ers, upon the plan of the UnitariThere is a work, professedly on the an Fund, such as might assist them subject of women, in English, but to acquire a knowledge of the I forget the author and do not scriptures, and fit them for the know its mi rit. A work was offices of familiar instruction, with lately published at Paris, which I out attempting to form critical suppose is one of reputation, of scholars, or accomplished writers. which the following is the ritle, For this purpose was projected, Les Femmes-leur Condition et during the last year, the Unitarian leur Influence dans l'Ordre Social, Academy. cbez differens Peuples, Anciens et In providing the literary aid for Modernes, par J. A. de Segur. 3 such a design, it is no wonder vols. 12mo. Paris, 1803. I have not that application should be made seen it. Probably some memoirs to Mr. Dewhurst. Without dison the state of ancient women, may paraging i he talents yet spared to be found in the Memoirs of the ibe Unitarian cause, another could French Academy of Inscriptions not have been easily found, who and B. L. There is something on excelled, if he equalled, him, in the subject in Lord Kaimes's extent of literary attainments of Sketches.
ability to impart them. He was
eminently apt to teach, and knowDear Sir,
ing, beyond most scholars of bis Very sincerely yours, time, what could be discovered by
J. DEWHURST. literary research, he was well fit.