Red Seas: Ferdinand Smith and Radical Black Sailors in the United States and Jamaica

Portada
NYU Press, 20 de juny 2005 - 359 pàgines

During the heyday of the U.S. and international labor movements in the 1930s and 1940s, Ferdinand Smith, the Jamaican-born co-founder and second-in-command of the National Maritime Union (NMU), stands out as one of the most—if not the most—powerful black labor leaders in the United States. Smith’s active membership in the Communist Party, however, coupled with his bold labor radicalism and shaky immigration status, brought him under continual surveillance by U.S. authorities, especially during the Red Scare in the 1950s. Smith was eventually deported to his homeland of Jamaica, where he continued his radical labor and political organizing until his death in 1961.
Gerald Horne draws on Smith’s life to make insightful connections between labor radicalism and the Civil Rights Movement—demonstrating that the gains of the latter were propelled by the former and undermined by anticommunism. Moreover, Red Seas uncovers the little-known experiences of black sailors and their contribution to the struggle for labor and civil rights, the history of the Communist Party and its black members, and the significant dimensions of Jamaican labor and political radicalism.

 

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Continguts

Sailing the Red Seas
17
Perilous Waters
36
The Black Ocean
58
Few Safe Harbors
82
Wind in Their Sails
101
Storm Signals
122
Storm at Sea
144
Walking the Plank
168
Black Labor at Sea
192
Dropping Anchor in Jamaica
218
On the Beach
245
The Final Voyage of Ferdinand Smith
268
Epilogue
286
Notes
294
Index
334
Copyright

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Pàgina 10 - No man will be a sailor who has contrivance enough to get himself into a jail ; for being in a ship is being in a jail, with the chance of being drowned'.

Sobre l'autor (2005)

Gerald Horne is Moores Professor of History and African American Studies at the University of Houston, and has published three dozen books including, The Counter-Revolution of 1776: Slave Resistance and the Origins of the USA and Race War! White Supremacy and the Japanese Attack on the British Empire.

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