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tion of the Karroo Plains-Geognosy of the Peninsula of
the Cape of Good Hope-The Lion's Rump-Lion's
Head-Table Mountain-Devil's Peak-To what Class
of Rocks do those of the Cape Peninsula belong?—At
what Period did the Cape Rocks rise above the Level of
the Sea?-Vegetables incrusted with Calcareous Sand
confounded with Coral, and adduced as a Proof of the
very recent Emergence from the Ocean of the Lands
supporting them-Geology of the Table-Land properly
so called-Account of the Sibilo of the Africans-Geo-
logical Survey of the Karroo Ground recommended-
Rivers South African Lakes-South African Springs-
Remarks on the Importance of a Knowledge of the Na-
tural History and Chemical Composition of Springs-
Geology of Caffraria, Natal, &c.-Conclusion,... Page 330
Cape Mole- Tenrec-Ratel-Otter-Jackals and Wild
Dogs-Civets--Lion-Panther and Leopard-Lynxes
and Mice-Dormice-Porcupines-Hares and Rabbits—
-Dromedary-Red Deer-Giraffe-Antelopes of vari-
ous Kinds-Gnu-Cape Buffalo-Egyptian Goat and
phaga Touraco-Pigeons--Guinea Fowls--Quails-
Partridges, &c.-Ostrich-Bustards-Balearic Cranes-
Flamingo-Gigantic Stork-Umber-Snipe and Wood-
winged Goose-Mountain Goose-Egyptian Goose-
NATURAL HISTORY OF THE REPTILES, FISHES, SHELLS,
meleon--Serpents--Frogs--General Observations on
fish-Fossil Fish-General Observations on Shells-Va-
rious African Species-Remarks on the Distribution of
Page 71, 7th line from bottom, for musicians, read magicians.
MAP of Africa,.......................
To face the Title-page.
VIGNETTE Caravan in the Desert.
Group of Figures-Chief, Jillemen or Native Musicians, and Gree-gree Man or Magician,.
Female Negro Dancer,.....................
Tuarick on his Camel, with Male and Female Tibboo, 174 Denham and Clapperton's Routes,...
Sultan of Bornou,........
Fishing in the River Yeou..................
Bornou Horseman, Kanemboo Spearman, and Munga
Timbuctoo according to Caillié,..........
Queen of Lattakoo, Lattakoo Warrior, and two Bosjesman Hottentots,.....
Negroes Preparing the Manioc Root,..............
Group of African Animals-In front, in the centre, the
DISCOVERY AND ADVENTURE
General View of the Natural Features of Africa.
BEFORE following the career of adventure and discovery in Africa, and viewing its kingdoms and regions under their varied aspects, it may be interesting to take a rapid survey of this continent in its original state, as it came from the hands of Nature. Though immense, and abounding even with the most striking and surprising contrasts, yet, on a general view, a certain uniformity, approaching almost to monotony, appears to pervade it. From one end to the other, dreary wastes, of almost boundless extent, are spread over its surface, alternating with bright intervals of the most luxuriant vegetation. These arid tracts also have their borders embellished by shrubs and flowers, tinted with the most brilliant hues; while a profusion of animal life, in all its forms, distinguishes the more temperate latitudes.