Imatges de pÓgina

A correct Translation of the newly corrected Pharmacopæia, of the London College of Physicians. By Richard Reece, M.D.

An Inquiry into the Causes of the Motion of the Blood, with an appendix; &c. By James Carson, M.D. &c.

A General System of Toxicology, or a Treatise on Poisons, &c. By M. P. Orfila, M.D. of the faculty of Paris, Professor of Chemistry, &c.

Observations on the Cure of Cancer, &c. By the late Thomas Denman, M.D. &c.

Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, Vol. VI.

Medical Transactions of the College of Physicians London, Vol. V.

An Epitome of Juridical, or Forensic Medicine. By Dr. G. E. Male, of Birmingham, 8vo.

An Inquiry into the Nature, Cause and Varieties of the Arterial pulse. By Dr. C. H. Parry, of Bath.

Three Lectures on Craniological Physiognomy, in which the opinions of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim are controverted; in one Vol. 8vo. with Engravings.

Natural History and Botany.

Flora Londinensis, by the late William Curtis; enlarged and continued by George Graves, F.L.S. and William Jackson Hooker, F.R. and L.S. Royal folio, Part I. to VI.

A Treatise on the Nature, Economy and Practical Management of Bees, &c. &c. By Robert Huish, of the Imperial Apiarian Society of Vienna.

A System of Physiological Botany. By the Rev. P. Keith, F.L.S. &c. 2 Vols. 8vo.

Transactions of the Geological Society, 4to. Vol. 2.

An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, &c. By William Phillips.

Ovarium Britannicum. By George Graves, F. L. S. Part I. Royal 8vo.

Ornithology. By George Graves, F.L.S. 2 Vols. Royal 8vo. Transactions of the Linnæan Society of London, Vol. XI. Part II.

A Descriptive Catalogue of the British Specimens, deposited in the Geological Collection of the Royal Institution. By William Thomas Brande, F.R.S. 8vo.

Natural History of British Birds, &c. Vol. VI. and VII.

A Treatise on the Natural History, Properties and Use of Coffee.

American Publication.

Lieutaud's Synopsis of the Universal Practice of Medicine. Translated By Ec!win A. Atlee, M.D. Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia.


Edward Earle proposes to publish Park's Chemical Essays, and Henry's Chemistry.

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Medical Topography of New-Orleans; with an Account of the principal Diseases that affected the Fleet and Army on the late Expedition against that City. Communicated by a NAVAL SURGEON.

“ Ceterum antequam destinata componam, repetendum videtur qualia status urbis, quæ mens exercituum, quis habitus provinciarum; quid validum, quid ægrum fuerit; ut non modo casus eventusque rerum, qui plerum. que fortuiti sunt, sed ratio etiam causæque noscantur.”—Tacit. histor.

[From the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, for April, 1816]

EVERY lover of medical literature, and of medicine as an experimental science, must deeply regret, that, though the expeditions undertaken by Great Britain, within the last hun. dred years, have been both frequent and formidable, there has been such a poverty of professional communications, that a good medical history of the greater part of them is now, and ever must be, a desideratum. While the policy and execution of such armaments are discussed in hundreds of newspapers, and give birth to clamorous pamphlets without number; medical facts and observations, which, instead of a shifting and transitory interest, may be of permanent importance to VOL. VI.

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mankind, are allowed to float down the silent current of oblivion, till they are lost for ever. It is painful to reflect how much this supineness of professional men has cost our art, and how rich a tract, fertile with knowledge and improvements, has thus been given up, without resistance, to the inundations of the river Lethe; whose waters (in this instance it may be said without epigrammatic quaintness) have preserved straws and trifles, while things of specific and sterling weight have sunk to the bottom without a hope of recovery.

In the late expedition against New Orleans, what from the sword and from disease, there was such a loss of human life, as must cause the mere politician regret, and the philanthropist affliction. Such being the case, it will not, I hope, be considered as presumption in me, to attempt some account of the complaints that occurred; an attempt which, however feeble, may in some degree compensate for the want of a better. I could, indeed, have wished that some one of greater talents, and with better means of official information than myself, had executed this undertaking, and would now willingly lay aside my pen in expectation of such an event, did I not recollect that, by every individual's thus shufiling off the task of des. cription from himself, in the vague hope that it may be performed by another, that very detriment to medical science has arisen, of which I have just complained.

New-Orleans is situated in 30 degrees of north latitude, and 90 of longitude west from London. It stands on the left bank of the Mississippi, about 100 miles from its mouth, and may justly be regarded as the Capital of this district of the New World, from its commerce, its opulence, and its population. It is the great emporium into which the scattered inha. bitants of the upper country, and the surrounding desert, pour their cotton and their skins, receiving in return many of the necessaries of life, and some of the luxuries of refinement.

The river Mississippi forms a most august feature in the physiognomy of this country. While the majestic grandeur of its stream, and its unexampled length of course, excite the admiration of the naturalist, and its subserviency to the purposes of commerce claims the attention of the merchant, it is no less interesting to the medical philosopher, from the direct and conspicuous influence which the distribution of its waters has upon the soil and health of the country around its mouth. This magnificent river has its source in the remote and almost unknown regions of the American continent. Slender in its origin, the infant flood is interrupted by mountains, and broken by cataracts, until it receives the proudly independent (rather than tributary) streams of the Missouri, the Illinois, and the Ohio, when it rushes irresistibly forward to the ocean, with a current both broad and deep. Pursuing its course with innumerable sinuosities, through fertile meadows, over whose vast extent the tired eye cannot stretch,—through sequestered regions where nature has no one to witness her awful mysteries, and through the gloom of forests coeval with the creation, it at last, after a course of three thousand miles, pours, by several mouths, the mass of its weary waters into the gulf of Mexico.

The country around New Orleans is a perfect plain, frequently intersected by the outlets of the river, and not unfrequently, during winter and spring, watered by its inundations. Indeed, the city itself is built upon what may be called a Delta, formed by this Nile of the Western World. In a country of this description, it will easily be conceived, that marshes are very numerous and extensive; in fact, the whole country, especially in winter, is a continued marsh, with merely solid patches (very fertile indeed) here and there. The few roads, and the site of the different forts, are generally made-ground.

Even the ground on which the city stands, bears evident marks of comparatively recent formation; for, on digging a few feet under the surface, abundance of water, soft mud, and trunks of trees are met with. These last have no doubt been flooded down, and stranded by the current, where receiving hourly reinforcements of vegetable rubbish, the whole has been bound into one immoveable mass by the viscid mud of the river.

The climate, too, of New Orleans, must not be overlooked, as its peculiarity, co-operating with the above-mentioned distribution of the Mississippi and the condition of the soil, is

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