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A Short Introduction
TO THE TRUE UNDERSTANDING OF
The Lord's Supper
On the End and Institution of Baptism and the
THErdinances or sa
*HERE are two holy | been made partaker of
one of these Sacraments; craments, appointed by namely, That of BAPTISM, Jesus Christ as most espe- by which you were adcial means of obtaining mitted into the congregagrace
and salvation ; tion of Christ's flock, were which no Christian, who restored to the favour of hopes to be saved, must God, and had the Holy wilfully neglect - These Spirit communicated to are, BAPTISM and the you, for a principle of a LORD'S SUPPER.
new and spiritual life ; in It must be supposed order to awaken you, and that you have already to direct and assist that
natural reason, with which ing the reason of that God has endued all man- ordinance, and the very kind.
great concern you have But forasmuch as you in it, without seeing the have done many things necessity and blessing of contrary to the promise a Redeemer, you will go made in your name, when with indifference, and reyou were baptized, and turn without such benefit, will stand in need of
as you might otherwise greater degrees of grace hope for. and assistance, to enable To prevent this, you you to resist the tempta- should seriously consider tions of the world, the what account the Holy flesh, and the devil, and Scriptures have given us to do your duty in that of the condition we are state of life unto which in, both with respect to the providence of God this life, and the life which shall call you; you are
is to come. That is, we therefore now called upon are by nature sinners ; to be partaker of the other and that as such, God Sacrament, that of the cannot take pleasure in LORD'S SUPPER : by us: and that if we die which, upon your sincere before we are restored to repentance, you may ob- His favour we shall be tain the pardon of all your separated from Him, and past sins, and such other miserable for ever. graces as you stand in
This will lead you to need of, to bring you to inquire, how the nature eternal life and happiness. of man came to be thus
Take care, therefore, disordered and prone to that you understand what evil; for you must not you are called to as well imagine, that God, who as you are able ; and God is infinitely good, created expects no
For man in such a state of if you go to the Lord's corruption, as you now Supper without consider- see and feel him to be ;
but that he must have of the devil, transgressed fallen into this wretched the commands of God; condition, since he came and, by doing so, they did out of the hands of his not only forfeit all right Creator.
to the promise of eternal And so Scripture in- life and : happiness, but forms us.
In the third also contracted such a chapter of Genesis, we blindness in the underhave this following ac- standing, such a disorder count of the state of man, in their will and affecbefore, and after, the Fall: tions, as all their posterity That Adam and Eve, from feel to their sorrow; and whom sprang all mankind, became subject to sin, were created in the image and the punishment of of God; that is, holy and sin, which is misery and innocent; having a per- death. fect knowledge of their
Concerning the nature duty, a command of their and greatness of this sin, will and affections, and a we are to judge of it by power, through the grace the greatness of the punof God, to do what they ishment inflicted upon saw fit to be done.
them and their posterity : In this condition they For God, being infinitely were placed in Paradise just and holy could not inin a state of trial, with a flict a punishment greater promise of immortal life than their sin deserved. and happiness, if they Now this was the occashould continue to fear, sion of that universal corto love, to honour, and ruption and wickedness obey their Creator; as which you see and hear also with an express warn- of in the world, and which ing of the dreadful conse- you cannot but in some quence of their disobe
measure feel in your own dience. Notwithstanding nature. For, as the Scripwhich warning, they, tures inform us, Adam through the temptation
1 Gen. v. 3.
begat a son in his own offspring as miserable as likeness; that is, with such themselves. a depraved næture as his This, therefore, gave was then become.
occasion to God to maniAnd now consider into fest another of His most what a sad condition these glorious perfections, that unhappy offenders had is, His infinite goodness brought themselves; and and mercy, remember that this is your For God foreseeing this own condition, and the lamentable condition into condition of all their pos- which they had fallen by terity.
departing from their obeThe law of nature and dience, His goodness had reason was in full force, provided such a remedy, and could not possibly be as that neitherthey norany dispensed with.-At the of their posterity should, same time they found, by on account of their fall, be sad experience, that, as eternally miserable, except St. Paul describes the through their own fault. fallen state of man, there He, therefore, in consiwas a law in their mem- deration of a Redeemer, bers warring against the one of the seed of the law of their mind; so that woman, who should make the good which they would, full satisfaction to the dithey did not; but the evil vine justice for their transthat they would not, that gression, and who should they did.
bruise the head, or break There could not sure the power, of that serpent be a condition more de- (the devil) which tempted plorable than this :-To them to sin: in considerlive only to contract evilation of this promised habits; and, by doing so, seed, God entered into a to increase their guilt- new covenant with them, to displease their Crea- by way of remedy for what tor ;—and to leave an was past, and could not 2 Rom. vii. 23. 15.
We have reason to be- or some one in his stead; lieve that this new cove- we do therefore conclude, nant was more fully ex- that, at this time, God did plained to Adam than is appoint sacrifices, or sinset down in this short offerings, to make accountgiven us by Moses, atonement for the soul, and as it is more fully ex- and to foreshow the sacriplained in the Gospel : fice of Jesus Christ (which and which was to this
commemorate) purpose ; That on condi- until He should be offered tion of their sincere repen- in behalf of them and all tance and sincere obedience their posterity. afterwards, they should be And this appears from restored to the favour of what follows in the next God; and after death, to chapter of Genesis, where that life and happiness, we find Abel by faith (that which in their state of in- is, believing and dependnocence was promised to ing upon this ordinance them without tasting of of God, for the remission death, which favour they of sins, until the promised had forfeited by their dis- | Redeemer should come ; obedience.
we find him) offering a And when we consider sacrifice which was accepthat our first parents, now table to God, that is, a become sinners, stood in sin offering, which his need of an atonement, brother not doing was rewithout which, while un- jected. der the displeasure of But here take notice, God, their very lives must and remember, that these be a burden ! and it being sacrifices, could not take decreed by God, as it away sin, but only through afterwards appeared, that obedience totheordinance without shedding of blood of God, and through faith there was to be no remis- in the promised seed. sion of sin, that is, without They were, indeed, very the death of the sinner ; | instructive and proper to