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ablation thau didst not desire , but a body: thou hast fitted to me. So St. Paul reads it, Heb. *. 5. Burnt-offering und sinoffering thou didst not require ; then said I, Behold I come, To give us to understand, that by reason of the insuficiency of the sacrifices of the old . law , Christ himself would come to be our sacrifice, and would offer up
his own body and blood for us.
4. Accordingly our Saviour Jesus Christ, at the time appointed by his Father , having taken flesh for us, was pleased to offer hiinself a sacrifice for us all, dying upon the cross for the sins of the whole world. By this one offering we were completely redeemed, in as mu as our ransomn was paid, and all mercy, grace , and salvation were purchased for us. Neither can there now be any need of his dying any more, or purchasing any other graces for us than those for which he has already paid the price of his blood.
S. Nevertheless, for the daily application of this one eternal redemption to our souls, and that the mercy, grace, and salvation which he has purchased for us, may be actually.com
municated to us,
he not only continala ly appears in our behalf in the sanctuary of heaven, there representing and offering to his Father his death and passion for us, but has also instituted the blessed Eucharist, the night before his passion , in which he has bequeathed us his body and blood under the sacramental veils, not only to be received by us as a sacrament , for the food and nourishment of our souls, but also to be offered and presented by his ministers to his Father niystically broken and shed, as a sacrifice: not by way of a new death, but by way of a standing memorial of his death; a daily celebrating and representing his death to God, and an applying to our souls the fruits of it.
6. This Eucharistic sacrifice of the body and blood of Christ, daily offered under the forms of bread and wine, in remembrance of his passion , is what we call the Mass. This is the solemn liturgy of the catholic church. This is that pure-offering which is made to God in every place among the gentiles, according to the prophecy of Malachi, j. 10, 11. By this Christ is a priest for
erer according to the order of Melchisedeck, Psalın cix, whose sacrifice was bread and wine, Gen xv.
7. This sacrifice of the mass is the same in substance with that which Christ offered for us upon the cross ; because both the Victim offered , and the Priest, or principal offerer, is the same Jesus Christ. The difference is only in the manner of the offering ; because upon
the cross our Saviour of fered himself in such a manner, as really to shed his blood and die for us ; whereas now he does not really shed his blood, nor die any more. And, therefore, this in called an unbloody sacrifice; and that of the cross a bloody Jacrifice,
8 By reason of this near alliance which this sacrifice of the inass has with the sacrifice of the cross, it completely answers all the different ends of sacrifice, and that in a manner infinitely more perfect than that of any of the ancient sacrifices. Christ is here both Priest and Victim, representing in person, and offering up his death and passion to his Father : First , For the adoration , praise , honour , and glory of
the Divine Majesty. Secondly, in thanksgiving for all his benefits. Thirdly , For the obtaining of pardon of oursins. Fourthly, For the obtaining of grace and salvation for us, by the nierits of that same death and passion. And therefore this sacrifice, in order to all these ends, must be infinitely beyond all the holocausts, thank-offerings, sinofferings, and peace-offerings of the ancient law.
9. This sacrifice of the mass then is offered up toGod in the catholic church, First , As a daily remembrance of the passion of Christ. Do this for a commemoration of me: St. Luke xxii Secondly, As a most solemn worship of the Divine Majesty. Thirdly, As a most acceptable thanksgiving to God, from whence it has the name of Eucharist, Fourthly, As a most powerful means to move God to shew mercy to us in the for. giveness of our sins ; for which reason we call it propitiatory. And lastly, As
a most effectual way. to obtain of God I all that we want , coming to hiin, as
we here do , with Christ, and through
people ought to offer up the sacrifice of the mass: the priest, as, Christ's minister, and in his
and the people by the hands of the priest ; and both the one and the other by the hands of the great High Priest Jesus Christ.And with this offering of Christ both the one and the other ought to make a total offering of theniselves also by his hands, and in union with him.
it. Hence the best devotion for hearing mass , is that which has for its object the passion of Christ, and which tends to unite the soul to Christ, and through him to his Father; and which most perfectly answers all the other cnds of this sacrifice , vix, the adoraţion of God, thanksgiving for all his benefits., the obtaining of pardon for all our sins, and grace in all our new cessities.