Imatges de pÓgina

itself. Russia lears to delay. I have “My Lord,-After a brilliant vicno notion that Bonaparte would or tory, God has placed the capital of could, as things yet stand, yield to the French empire in the hands of the latest demand; and if peace is the Allied Sovereigns-a just retribuimpracticable, we should be better rid tion for the miseries inflicted on Mogof our plenipotentiaries."

cow, Vienna, Madrid, Berlin, and In a note to Hamilton, Under Lisbon, by the devastator of Europe. Secretary in the Foreign Office, he “ The enemy's army, under the refers to the whimsical circumstance command of Joseph Bonaparte, aided of signing the treaty of the Four by Marshals Mortier and Marmont, Powers, while playing at cards. occupied with their right the heights

“I send you my treaty, of which I of Fontenay, Romainville, and Bellehope you will approve. We four ville; their left was on Montmartre. ministers, when signing, happened They had several redoubts in the to be sitting at a whist-table. It was centre, and, on the whole line, an aragreed, that never were the stakes so tillery of 150 pieces." high at any former party. My modesty After some hours of havoc, the would have prevented me from offer- French were driven from all their poing it; but as they chose to make us sitions, and the Allies were at the a military power, I was determined barriers of Paris. A flag of truce not to play a second fiddle. The then came forward, for permission to fact is, that upon the face of the send a negotiator to headquarters, treaty this year, our engagement is simply to save the city-and the reequivalent to theirs united. We give sult was a surrender. The loss of the 150,000 men, and five millions-equal troops was heavy, in consequence of to as many more-total, 300,000. their exposure to the constant can

This, I trust, will put an end to nonade of the French positions; but, any doubts as to the claim we have to in the year after, when Wellington an opinion on Continental matters." commanded, his superior generalship,

The cessation of the arrangements by approaching Paris on the unproat Chatillon was said (though it is tected side, achieved the seizure of not mentioned in these letters) to the city almost without the loss of a have resulted from the discovery of a man. An exulting and picturesque new piece of perfidy on the side of despatch from Sir Charles Stewart, Napoleon. While Caulaincourt, bis communicated the entry of the Soenvoy, was apparently acting with vereigns into Paris on the day after the full intention of peace, a letter to the battle. Alexander now felt his him from the French Emperor was chicalresque vision fully realised. intercepted, directing him to do no- "I feel," said Sir Charles, "that it thing decisive until another battle is impossible to convey an accurate was tried; but, in the mean time, to idea of the scene that presented itself affect to negotiate. This trick put an yesterday (March 31) in this capital, end to all reliance on the imperial when the Emperor of Russia, the King word; and the ambassadors of the of Prussia, and Prince Schwartzfour great powers resolved to leave enberg made their entry, at the head the matter thenceforth to the decision of the allied troops.

.. The caof the sword.

valry, under his Imperial Highness It has been said, and, we believe, the Grand-Duke Constantine, and the with truth, that on the next difficult Guards of all the different allied question—" Whether the allied army forces, were formed in columns, early should follow Napoleon, or march di- in the morning, on the road from rect on Paris," Lord Castlereagh's Bondy to Paris. The Emperor of manly and sagacious sentiment de- Russia, with all his staff, his generals, termined on the straightforward and their suites present, proceeded to course, and was the actual cause of Pontin, where the King of Prussia that movement which gave the French joined 'bim, with a similar cortège. capital into their hands. This crown- Those Sovereigns, surrounded by all ing achievement was thus announced the Princes in the army, together with in a letter from his brother, March the Prince Field - Marshal, and the 30, 1814 :

Austrian Etat-Major, passed through

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the Faubourg St Martin about eleven out of the great principle of resistance
o'clock,—the Cossacks of the Guard to wrong; the restoration of rights to
forming the advance of the march. a fourth part of human kind; the
Already was the crowd so enormous promise of a peace, which, with but
that it was difficult to move forward; one slight burst of war (the last
but before the monarchs reached the thunder-roll of the tempest), was to
Porte St Martin, there was, to those continue for the generation, and still
on the Boulevards, a moral impossi- continues; or, to give its truest cha-
bility of proceeding. All Paris seemed racter, it was a vindication of that
to be assembled and concentred in mighty and merciful Providence,
one spot. One animus, one spring, which having given to man the sense
evidently directed all their move- of freedom, has given to his heart and
ments. They thronged in such masses arm the power of its recovery.
round the Emperor and King, that, The Foreign Secretary had judged
with all their condescending and gra- rightly of the character of the Russian
cious familiarity, extending their Emperor. Though manly and meritori-
hands on all sides, it was in vain to ous, brave in the field, and faithful in
attempt to satisfy the populace.” the council, Alexander was romantic.

On every side the cry arose of The age of single combats was gone
"Vive l'Empereur Alexandre," "Vive by, and he could not distinguish him-
le Roi de Prusse," "Vivent les Rois self in the field; but he seemed to re-
liberateurs.” Acclamations, not less solve on being distinguished for a
lond, arose of "Vive le Roi," " Vive clemency and generosity to his fallen
Louis XVIII.," " Vivent les Bour- antagonist, which hazarded the peace
bons;" with the ominous cry, “A bas of the world.
le tyran.” The white cockade ap- The Treaty of Fontainebleau was
peared widely. On their arrival in the result of this romantic temper,
the Champs Élysées, the troops halt- and Alexander gave the craftiest, the
ed, and the work of this magnificent most ambitious, the most selfish, and
day was at an end.

the most faithless of human beings, a This display was, perhaps, the most title, which could only remind him of exciting sight ever witnessed. The his fallen sovereignty; a possession entry of Alexander the Great into which placed him midway between the Babylon was a pageant to it; a col- partisanship of Italy and of France ; lection of costumes and curiosities and a revenue, at once too small to doubtless rich, varied, and strange, gratify his avarice, and sufficient for but in which the spectators could feel the purchase of all the lingering revenge no gratification but that of the eye. and hungry conspiracy of France. The triumphs of the Roman generals, This treaty Lord Castlereagh rethough attended with some popular fused to sign, though strongly urged pride, or some personal glory, stil! by Alexander. But afterwards, when were little more than a long proces. Bonaparte was sent to Elba, when the sion of plundered wealth and military Treaty of Fontainebleau had become grandeur. But the entry of the Sove- Continental law, and when it was a reigns into Paris had something in it part of his duty to recognise the act more than the indulgence of the eye, of the Allies, he acquiesced in the or even the vanity of soldiership. Treaty of Paris. Divested of the various pomp of the On bis return to England in 1815, ancient triumph, it had a moral sense, and on his first appearance in the a grandeur to the mind, an impres- Commons, the whole House rose and sion engendered by great struggles, cheered him--an honour that was long aspirations, and their glorious never before paid to a minister. fulfilment, that could never have The remainder of these volumes mingled with the barbaric splendours consists of despatches to and from of Asia, or the stern supremacy of our various ambassadors and envoys Rome. That triumph was a consum- abroad, chiefly referring to transacmation-a fulfilment of hopes, and a tions unimportant at the present time, tranquillisation of fear, that had for though containing matter valuable to many an anxious year fevered every the future historian. But his sagaheart in Europe. It was the working city is always evident. In a letter to

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Prince Metternich in 1820, he thus statesman without a rival, and the speaks of the disturbance which must man without even a detractor. follow the expected arrival of the late But, in this fulness of honours, his anfortunate Queen Caroline. “Our health began to fail. Attacks of gout Session is likely to be a troublesome enfeebled a frame naturally robust. one, and to me it begins inauspiciously, The effect was perceived by the King, having been seized by the gout two the Duke of Wellington, and the Cadays before the battle was to com- binet. He sat silent in council; and mence.

Much will depend on though apparently in possession of the course her Majesty shall think fit his faculties, yet was so far reluctant to pursue. If she is wise enough to to exert them that his friends became accept the pont d'or which we have alarmed, and he was put under contendered her, the calamities and scan- stant medical care. At length he dal of a public investigation will be went to his country seat in Kent; but avoided. If she is mad enough, or so on the Monday after his arrival, the ill-advised, as to put her foot upon physician was suddenly summoned to English ground, I shall, from that his dressing-room, where he found his moment, regard Pandora's box as noble patient a suicide. The coroner's opened.

inquest was,

“Mental derangement." The prediction was fulfilled ; the A letter from the Duke of Wellingqueen was mad enough" to set her ton, communicating the sad intellifoot on English ground-the king was gence to the present Marquis of Lonangry enough to prosecute her—the donderry, then at Vienna, sayspopulace were petulant enough to in- " You will have seen that I had sult the king and the laws—and in the witnessed the melancholy state of midst of a confusion, of which no man mind which was the cause of the could calculate the possible hazards, catastrophe. I saw him, after he had the unhappy woman died, probably a been with the King, on the 9th inst., victim to her own ansieties.

to whom he had likewise exposed it; Lord Castlereagh had now attained but fearing that he would not send a succession of honours. He had been for bis physician, I considered it my elevated two steps in the Peerage duty to go to him, and not finding at once; he had obtained the Garter; him, to write to him. he virtually held two ministerial “You will readily believe what a offices of the highest rank — the consternation this deplorable event Home Department and the Foreign has occasioned here. The funeral was Secretaryship; he held the highest attended by every person in London place in the respect and confidence of of any mark or distinction of all parthe foreign courts; to the general eye ties.” he was the Premier; all the clamours Thus was lost to the service of that had surrounded his early career the Empire a high-minded man and had died away; the acclamation of high-principled minister, firm in the the House of Commons had been most trying circumstances of public echoed round the kingdom; the vi. life, and sagacious in the severest gour which had extinguished the Irish difficulties of foreign policy; honoured rebellion, the firmness which had car- while he lived, and regretted in the ried the Irish Union, the courage grave; leaving behind him, in his which had sustained the spirit of the private conduct, an unblemished chaAllied Cabinets, and the sagacity racter, and in his administrative capawhich had laid the foundations

of the city a model for the future possessors longest peace of Europe, left the of power in England.


1 1

The five-and-twenty theatres of Dumas for the performance of histothe capital of France are of universal rical dramas, has taken the name of reputation ; and many foreigners, the Théatre Lyrique, and gives opera into whose anticipations of pleasure and ballet. There may be heard the they largely enter, reach Paris im- veteran Chollet, the original Postilion pressed with the difficulty of selecting de Longjumeau, his voice somewhat those best worth seeing. A Hand- the worse for wear, but still preservbook to the Theatres of the Continent ing its fine upper notes ; and there is a desideratum which may one day Guy Stéphan and St Leon ably susbe supplied. It would be an agree- tain the dancing department. able task to an enthusiastic and loco- Persons desirous of a hearty laugh, motive theatrical amateur to write who love farce and burlesque, comic such a work, including in it the singing and practical jokes, varied theatres of the French, German, Ita- occasionally by comediettas of a rather lian, and Belgian capitals; and no higher order, or, casually, by some paunprofitable speculation, perhaps, to thetic social drama of the nature of the a publisher, thus to supply the want Dame aux Camélias, had best confine frequently experienced by a very large themselves to three theatres—those proportion of the countless English three a host in themselves. The Vatourists who annually, and at all riétés, the Palais-Royal, the Vaudeseasons, ramble upon the Continent. ville, are all within the length of a In the absence of the desired volume, street. The Rue Vivienne begins a few lines suffice to give such a cur- next door to one, ends at the entrance sory and general analysis of the Paris to another, and passes in front of a theatres in 1853, as to direct the visi- third. Lovers of drama and melotor where, according to his tastes, his drama must away to the boulevards time will best be bestowed. The of St Martin and the Temple, where theatres of Paris are easily classed, the Porte St Martin, the Gaité, and and cater well for all tastes. If mu- the Ambigu Comique favour the comsic be his preference, and the lyric mission of all manner of crimes, and stage to him more attractive than Mélingue and Frederick Lemaitre are classic tragedy, sterling comedy, in their glory. graceful vaudeville, or ludicrous farce, We have named ten out of the two he will find abundant supply. The dozen theatres of Paris. The remainGrand Opera, if not all that some of der are of various degrees of inferiorus remember it, still affords a rich mu- ity, and, generally speaking, hardly sical treat to its numerous frequenters. worth the foreigner's putting himself The Italian theatre, in a sinking state out of his way to visit them, with the since the February revolution, has exception of three, which we have this year, thanks to the remarkable reserved for a last and less cursory talent of Anna de la Grange and mention. The names of the Comédie Cruvelli, meritoriously supported by Française, the Gymnase Dramatique, Belletti, Rossi, and others of less note, and the Odéon, will already have sugshown renewed vitality, and has once gested themselves. To strangers well more attracted those fashionable an- acquainted with the finesses of the diences which formerly it never failed French language, or who may be willto show. To lovers of the gay and ing to qualify themselves as auditors brilliant music of the French com- by previous perusal of the piece to posers, the Opéra Comique offers its be represented, the Comédie Francopious repertory and its excellent çaise is unquestionably the most incompany of singers. And, upon the teresting and agreeable theatre in far-off Boulevard du Temple-beyond Paris, and the one where the highest the Paris lounger's usual beat-lower degree of intellectual enjoyment is to in its prices, but less commodious in be obtained. You can hardly enter its position, the Théatre Historique, it without the certainty of seeing a built under the auspices of Alexandre good play; you are quite sure to see

good actors. Fourteen years of unin- to see any of them transplanted. Rose terrupted triumpbs have established Chéri, ever charming and true to nathe fame of Rachel as the first living ture, would be an acquisition to any actress in Europe. With her, Na- theatre, but, as the wife of the mathalie, the two Brohans, Judith, and nager, she may be considered a fixture. Madame Allan, make up an amount Bressant is a graceful and accomof female talent not often found united plished comedian, who has probably upon any stage. The male perfor- never been surpassed in the line of mers are no less remarkable ; and we characters he takes. He is intelligent, have but to name Samson, Beau- of an agreeable exterior, always advallet, Geffroy, Régnier, Provost, to mirably dressed, and his play of counremind frequenters of the Comédie tenance is full of finesse. He perhaps Française of a host of delightful even- acts a little too much at his audience, ings and high artistical triumpbs. especially at its female portion, with

The Gymnase Dramatique is one whom he is a prodigious favourite; of the most elegant and agreeable but this is easily overlooked in the theatres in Paris in the character of general merit and distinction of his its performances. Many prefer the performance. He was for some time more highly-spiced dishes of the Va- at the French theatre at St Petersriétés and Vaudeville; but with the burg, where he was greatly prized. refined classes of the Parisians, the On his return he went to the Gymnase, Gymnase is the favourite. As its where he has now been for about seven name indicates, it was originally in- years. Mademoiselle Luther, who has tended merely as a place of exercise lately performed in London, has many and practice for young comedians. admirable qualities as an actress. MaThe pupils of the Conservatory were demoiselle Figeac is pretty, elegant, there to pass a period of probation, and natural, and plays secondary but previously to making their appearance yet prominent parts with infinite grace at the Comédie Française, or Opéra and ease. Geoffroy is an excellent Comique. The performance was to actor, steady, judicious, and possessconsist of short one-act pieces. But ing a fund of real humour, free from it so happened that many of these grimace, caricature, and triviality. pieces were written by one Scribe, who His performance of Mercadet-the bas renewed, in our day, the marvel- hero of the comedy of the same name, lous fertility of the old Spanish play- known in England as The Game of wrights, and whose wit, taste, and Speculationis a fine piece of acting: dramatic skill, combined with the ex- These are by no means all the good ertions of an able manager to give actors at the Gymnase ; but, as we the Gymnase an importance, and se- are not writing a dictionary of the cure to it an amount of public favour, Paris stage, we will enumerate no such as had never been anticipated. further, especially as we shall just After the Orleanist accession, its pros- now have occasion incidentally to perity waned, owing to reasons of mention others. professional opposition uninteresting Let the reader take the map of here to detail. Then the management Paris, and, stationing himself on that changed, the vogue returned, and, for Italian Boulevard where foreigners the last ten years, the Gymnase has love to loiter, to breakfast, and to enjoyed a well-merited and uninter- dine, gaze due south, down the Rue rupted popularity. At the present Richelieu, over the Palais-Royal and time it has an excellent company, and the Louvre, across the Pont des Arts, is nightly full to the roof. Its prices up the Rue de Seine, into the recesses of admission are of the highest, after of the region renowned for dirty the operas and the Comédie Française, streets, bearded students, cheap reand its receipts must be large. More staurateurs, greasy billiard-tables, and than one of its actors and actresses slatternly grisettes. Next door to the might fairly aspire to, and probably Palace of the Luxembourg, close to the obtain, admission to the more elevated entrance to its spacious garden, the stage of the Comédie Française; but lung of that close quarter of Paris, they all pull so well together where stands a large handsome building, its they now are, that it would be a pity stately portico sustained by Doric


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