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individụal, whose only aim is to unveil the evil (for evil there unquestionably is and with a boldness not meaning to offend, but perhaps inspired by the energy of the subject, impress the remedy.—The question of a Legislative Union is of so important a nature, as to awaken the feeling of every thinking man in the community :The human mind, like the human body, is various—we are not all blessed with genius or with beauty-a perfect freedom of difcussion is necessary to call forth what we have of the one, as a becoming ease and liberty are necessary to Thew the graces of the other.
Let us now, by way of introduction, to the succeeding pages, produce MR. GRATTAN and Mr. Foster on the subject of Constitution, Parliament, and Independence.
The birth of the borough I state its perfection, talkinundation was the destruc- ing of the constitution, to tion of liberty-it is a court urge its value and its efficacy instrument that murders free- for every end of happiness. dom.
The price of boroughs is That country, whose from 14 to 16,000l.; this fafety at this instant is endan14 or 16.000l. must ultimate- gered by a theoretic propoly be paid by you-thus fal to reform the system things go on-it is impof- at the time that it is working fible they can last-the trade with ease and increasing beneof Parliament ruins every fit. thing.
It is this increase of the price No-no-cherish the of boroughs which has in- Parliament--all natives of creased the expence of your
one country their stake is establishments, and this in- in it-their hearts as well as crease of your establish- their interests are engaged in ments which has increased its preservation-its prosperity the price of your boroughs; -its glory. they operate alternately like cause and effect, and have within themselves the double principle of rapid ruin.
The recognition of our It is not your Constitution Parliamentaryrights has been he (Mr. Pitt) wants to take rendered abortive by unex- away for any supposed imampled exertions of bribery and perfection, but because it corruption.
keeps the purse of the nation in the honest hands of an Irish Parliament.
The government agreed Preserve that Constitution to the establishment of the which was confirmed to you independency of the Irish in 1782 ; and which has Parliament, and then created given you wealth, trade, a multitude of offices to make prosperity, freedom, and inthat independency a name. dependency.
The famous half million, Adhere to the constitution or the experiment of the of 1782; the immense value castle to secure the dependence of which every enquiry into of the Parliament.
the fate of things fince, points out to you in every circum
stance. The present Parliament The Constitution of 1782 whose narrow and contract- has not only worked well to ed representation excludes promote the strength and liberty, and whose fatal com- energy of the empire, but to pliances have caused for a raise this kingdom into prospecourse of years a fucceffion rity, and keep it in a steady
of measures which have col- and rapid advance even be.. lected upon us such an ac- yond the utmost hopes of its
cumulation of calamity! warmest advocates
In taking a view of the question of Union the
writer of the following pages may, by some perfons, be thought to lean more to the Roman Ca. tholic than is either juft or politick; he can only fay, that in looking into the state of this country he found the Catholic so prominent a feature that his attention was compelled, and for the reasons which he shall advance, he is penetrated with the justness of their claims, and, speaking as a member of the empire, with the saving policy of their full emancipation.
The writer is neither a bigot in religion or in politics ; he hopes he looks with a clear and liberal eye on man; it is for him that religions are formed and polity established; it is for the good of man that his mind should be impressed with certain tenets leading to and compelling the moral duties.; and that the licence of natural liberty be reftrained within the honourable bounds of social order. Sparta was free, but she had her helots ; Rome was free, but she had her saves ; Britain is free, but she has her negroes.-Can we say Ireland is free when she has her Catholics ? The fave has the same right to liberty as his master; his motions may be directed by a superior force, but whenever he can he will rise, and assert the great charter of his națure ; and who shall presuine to censure his effort ? It proceeds from a feeling marked upon his heart by the indelible finger of God! and therefore he is the best friend of Ireland, and the true friend of Britain, whose councils and exertions go to the destruction of that partial policy whịch feeds the fire that may confume the state.
The first fafe step to that destruction is a legislative Union with Great Britain ; without Union you cannot emancipate, and without emancipation there can be no real, efficient, operative, and indiffoluble Union. If the British connexion is an advantage (and who but a fool or an incendiary would deny that it is ?) union will secure it; if it is necessary to the existence of the Protestant establishment in Ireland, union will convert that necessity into a duty on the part of Great Britain ; at present her aid is precarious, it lies at her own will-union would leave her no choice-she must defend herself. We are now distinct governments, under the same King ! independent Stales, mutually dependent ! Britain