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You must translate: 'tis fit we understand them: Where is your son?
QUEEN. Bestow this place on us a little while 3.— [To ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN, who go out.
Ah, my good lord, what have I seen to-night! KING. What, Gertrude? How does Hamlet? QUEEN. Mad as the sea, and wind, when both contend"
Which is the mightier: In his lawless fit,
He whips his rapier out, and cries,* A rat! a rat! And, in this brainish apprehension, kills
The unseen good old man.
O heavy deed!
Alas! how shall this bloody deed be answer'd?
* Quarto, Whips out his rapier, cries.
3 Bestow this place on us a little while.] in the folio. STEEVENS.
† First folio, his.
This line is wanting
Which does not bring Rosencrantz, or Guildenstern, on the stage at all. BOSWELL.
4- MY GOOD lord,] The quartos read—“ mine own lord.”
STEEVENS. 5 Mad as the sea, and wind, when both contend, &c.] We have precisely the same image in King Lear, expressed with more brevity:
he was met even now,
"As mad as the VEX'D sea." MALONE.
Out of HAUNT,] I would rather read-out of harm.
JOHNSON. "Out of haunt," means, out of company. So, in Antony and Cleopatra :
"Dido and her Sichæus shall want troops,
This mad young man: but, so much was our love,
To keep it from divulging, let it feed
Shows itself pure; he weeps for what is done.
The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch,
*First folio, lets.
Again, in Warner's Albion's England, 1602, b. v. ch. xxvi.:
And from the smith of heaven's wife allure the amorous haunt." The place where men assemble, is often poetically called the haunt of men. So, in Romeo and Juliet :
"We talk here in the publick haunt of men." STEEVENS. 7 like some ORE,] Shakspeare seems to think ore to be or, that is, gold. Base metals have ore no less than precious.
Shakspeare uses the general word ore to express gold, because it was the most excellent of ores.-I suppose we should read " metal base" instead of metals, which much improves the construction of the passage. M. MASON.
He has perhaps used ore in the same sense in his Rape of Lu
"When beauty boasted blushes, in despite
A mineral Minsheu defines in his Dictionary, 1617: "Any thing that grows in mines, and contains metals." Shakspeare seems to have used the word in this sense,-for a rude mass of metals. MALONE.
Minerals are mines. So, in The Golden Remains of Hales of Eton, 1693, p. 34: "Controversies of the times, like spirits in the minerals, with all their labour, nothing is done."
Again, in Hall's Virgidemiarum, lib. vi. :
"Shall it not be a wild fig in a wall,
Or fired brimstone in a minerall?"
Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. Friends both, go join you with some further aid: Hamlet in madness hath Polonius slain, And from his mother's closet hath he dragg'd him: Go, seek him out; speak fair, and bring the body Into the chapel. I pray you, haste in this. [Exeunt Ros. and GUIL. Come, Gertrude, we'll call up our wisest friends; And let them know, both what we mean to do, And what's untimely done: so, haply, slander", Whose whisper o'er the world's diameter, As level as the cannon to his blank ",
Transports his poison'd shot,-may miss our name,
8 so, haply, slander, &c.] Neither these words, nor the following three lines and a half, are in the folio. In the quarto 1604, and all the subsequent quartos, the passage stands thus : And what's untimely done.
"Whose whisper o'er the world's diameter," &c.
the compositor having omitted the latter part of the first line, as in a former scene, (see p. 355, n. 9,) a circumstance which gives additional strength to an observation made in Antony and Cleopatra, Act V. Sc. I. Mr. Theobald supplied the lacuna by reading,-" For haply slander," &c. So, appears to me to suit the context better; for these lines are rather in apposition with those immediately preceding, than an illation from them. Mr. M. Mason, I find, has made the same observation.
Shakspeare, as Theobald has observed, again expatiates on the diffusive power of slander, in Cymbeline:
No, 'tis slander;
"Whose edge is sharper than the sword, whose tongue
Mr. Malone reads-So viperous slander. STEEVENS.
cannon to his BLANK,] The blank was the white mark at which shot or arrows were directed. So, in King Lear : let me still remain
"The true blank of thine eye." STEEVENS. the WOUNDLESS AIR.] So, in a former scene :
"It is as the air invulnerable." MALONE.
Another Room in the same.
Safely stowed,-[Ros. &c. within. Hamlet! lord Hamlet!] But soft,—what noise ? who calls on Hamlet? O, here they come.
Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN.
Ros. What have you done, my lord, with the dead body?
HAM. Compounded it with dust, whereto 'tis
Ros. Tell us where 'tis; that we may take it thence,
And bear it to the chapel.
HAM. Do not believe it.
Ros. Believe what?
HAM. That I can keep your counsel, and not
-But soft,] I have added these two words from the quarto
The folio reads:
Ham. Safely stowed.
"Ros. &c. within. Hamlet! lord Hamlet!
In the quarto 1604 the speech stands thus:
"Ham. Safely stowed; but soft, what noise? who calls on Hamlet?" &c.
I have therefore printed Hamlet's speech unbroken, and inserted that of Rosencrantz, &c. from the folio, before the words, but soft, &c. In the modern editions Hamlet is made to take notice of the noise made by the courtiers, before he has heard it.
3 Compounded it with dust,] So, in King Henry IV. P. II.: Only compound me with forgotten dust." Again, in our poet's 71st Sonnet :
"When I perhaps compounded am with clay." MALONE.
mine own. Besides, to be demanded of a sponge! -what replication should be made by the son of a king?
Ros. Take you me for a sponge, my lord?
HAM. Ay, sir; that soaks up the king's countenance, his rewards, his authorities. But such officers do the king best service in the end: He keeps them, like an ape, in the corner of his jaw: first mouthed, to be last swallowed: When he needs what
4-like an APE,] The quarto has apple, which is generally followed. The folio has ape, which Sir T. Hanmer has received, and illustrated with the following note:
"It is the way of monkeys in eating, to throw that part of their food, which they take up first, into a pouch they are provided with on each side of their jaw, and there they keep it, till they have done with the rest." JOHNSON.
Surely this should be "like an ape, an apple." FARMER.
The reading of the folio, like an ape, I believe to be the true one, because Shakspeare has the same phraseolegy in many other places. The word ape refers to the King, not to his courtiers. He keeps them like an ape, in the corner of his jaw, &c. means, he keeps them, as an ape keeps food, in the corner of his jaw, &c. So, in King Henry IV. P. I. : - your chamber-lie breeds fleas like a loach;" i. e. as fast as a loach breeds loaches. Again, in King Lear: "They flattered me like a dog ;” i. e. as a dog fawns apon and flatters his master.
That the particular food in Shakspeare's contemplation was an apple, may be inferred from the following passage in The Captain, by Beaumont and Fletcher :
“And lie, and kiss my hand unto my mistress,
I cannot approve of Dr. Farmer's reading. Had our poet meant to introduce both the ape and the apple, he would, I think, have written not like, but "as an ape an apple."
The two instances above quoted show that any emendation is unnecessary. The reading of the quarto is, however, defensible. MALONE. Apple in the quarto is a mere typographical error. So, in Peele's Araygnement of Paris, 1584:
you wot it very well
"All that be Dian's maides are vowed to halter apples in hell." The meaning, however, is clearly "as an ape does an apple.”