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fifteth the proud, but and Practice in us Christians ? * So A.D. 60.
but Peaceableness and Humility, the
7 Submit yourselves 7,8,9 & 10. And if you would
Calamities, and partake of the same
God in the same true and sincere
Manner as We do ; sue to Him for ye sinners, and purify Pardon and Salvation, by reforming your hearts, ye dou- all your towring and proud Conceits, ble minded.
by hearty Repentance for the Vio9 Be afflicted, and lences and Injustice you have commourn, and weep : mitted ; and endeavouring to rectify let
* Ver. 5. Do you think the Scripture faith the Spirit in Us These Words are, by fome Interpreters, thought to refer to Numb. xi. 29. Enviest thou for my fake ? i. e. should the Gifts of the Spirit, conferred upon One, move Another to Envy ? But, as those words are very different from St. James, who was not here speaking of Gifts and Spiritual Preheminence at all ; I judge the Paraphrafe to be the most agreeable and coherent Sense. For I think it will clear this Passage of all Difficulties, if we divide the fifth Ver fe into two. Interrogations ; viz. De ye think that the Scripture speaks in vain ? i.e. the Scripture quoted in the sixth Verje; or any of those Scriptures that speak against Pride and Envy. Then, The Spirit that is in Us lufleth (or lufteth it] to Envy? in us ; i. e. in Us Apofles, or Christians. No ; far from it ; it puts us into a far better Way of obtaining God's Grace or Favour ; viz. by Peaccableness and Humility. Wherefore (not He, but] it, the Scripture faith, God refifteth the Proud, &c.
I Ver. 6. Giveth Grace, i. e. Favour or Blessing. kápos answers to go in the Hebrew : Its primary Sense is Favour ; which in the New Testament is branched out into several Acceptations, including either the Blessings of the Gospel in general, or any Principal Branches of them. But is rarely (that I can find) used to fignify any inward Motions, or secret Operations of the Holy Spirit on the Mind, unless when it expreffeth the Extraordinary Gifts, and Miraculous Endowments on the Apostles and First Christians,
lift you up
A, D. 60. let your laughter be those Corrupt Inclinations, that have
turned to mourning, hitherto divided you between God and your joy to hea- and the World : By thus striving ayiness,
gainst the Temptations of the Devil, 10 Humble your felves in the fight of you shall be enabled to overcome the Lord, and he shall them; and upon Condition of so
thorough a Humiliation and Rpen
tance, God will be reconciled to you, avert the Judgments that hang over you, and make you again, his beloved Church and People 11 Speak not evil
11. As to you, dear Brethren, that one of another (bre- are already converted to Christianithren) he that speak ty, be sure to avoid that pernicious eth evil of his bro: Custom of Slander and rath Censure. ther, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil Remember, that whoever hastily and of the law, and
judg- unjustly Condemns another Man, reeth the law : but if flects upon Religion it felf, sets up thou judge the law, for a Judge, and makes himself Wifer thou art not a doer of than the Divine Law. And such a the law, but a judge. one must not pretend to be a true Disciple of that Law, while he sets himself above it.
12 There is one 12. Consider, that God alone, * Rom. xiv. law-giver, who is able * who gives us his Laws, has the
to save, and to de- Right to Judge and Condemn us for stroy : who art thou
the Breach of thein : And how dare that judget another ?
any Man take His Work out of his
Hands! 13 Go to now, ye 13. Another Thing, I would Cor. that say, To day or rect in you all is, that Confidence, to morrow we will go and unthoughtful Asurance, with into such a city, and which you are apt to pursue your and buy and fell, and Worldly Projects ; without a due
Sense of, and pious Dependance upget gain : on Divine Providence. Some of
you Christian Converts, I find, are too much tainted with the Jewijn Spirit of Worldly-mindedness. You cut out Business, and conclude upon the Success, as if Time and Events were at your Disposal.
14. Whereas ye 14 & 15. You forget what Changes know not what shall and Disappointments a single Day be on the morrow: for may produce ; and that Life it felf what
what is your life? It is as fleeting as a Vapour. A Con- A. D.60.
the Divine Will, in all Events and
16. And, therefore, such eager
you thought your selves independent of Divine Blessing and Protection.
17 Therefore to him 17. Now this, or any other Crime, that knoweth to do must be greater in a Christian, than good, and doth it not, in any other Man; because He, by to him it is fin.
the clear Revelation of the Gospel, has (or ought to have) better Notions of his Duty, and a stronger Sense of his Religious Obligations.
CHA P. V.
just and miserable Effects of their Avarice, Cruelty, Luft,
spired Ministers, to be used, for the Recovery of such
G men, weep and
A. . O to now ye rich 1, 2 & 3. I S not without ,
Reason that I warn # Chap. iv howl for your
all against a too eager and con13, 17 ries that shall come up- fident Pursuit after worldly Riches. on you.
For let the Worldlings of the Jewish ź Your riches are
Nation consider now, and behold, corrupted, and your
to what a lamentable End those Prin garments moth-eaten.
3 Your gold and ciples are likely, in a fhort Time, filver is cankered, and to reduce them ; when their Riches the ruft of them fhall shall perish, their Grandeur be eclipbe a witness againit sed, and themselves be destroyed, by you, and shall eat
a Judgment most dreadful and exyour flesh as it were fire : ye have heaped emplary. treasure together for the last days. 4 Behold, the hire
You that to enrich yourselves, of the labourers, which have defrauded and opprefled others, have reaped down your even robbing the Hireling of his fields, which is of you Wages, will shortly feel the Effects kept back by fraud, of such Injustice, in the Resentments of them which have of a Just and All-powerful God. reaped, are entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth. 5.
Ye have lived in 5. You that have abused the plenpleasure on the earth tiful Provisions of. Providence, to and been wanton : ye Riot and Excess, will find you have have nourished your been but fatting yourselves up, like hearts as in a day Sacrifices, for the Day of Slaughof slaughter.
6 Ye have condem 6. You that have crucified your ned and killed the own innocent Mesiah and Saviour ; just, and he doch not and still, with unrelenting Hearts, result you t. are persecuting his Disciples, from
the in a Day of Slaughter. Note, This Phrase may, perhaps, more properly fignify, As Men do in a Time of Feasting upon slain Sacrifices.
* Ver. 6. And he doth not reift you, or else interrogatively, Šx évtitácostao úpã; Doch he not [in Return] 10w fet himself against you? A much more consistent and clearer Sense ; agreeable to Chup. iv. 6. and i Pet. v. 5. See also Dr. Bentley's Remarks upon Free Thinking : Where there is given, by that admiTable Critick, a most ingenious Conjecture, for a yet clearer Sense of this Paflage.
* Ver. 5.
the same wicked Principles, by which your Fore-fathers A.D.60,
7 & 8. Wherefore, my dear Ere-
8 Be ye also pa- depend upon Christ for a * speedy
stablish your Deliverance from these your Perhearts, for the coming secutors, and a glorious Reward for of the Lord draweth
your Perseverance. nigh.
9 Grudge not one 9. Discover no fretful Impatience, against another, bre
no Thirst of Revenge against your thren, left ye be con- Enemies, or one another. For that demned : behold * the would be to incur the same Punishjudge standeth before
ment due to them. God himself will the door.
very * shortly be your just Avenger,
10 Take, my bre 10 & 11. Let the courageous Ex-
all Men ; how deeply he suffered,
and how amply he was recompenced.
* The coming of the Lord draweth nigh. The Judge fandeth before the door ; viz. The Destruction of Jerusalem, which was but a few Years after this Epift!e was written.