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Correspondence of lord Cornwallis may be consulted for the history of the Rebellion in Ireland, for the Union with England, and for the Peace of Amiens (1802), in both of which latter measures he was the leading negotiator. The Correspondence of Sir Samuel Romilly, especially that with M. Dumont, continues to offer some good illustration, of the state of the political world, and to this must now be added his private Journal of his parliamentary life, during the years 1806 to 1818. The second, third, fourth, and fifth of Sir G. C. Lewis's Essays treat successively of the Administration of Pitt and the Catholic question; the negotiations of lord Cornwallis and the Irish Union; the Addington, Pitt, Grenville, Portland, and Perceval Administrations; and lord Liverpool's Administration, down to 1822. The second volume of lord Holland's Memoirs of the Whig Party gives some interesting details respecting the formation of the 'All the Talents' Ministry, their administration and dismissal.

Burke,

Mackin

the French

BURKE'S Reflections1 (1790), on the one hand, and Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH'S Vindiciae Gallicae (1791) and tosh, and ERSKINE'S View of the Causes and Consequences of the Erskine on Present War with France (1797) on the other, exemplify Revoluthe widely different sentiments with which the outbreak and progress of the French Revolution were regarded by the two chief contemporary parties in England.

tion.

(B.) Biographies and Correspondence.—The Diary and Correspondence of LORD COLCHESTER2 illustrate the views and character of a moderate Tory, who, while a zealous promoter of schemes of public utility, was throughout his career a steady opponent of all innovation, and especially distinguished by his opposition to the removal of the

Reflections on the French Revolution. Vol. ii. of Works, edited by E. J. Payne. Clar. Press.

2 The Diary and Correspondence of Charles Abbot, Lord Colchester: Speaker of the House of Commons, 1802-17. Edited by his Son, Charles, Lord Colchester. 3 vols. 1861.

CHAP
XI.

Diary and
Correspon-
dence of
Lord Col-

chester.

CHAP.
XI.

Life and Correspondence of

Lord Sidmouth.

Twiss's
Life of
Lord
Eldon.

political disabilities to which Roman Catholics at that time were still subjected.

LORD SIDMOUTH'S Life and Correspondence, edited by PELLEW,' though a work of but slight literary merit, contains many interesting facts. It serves also to explain the policy of a statesman on whose behalf his defenders urge that he was called to the head of affairs under circumstances of exceptional difficulty, and that his genuine merit was obscured by the brilliancy of Pitt; while by less favourable critics he is censured for a repressive rather than remedial policy, and is held to have been mainly responsible for the massacre at Peterloo.

The Life of Lord Eldon, by HORACE TWISS,' pourtrays with greater success the experiences of a politician of the same school as the two foregoing. It is derived partly from autobiographical materials left by lord Eldon himself, and partly from numerous letters addressed to him by George III., George IV., and other members of the royal family.

Yonge's
The long administration of LORD LIVERPOOL is to be
Life of
Lord
followed in the Life by MR. YONGE. His highly en-
Liverpool. comiastic narrative is devoted to a representation of his

subject, according to which a statesman of moderate
ability, sound sense, and high character, but wanting in

1 The Life and Correspondence of the Right Hon. Henry Addington, first Viscount Sidmouth. By the Hon. George Pellew, D.D., Dean of Norwich. 3 vols. 1847.

The Public and Private Life of Lord Chancellor Eldon, with SelectionsTM from his Correspondence. By Horace Twiss. 1846.

3rd edit. 3 vols.

The Life and Administration of Robert Banks, second Earl of Liverpool, K.G. By Charles Duke Yonge. 3 vols. 1868. [In contrast to the theory of his biographer, Mr. Knight's view (Hist. of the Peace, bk. i.) represents the more general opinion: The conduct of the war was not his, -he suffered others to starve the war. The peace was not his,-he gave to others the uncontrolled power of prescribing the laws of victory.']

"

comprehensive judgment or political foresight, is credited
with a principal share in bringing about the national
prosperity which followed on the Peace, and is even
designated as 'the very last minister who had been able
fully to carry out his own political views.'

Lives of
Erskine by

ERSKINE'S Speeches (4 vols., 1847) have been edited Erskine's by lord Brougham, who has also appended a Memoir, Speeches. which may be compared with that in the sixth volume of Campbell's Lives of the Lord Chancellors. The latter composition is free from the depreciatory spirit which Brougham characterises so many of the Lives in the same series; the writer declares that Erskine commands his 'love and respect,' and holds that he 'saved the liberties of his country.'

and Camp

bell.

' Memoirs and Correspondence of Francis Horner, M.P. Edited by his Brother, Leonard Horner, Esq., F. R.S. 2nd edit. with Additions. 2 vols. 1853

2 History of the Life of Arthur, Duke of Wellington, from the French of M. Brialmont. With Emendations and Additions by the Rev. G. R. Gleig. 4 vols. 1858.

CHAP.
XI.

and Corre

Horner.

The Memoirs and Correspondence of FRANCIS Memoirs HORNER' have been compiled by his brother. His re- spondence putation is chiefly that of a profound financier, whose of Francis views were in many respects in advance of his age; but during the last few years of his life (1812-16) he took a more prominent share in the debates of the House of Commons-his voice, in those exceptionally turbulent times, being invariably raised in support of a moderate and pacific policy.

Among the numerous Lives of WELLINGTON, that by Brialmont's BRIALMONT,2 an officer in the Belgian army, is the most WellingLife of satisfactory. It is written throughout with great impar- ton. tiality, and is the result of many years' conscientious labour and research. To military students it is of especial value on account of the clearness and ability with which

CHAP.
XI.

Wellington Des

patches.

Lives and

Correspon
Nelson and

dence of

Collingwood.

Life of Lord Dundonald.

the strategic genius that directed Wellington's campaigns is brought before the reader.

Of the Wellington Despatches, during the campaigns of 1796-1815, a second edition appeared in 1844-7, in eight octavo volumes. This collection has been further augmented by a supplementary series, extending to fifteen additional volumes (1858-72). His Civil Correspondence is comprised in five volumes, published from 1867 to 1873. Of his correspondence during his Indian administration a useful selection for students has been edited by Mr. S. J. Owen; this contains also the text of treaties, and other important papers, and is illustrated by maps and plans (Clarendon Press, 1877).

The Life of Nelson by SOUTHEY, one of his happiest efforts, may be regarded as an English classic. NELSON'S Despatches' have been edited by Sir Harris Nicolas. Another Life, by CLARKE and MCARTHUR,2 is accompanied by a Life, by the same writers, of Nelson's fellowcommander and intimate friend, LORD COLLINGWOOD. Collingwood's Correspondence,3 official as well as private, has also been published; and his despatches, which do equal credit to his heart and to his head, rank among the most favourable specimens of this class of literature.

The volumes edited and compiled by MR. FOX BOURNE, which illustrate the romantic career of LORD DUNDONALD,' are partly autobiographical. They com

The Despatches and Letters of Vice-Admiral Horatio, Viscount Nelson. 7 vols. 1844-5.

2 Life and Services of Horatio, Viscount Nelson, from his Lordship's By the Rev. James Stainer Clarke and John McArthur. 3 vols.

MSS.

A Selection from the public and private Correspondence of Lord Collingwood, interspersed with Memoirs of his Life. By G. L. Newnham Collingwood. 4to. 1828.

The Life of Thomas, Lord Cochrane, tenth Earl of Dundonald, G.C.B., Admiral of the Red, Rear-Admiral of the Fleet. By Thomas, eleventh Earl, and H. R. Fox Bourne. 2 vols. 1869.

pose a narrative fraught with experiences of singular interest. For the present period, however, their main value is in connexion with the years 1810-20, when, as admiral Cochrane, he commanded the English fleet off South America during the War of Independence in the Spanish colonies.

CHAP.
XI.

ley's

LORD DUDLEY'S Letters to the Bishop of Llandaff Lord Dud(new edition, 1841) contains some amusing gossip and Letters. criticism relating to public men and events during the period 1814-23.

Of the events which took place in the manufacturing Bamford's districts of Lancashire and other parts of England Radical. of a during the years 1816 to 1821, BAMFORD'S Passages in the Life of a Radical affords a graphic and highly instructive record.

'Lives of Lord Castlereagh and Sir Charles Stewart, the Second and Third Marquesses of Londonderry, with Annals of Contemporary Events in which they bore a Part. From the Original Papers of the Family. By Sir Archibald Alison, Bart.

3 vols.

1861. D D

Lord

Alison.

The painful end of LORD LONDONDERRY1 (better Lives of known as lord Castlereagh) marks the close of the Londonpresent period. The Life of this statesman, together with derry and that of his brother, SIR CHARLES STEWART, has been Stewart, by written by ALISON, and the volumes, which partake more of the character of a general history than a personal narrative, rank among the best of this writer's performances. Although conceived in no impartial spirit, the work may be regarded as a successful endeavour to rescue lord Londonderry's fame from much of the obloquy to which he was unjustly exposed during his life. There is perhaps,' says his biographer, 'no great man of his age, either in Great Britain or on the Continent, whose public conduct and motives of action have come so immaculate from the most searching test, or have borne so well the minutest examination by the most unfriendly

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