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and depress at first sight some certain circumstances of the mind which are really prejudicial to life, but would otherwise have required a longer in testi gation to discover them to be so than we are usually at leisure for. If, there fore, by any unfairness in an argument, certain circumstances relating to s point in question be concealed, to apply the ridicule is to drag out those cir cumstances, and set them (if they be opposite) in the fullest light of opposition to those others which are owned and pleaded for, and thus render the claim incongruous and ridiculous. Is there any great mystery or danger in this! and is not Mr. Warburton-are not all the priests in Christendom-at full liberty to inquire whether these circumstances which I represent as opposite and incongruous, be really so; and whether they are any way connected with the claim ? If they be not, my procedure is certainly itself ri ticulous, as connecting in my own mind the idea of the to yelov with wha... no way related to it, and very inconsistent with it.

I have not yet fixed either the day of my departure or iny route, being detained by some accidents longer than I expected, only I am pretty sure, I shall set forward in the second week of August. If you could be at leisure to send me two or three letters enclosed in one to myself, the carrier who sets out every Tharsday from Bristow Port would bring them safe enough, espe cially if you tell him I will give him sixpence or a shilling for his trouble. You or Russell might send them to his lodging by a cadie : you see my impudence, but you taught me it by your too great complaisance. There is another carrier, who sets out from the head of the Cow-gate; so that if one should not be in the way, you will find the other. I was half angry in mirth, that you should so misapprehend me about my difficulty in writing to Philostratus; I thought the word self-control would have given you a different idea of the matter than a diffidence and terror of appearing under so formidable an eye. I assure you, Sir, I wrote a very simple letter, without correction, without brilliancy, without literature. I wrote to Cleghorn last night, to make him laugh, to puzzle and astonish him in this combination of woes. As I make no doubt but he would think me distracted, you may be so good as tell him that you have received a letter, wrote the next morning, in which, after passing an easy night, with nine hours' sleep, there appear some pretty favourable symptoms of a return to my senses. I want letters from him and

and Russell and Blair, immediately; for I have waited too long for them. Fare well: I shall write from London. Commend me to all ours. I am, dear Fordyce, your affectionate friend and obedient servant,

M. A

LORD LYTTELTON.

397

VOL. n.

LYTTELTON.

1709-1773.

Lon of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, of Hagley, in Worcestershire-Educated at Eton and Oxford

Visits France and Italy-Obtains a seat in Parliament—Made Secretary to Frederick Prince of Wales-His Friendship with Pope and Thomson-Is twice married-Publishes his 'Observations on the Conversion of St. Paul'-Inherits his Father's Baronetcy-Is created a Peer - Writes. The History of the Reign of Henry II.'—Death, and Burial at Hagley.

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GEORGE LYTTELTON, the son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, of Hagley, in Worcestershire,' was born in 1709. He was educated at Eton, where he was so much distinguished, that his exercises were recommended as models to his school-fellows.

From Eton be went to Christ-Church, where he retained the samo reputation of superiority, and displayed [1728] his abilities to the public in a poem on ‘Blenheim.'

He was a very early writer, both in verse and prose. His 'Progress of Love' (1732], and his 'Persian Letters,' were both written when he was very young ; and indeed the charater of a young man is very visible in both. The verses cant of shepherds and flocks, and crooks dressed with flowers; and the letters have something of that indistinct and headstrong ardour for liberty which a man of genius always catches when he enters the world, and always suffers to cool as he

passes

forward.' He stayed not long at Oxford; for in 1728 he began his travels, and saw France and Italy. When he returned, he obtained (April

, "

1 By Christian, the younger of sisters of Sir Richard Temple of Stowe, created success. fully Baron and Viscount Cobham.

? His . Blenheim,' fol. 1728, is his earliest production in print.

• In the ‘Persian Letters,' as in all his other works, Lyttelton is but an imitator the idea, the name, and some of the details are borrowed from the 'Lettres Persannes' of the President Montesquieu, then in high repute.-CROKER : Quar. Rev., No. 155, p. 229.

* He entered as a Gentleman Commoner of Christ-Church, 4th December, 1725. Some of his verses are dated from Oxford in 1725, which must be the old style for the spring of 1726 ; ind be seems not to have left it till the spring of 1725.-CROKER: Quar. Rev., No. 155, p. 227.

1735] a seat in Parliament,' and soon distinguished himself among the most eager opponents of Sir Robert Walpole, though his father, who was Commissioner of the Admiralty, always voted with the Court.

For many years the name of George Lyttelton was seen in every account of every debate in the House of Commons. He opposed the standing army; he opposed the Excise ;' he supported the motion for petitioning the King to remove Walpole. His zeal was considered by the courtiers not only as violent, but as acrimonious and malignant; and when Walpole was at last hunted from his places, every cffort was made by his friends, and many friends he had, to exclude Lyttelton from the secret committee.

The Prince of Wales, being (1737) driven from St. James's, kept a separate court, and opened his arms to the opponents of the ministry. Mr. Lyttelton became (Oct., 1737] his secretary, and was supposed to have great influence in the direction of his conduct. He persuaded his master, whose business it was now to be popular, that he would advance his character by patronage. Mallet was made under-secretary, with 2001., and Thomson had a pension of 1001. a year. For Thomson Lyttelton always retained his kindness, and was able at last to place him at ease.

Moore' courted his favour by an apologetical poem, called 'The Trial of Selim,' for which he was paid with kind words, which, as is common, raised great hopes that were at last disappointed.

Lyttelton now stood in the first rank of opposition; and Pope, who was incited, it is not easy to say how, to increase the clamour against the ministry, commended him among the other patriots.'

* He sat for Okehampton.

• He could not have opposed the Excise, as that scheme was brought forward in 1788, when Lyttelton was not a member. Edward Moore, author of The Gamester,' and editor of The World,' died 1757.

& Sometimes a patriot, active in debate,

Mix with the world, and battle for the state;
Free as young Lyttelton her cause pursue,
Still true to virtue, and as warm as true.

Imitations, Book L, bp.b Pope bas mentioned him in two more places :

If any ask you, “Who's the man so near
His prince, that writes in verse, and has his ear p*

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