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that in such a constitution of the Earth they could have no means nor instruments of Mathematical Knowledge ; there is great reason to believe, that the period of the final Dissolution might overtake them, ere they would have known or had any Suspicion that they walked upon a round Ball. Must we therefore, to make this Convexity of the Earth discernible to the Eye, suppose a man to be lifted up a great height in the air, that he may have
a very spacious Horizon under one View? But then again, because of the distance, the convexity and gibbousness would vanish away; he would only see below him a great circular Flat, as level to his thinking as the face of the Moon. Are there then such ravishing Charms in a dull unvaried Flat, to make a fufficient compensation for the chief things Deut. 33. of the ancient Mountains, and for the precious things of s. the lasting Hills ? Nay we appeal to the sentence of Mankind; If, a Land of Hills and Valleys has not more Pleasure too and Beauty than an uniform Flat ? which Flat if ever it may be said to be very delightfull, is then only, when ʼtis viewed from the top of a Hill. What were the Tempe of Thessaly, Vide Ælin fo celebrated in ancient story for their unparallelled trip. lib. pleasantness, but a Vale divided with a River and Ti. terminated with Hills ? Are not all the descriptions of Poets embellish'd with such Ideas, when they
In Beds and curious Knots, but Nature boon
would represent any places of Superlative Delight, any blissfull Seats of the Muses or the Nymphs, any sacred habitations of Gods or Goddesses? They will never admit that a wide Flat can be pleasant,
no not in the very Ely* Virg Æn.6. ut pater Anchifes penitus convalle virenti. & ibid. Hoc Superate jugum. & ib. Et rumulum cepit
. fian Fields *; but those
too must be diversified
with depressed Valleys | Flours worthy of Paradise, which not nice Art and swelling Ascents. Pour'd forth profase on Hill and Dale and Plain. They cannot imagint
even Paradise to be a || For Earth hath this variety from Heaven
place of Pleasure, nor Heaven it self to be 11
Heaven without them. Let this therefore be another Argument of the Divine Wisdom and Goodness, that the Surface of the Earth is not uniformly Convex (as many think it would naturally have been, if mechanically formed by a Chaos) but distinguished with Mountains and Valleys, and furrowed from Pole to Pole with the Deep Channel of the Sea; and that because of the Tó Béatrov, it is better that it should be so.
Paradise Loft, lib. 4.
Of Pleasure situate in Hill and Dale.
Ibid. lib. 6.
Give me leave to make one short Inference from what has been said, which shall finish this present Discourse, and with it our Task for the Year. We have clearly discovered many Final Causes and
Characters of Wisdom and Contrivance in the Frame of the inanimate World; as well as in the Organical Fabrick of the Bodies of Animals. Now from hence ariseth a new and invincible Argument, that the present Frame of the World hath not existed from all Eternity. For such an usefulness of
. things or a fitness of means to Ends, as neither proceeds from the necessity of their Beings, nor can happen to them by Chance, doth necessarily inferr that there was an Intelligent Being, which was the Author and Contriver of that Usefulness. We Serm. V. have formerly demonstrated, that the Body of a Man, which consists of an incomprehensible variety of Parts, all admirably fitted for their peculiar Functions and the Conservation of the Whole, could no more be formed fortuitously; than the Æneis of Virgil, or any other long Poem with good Sense and just Measures, could be composed by the Casual Combinations of Letters. Now to pursue this Comparison ; as it is utterly impossible to be believed, that such a Poem may have been eternal, transcribed from Copy to Copy without any first Author and Original: so it is equally incredible and impossible, that the Fabrick of Humane Bodies, which hath such excellent and Divine Artifice, and, if I may so say, such good Sense and true Syntax and harmonious Measures in its Constitution,
should be propagated and transcribed from Father
Τ Η Ε
led) Deism; even with Respect to the Pre-
Psalm XIV. v. 1.
are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there
of Atheism from the Faculties of he Soul.
Acts XVII. 27.
after him, and find him ; though he be not far from
SERMONS III, IV, V.
Acts XVII. 27.
SERMONS VI, VII, VIII.
Acts XIV. 15, &c.