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daughter of G. Keith, 92; dispute on pre-
destination, 100; call to the ministry, 102;
discourse with an opposer, 110; speaks to a
119; Yellow Fever in Philadelphia, 122;
leaves for Maryland, 125; account of retak-
letter to support baptism, 131 ; appointed
Recorder of Deeds, &c. in Philadelphia,
134; a warrant issued against him in Con-
necticut, 137; reply to G. Keith, 139;
origin of his ministry, 158; right temper for
disputes, 159; two Friends killed by Indians,
163; holds meeting in the street, 167;
nation of the sending a lying spirit, 182;
discourse on the vows taken by Episcopali-
with a Jesuit, 213; second visit to Barba-
does, 217; sails for London, 219; visits W.
broken up, 224; affirmation disturbance,
Medel, 229; meets with a preacher of
244; goes to Ireland, 246; conversation on
committed to prison, 258; returns to Eng-
Penn, 288; visits the earl of Carlisle, 293;
Lonsdale, 311; also with the earl of Carlisle,
Carlisle and Sunderland, arch bishops of
, 294, 314.
A MINISTER OF THE GOSPEL IN THE RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.
[The Journal of Thomas Story, containing much repetition of the same matter, it has been thought best to revise
it, and abridge some parts, carefully retaining the most interesting portions of the narrative and a clear exposition of his doctrinal views.]
The following work is intended to record able to religion; though I was hitherto prethe tender mercies and judgments of the Lord; served from such things as are generally to relate my own experience of his dealings accounted evils among mankind. with me through the course of my life; and After this I was put to the study of the law, to write a faithful journal of my travels and under a counsellor in the country; with a labours in the service of the gospel : which I design to be entered, afterwards, into one of design for my own review, and likewise for the inns of court, and to finish there. Being the serious perusal of all those who may in. much in the country, and the family sober cline to inquire into things of this nature. and religious in their way, of the most mode.
I have solid evidence to believe, that the rate sort of Presbyterians, I had again the Lord, in his great mercy and kindness, had advantage of solitude and little company, and an eye upon me for my good, even in my in that innocent; so that my mind returned to fancy, inclining my heart to seek after him in its former state, and further search after the my tender years. From hence, I may rea. truth. And though I had, at times, some sonably conclude, arose that early inclination youthful airs, yet, through secret grace, I I had io solitude; where I sometimes had re- preserved from gross evils, and gained respect ligious thoughts, and frequently read in the from all the family. holy Scriptures; which I ever loved, and still During my abode with this counsellor, I do, above all books, as most worthy and most was several times with him at London; where profitable; especially the New Testament, in by the fear of God, I was preserved from which I chiefly delighted.
vice and evil company, which much abound In this state, my mind suffered many flow in that great city, though I was not without ings and ebbings; and as I grew up towards temptations; and some not otherwise to be a young man, I found myself under great resisted than by the secret influence of grace, disadvantages in matters of religion, as I was which supercedes them; though it may not then circumstanced. My father, intending always be immediately apprehended by such me for the study of the law, which was es- as are preserved by it. teemed a genteel profession, first sent me to Though I was educated in the way of the the fencing.school, as a fashionable and man- national church of England, yet I had no ly accomplishment. Here I became a con- aversion to any class professing the Christian siderable proficient in a short time, over all name, but occasionally, heard several sorts ; my cotemporaries in that faculty; by which and yet did not fully approve any sect in all my mind was greatly drawn out, and alien- things, as I came to consider them closely. ated from those beginnings of solidity which At Newcastle upon Tyne I once happened to I had once known. Having also acquired hear a famous Presbyterian preacher. It was some skill in music, the exercise of that occa. in the reign of King Charles the Second, sioned an acquaintance and society not profit. when the national laws were against them Vol. X.- No. 1.
and all other dissenters from the national cringings and shows, appearing to be little worship; and they, being cowardly, had their else than an abridgmeni of the popish mass, meeting in the night, and in an upper room, and ihe pomp and show attending it; I bewith a watch set below. I did not go into the gan to be very uneasy with it; and though room, but stood at the head of the stairs, ex. I went there a little longer, yet I could not pecting to hear something like doctrine from comply with several of the ceremonies; which so noted a man among them; but all that he being taken notice of, in a familiar conserence entertained his auditory with, was suggestions with an acquaintance of the same way, I of jealousy and dislike against the govern- asked a little pleasantly, What is that we ment; and this he delivered in such a way worship towards the east ? And why towards as appeared to me very disagreeable. the altar, more than any other place, at the
At another time I was at a Friends' meet- saying of the Creed? The person replied, ing, on a week-day, at Broughton, in the "Sure you are not so ignorant as you would county of Cumberland; where I applied my make yourself seem. The Scripture saith, mind with as much diligence as I could to · At the name of Jesus every knee shall bow, examine what I could discern in their way. of things in heaven, and things in earth, and But, though I observed they were very grave, things under the earth. And again, “ As the serious and solid, in the time of their wor- lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth ship, I could gather but little, either from their even unto the west ; so shall also the coming manner or doctrine; only I took them to be of the Son of Man be.?” an honest, innocent, and well-meaning sect. To the first I returned, That our pagan
Towards the latter end of the year 1687, we ancestors were worshippers of the sun and came out of the country, and had chambers in all the host of heaven; and this looked the city of Carlisle. King James the Second very like that; and could not certainly be being then on the throne, and the garrison grounded on that Scripture; which I cannot and castle in the hands of popish officers and understand to signify any other, than the governors, the Protestants were apprehensive gradual manifestation of the power and glory of great danger, and the people much divided of Christ to the world. But if he should lite. in their sentiments and interests. There was rally come from the east, in an outward a loose and treacherous sort among the Pro. sense; which, considering the state of the testants, who approached daily nearer and earth, its revolutions and relation to the sun nearer towards the Papists, and fell in, gene. and other planets, cannot be in the nature of rally, with all their measures; which grieved things, that being west to one place which is the steady part, and justly heightened their east to another; yet that coming would not apprehensions.
excuse our superstition, is not idolatry, before About this time I went diligently to the he so come; though I grant, if he should so public worship, especially to the cathedral at come, and we see him, then, and not till then, Carlisle; where, in time of public prayer, as may we lawfully and reasonably worship to. soon as that called the Apostle's Creed began, wards the place, or imaginary place, of his we all used to turn our faces towards the coming. east; and when the word Jesus was mention- As to bowing at the name of Jesus, I uned, we all bowed and kneeled towards the derstand it to be in the nature of a predic. altar-table, as they call it; where stood a tion, that in the fulness of time all powers in couple of Common Prayer books, in folio, one heaven and earth shall be subjected and at each side of the table, and over them, painted brought under the power of Christ, as the next upon the wall, I. H. S. signifying, Jesus Homi. verse imports, which is explanatory of the num Salvator; Jesus, the Saviour of mankind. former, viz: that “every tongue shall confess,
I had read and heard many things of the that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God popish religion ; of their manifold ceremonies, the Father.” Agreeing also with what the strange tenets and doctrines; their cruelty, Lord Jesus himself saith,—~ All power is murders, and massacres of all who differed given unto me in heaven and in earth.” And from them, wherever they had power: which therefore, this bowing towards a cipher of the I thought denoted a degeneracy below even words, Jesus the Saviour, painted upon a wall, fallen nature; that making men worse than whilst the heart and spirit of a man is not subthis. As I was concerned to inquire more jected to the power of his grace, is but a mockand more after the truth of religion, the man-ing of Christ, a relic of popery, and bath some ner of our worship in the cathedral often put show of idolatry in it, from which I thought me in mind of the popish religion and cere. all Protestants had been thoroughly reformed. monies, and made me conclude, that the way This a little surprised my acquaintance at we were in, retained abundance of the old first, coming from one in whom so little of relics; our prayers, postures, songs, organs, the work of religion appeared outwardly; but as I remained in the diversions of fencing, that child; and that being taken for granted, dancing, music, and other recreations of the as already done by that ceremony and prayer, like sort, little notice was taken for a while. they then receive the child into the congrega
Alier this I happened to be at a christening, tion of Christ's flock; as they say, acknowledg. as we called it, of a relation's child; on which ing, that, by that baptism, that child is regene. occasion I found my mind agitated in an un-rated, and grafted into the body of Christ's usual manner, and a secret aversion to that church; and accordingly they make their ad. ceremony; which I perceived was not accord. dress of thanks to God for doing it. After ing to the holy Scripture, for we have neither this ceremony was over, 1 privately asked the precept nor example there for that practice. priest, whether he did believe thai that cereAnd when the priest came to say the prayer, mony, for which there is not any foundation which is a part of the service on that occa. in Scripture, either for making little children sion, a great fear and surprise came over my the subjects of baptism, signing them with the mind, as I gave a more close attention than sign of the cross, promising and vowing in usual, so that I could not pay that regard to their names, believing and consessing in their it as formerly. By way of introduction to stead, or sprinkling them only with water, &c., the work, the priest reads part of the tenth did really then, or at any time to come, rege. chapter of Mark's history of the gospel, where nerate those children? Ai which he smiled, and it is related, that the people « brought young said no; but it being an established order in children to Christ, that he should touch them;" the church, the practice could not be omitted. that bis disciples rebuked those that brought Why then, said I, you do but mock God, in them. But when Jesus saw it, he was much giving him thanks for that which you do not displeased; and said unto them, “Suffer the seriously believe he haih effected. And the little children to come unto me, and forbid sequel proves there is no such thing done by them not; for of such is the kingdom of God. those means; for true baptism is justification Verily I say unto you, whosoever shall not and sanctification, effected by the holy Spirit of receive the kingdom of God as a little child, Christ in the mind; and not by the application shall not enter therein. And he took them up of any outward element, or external per. in his arms, put his hands upon them, and formance of any person whatsoever, under blessed them." After this they prayed that any qualification. God would give his holy Spirit to that infant; i continued in the national way of worship, that she, being born again, and made an heir though by the divine grace, my understand. of everlasting salvation, through our Lord ing was still more and more cleared. About Jesus Christ, might continue the servant of this time the power of king James the Second God, and obtain his promise, &c. And after was at the height, and all sects were indulged some more ceremony, the priest said, “ We with great liberty; when John Scansfield, a receive this child into the congregation of noted Quaker, having, by leave, a meeting Christ's flock, and do sign her with the sign on a first-day in the town-hall, several young of the cross," &c. Then the priest, pretend. men, amongst whom I was one, went thither ing to the company that the infant is, by that to hear what 'those Quakers had to say. rantism, regenerated and grafted into the There was a mixed multitude, and some of body of Christ's church, exhorts them to our sort and company rude enough; but prayer; the substance whereof was this: others, and myself, were resolved to give the they thanked God that it had pleased him 10 best attention we could, in order to form a regenerate that infant, with his holy Spirit, to right judgment. Two Cumberland preachers receive her for his own child by adoption, and spoke before John Scansfield, whom several to incorporate her into his holy church, &c. of us knew; but their preaching had no other
Upon this I note, that the Scripture there effect upon me, than confirm an opinion hath no relation at all to baptism; much less which I had conceived when I was a boy ; to sprinkling, which is no baptism. For the that as a sort of people I had heard of, called people brought their children to the Lord Baptists, imitated John the Baptist, in washing Christ, not to be baptised, but that he might or plunging their followers in water, who, I touch them; and he answered the faith of the believed, had not any authority from God for people accordingly; he blessed them, and de. that practice; so the Quakers only imitated clared their innocence and aptitude for the the apostles, in going about preaching, as they kingdom of God, without such baptism; and did, but without that power which the apostles did not baptise them. So that this Scripture is were accompanied with and travelled in; and inapplicable, and all the consequences drawn I thought it was a great pity they were not so from it, in this sense, are null and chimerical. endued, since I heard they took pains as if But they, first praying that God, in their own they were. One of these preachers, to me, invented way, would give his holy Spirit to had only a little dry, empty talk, and the other was more lively; but straining his voice struction. Nevertheless, whether out of fear, to be heard over the multitude, he quickly or other cause, as well the bishops as inferior grew hoarse, lost his voice, and so sat down. clergy, and the generality of the people And then Scansfield, the stranger, from whom throughout the king's dominions, presented we had greater expectations, stood up, and addresses to him on this occasion, replete made a more manly appearance than either with the utmost expression of loyalty and of the former. The first thing he did was to duty that words were capable of. The pulpits reprove the rudeness of some of the compa- generally resounded throughout the nation ny; and, in his preaching, falling upon bap. with their king.pleasing doctrine, of passive tism, amongst other things, and alledging obedience and non-resistance; but with their there was no foundation for the practice of the own mental reservations, as in the sequel church of England, in all the Scripture: con- proved, insomuch that he who could not com. cerning that, he advanced this
query: Suppose a discourse on that modish subject, would pose,” said he, “I were a Turk or a Jew, and beg, borrow, buy, and steal from the more should ask thee, What is the rule of thy prac. able, rather than not be fashionable; which tice in that point ? and thou should say the occasioned jealousy in many, lest the clergy Scripture; and if I should desire to see that should revert and embrace the old errors ; Scripture, thou not being able to produce any, from which they, with the people, seemed to what could I conclude other than that thou have been reformed. Yet seven of the bishhadst no foundation for thy religion but thy ops stood obstinately to their principles, when own imagination, and so go away offended the king commanded them to read, or cause and prejudiced against the Christian religion?" to be read, his proclamation for liberty of con. This agreed with my own former sentiments, science in their respective dioceses; which, and gave me occasion to give further atten- though highly reasonable and Christian, they tion. In the rest of his speech, he first run refused. This could not be on any founda. down the national church at a great rate, and tion of religion, but because it was contrary then likewise the church of Rome: and there to those national laws which persecuted and being many Irish, popish, military officers suppressed all but themselves, and those of present, and a couple of musketeers placed at their own sect. ihe door, and the officers behaving so tamely, The face of affairs thus flattering the Ro.
no show of dislike appeared in any of man interest, they became zenith-high in their them, many suspected Scansfield to be a expectations and assurance; imperious, insoJesuit, and that his aim was to expose and run lent, swaggering, and insulting every where; down the church; and what he said against and the Protestants more and more filled with the church of Rome, was only the better to rational apprehensions of impending danger cloak his design: for the king and his friends and destruction. Notwithstanding, there were could support their religion by the power of many, both among the priests and people pro. the sword, and other cruel and forcible ressing the Protestant religion, as brisk and means; that being their usual method and forward as the Papists themselves, to fall into practice : but there was nothing then to sup- the present measures, interests and politics ; port the church of England but the truth of which gave others just occasion to think they her own principles, and the fortitude and would, in the end, prove themselves false brestability of her members, in the time of an ihren. impending danger and trial.
A solid consideration of the state of affairs, Many of us left them when they went to and the doubtfulness of the issue, put me upon prayer ; yet I was apprehensive of the secret a more inward and close observation of per. influence of a divine power and presence, sons and things than ever. And one day, at being in some degree, among that people : the assizes at Carlisle, dining at an inn with but that impression did not remain long with a mixed company, where happened to be two me, till renewed upon another occasion; which of our ministers of the church of England, a will be related hereafter.
popish gentleman moved a debate concerning This was in the year 1688; and when the transubstantiation; pretending to prove, by news came of the birth of a prince, the Pa. Scripture, that, by virtue of certain words pists made a great bonfire in the market which their priests say over a piece of bread, place; where they drank wine, till, with that, or waser, there is a substantial conversion of and the transport of the news, they were ex. it into the real body of Christ; the very same ceedingly distracted. The whole Protestant that was born of the Virgin Mary, crucified part of the king's subjects, except the tem- at Jerusalem, and now glorified in heaven. porizers, were in great consternation, and The text of Scripture he advanced to support apprehensive of a popish government, and this position, was, “ And as they were eating, consequent oppression and persecution to de Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it,