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“O magna vis veritatis ! Cic."
PRIXTED BY HOFFMAN AND WHITB,
No. 71 State-street.
This small publication has a twofold object. First, to exhibit the people commonly called Shakers, in their proper character, as citizens of the commonwealth, and under the influence and operation of its laws. In this view, it is presented to the statesman, whether legislator, lawyer, judge or jurist. Second, to solve the many questions proposed by the religious world, concerning these singular people, as a religious community. For this purpose, it is offered to the professors of religion, of all societies, and all candid inquirers.
The Exposition, in its first form, was hastily written for the purpose of obviating a defamatory bill presented to the Legislature of New-York : It is now somewhat abridged, in order to comprise, in few words, the main points in question, and afford room for a more full and free discussion of those points, which may afford satisfaction to the intelligent and candid reader.
Many erroneous opinions are entertained concerning the people generally known by the name of Shakers, which are calculated to mislead the public mind, in respect to the true character of this Society. Many false reports and incorrect statements have been circulated respecting the principles and practice of the Society, which have no foundation in truth. With a view to correct these erroneous opinions, and as far as in our power, to remove prejudices and false impressions, we are induced, from a sense of duty, to lay before the candid public, a brief statement of facts respecting the principles, government, temporal order, and practical regulations of the Society. This duty we owe to ourselves and to our fellow creatures, for the correct information of the public, and the benefit of all concerned : that all who are governed by the spirit of candor, and wish to know the truth concerning these things, may no longer depend on the vague and inconsistent reports in circulation, from which they can gain no correct knowledge nor just information.
Although the Society has published considerable respecting their faith and principles, yet an opinion seems still to prevail, especially among strangers, that no person ean be admitted as a member of the Society without first surrendering all his temporal property, and wholly divesting himself of the government of his family, and the care of his children, if he have any, and subjecting himself and all that he possesses to the arbitrary control of the Elders and leaders of the Society. Nothing can be more erroneous and incorrect than such a supposition. Those things are no more required to obtain admission into this Society than into any other. We be
lieve that no institution, nor any system of government could be established which would be more compatible with man's free agency, or more consistent with truth, justice, reason, and all our national rights, civil and religious, than the system adopted in this Society. The following primary principles constitute the basis on which this Institution is founded, and by which all its movements and operations are directed.
1. A life of innocence and purity, according to the example of Jesus Christ and his first true followers; implying entire abstinence from all sensual and carnal gratifications.
2. Love." By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples if ye have love one to another.-Love is the fulfilling of the law.” This is our bond of union.
3. Peace.—“Follow peace with all men,” is a divine precept; hence our abstinence from war and bloodshed, from all acts of violence towards our fellow men, from all the party contentions and politics of the world, and from all the pursuits of pride and worldly ambition.“My kingdom [said Christ] is not of this world.”:
4. JUSTICE. “Render to every man his due.- Owe no man any thing, but to love one another.” We are to be just and honest in all our dealings with mankind, to discharge all just dues, duties, and equitable claims, as seasonably and effectually as possible.
5. HOLINESS,-“Without which no man shall see the Lord.” Which signifies to be consecrated, or set apart from a common to a sacred use. Hence arises all our doctrines and practical rules of dedicating our persons, services and property to social and sacred uses, having adopted the example of the first gospel Church, in establishing and supporting one consecrated and united interest by the voluntary choice of every member, as a sacred privilege, and not by any undue constraint or persuasion.
6. GOODNESS.-Do good to all men, as far as opportunity and ability may serve, by administering acts of charity and kindness, and promoting light and truth
6. Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them.”
7. TRUTH.-— This principle is opposed to falsehood, lying, deceit, and hypocrisy; and implies fidelity, reality, good, earnest sincerity, and punctuality in keeping vows and promises. These principles are the genuine basis of our institution, planted by its first founders, exhibited in all our public writings, justified by scripture and fair reason, and practically commended as a system of morality and religion, adapted to the best interest and happiness of man, both here and hereafter.
MANNER OF ADMITTING MEMBERS. It must be obvious to every reasonable person, that the foregoing principles are, in many respects, very contrary to the carnal and selfish nature of fallen man, and doubtless more so than those of any other religious society. Therefore there is little danger to be apprehended of any person's being flattered or inveigled into this Society, or of joining it from any other motive than purely from the operations of faith and conscience. This of itself is the most powerful guard that can be set against the, deceptions so often reported to be practised by the Society in procuring members. Indeed it precludes the possibility of such deceptions to any alarming extent. To this it may be truly added, that all reasonable precaution is used against admitting any person to membership while ignorant of our real faith and principles, or of the following General Rules.
1. All persons who unite with this Society, in any de gree, must do it freely and voluntarily, according to their own faith and unbiassed judgment.
2. In the testimony of the Society, both public and private, no flattery nor any undue influence is used; but the most plain and explicit statements of its faith and principles are laid before the inquirer; so that the whole ground may be comprehended, as far as possible, by every candidate for admission.
3. No considerations of property are ever made use of by this Society, to induce any person to join it, nor to prevent any one from leaving it ; because it is our faith,