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grant him his protection, feed, cloath, and bring him back safe to his father's house, the LORD should be his God; that he would pay the tythes of all he had unto him, and that the stone which he had reared thould be God's house. Having finished his prayer, he went on chearfully the rest of his way, till he came to his journey's end w.
His uncle Laban received him with joy ; and, after a month's stay with him, Jacob falling in love with his
youngest daughter Rachel, a beautiful virgin, they agreed Serves 7 that he thould serve him seven years for her; at the end years for of which she thould become his wife. Jacob, pleased with Rachel. this promise, spared no pains to make his service accepta
ble to his uncle Laban, who liked him so well for a fervant, that he resolved to continue him in the same capacity seven years more. For when the time was come for his being put in poffeffion of the wife he had so dearly earned, he conveyed his new son-in-law into bis eldest daughter Leah's apartment. Jacob did not discover the deceit till the next morning when finding, instead of his beloved Rachel, her homely fifter, he could not forbear
expreffing his resentment in the strongest terms. Laban, who Is cheated had his answer ready, told him, that it was an unprecedented by Laban. thing in that country to marry the youngest daughter before
the eldest, and that it would have been a great injustice to Leah to have preferred a younger sister to her : But, continued he, in a milder tone, if you will fulfil the nuptial week with your wife, and consent to serve me seven years more for her sister, I am content to take your word for it, and to give Rachel to you as soon as the seven days are
ended. Jacob could not but be troubled at such an unMarries fair procedure; but he loved Rachel too well not to obRachel. tain her at any price; he therefore consented to those
hard terms, and at the week's end enjoyed the fruits of his servitude and constancy. What betel his brother Efau during that time, hath been already mentioned, and needs not be repeated here ; only with respect to his wives, we beg leave to remove a difficulty, for which we refer the reader to the following note (X).
» Gen. xxviii. * See before, vol. ii. p. 166, & feqq.
(X) It will be proper to ob- these three wives of Efau quite serve here, that Mofes gives other names, when he comes
In the mean time Jacob behaved very differently to- Year of wards his two wives. Rachel had his heart and affection, the flood whilft Leah was forced to content herself with a formal 596. civility ; but God made quite another difference between Bef. Chr. them, by making the latter mother of many children, , 1752. whilst her fifter continued barren for a long time." Leab was soon brought to bed of a fon, and it being then the custom of those times for mothers to give names to their children; not without some particular reafon or meaning, the called him Reuben, intimating that God had feen her affliction, and had given her a fon, which would probably engage her husband's affection to her.
She had another Simeon, foon after him, whom fhe called Simeon ; because, the Levi, and faid, the LORD had heard her complaint. Her third she Judah called Levi, hoping her husband would be now cordially born, joined to her ; and the fourth she called Judah, thinking herself bound to praise God for her fruitfulness; after which she left off bearing for a while,
RACHEL by this time was so extremely mortified at her Year of fister's happiness, that she came one day in a fit of envy, and told her husband, that, unless he gave her children Bef. Chr.
1749. 2 Gen. xxix. p. tot.
to speak of the posterity he posed of the other two (espe-
, and sister
Thus his first wife, that can be given for this difJudith of Beeri, is afterwards ference is, that they had two called Adah, the daughter of names, and that it was usual Elon the Hittite; the second, to call them sometimes by one, viz. Bashemah, the daughter sometimes by the other. Thus of Elon, is again called Aholi- the mother of Abijam, king of bamah, the daughter of Anah, Judah, who is called in one the daughter of Zibeon the place Maachah, the daughter Hivite; the last, called at first of Abishalom (148), is in anoMahalah, is now called Bathe ther nam’d Michaiah,thedaughshemath ; but what shews, that ter of Uriel of Gibeah (149). these two latter names mean Other parallel places might be the same person, and that brought in great numbers, the same thing inay be sup- wore it needful.
(147) Compare Gen. xxvi. 34. xxviii. 9. with xxxvi. 2, e feza, (148) 1 Kings XV. 2. (149) 2 Chron. xiii. 2a
also, she should inevitably die of grief. Jacob, who could not forbear being provoked at such a speech, which seemed to lay the blame of her sterility upon him, answered her in a passion, that it was out of his power to do miracles ; and that God, who had shut up her womb, was alone able to open it ; but that her behaviour was more apt to prevent, than to gain such a blessing. This mortifying answer made her bethink herself of the usual way, at that time, for women in her case to give their maids to their husbands; she therefore desired him to take Bilbab, and try to make her a mother by her means ; to which
he consented, and soon after had a son by her, which Dan and Rachel called Dan, meaning that God had judged in her Naphthali favour. She called the other son, which Bilhab bore, born. Naphtali, to express the violent struggles she had had with
her sister: after which Leah, thinking the had quite left
off bearing, gave her maid Zilpah also to Jacob, whose Gad and first fon the called Gad (a troop) expecting more to come, Alher bornand the next she called Asher, to express the happiness
The now enjoyed.
of brought home one evening some mandrakes (Y), which
(Y) What these mandrakes dudaim, or mandrakes, are were, is not easy to guess : commended for their fragranbut they could not certainly cy, in the only place of Scripbe what we understand by that ture, where they are mentioned name ; 1. Because they had besides (150). For this reason nothing inviting, either in some have fanfied them viosmell, tafte, or colour, to in- lets (151); others lilies (152); duce a child of his age to ga- others jeflamin; others have ther them; much less could rendered the word desirable he choose them for any parti- flowers (153), agreeable to the cular virtue or quality they word dudaim, which fignifies had. 2. The text says, it was loves in the dual, or, the then wheat-harvest, which in breasts of a woman. Others those hot countries is about again, and perhaps more proMay, when the apples of that bably, have guessed them to root are far from being ripe. be citrons (154). That which
The mandrake has a very has induced so many interpretItrong ftupefying smell, and is to suppose them to be therefore called by the Arabi- mandrakes, is the virtue attrians jabrokim; whereas the buted to them of helping con
(150) Cant. vii. 13.
(152) Oleaft. (153) Jun. in loc. (154) Bocbart, Brown's vulg, err. Calmct comm. in Gen. cap. XXX. V, II,
he had been gathering in the fields in the time of the
ception (155), which made ans call mauz, not unlike the
if they had been something pleasant and inviting
(155) Epipb. ap. Viller. (156) Ludolfbo bift. Ætbiop. I. i. cap. 72. (157) Vid. Calm. in Gen, xxx. 16. Diet. fub vsc. Mandrag Ang. l. xxi1
(159) Herodot, l. iii. sap. 69.
feminine of Dan; after which she bore no more. As
avarice put him on so many stratagems to defraud him of Jacob's it, as obliged Jacob to use others in his own defence, and stratagem which the reader may see in the xxxth chapter under. of the spee-quoted, and which succeeded so well to him, that his focks kled flicks. throve greatly, whilft Laban's dwindled visibly away.
LABAN, vexed at his heart to see such a great difference between the two flocks, and perhaps suspecting some trick, obliged him to invert the bargain. This arbitrary change was renewed more than once or twice, as he complained to him afterwards a ; in spite of all which, Jacob grew exceeding rich ; and with the money which he got by his fleeces, &c. bought men and women fervants, camels, oxen, and asses, which raised fuch envy in Laban and his fons against him, that they began to look upon him
with an evil eye ; and this made him contrive the means Jacob of getting off with all he had'. He acquainted his wives Steals with his design, and finding them of the same mind, he away from set them and their little ones upon camels, and, having Laban. got all his servants and substance together, began his jour
Year of ney towards the land of Canaan, whilst his father-in-law, the flood who was at a pretty distance from him, was busy shearing
609. his sheep ; which gave Rachel an opportunity of stealing Bef. Chr. her father's gods (B). Laban, who did not hear of his 1739.
(B) The word which we fometimes vain idols, and A. translate gods, in the Hebrew quila idols. Some think it to is on teraphim, which all be an Egyptian word, and the the Jewish rabbies own to be same with Serapis; introduced a word of_no Hebrew ety- by Ham, or his son Mizraim, mology. The LXX translate who filled that country with it sometimes an oracle, and idols (159). As to their shape, (159) Kircter. Oedip. Ægypt. fynt, iv. c; 3. Cuneus rep. Hebr.