Imatges de pÓgina

2. The Natural History of the Tea-tree, with Observations on the Medical Qualities of Tea, and Effects of Tea-drinking. 4to. 1772. 4s.

3. The Naturalist and Traveller's Companion; containing instructions for collecting and preserving objects of natural history, 8vo. 1774. The second edition, 2s.6d. The third edi. tion, 1800. 4s.

4. Medical Memoirs of the General Dispensary in London. 8vo. 1774. 45.

5. Improvement of Medicine in London, on the Basis of Public Good. 8vo. 1775. 1s. 6d.

6. Observations preparatory to the use of Dr. Mayersbach's Medicines, 8vo. 1776. The second edition, with an engraving of the Water-Doctor from Teniers. 1s. 6d.

7. History of the Origin of Medicine; and of the State of Physic prior to the Trojan War. An Oration delivered before the Medical Society of London, 4to. 1778. 6s.

8. Observations on the plan proposed for establishing a Dispensary and Medical Society, with Formulæ Medicamentorum Pauperibus præcipue accommodatæ. 8vo. 1772. 1s.

9. A Letter to Sir Robert Barker, Knt. F. R. S. and George Stacpoole, Esq. upon General Inoculation, 4to. 1779. 6d.

10. Hints, designed to promote Beneficence, Temperance, and Medical Science, 8vo. 1798. 5s.

11. Observations on Religious Persecution, 8vo. 1800. 6d. 12. Village Society, a sketch, 8vo. 1s.

13. The Works of John Fothergill, M. D. 3 vols. 8vo. and one volume 4to. 1784. 11. 15.

14. Memoirs of the Life of John Fothergill, M. D. 8vo. 6s. 15. Hints addressed to Card Parties, 8vo. 1779. 6d. 16. Observations on Human Dissections, 8vo. 1788. 13. 17. Observations on the Cowpock, two editions, 1801. 8vo.

18. Hints on Beneficence, Temperance, and Medical Science, 3 vols. 8vo. 1801.

Besides various Medical Essays, &c. in the Philosophical Transactions—Memoirs of the Medical Society of LondonBath Society Memoirs, &c. &c.-In person Dr. Lettsom was tall, and always of a spare habit. There 'was not any of the graces in his manner or features; but there were a great

many of what is much better than any merely personal advantages have to bestow-the benevolences of a worthy heart, and the marks of a good understanding.–Dr. Edmund Fry has obligingly communicated to us the following particulars, and the originating cause of the death of this great and good man. “On Wednesday, Oct. 25, Dr. Lettsom was at my house, and I could not but observe that he seemed much indisposed; he informed me, that, on the preceding evening, he had been requested to be present at a dissection, to give his opinion on any morbid appearances that might arise; he was there detained about three hours with the cold body, in a very cold place, without any fire, or extra clothing; that he had, during the night, suffered, in consequence, a severe shivering for a long time. The succeeding night he had fever about six hours, of which he informed us when we saw him the next day; he was then evidently much worse, and so enfeebled, that with difficulty he walked up one pair of stairs. On the afternoon of this day I called to see him, but he being engaged with his daughter, I declined the invitation into the parlour; soon afterwards, he was first visited by Dr. Babington and his friend Wm. Norris, esq. the surgeon: his complaint was rheumatic, with some degree of fever, which seemed to indicate a need for the lancet; but, on preparing for the operation, a forbidding erysipelatous inflammation presented itself. His medical friends were unremitting in their attendance, but were very soon induced to think his case nearly hopeless: and, about the third day of his illness, the doctor himself intimated a doubt of his recovery: but it does not seem that he afterwards mentioned the subject. He expired about half past four on Wednesday morning, perfectly sensible to the last, and free from pain. Having of late years been much favoured with his friendship, I was one of the last of his friends who had an opportunity of conversing with him. At a late interview, he informed me, that, relative to the so-much-talked-of addition to his income, the pleadings before the Lord Chancellor were all concluded, and that his lordship was to give his decree on the matter this Term, when he should be put into possession of an independence, far beyond his wishes; but that the amount had been greatly exaggerated in the public papers. It gives me very great pleasure just to add, that, the very last time I saw him, he mentioned the circumstance of his emancipating a number of slaves when he was young, and what happiness he should feel, should he live to do the same for those in his newly-acquired possessions.”

Monthly Magazine, for December, 1815.

Biography of the late Dr. Denman.

[From the London Medical and Physical Journal, for January, 1816.]

Dr. Thomas DENMAN was born on the 27th of June, 1733, at Bakewell, in the county of Derby, and was the second son of a respectable apothecary in that town, where he was educated at the grammar school. His father died in the year 1752, and he for some time assisted his elder brother, who succeeded to the business; but in his 21st year he came, with the slender patrimony of 75l., to London, where he attended St. George's Hospital several months, and two courses of lectures on anatomy. He then procured an appointment as surgeon's mate in the navy, and being made surgeon in 1757, through the interest of the Duchess Dowager of Devonshire, he, after a cruise of seventeen months off the coast of Africa, was appointed to the Edgar, a new 60-gun ship commanded by Captain, afterwards Admiral, Drake, with whom he continued, till, on the conclusion of peace in 1763, he left the navy. During his nine years' service, he formed many valuable friendships, which he preserved through life, particularly with the amiable and excellent officer whose name has been mentioned: his mind was enlarged by general reading, and by visiting various parts of the world; and, having been present at most of the important naval operations of that war, he materially improved his medical skill and knowledge. At the siege of the Havannah (as on a former occasion, when he assisted in the hospital at Gibraltar, then containing no less than 1100 patients), he contracted a dangerous illness, from too close an attendance on the sick and wounded. On returning to his na


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tive country, he continued, as before, to pursue his professional studies in London, and attended the Lectures on Midwifery then given by Dr. Smellie; but, obtaining, in 1764, a diploma from the University of Aberdeen, he endeavoured to establish himself at Winchester. This attempt proving unsuccess. ful, he again took up his residence in the metropolis, where his prospects were so little flattering, that he actually made an effort to resume the situation of a surgeon in the navy,

unable to procure a warrant. Under these circumstances, the surgeoney of one of the royal yachts, which he owed to the influence of Lord John Cavendish, and the friendly recommendation of Captain Drake, which brought a salary of 701. a year, without materially affecting his London practice, afforded an important addition to his small income. About the same period he became more generally known by the publication of some medical tracts, and commenced those Lectures in Midwifery, in conjunction with the late Dr. Osborne, which they continued to deliver for fifteen years with great reputation. In the same year he was appointed joint physician and manmidwife to the Middlesex Hospital. With these aids, and by a rare union of patience, industry, and frugality, with an ardent temper, an independent spirit, an honest ambition, and singular zeal in his profession, he was enabled to emerge, by slow degrees, from obscurity to the extensive practice and eminent character which he so long enjoyed. He was appointed licentiate in midwifery by the College of Physicians in 1783, and six years after was elected an honorary member of the Edinburgh Royal Society. Dr. Denman's progress to wards the first practice was, however, the more slow, because Dr. Hunter had long been in possession of the public confidence, and because Dr. Ford was at the same time in extensive business. But, when he had reached the summit of his branch of the profession, Dr. Deuman kept his station with a firmness of which there have been few examples. This arose from his full and well grounded knowledge, from his strong natural sagacity, from the most perfect uprightness of conduct, and from the benevolence of his character. In 1791, Dr. Denman purchased a small country-house at Feltham, near Hounslow, and in some measure withdrew from business; but he

never quitted it entirely, and to the latest period of his life, preserving the unabated confidence of the public, he may

be truly said to have possessed that of the members of his own profession even in a greater degree. At the very advanced period to which he lived, he retained, to a wonderful extent, the vigour of his body, and, quite unimpaired, the vigour of his mind; but what is still more singular, he retained also, without decay, all the kindly affections of his nature, with all the cheerful animation of youth, and exercised an active benevolence to the very last.

In the year 1770, Dr. Denman married Elizabeth, the youngest daughter of Alexander Brodie, a respectable linen draper in London,-a companion well suited to him from the uprightness of her mind, the soundness of her religious prin. ciples, and the benevolence of her character. They had a son and two daughters: his wife and all his children survive him.

It is believed that Dr. Denman's earliest publication was a treatise on Puerperal Fever, which appeared about the year 1770, and was soon followed by a Letter to Dr. Huck on the construction and use of Vapour Baths. From this period, he was constantly in the habit of printing short tracts on subjects connected with his branch of the profession; which have been, from time to time, incorporated in the several editions of his Aphorisms on the application and use of the Forceps and Vectis, and of his Introduction to the practice of Midwifery, both of which works are too well known in the medical world to require, in this place, particular notice. They have each

gone through five editions; and a sixth of the latter was nearly prepared at the time of the author's death. One of the former editions of it was in quarto, and was accompanied by fifteen engravings, made at very considerable expense, on the generation and parturition of the Human Species, and of Animals. The preface, independently of its professional merits, exhibits much general knowledge and information, and has been highly estimated by good judges as a literary composition. The work has been translated into French, and in that language also is believed to have passed through more than one edition.

Several papers, written by Dr. Denman, will be found in the sth, 7th, and 11th volumes of the London Medical Journal,

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