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A HISTORY OF THE

ENGLISH POOR LAW

OF THE

ENGLISH POOR LAW

IN CONNECTION WITH

THE STATE OF THE COUNTRY AND THE

CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE

BY

SIR GEORGE NICHOLLS, K.C.B.
POOR LAW COMMISSIONER AND SECRETARY TO THE POOR LAW BOARD

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LIBRARY OF THE
LELAND STANFORD JR. UNIVERSITY.

a. 38002

“Whenever, for the purposes of government, we arrive, in any state of society, at a class 80 miserable as to be in want of the common necessaries of life, a new principle comes into action. The usual restraints which are sufficient for the well-fed, are often useless in checking the demands of hungry stomachs. Other and more powerful means must then be employed; a larger array of military or police force must be maintained. Under such circumstances, it may be considerably cheaper to fill empty stomachs to the point of ready obedience, than to compel starving wretches to respect the roast beef of their more industrious neighbours: and it may be expedient, in a mere economical point of view, to supply gratuitously the wants even of ablebodied persons, if it can be done without creating crowds of additional applicants."

BABBAGE, On the Principles of Tacation. London, 1851.

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