Imatges de pÓgina


eyes' (iii. 183). Lord Londonderry's Correspondence (1850) has been edited by his brother, who survived him more than thirty years. The public life of the latter was comparatively brief, extending only from his mission as ambassador to Vienna in 1814 to his withdrawal from diplomatic service after the Congress of Vienna in 1823.

Von Sy


(C.) Latest Historical Writers. Among the many French Re- productions to which the French Revolution has given rise, the work of VON SYBEL' is generally regarded as the ablest, and is perhaps the most impartial. The writer's treatment of his subject is of that philosophical character by which he is distinguished as an historian, and he co-ordinates the Revolution with the two last divisions of Poland and the disintegration of the German Empire as one of the great events which mark the fall of Feudalism.

Napier's War in the Peninsula.



SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON'S History of Europe, from History of the year 1789 to 1815, although often superficial in its treatment and wanting in the higher merits of historical composition, besides exhibiting throughout an almost servile deference to the views of the Tory party of his time, is still the most complete source of information for the main facts of the period when all European history took its direction from the action and policy in France. In conjunction with the later volumes, the student should read SIR WILLIAM NAPIER'S History of the War in the Peninsula, which supplies some important corrections of Alison's narrative. A Continuation of the History of Europe, which subsequently appeared, is still

1 History of the French Revolution. By Heinrich von Sybel, Professor of History in the University of Bonn. Translated from the third edition by Walter C. Perry. 4 vols. 1867.

"History of the War in the Peninsula and in the South of France, from the year 1807 to the year 1814. By Major-General Sir W. F. P. Napier. New edit. 6 vols. 1851.


more strongly characterised by the author's design of CHAP. making his subject the vehicle for enforcing his particular views, and is loaded with much irrelevant disquisition. At this point, however, commences MR. SPENCER WAL- Spencer Walpole's POLE'S History of England,' a far more judicious and History of careful performance. The writer has, indeed, been cen- England. sured for giving somewhat undue importance to the bureaucratic influences of the time, and his treatment does not exhibit any of the higher powers of philosophic generalisation; but his research is extensive, and the commercial, economic, and financial questions which now begin to enter more largely than ever into the political history of the nation, are treated with sound judgment and conspicuous moderation. A valuable aid in the more detailed study of these questions is afforded by TOOKE'S History of Prices, which contains an Tooke's elaborate series of statistics from 1793 to 1837. With History of the year 1816 commences the History of the Peace, by MartiHARRIET MARTINEAU.3 Of this, however, the first History of book (which extends to the death of George III.) is the Peace. written by Charles Knight, and it is consequently only to the last two years of the present period that her work relates. In its composition, the authoress had access to unpublished sources of information, and was aided by the advice and criticism of some distinguished politicians of the Whig party. Generally speaking, it may be said that this History is less full of detail and less complete than Mr. Walpole's, but is far more animated in its description of events, while in its estimate of characters



1 A History of England from the Conclusion of the Great War in 1815. By Spencer Walpole. 3 vols. 1878-80.

2 A History of Prices and of the State of the Circulation from 1793 to 1837; preceded by a brief Sketch of the Corn Trade in the last two Centuries. By Tooke and Newmarch. 6 vols. 1838-57.

The History of England during the Thirty Years' Peace, 1816-46. By Harriet Martineau. 2 vols.


and the statemanship of the period it evinces powers of a high order. DR. PAULI'S Geschichte Englands1 contains no facts which may not be found in the foregoing Englands. Writers; but the introduction and first four chapters are



of some interest, as occasionally presenting us with the views of an enlightened Continental historian respecting the foreign policy and diplomatic relations of England at this critical period.

1 Geschichte Englands seit den Friedenschlüssen von 1814 und 1215. von Reinhold Pauli. Leipzig, 1864.



BBEY (and Overton), English


Century, by, 383
Abbotsford Club, foundation and
object of, 221

Adam of Usk, his Chronicon, 287
Adelard, see St. Dunstan,
Adolphus, John, History of Eng-
land, by, 394

Aelfric Society, foundation and
object of, 223

Alcuin, Life and Letters of, 248;
his history of Archbishops of
York, ib.

Aldhelm, of Sherborne, Life of, by
Faricius, 248

Alfred, King, his wars with the
Danes, 29; Life of, by Asser,
Alison, Sir Archibald, Life of
Marlborough by, 379; his Lives of
Lord Castlereagh and Sir Charles
Stewart, 401; his History of
Europe, 402; his Continuation,

Almon's Debates, 227
America, resistance to taxation by,
183; its resistance to England,

Amundesham, John, supposed
author of Annales of St. Albans,

Anderson, collections by, relating
to Mary, Queen of Scots, 317
André, Bernard, his History of
Henry VII., 303


Angles, the settlement of, in
Britain, 16

Anglia Christiana Society, founda-
tion and object of, 223

Anglo Saxon Chronicle, see Chroni-

Annales, the, of the monasteries, 274
Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury,

43; sketch of his career, 51; his
conflict with William II. and
Henry I., 52; his part in the
quarrel about investitures, ib.;
Life of, by Eadmer, 267; by
Dean Church, 268

Anstey, Mr., his Munimenta Aca-
demica, 300

Antoninus, the Itinerarium of, 232
Aquitaine, retains its allegiance to
the English kings, 63
Archæologia, 218
Army, the Cromwellian, 148; its
character under the Protectorate,

Asiatic monarchies, nature of,
Asser, Life of Aifred, by, 245
Athens, its political system con-
trasted with that of Persia, 4
Atterbury, bp., criticism on, by
Macaulay, 382

Auckland Correspondence, the, 388
Augustine, preaches Christianity in
England, 22; his behaviour to
the British priests, 25
Avesbury, Robert, his account of
Edward III., 284
Avignon, the Popes at, 84



ABYLON, fall of, 3

Bacon, Lord Chancellor, fall
of, 133; his Life of Henry VII.,
322; Life of, by Spedding, 356
Baillie, Robert, Letters and Four-
nals of, 351

Baker, Thomas, his History of St.
John's College, 383
Balcanqual, Dr., the author of the
Large Declaration, 341
Bale, John, his Scriptores Britanniae,


Balfour, Sir James, his Annales of
Scotland, 341

Bamford, Passages in the Life of a
Radical by, 401

Bancroft, George, his History of the
United States, 356

Bannatyne Club, foundation and
object of, 221

Barillon, Despatches of, 363
Baronage, the, its tyranny in
Stephen's reign, 55; its power
weakened by Henry II., 56
Bassompierre, M. de, Memoir of the
Embassy of, 345

Baxter, Richard, Autobiography of,

Bayeux Tapestry, the, 259
Bec, the abbey of, 51
Becket, Archbishop, see Beket.
Bede, his Ecclesiastical History, 28;
the Venerable, 234; his History,
235-6; editions of, 237; his
Life of St. Cuthbert, 247
Bedell, bishop, Lives of, 348
Bedford Correspondence, the, 385
Beket, Thomas, his quarrel with

Henry II., 59; his murder, 60;
account of, by William of New-
bury, 262; Lives of, 267; Free-
man's Essay on, 268
Bekynton, bishop, his Correspon-

dence, 292

Berwick, duke of, Memoirs of,

Bertram, C. J., forges the de Situ
Britanniae, 241

Biography, Dictionary of Christian,

Birch, colonel, Memoir of, 348
Birch, Dr., his Historual View,


346; his Courts of James I. and
Charles I., 351
Bishoprics, the English, their rela-
tion to the kingdoms, 27
Bishops, their position after the
Teutonic conquest of the empire,


Blaauw, Mr., his Barons' War, 283
Black Leath, the, 92
Black Prince, the, his chivalry,

Blake, admiral, Life of, by Dixon,

Blondel, Robert, his de Reductione
Normanniae, 294

Blunt, Mr. J. H., his Reformation
in England, 326

Boderie, le Fèvre de la, corre-
spondence of, 345
Bollandus, John, his Acta Sanc-
torum, 218

Bolingbroke, Lord, his political
pamphlets and correspondence,
374 5

Bonaparte, Napoleon, his rise to
power, 195

Boniface, St., preaches in Germany,

Boniface VIII., Pope, issues the
Bull Clericis laicos, 79

Boston, John, his Catalogus, etc.,


Bourne, Mr. Fox, his Life of Lord
Dundonald, 400

Boyer, A., History of the Reign of
Queen Anne by, 375; Life of Sir
W. Temple by, 365
Brentano, Dr., his Essay on Gilds,

Brewer, Mr., his prefaces to the
Monumenta Franciscana and
Roger Bacon, 282; his view of
British history, 244
Brewster, Sir David, see Newton.
Brief Discourse, the, or the Troubles
at Frankfort, 313

Bright, professor, his Early English
Church History, 257

Britain, Roman province in, 15;
English settlements in, 16
Britons, their treatment by the
English, 16

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