Imatges de pàgina
[ocr errors]

Art. 1. Union of the Duchy of Warsaw to the Empire of Russia. This duchy, with the exception of provinces and districts otherwise disposed of, is irrevocably to be possessed by the Emperor of all the Russias, who is to join to his other titles that of King of Poland. The Poles, subjects respectively of Russia, Austria, and Prussia, shall obtain a representation and national institutions, regulated after that mode of political existence which each of the Governments to which they belong shall judge useful and convenient to give them.

2. Limits of the Grand Duchy of Posen.→ This duchy, which is given in full sovereignty to the King of Prussia, is comprised in the following limits, viz.

The frontier of eastern Prussia the same as previous to the peace of Tilsit, to the village of Lubitsch, which belongs to the duchy of Warsaw. Thence a line shall be drawn, which passes the Vistula, and extends to the ancient boundary of the district of Nitze near Gross Opoczko. From Gross Opoczko it shall pass Chlewiska, to the village Przbylau, and thence to the city of Powidz. From Powidz by the city of Spluzce, to the point of the confluence of the rivers Wartha and Prosna. From this point up the course of the river Prosna, as far as the village of Koscielnavies, within a league of the city of Kalisch. There leav ing to that city (on the left bank of the Prosna) a semicircular territory, measured by the distance between Koscielnavies and Kalisch, the limit shall return to the course of the Prosna, and follow it, ascending by the cities Grabow, Wiczuszow, Bolesciawiec, in order to terminate near the village of Gola, at the frontier of Silesia, opposite Pe rachia.

[blocks in formation]

The Thalweg of the Vistula shall sepa rate Gallicia from the territory of the free city of Cracow. It will serve at the same time as a boundary between Gallicia and that part of the former duchy of Warsaw re-united to the states of his Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, as far as the vicinity of the city Zawichost. From Zawichost to the Bug, the dry frontier shall be determined by the line described by the treaty of Vienna, 1809, subject to the rectifications which by mutual agreements may be made in it. The frontier, in proceeding from the Bug, shall be re-established between the two empires, as it existed before the said treaty.

By the 5th article, the Emperor of Rus

sia restores the circles of Tarnapol to the Emperor of Austria.

The 6th declares Cracovia a free city. 7. The limits of the territory of Cracovia. A line commencing on the left of the Vistula at Wolica ascends the rivulet which flows there into the Vistula, to Czulico, and proceeds to the point where the limit, which separates the district of Kezeezovice from that of Ólkosz commences; from thence it shall follow that limit between the two said districts, to terminate on the frontiers of Prussian Silesia.

The 8th article grants the privilege of free commerce to Podgarza.

The 9th guarantees the neutrality of Cracovia.

The 10th relates to the constitution of the academy and bishoprick of Cracovia.

The 11th grants general amnesty.

The 12th, in conformity with the preceding article, declares that all sequestrations shall be taken off, and that all proceedings against persons for political acts shall be null and void.

The 13th contains an exception where definitive sentences upon appeal has been announced.

The 14th provides for the free navigation of the canals and rivers throughout the whole extent of ancient Poland.

15. Cession of Saxony and Prussia.-The King of Saxony renounces to the King of Prussia all right and title to certain Saxon territories, separated from, the kingdom of Saxony by a line drawn as a frontier between that kingdom and Prussia. The course of this line has already been described.

16. Titles to be taken by the King of Prussia. The Saxon Provinces ceded to the King of Prussia are to be designated by the name of the duchy of Saxony, and his Majesty adds to his titles those of

Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thuringia, Margrave of the Two Lusatias, and Count of Hannaberg. His Majesty the King of Saxony shall continue to bear the title of Margrave of Upper Lusatia; his Majesty likewise shall continue to bear those of Landgrave of Thuringia, and Count of Hannaberg, in relation to, and in virtue of, his rights of succession to the possession of the Ernestian line.

The 17th article contains an express guarantee on the part of Russia, Great Britain, and France, of all the cessions to the King of Prussia in full sovereignty.

By the 18th, Austria renounces the rights of sovereignty over Lusatia.

The 19th contains, on the part of the King of Prussia, and the King of Saxony, a reciprocal renunciation of feudal rights.

The 20th allows the emigration of pet

sons, and the exportation of their property.

The 21st guarantees religious establishments, and establishments for public instruction, in the districts ceded by Saxony to Prussia.

The 22d grants a general amnesty to the subjects of the King of Saxony.

23. Provinces of which Prussia resumes possession. His Majesty the King of Prussia having, by the result of the late war, reentered into possession of several provinces and territories which had been ceded by the treaty of Tilsit, it is recognised and declared by the present article, that his Majesty, his heirs and successors, shall again possess as before, in full property and sovereignty, the following countries, viz :

The portion of his former Polish provinces designated in Art 2.; the city of Dantzic and its territory, such as it was fixed by the treaty of Tilsit; the circle of Cortouss; the Old Mark; the portion of the circle of Magdeburg, on the left bank of the Elbe, with the circle of the Saale; the principali ty of Halberstadt, with the lordships of Darenburg and Hessenrode; the town and territory of Quebinburg, with reservation of the rights of her Royal Highness the Princess Sophia Albertina of Sweden, Abbess of Quedlinburg, conformably with the arrangements made in 1803.

The Prussian portion of the county of Mansfield; the Prussian portion of the county of Hobenstein; the city and territory of Nordhausen ; the town and territory of Mulhausen ; the Prussian portion of the district of Treffurth with Dorla; the city and territory of Erfurth; the Prussian portion of the county of Goichen; the lower lordship of Kranichfeld; the lordship of Blanckhenhagen; the principality of Paderborn, with the Prussian part of the bailiwicks of Showellenberg, Oldenburg, and Stoppelberg, and the jurisdiction of Hagendorn and Odenhausen, situated in the territory of Lippe; the county of Marck, with the part of Lippstadt thereto belonging; the county of Werden; the county of Essen; the portion of the duchy of Cleves on the right bank of the Rhine, with the town and fortress of Wesel, the portion of that duchy situated on the left bank being comprised in the provinces specified in Art. 25.; the secularised Chapter of Elten, the principality of Munster, i. e. the Prussian portion of the old duchy of Munster; the secularised provostship of Cattenborg; the county of Tecklenberg; the county of Lingen, with the exception of the portion ceded to Hanover by Art. 27. the principality of Minden; the county of Ravensberg; the secularised Chaper of Herford; the principality of Neuf

chatel, with the county of Volingen, as their frontiers have been ascertained by the Trea. ty of Paris, and by Art. 76. of the present General Treaty.

The same arrangements extend to the rights of sovereignty and superiority over the county of Wornigerode, to that of high protection over the county of Hohen-Lamburg, and to all other rights and claims whatever, which his Prussian Majesty possessed and exercised before the peace of Tilsit, and which he has not renounced by other treaties, acts, or conventions.

24. Prussian possessions on the Rhine.His Majesty the King of Prussia shall unite to his monarchy in Germany, on this side the Rhine, to be possessed by himself and his successors, in full property and sove. reignty, the following countries, viz.

The provinces of Saxony designated in Article 15, with the exception of the places and territories ceded by virtue of Article 39. to his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar; the territory ceded to Prussia by his Britannic Majesty the King of Hanover, by Article 29.; the portion of the district of Fulda and the territories therein comprised, indicated in Article 40; the town and territory of Wetzlan, as in Article 42. the grand duchy of Berg, with the lordships of Hardenberg, Broik, Styrum, Schooler, and Odenthall, which formerly belonged to the said duchy under the Palatine Government; the districts of the old Archbishoprick of Cologne, which latterly belonged to the grand duchy of Berg; the duchy of Westphalia, such as it was possessed by his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Hesse; the county of Dormund, the principality of Cobrerg; the mediatised districts specified in Article 43.

The old possession of the house of Nassau Dietz having been ceded to Prussia by his Majesty the King of the Netherlands, and a part of these possessions having been exchanged for districts belonging to their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, the King of Prussia shall possess in full sovereignty, and unite to his Monarchy-1. The principality of Siegn, with the bailliwicks of Burbach and Nenkirchen, with the exception of a portion containing 12,000 inhabitants, which shall belong to the Duke and Prince of Nassau: 2d. The bailliwicks of Hohen-Solms, Greitstein, Bramstels, Frensberg, Friedewald, Schoenstein, Senoenberg, Altoulcirchen, Altenwied, Dierdorf, Neuerburg, Linz, Hammerstem, with Eugors and Hoddersdorf, the town and territory of Nonwied, the parish of Hamm belonging to the bailiwicks of Ha chenburg, the parish of Horhausen, forming part of the bailliwicks of Hersbuch, and the

the portions of the bailliwicks of Vallandar and Ehrenbreitsten, and the right bank of the Rhine, designated in the convention between his Majesty the King of Prussia and their Serene Highnesses the Duke and Prince of Nassau, annexed to the present treaty.

By the 26th, the title of King of Hanover is confined to the King of Great Britain. The 27th relates to the cessions of Prussia to Hanover.

The 28th is a renunciation on the part of Prussia to the chapter of St Pierre-a-N'ær


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

The 29th specifies the cession of the King of Great Britain and Hanover to the King of Prussia, of a part of the duchy of Lauenbourg.

The 30th provides for the free navigation of the commerce of the port of Embden.

The 31st delineates the military routes through the territories of Russia and the King of Hanover.

The 32d merely contains minor regulations respecting the bailliwick of Meppen. The 33d refers to the cessions to be made to the Duke of Oldenburgh.

The 34th gives the title of Grand Duke of Oldenburgh, to the Duke of Holstein Oldenburgh.

The 35th and 36th settles the title of the Grand Dukes of Mecklenburgh Schwerin and Strelitz, and the Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar.

The 37th specifies the cessions to be made to the Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar.

The 38th and 39th relate to the same object.

The 40th provides for the cession of the ancient department of Fulda.

The 41st has merely reference to the pre ceding article.

The 42d conveys the city of Wetzler in full sovereignty to the King of Prussia.

The 43d contains arrangements concerning the ancient circle of Westphalia.

The 44th and 45th contain a disposition relative to the grand duchy of Wurtzburgh and the principality of Aschaffenburgh, in favour of Bavaria, and the establishment of the Prince Primate.

Then follows a variety of articles relative to the Germanic Confederation. The regulations with respect to Elections.--The mode


of collecting Votes.-The residence of the : Diet of Frankfort. The formation of Fun damental Laws.-The maintenance of Peace

in Germany. These extend to and include

By the 46th it is declared, that the city of Frankfort shall be a free city, and form part of the Germanic League.

The 47th grants indemnities to the Grand Duke of Hesse.

the 64th article; there are then a variety of articles respecting the Limits of the Netherlands, and the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, the Duchy of Bouillon, and the Cessions of the House of Nassau in Germany, and the Union of the Belgic Provinces.

At the 74th article commence the regu lations relative to the affairs of Switzerland.

The 77th provides for the rights of the inhabitants of the principality of erne; they are to enjoy the same political and civil rights they formerly possessed.

The 79th relates to the arrangements between France and Geneva.

The 80th refers to the cessions of the King of Sardinia to the canton of Geneva.

There is then, in the 82d article, an arrangement relative to the funds placed in England.

The 85th describes the limits of the estates of the King of Sardinia.

The 87th gives the King of Sardinia the title of King of Genoa.

The next material article is the 93d, which restores the ancient Austrian possessions, including all the territory which had been ceded by Austria by former treaties: and then there is an enumeration of the territories so restored.

The 96th provides for the navigation of the Po.

There then follow a variety of minor arrangements.

The 105th and following articles relate to the affairs of Portugal. The restitution of Olivenza and other restitutions on the part of the Prince Regent of Portugal. The arrangements are continued and detailed with a minuteness which we find it impossible to follow, on account of our circumscribed space.

By the 119th Article, all the Powers as sembled at Congress, as well as the Princes and Free Cities, who have concurred in the arrangements, are invited to accede to it.

The 120th Article referring to this Trea ty being in the French language, provides that it shall not be a precedent for subsequent treaties or negociations, being in a language different from what they formerly used to be.

121st Article provides that the ratifications of the treaty shall be exchanged within six months, and by the Court of Portu gal in a year, if possible. The treaty is to be deposited at Vienna among the archives of the Court and State of his Imperial and Apostolic Majesty, in order that it may be referred to by any of the Courts of Europe who may wish to consult the original text. It is dated Vienna, 9th June 1815, and then follow the signatures of the I'lenipo tentiaries. GER



A German paper has published the copy of an address from the States of the kingdom of Wirtemberg to the Ministers of Great Britain, Hanover, Prussia, and Denmark, calling upon these powers as guarantees of the constitution of Wirtemberg, for their support in restoring that constitution to the situation in which it stood before the changes introduced into it by Bonaparte's system. The address, which is of great length, refers for the foundation of the claim of the States to conventions existing for three centuries between the Sovereigns and the people of Wirtemberg. It states, that the present King, upon his accession, recognized the whole of these conventions. Having afterwards ceded Montbelliard to France, he obtained important indemnifica tions, an increase of territory, and the Royal dignity. To this dignity he united a total abolition of the constitution, the dissolution of all representation, and an abso lute Government. The people, however, continued to hope that the circumstances which deprived them of their rights would be temporary, and at last had the prospect of seeing their hopes realized by the suc cesses of the allies. Even the King encouraged this expectation in his manifesto of the 17th January last; but on calling the States together, on the 15th of March, his Majesty expressed himself very differently. The old constitution was then passed over in silence, and a new one, in the formation of which the States had no share, laid before them as the organic law of the State, sanctioned by his Majesty. To have accepted this constitution, would have been, in the opinion of the States, an act of treason to their constituents, and they declared loudly for the restoration of the ancient constitution, with some important modifications consistent with the spirit of the times. The States warmly praise the Prince Royal for the part he is understood to have taken in the negociations between them and his father. The King, however, persisted in refusing the claim of the States, and adjourned them, proposing that they should leave four deputfes to carry on the negociations. This the States declined to do. After this history of the dispute between the States and the King, the former declare that they had no power to defend the interests of their constituents, and no prospect left, except that of the interference of the high powers who have guaranteed the constitu tion.



The exertions of the Royalist party in France have at length effected a complete change in the ministry, contrary, it is said, to the advice of some of the allied minis ters, particularly the Duke of Wellington; and Fouche and Talleyrand have now no longer any influence in the Councils of Louis. Trusty counsellors and vigorous measures have long been the constant cry of the Royalists, as the only means of sav. ing France. Fouche was always the strong advocate for conciliatory measures, on the part of the King, as the most sure and eff. cacious mode to win over the affections of the people. The former at length prevail. ed, and Fouche resigned. The following is stated in a private letter from Paris, to be the substance of a letter addressed to the King by Fouche when he presented his resignation.

"Your Majesty cannot doubt of my fidelity and attachment to your royal person. I flatter myself that I have given the most unequivocal proofs of it. I indulged the hope of contributing to the establishment of your Majesty's throne, by measures best calculated to establish peace and tranquillity. It appears, however, that it is intended to have recourse to a system of terrors. I cannot, and will not be the agent of such a system. I beseech your Majesty to al low me to give you another proof of my at tachment, by frankly and sincerely acknow ledging, that I fear this monarchy will not be fixed on a basis sufficiently stable and solid to support the attacks to which it is wished to oppose it."

Another letter from Paris says-" The following is the substance of what the Prince de Talleyrand said on presenting the resignation of himself and his colleagues to the King. He said, that the Administra tion, of which he was the head, could no longer act beneficially for the public service, because of the animosity excited against it, and because it did not possess the resour. ces and authority which belonged to it under the Constitutional Act. He also observed, that his Majesty published ordonnances which were unknown to the Ministers, whose duty it was to propose and discuss them, and who were responsible for their execution.-Finally, that another Administration would be more suitable to the Princes, since it was necessary that the Ministers should be agreeable to them.”

The French Official Gazette of the 25th ult. presents a list of the new ministry a follows.


"For Foreign Affairs The Duke of duct hostile to their favourite opinions or Richelieu, Peer of France.

"For War The Duke of Feltre, Peer of France.

prejudices, and these, after they were matured into union and consistency by habit and attachment, might prove the firm and able supporters of the new monarchy. But what we apprehend is most to be dreaded as endangering the power of Louis, is the ascendency of violent men on either side, who having mixed in all the ferment of the revolution, have not yet allowed their passions to subside into that state of calmness and sobriety, which is consistent with domestic peace.

"For the Marine and Colonies.-Viscount Doubouchage, Lieutenant-General.

"For the Interior-Count de Vaublanc, Prefect of the Department of the Mouths of the Rhone.

"For the General Police-The Sieur de Cazes, Counsellor of State.

"Count Barbe de Marbois, Peer of France, Minister and Secretary of State in the department of Justice, and Keeper of the Seals.

"Count Corvetto, Counsellor of State, Minister and Secretary of State in the department of the Finances."

Fouche since his resignation has been appointed ambassador to the Court of Saxony, and Talleyrand's name appears in the list of a new Privy Council ordained by Louis.

How far this change of Councils may be favourable to the power of the King, it is difficult, in the present agitated state of France to determine. It is certain that the royalist party, consisting of those emigrants who quitted France along with the Royal Family in an early stage of the revolution, are zealously attached to all the maxims of the old regime which subsisted previous to the year 1789, and it is equally certain, that France as it is at present constituted, cannot be governed by those maxims. The revolution has left on the habits and manners of the people deep and permanent traces, which can never be worn out, and the government of the country, whoever is placed at its head, must accommodate itself in some degree to this changed state of things. Now it is well known, that the pure royalist party, those who have followed the King in all the changes is fortune, and to whom he must naturally be greatly attached, are not duly sensible of this truth. sum its ment as treason against the royal power, they are apt to draw from their premises this unsafe conclusion, that whatever the revolution set up, ought now to be pulled dowh. But this, of course, would be a new revolution, which might lead to all the evils occasioned by the first, and might ultimately endanger the stability of the throne. The safest and the wisest policy which Louis could pursue would be, to recognise all the changes established by the revolution, and thus he would engage in his party many of those who were formerly averse to it. A body of men might gradually rise up interested in the changes accomplished by the revolution, and yet friendly to the Bourbon dynasty, as seeing nothing in its con



The sittings of the new legislative bodies commenced on the 7th instant, when the King adressed to the assembly the following speech :

"Gentlemen-When last year I assembled the two Chambers for the first time, I congratulated myself upon having, by an honourable treaty, restored peace to France. She began to taste the fruits of it; all the sources of public prosperity were re-opening, when a criminal enterprise, seconded by the most inconceivable defection, arrested their course. The evils which this ephemeral usurpation caused the country, deeply afflicted me. Yet I ought to declare here, that had it been possible to affect none but myself, I should have blessed Providence. The marks of affection which my people have given me in the most critical moments, have consoled me in my personal sufferings; but those of my subjects, of my children, weigh upon my heart; and in order to put a period to this state of affairs, more burdensome even than the war itself, I have concluded with the Powers, which, after having destroyed the Usurper, still occupy a great part of our territory, a convention which regulates our present and future relations be communica ted to you without any restriction, as soon as it has received its last formality. You well know, gentlemen, and all France will know, the profound grief I must have felt,

but the very safety of my kingdom rendered this great determination necessary, and when I took it, I felt the duties it imposed upon me. I have ordered, that there should this year be paid, from the Treasury of my civil list, into the treasury of the State, a considerable portion of my revenue. My family were no sooner informed of my resolution, than they offered me a proportionate gift. I have ordered similar diminutions in the salaries and expences of all my servants, without exception. I shall always be ready to share sacrifices which

« AnteriorContinua »