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The time appointed being come, foon after their leav-Year of ing the court, Sarah brought forth the long-expected son, the flood and called his name Isaac ; and Abraham failed not to 452. circumcise him on the eighth day. They were now in Bef. Chr. the zenith of their happiness. Sarah fuckled the child, 1896. herself, and weaned him at the usual time; and Abra

Isaac born. ham made a feast to all his houshold that day : but their

Year of joy could not last long without some mixture of grief, by the food the jealousy which Isaac caused to Hagar and her son. Ifaac, was scarce seven years old, when Sarah observed Ifmael Ber! Chr. shew some marks of contempt to him (Y); which made

her resolve to part them for ever, that ifmael might have m
no share in the inheritance with her son. Tho' Abraham Ishmael

and Abraham had already so ers expound the word pnyn Ifaac.
far justified both himself and in the text, which signifies
her, that the king was fatif- laughing or playing, by 2 ye,
fied. And therefore the word which lignifies to deride and
nn nokecbeth, should not despise; and not without good
have been rendered rebuked, grounds, fince Sarah did fo
as Kimchi and others do, that highly resent it. They think,
think she was blamed for the that it happened on the day
lye she had told. Pagninus in which Abraham made the
renders it erudivit se, i. e. she feast for the weaning of Isaac;
learned more wit; whereas it and that, whilst the guests were
is the participle of the verb congratulating him for having
n, which, though generally a son and heir in his old age,
rendered to reprove, or re-. llomael shewed some tokens of
buke, yet as often signifies to derision, which Sarah obferv.
search, or inquire thoroughly ing, went and complained of
into a thing. Abimelech there- it to her husband (68). How-
fore means no more, than that ever it is plain, it must have
she is acquitted after a full been something worse than
hearing; and the Chaldee pa- childrens play, as the Septua-
raphrase hath translated it ac- gint has rendered it, since St.
cordingly. The other mistake Paul calls it a persecution (69).
is Abraham's being said to be Besides, it must be remember-
a covering to her eyes, where- ed, that lomael is described
as the king seems to speak of by the angel (70), as a fierce
the thousand pieces of silver and wild man ; and consequent-
which he gave her, as a token ly, could not but begin to
of her justification, the veil fhew fome tokens of that dif-
being looked upon as the sym- position, being then upwards
bol of womens modesty (67). of twenty-one years of age.

(Y) The Jewish interpret

(67) Pfeifer Flacc. in loc. Le Scene el ay.
(69) Galat. iv. 29. (70) Gen. xvi. 12.

(68) Vid. Munft. in loc.



loved her to such a degree, that he could deny her nothing, yet he could not forbear looking on her request as cruel and unreasonable ; but God confirming what Sarah had faid, and promising moreover to protect Ishmael, and to

make him a great nation out of regard to him, Abraham Is fent a-was at last prevailed upon to send him and his mother way with away the very next morning 2. What befel them afterbis mother. wards is foreign to our present subject. Abime- ABRAHAM, in the mean time, entered into a solemn lech makes league of friendship with Abimelech, king of the Phia covenant listines, as we have related elsewhere a ; upon which ocwith A- cafion that place was called Beershebah, or the well of the braham.

oath, because of the covenant which they had sworn there. . The pleasantness of the place, and the friendship of the king, invited Abraham to sojourn there many years. He planted here a stately grove, and built an altar to the Lord, resolving to end his days in this part, unless God

should otherwise determine b. Abraham But God had yet a further trial to make of Abraham's command- faith and obedience, and such an one as would put it to ed to sacri-the utmost proof. Ifaac, the son of his old age, the face his son promised head of a new and numerous race, the founIfaac:

tain of so many promised blessings, and the dear and Year of only object of so much affection ; this very Ifaac was now flood at length commanded to be brought unto a mountain 477.

God was to point out to him, and there to be offered up Bet. Chr. a burnt-facrifice, by the hands of his own father (B). 1871.


2 Genef. xxi. 7-14.

a Vid. sup. vol. ii. p. 225, & feqq.

bo Gen. xxi. per tot.

(B) As the age of Ifaac is thirty-Seven years old ; but not set down in the text, it that was the year of Sarah's is uncertain how old he was death, whereas she was alive when Abraham was ordered when this happened. Jofea to offer him up. The opi- phus makes him twenty-five nion of some learned Jews years old (76): and some (74), that he was but twelve Christians,antient and modern, years old, is ridiculous, fince conjecture, that he was past it would have been impossible thirty ; because that was about for him to have carried such the age in which Christ sufa load of wood as he did. fered, whose type Ifaac was, Others (75) say, that he was at least in this transaction, in

(74) Abenežra'ap. Toftat. (75) Ap. Villet. ubi fup. (75) 78. anrig. l. xiv.

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Abraham, without expoftulating about the illegality or
severity of the command, resolved to obey : and leaving
it to God to make good his own promises, set out the
very next morning ; and on the third day discovered
mount Moriah, the place appointed by God for the dread-
ful sacrifice (C). There, leaving his servants behind, he
goes up to the mount, whilft Ifaac, being laden with the
wood, and other materials for a burnt-offering, and ob-
serving nothing of a victim, could not forbear questioning
him about it in such submissive terms as might have stag-
gered a heart less firm than Abraham's, who only answered
calmly, that God would provide himself with one. He
little thought how prophetically he spoke ; for he had no Bilt coun-
sooner bound his son upon the wood, and stretched outtermanded
his hand to give the fatal blow, but God was pleased to by an an-
stop him, being fully satisfied with this last trial of his el.
obedience. He renewed all his promises and cove-
nants afresh, and bound them with an oath ; and Abra-
ham looking about, found a ram, the victim God was to
provide, caught by the horns in a thick bush ; and, with
the help of his son, offered it up instead of him : in me-
mory of which, he called that place Jehovah-jire, the
LORD will look to, or provide, alluding to the answer he
had given to Isaac's question. He rejoined his servants, and
returned home to Beersneba. Soon after this he heard the
joyful news, that Milcah, his brother Nahor's wife,
had born him a numerous issue (D), which determined
him to send thither for a wife for his son Isaạcd.
d Gen. xxiv. 3, 4, &c.

which there were several cir- the LXX and Aquila trans-
cumstances bearing a great late it går utman, an high or
conformity with those that at- conspicuous land. Fuller de-
tended Christ's passion. rives it from two Hebrew

(C) This mountain is cer- words 1399, vision, and .7',
tainly the same on which the God; and by contraction
temple was afterwards built by Moriah; because GOD was
Solomon (77); and therefore seen upon it (78).
those who affirm, that CHRIST (D) The children of Na.
was crucified upon it, don't hor by Milcah
fix the name to that particu- Huz; 2. Buz ; 3. Kemuel ;
lar hill, but to the whole 4. Chezed ; 5. Haze ; 6. Pil-
ridge of them. Moriah takes

Moriah takes das; 7. Jidlaph; and, 8. Be-
its name from the Hebrew thuel, who begat Rebecca the
787 råah, to fee: whence wife of Isaac. He had some

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(77) 2 Chron. iii. 1, 2. vid. fup. vol. ii. p. 408,

(78) Mifcel. Sacr. l. ii. C. 14. De hoc



ABRAH A M lives in great peace with his son

for some time; but it was at length disturbed by the Sarah's death of Sarah, which happened in the hundredth and death. twenty-seventh year of her age, in the city of Arbab,

Year of alias Hebron (E). Abraham came thither to mourn for flood 493.

ber, Bef. Chr. 1860.

e Vid. fup. vol. ii. p. 199

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others besides, from a conca. been more antient than Kimuel,
bine named Reumab (79). Huz, and to have been so called
the firit-born, is supposed by from Aram the son of Sbem
fome, to have peopled and (87). As for Cbezed, if he
given name to the land of was the father of the Chal-
Huz (80), where Job dwelt dim, or Chaldees, at leaft of
(81); but it is not improba. those who dwelt on this fide
ble, that it was already fo Babylon, as is supposed by the
called fro: Huz the fon of fame author (88), 'tis certain,
Aram 82). From Buz came there were others more antient
the Buzites ; of which family on the other lide; for Abra-
Elisa, one of Job's friends, bam came from Chaldea,
probably was (83). Kemuel, However, those fons of Na-
called in the text the father bor gave names to some cities
of Aram, is therefore thought and families of Syria, such as
the father of the Aramites or Buzan, &c. mentioned by
Syrians, perhaps the same with a Latin author (89). The
the Camuelite of Strabo (84), children of his concubine were
in the land of Haram (85): Tebah, Gabam, Tbahash, and
but we are inclined to believe, Maachab. From this last the
that by this Aram is only city of Maachah, or Abel Beth
meant a son of Kemucl, and Maachah(90),whose territories
not a race of descendents, much are supposed to have been fi-
less of the Syrians, as the LXX tuate between the two Leba-
and Vulgate read it ; or of nons, might probably receive
Aram Naharim, as some ; or its name (91).
Aram Seba, as others think (E) The text is fomewhat
(86); for the city of Nabor obscure in this place. Sarah
was in Aram. This city and is said to die at Arbab; and yet
nation therefore seem to have no mention is made of Abra-

(79) Gen. xxji. 21, & Le99. (80) Calmet, bif. Vet. Teft. p. 148.
(81) Hobi. s. (82) Gen. X. 22. Vid. Hieron. in loc. (83) yol
xxxii. 6. (84) Strabo, l. xvi. (85) Calm. ubi fupr.

(86) To
fat. Cajer, in loc.
(87) Gen. x. 22.

(88) Calmet, I, i.
Vid. Jun. & Villet. (89) Ammian, Marc. l. xviii. (90) Deut,
ili, 14; & 1199. See befcre vol. ii. p. 455. (91) Calmet, ibid. p. 148.

her, and to pay his last devoirs to so dear a wife ; and, having given a sufficient vent to his grief, his next care was to procure her an honourable burial. He therefore went to the gates of Hebron (F), in order to purchase a

buryingham's. removing from Beer- gate. The like did David, Sheba thither; only he is said to when he went to weep for the have gone thither to mourn for death of Absalom (95). How her and bury her. Some there. considerable they became in fore are of opinion, that they time for largeness and fumpmight be parted upon some oc- tuousness, appears by the two casion or other, and that Sa. kings of Israel and Judah rab went to Arbab whilst her being present at one of them husband kept his old dwelling. in all their royal splendor, and Others, not brooking such a convening thither four hunseparation, think that he came dred priests of Baal, besides only from his own tent into their own guards and officers that of Sarah to weep over (96). It seems as if these her ; for, in those days, per- places had been at first chosen sons of his rank kept separate for the conveniency of the inapartments for their wives and habitants, who, being all hufmaid-fervants, whether they bandmen, and forced to pass dwelt in houses or tents. and repass, morning and night,

(F) The gates of cities in as they went and came from those days, and for many cen

their labour, might be more turies after, were the places of easily called as they went by, judicature and common resort. whenever they were wanted to Here the governors, or elders appear in any business. These of the city, met to hear com- gates were likewise markets plaints, administer juftice (92), for provisions, like those of make conveyances of titles and the Romans, as appears by the eftates, and to transact all prophet Elisha's foretelling an che affairs of the place (93). incredible plenty to happen the Whence that verse in the next day, in the midst of a faPsalms (94), They shall not be mine, at the gates of Samaria afhamed, when they speak to (97). What the number of their enemies in the gate; i.e. these magistrates were, how when they are accused by far their power extended, and them before the court of ma- how many orders of them giftrates.

there were, is not to be gatherIt is probable, that the room ed from Scripture ; only it is or hall, where the magistrates plain there could be but few fat, was over the gates, because of the latter, since in the time of Boaz is faid to go up to the Foshua(98)we can find but four

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(92) Gen. xxxiv, 20. (93) Rulb iv. 1, & feqq. 2 Sam. xviii. 33. (94) Psal. cxxvii. ver. ult,

(95) 2 Sam. xviii. 33, (96) ! Kings xxii. 10. 2 Cbron, xviii. (97) 2 Kings vii. I, 31. (98) Joh. xxiv. I,


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