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The time appointed being come, foon after their leav-Year of ing the court, Sarah brought forth the long-expected son, the flood and called his name Isaac ; and Abraham failed not to 452. circumcise him on the eighth day. They were now in Bef. Chr. the zenith of their happiness. Sarah fuckled the child, 1896. herself, and weaned him at the usual time; and Abra
Isaac born. ham made a feast to all his houshold that day : but their
Year of joy could not last long without some mixture of grief, by the food the jealousy which Isaac caused to Hagar and her son. Ifaac, was scarce seven years old, when Sarah observed Ifmael Ber! Chr. shew some marks of contempt to him (Y); which made
(Y) The Jewish interpret
(67) Pfeifer Flacc. in loc. Le Scene el ay.
(68) Vid. Munft. in loc.
loved her to such a degree, that he could deny her nothing, yet he could not forbear looking on her request as cruel and unreasonable ; but God confirming what Sarah had faid, and promising moreover to protect Ishmael, and to
make him a great nation out of regard to him, Abraham Is fent a-was at last prevailed upon to send him and his mother way with away the very next morning 2. What befel them afterbis mother. wards is foreign to our present subject. Abime- ABRAHAM, in the mean time, entered into a solemn lech makes league of friendship with Abimelech, king of the Phia covenant listines, as we have related elsewhere a ; upon which ocwith A- cafion that place was called Beershebah, or the well of the braham.
oath, because of the covenant which they had sworn there. . The pleasantness of the place, and the friendship of the king, invited Abraham to sojourn there many years. He planted here a stately grove, and built an altar to the Lord, resolving to end his days in this part, unless God
should otherwise determine b. Abraham But God had yet a further trial to make of Abraham's command- faith and obedience, and such an one as would put it to ed to sacri-the utmost proof. Ifaac, the son of his old age, the face his son promised head of a new and numerous race, the founIfaac:
tain of so many promised blessings, and the dear and Year of only object of so much affection ; this very Ifaac was now flood at length commanded to be brought unto a mountain 477.
God was to point out to him, and there to be offered up Bet. Chr. a burnt-facrifice, by the hands of his own father (B). 1871.
2 Genef. xxi. 7-14.
a Vid. sup. vol. ii. p. 225, & feqq.
bo Gen. xxi. per tot.
(B) As the age of Ifaac is thirty-Seven years old ; but not set down in the text, it that was the year of Sarah's is uncertain how old he was death, whereas she was alive when Abraham was ordered when this happened. Jofea to offer him up. The opi- phus makes him twenty-five nion of some learned Jews years old (76): and some (74), that he was but twelve Christians,antient and modern, years old, is ridiculous, fince conjecture, that he was past it would have been impossible thirty ; because that was about for him to have carried such the age in which Christ sufa load of wood as he did. fered, whose type Ifaac was, Others (75) say, that he was at least in this transaction, in
(74) Abenežra'ap. Toftat. (75) Ap. Villet. ubi fup. (75) 78. anrig. l. xiv.
Abraham, without expoftulating about the illegality or
(C) This mountain is cer- words 1399, vision, and .7',
Moriah takes das; 7. Jidlaph; and, 8. Be-
(77) 2 Chron. iii. 1, 2. vid. fup. vol. ii. p. 408,
(78) Mifcel. Sacr. l. ii. C. 14. De hoc
ABRAH A M lives in great peace with his son
for some time; but it was at length disturbed by the Sarah's death of Sarah, which happened in the hundredth and death. twenty-seventh year of her age, in the city of Arbab,
Year of alias Hebron (E). Abraham came thither to mourn for flood 493.
ber, Bef. Chr. 1860.
e Vid. fup. vol. ii. p. 199
others besides, from a conca. been more antient than Kimuel,
(79) Gen. xxji. 21, & Le99. (80) Calmet, bif. Vet. Teft. p. 148.
(88) Calmet, I, i.
her, and to pay his last devoirs to so dear a wife ; and, having given a sufficient vent to his grief, his next care was to procure her an honourable burial. He therefore went to the gates of Hebron (F), in order to purchase a
buryingham's. removing from Beer- gate. The like did David, Sheba thither; only he is said to when he went to weep for the have gone thither to mourn for death of Absalom (95). How her and bury her. Some there. considerable they became in fore are of opinion, that they time for largeness and fumpmight be parted upon some oc- tuousness, appears by the two casion or other, and that Sa. kings of Israel and Judah rab went to Arbab whilst her being present at one of them husband kept his old dwelling. in all their royal splendor, and Others, not brooking such a convening thither four hunseparation, think that he came dred priests of Baal, besides only from his own tent into their own guards and officers that of Sarah to weep over (96). It seems as if these her ; for, in those days, per- places had been at first chosen sons of his rank kept separate for the conveniency of the inapartments for their wives and habitants, who, being all hufmaid-fervants, whether they bandmen, and forced to pass dwelt in houses or tents. and repass, morning and night,
(F) The gates of cities in as they went and came from those days, and for many cen
their labour, might be more turies after, were the places of easily called as they went by, judicature and common resort. whenever they were wanted to Here the governors, or elders appear in any business. These of the city, met to hear com- gates were likewise markets plaints, administer juftice (92), for provisions, like those of make conveyances of titles and the Romans, as appears by the eftates, and to transact all prophet Elisha's foretelling an che affairs of the place (93). incredible plenty to happen the Whence that verse in the next day, in the midst of a faPsalms (94), They shall not be mine, at the gates of Samaria afhamed, when they speak to (97). What the number of their enemies in the gate; i.e. these magistrates were, how when they are accused by far their power extended, and them before the court of ma- how many orders of them giftrates.
there were, is not to be gatherIt is probable, that the room ed from Scripture ; only it is or hall, where the magistrates plain there could be but few fat, was over the gates, because of the latter, since in the time of Boaz is faid to go up to the Foshua(98)we can find but four
(92) Gen. xxxiv, 20. (93) Rulb iv. 1, & feqq. 2 Sam. xviii. 33. (94) Psal. cxxvii. ver. ult,
(95) 2 Sam. xviii. 33, (96) ! Kings xxii. 10. 2 Cbron, xviii. (97) 2 Kings vii. I, 31. (98) Joh. xxiv. I,