Imatges de pÓgina
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Consulting Physicians and Surgeons.
Dr. Thomas Parke,

Dr. Philip S. Physick,
Caspar Wistar,

Thomas C. James.
Treasurer.

Apothecary.
John Clifford.

George G. Tresse.

VACCINE SOCIETY, JANUARY 30, 1816. Two thousand one hundred and seventy two persons have been successfully vaccinated by the physicians of the society, in the City, Northern Liberties and Southwark, during the last year.

AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. At an election of Officers of the American Philosophical Society, held at their Hall, after due notice, on the 5th day of January, 1816—the following Officers were chosen:

President-Caspar Wistar.

Vice-Presidents.
Robert Patterson, William Tilghman, Peter S. Duponceau.

Secretaries.
Thomas C. James, Thomas T. Hewson,
Nathaniel Chapman,

Robert M. Patterson.
Counsellors for three years.
William White,

Horace Binney,
William Rawle,

John Sergeant.

Curators.
Zaccheus Collins, Joseph Cloud, Samuel Colhoup.

Treasurer-John Vaughan.

Census of the Humane and Criminal Institutions in the city of New York, collected by the attending minister, John STANFORD, M. A.

May 1, 1815. Orphan Asylum. Boys and Girls,

101

Magdalen House.

3

City Alms-house.

183 Men,

344 Women,

282 Boys, Girls,

2411050 City Hospital.

144 Patients,

75 -219 Maniacs, United States Military Hospital.

55 Patients, Debtors' Prison.

1400 Committed yearly, Confined at all times, including jail liberties, 90 to 100

Bridewell. White men,

30 Black men,

27

43 White women, Black women,

31 -131 State Prison. White men,

392 Black men,

88 White women,

19

66 -565 Black women,

OBITUARY. Died, in London, November 1, 1815, Doctor Join CoAKLEY LETTSOM, aged 70 years.

In Philadelphia, December 19, 1815, Doctor BENJAMIN SMITH BARTON, Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, in the University of Pennsylvania, aged 48 years.

December 28, 1815, Dr. THOMAS CHANDLER, aged

42 years.

UNCOMMON WEATHER..

Quebec, August 10, 1815. On Monday night last the frost was so severe in the vicinity of this city, as to destroy the leaves of the cucumber plants, pumpkins, beans, and other tender vegetables. Early on Tuesday morning ice was found in many places. The frost extended both to lands in high and low situations. It is feared that much injury has been done to the wheat in this district, which had a promising appearance. A snow storm the 20th May, the trees not in leaf on the 4th June, and so severe a frost on the 7th August, are novel features, even in the climate of Canada.

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THE WEATHER. There seems to have been of late irregularities in the natural as well as the political world but we cannot so well account for the one as the other. The extreme cold which took place the latter end of January, seems to have been extensive, and the spring was so unusually long and cold, as to damage many of our choicest fruits.

This unseasonable cold is ascribed, by some, to the vast fields or islands of ice, which come from the polar regions into the Atlantic sea, and stretch themselves for hundreds of miles along the American coast, until at length they are melted by the heat of the southern latitudes. Hence has arisen a dispute amongst philosophical enquirers. One party says, that the heat of the summer's sun melts the ice and snow in the north as fast as they accumulate in winter. The other party affirms, that in these remote regions, where are nine months of winter and only three months of summer, the ice is gradually increasing; and they instance those seas and countries which were formerly navigable and habitable, are now entirely shut up, and become impervious to man. The Siberian seas are given as a proof of this hypothesis. If it were true, there would be something alarming in it. See H. M. Williams' travels in Switzerland, for a curious paper on this interesting subject.

The drought (or drouth) which began in June, has been long and general, and has retarded the growth of that necessary article of food for both man and beast, maize or Indian corn: and this warm weather has been suddenly succeeded by unusually cold nights and mornings. There have been partial showers, but not sufficient to moisten the parched earth, and reanimate vegetation.

In Philadelphia, we are told, the whole of July was oppressively hot and dry. About the 25th of that month, the thermo. meter rose to 97. A few days after it fell to 50; a vast difference at this time of the year, and showing a wonderfully variable climate. About the same time, the mercury in New York is stated to have been only up to 90, and the same at Quebec. In Baltimore, a fair medium may be set down at 94, by the best regulated instruments.--Baltimore American.

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. State of the weather during the last six months of 1815.

.

JULY.
Thermometer-Lowest, at 8 A. M. 68. 4th day of the month.

Highest, at 3. P. M. 92. 25th.
Mean.

80. Winds--variable--mostly westerly. Not much rain. Long continuance of hot weather. Thermometer 92 at Montreal, middle of the month. Some cases of measles still amongst us. Few insects this summer. Good harvests of grain, and well

got in.

.

AUGUST. Thermometer-Lowest, at 8 A. M. 63. 7th day of the month.

Highest, at 3 P. M.90. 1st.

Mean, . . 78. Winds-between easterly and westerly. Little rain: hot weather. A very severe gale on the 9th, and another on the 30th. A good fruit year. Small pox appeared at Fishkill, State of New York.

SEPTEMBER.
Thermometer-Lowest at 8 A. M. 50. 29th of the month.

Highest at 3 P. M. 84. 11th to 13th inclusive.
Mean

60.

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Westerly winds prevalent-unusually so the last and this month, in the Atlantic. The passages from Europe have been the longest ever known. A tremendous gale of wind, of short duration, in the morning of the 23d, on the sea-board of of part New England. Little rain.

OCTOBER.

Thermometer-Lowest, at 8 A. M. 41. 30th day of the month.
Highest, at 3 P. M. 64. 15th.

Mean,

54.

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Winds southerly and westerly-little rain. Sleighing at Quebec the last of the month. The latter part of this month and beginning of the next, the catarrhal fever commonly called Influenza, was epidemic here. It first appeared to the northward and eastward. The usual symptoms occurred. Bleeding was very often necessary, with the antiphlogistic plan. Patients who were smartly handled were left much debilitated. It was mortal in some cases of previous weakness from sickness or old age.

NOVEMBER.

Thermometer-Lowest at 8 A. M. 31. 14th day of the month.
Highest, at 3 P. M. 65. 6th.

Mean.

42.

Winds-westerly until the latter part of the month, when we had some easterly winds. Dry season continues; it has been unusually so during the summer and autumn. Heavy snow in the state of New York on the 2d and 3d days of the month.

DECEMBER.

Thermometer-Lowest, at 8 A. M. 16. 11th of the month. Highest at 3 P. M. 56. 4th.

Mean

32.

Winds-Still westerly, and little rain; slight snow on the 10th; Schuylkill frozen over on the 11th, and Delaware frozen at Burlington. Considerable fall of snow on the 29th at night. Much ice in the river.

The small-pox appeared amongst us about the beginning of this month, after an absence of several years; said to be brought from New York. It does not seem to spread much. There has

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