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THE HOLY BIBLE:

BEING A CONNECTED ACCOUNT OF THE

REVIARKABLE EVENTS AND DISTINGUISHED CHARACTERS

CONTAINED IN

THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS,

AND IN

JEWISH HISTORY DURING THE FOUR HUNDRED YEARS

INTERVENING BETWEEN THE

TIME OF MALACHI AND THE BIRTH OF CHRIST;

INCLUDING ALSO THE

LIFE OF CHRIST AND HIS APOSTLES :

THE WHOLE EMBRACING

A PERIOD OF FOUR THOUSAND YEARS,

WITH NOTES CRITICAL, TOPOGRAPHICAL, AND EXPLANATORY.

BY JOHN KITTO, D.D., F.S.A.,
LONDON PICTORIAL BIBLE,” CYCLOPEDIA OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE,” ETC., ETC.

AUTHOR OF THE

EDITED BY

ALVAN BOND, D.D.,

FORMERLY PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE IN THE THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY AT BANGOR, MAINB; AND FOR

MANY YEARS PASTOR OF THE SECOND CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN NORWICH, CONN.

ASSISTED IN GEOLOGY BY PROF. C. H. HITCHCOCK,

LATE OF AMHERST COLLEGE,

EMBELLISHED AND ILLUSTRATED BY ABOUT

THREE HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS,
Including accurate copies from the Nineveh Marbles, from Ancient Egyptian Paintings, and from articles now in
the British Museum; and a large number of Engravings from designs by GUSTAVE DORÉ, the most

eminent of living artists; together with four beautiful maps of the Countries of the Bible, and a

PORTRAIT OF THE AUTHOR, ENGRAVED ON STEEL

NORWICH, CONN.:

PUBLISHED BY HENRY BILL.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1870, by

HENRY BILL,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of Connecticut

Rand, Avery & Frye, Electrotypers and Printers, Boston.

PREFACE.

“ B

IBLE History," says Dr. Lange, which is nowhere found but in the Old Tes

“ differs from the general history of tament. True, there are fabulous legends the kingdom of God, in that it delineates and cosmogonies in which may be found a only the foundation of this kingdom by confused intermingling of traditional lore and means of and during the course of revelation. the inventions of the imagination, but they It traces, in historical succession, the narra- are wanting in all the essential elements of tive contained in the Scriptures in all its authentic history. essential features. In the Old Testament it The Bible supplies, either by express shows us all the elements of the life of faith, statement or obvious implication, facts and and sets before us many a precious example principles which constitute genuine history, of faith and patience for our imitation; and go far to give the past all the value which while in the New Testament it exhibits the it can possess for the men of these times. bistory of faith and salvation made perfect, The history of the pre-Christian era emboth in the miracles and triumphs of the braces, 1. The primeval ages till the deluge, Lord, and in the deeds of His apostles. and the re-settlement of Noah and his family Thus Bible history forms the basis of Church in Armenia. 2. The dispersion of the posterhistory.”

ity of Noah's three sons till the calling of As a department of useful knowledge, it Abraham. 3. The origin and establishment possesses an intrinsic value and interest, sur- of the Hebrew Theocracy, and its relations to passing whatever can be claimed for any the ancient empires of the world, comprising other history. It covers a long period in the the period from Moses to David — the period age of human society, whose chronicles, in an of the kings from David to the Babylonian authentic form, have been nowhere else pre- exile the period of sacerdotal rule under served. It runs back to the eventful epoch the Maccabæan administration, or what is whence the creation of the world, in its pres- called the middle period. 4. Primitive Chrisent organic state, dates its existence; and tianity to the close of the first century. furnishes the only reliable record of the ori- Thus surveyed, it appears that Biblical gin of man, of his primitive condition, his history covers a period of four thousand fall, his subsequent development, and the for- years or more from the morning of creatunes of his family.

tion to the establishment of Christianity in Biblical history is the source of all we know all parts of the Roman empire. When conof the antediluvian period, and subsequent sidered in respect to the infallible sources ages

of the world down to the time of Herodo- whence it is derived, and the long flight of tus, the father of history. It contains the ages which it embraces, it must be regarded only truthful account of the ancient and long as possessing the highest claims to our caresince vanished civilizations. Herodotus was ful study. a contemporary of Ezra and Nehemiah, the Viewed merely as a literary production, last of the Old Testament historians. The the Bible,” says the able and learned editor of antediluvian period, and that intervening Dr. Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scripbetween the Noachian deluge and the times tures, is a marvellous book, and without a of Nehemiah, embrace an era of about three rival. All the libraries of theology, philosthousand five hundred years, the history of lophy, history, antiquities, poetry, law, and

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