Imatges de pÓgina

fore, for the subject to bear the burthen with forti. Inde, and the great indications of Publick Spirit which have been generally manifested in the course of the past six months, afford a lively hope, that the affluent will again come forward, and by a free contribution of a part of their ample store relieve and exonerate the mass of those who are more circumscribed in means, and more limited in income, from having a larger share of the load placed on their shoulders than they can well sustain. The Affeffed Taxes we fear, will, as we predicted, be found to fall far short, of their expected amount, and to have been attended with consequences extremely ruinous to individuals ; while, on the other hand, the measure of redeeming the Land Tax has evidently fucceeded in an eminent degree, as the rapid rise of the Stocks incontrovertibly demonstrates.

The present posture of political affairs, and the conduct and language of the European Powers afford strong fymptoms of an inclination to form a new League against the French Republic, whose ambitious itrides, and unreasonable luit of power threaten the subjection of the whole Continent, unless timely prevented; and appear to havę awakened all its Potentates to a due sense of their real danger and their true interests. Should a new coalition of the Continental Powers, with the aid of those in the North, be entered into, this Country must necessarily take the lead in such a combination, and it poffibly may be wise for her to promote so falutary a measure, though at some considerable expence. We hope, however, that the advantage of past experience will not be lost to the King's Servanıs, but that they will take care to guard against an useless waste of publick treasure, and that a safe, an honourable, and a lasting Peace will be the consequence of the united efforts of Europe ! : December ift, 1798.







TUESDAY, Nov. 20. TIS Majesty went with his usual State to the House of

Lords, and being seated on the Throne, sent Sir Francis Molyneux, Uther of the Black Rod, to the House of Commons, to summon that House to attend the Royal Presence. As soon as the Commons were arrived, his Majesty opened the Parliament with the following molt gracious Speech from the Throne:

My Lords and Gentlemen, The events which have taken place in the course of the present year, and the signal success which, by the blessing of Providence, has attended my arms, have been productive of the happiest consequences, and have effentially promoted the prosperity and glory of our country.

The unexanipled series of our naval triurisphs has received fresli splendour from the nemorable and decisive action, in which a detachment of my fleet, under the command of Rear-Admiral Lord Nellon, attacked and almolt totally destroyed a superior force of the enemy, Itrengthened by every advantage of Gituation. By this grrát and brilliant vitory, an enterprise, of which the injustice, perfidy, and extravagance had fixed the attention of the world, and which was peculiarly directed againit some of the most valuable interests of the British Empire, has, in the firit instance, been turned to the confusion of its authors; and the blow thus given to the power

and influence of France has afforded an opening, which, if improved by suitable exertions on the part of other Powers, may lead to the general delivet Ince of Europe. The wisdom and magnanimity displayed at this conjuncture by the Em.



VOL. I. 1792

peror of Russia, and the decision and vigour of the Ottoman Porte, have shewn that those powers, are impresled with a just sense of the present crilis ; and their example, joined to the disposition manifefted almost universally in the different countries itruggling under the yoke of France, must be a powerful encouragement to other States, to adopt that vigorous line of conduct which experience has proved to be alone confitent with security or honour.

The extent of our preparations at home, and the demonstrations of zeal and spirit among all ranks of my subjects, have deterred the enemy from attempting to execute their vain threat of invading the coasts of this kingdom.

In Ireland, the Rebellion which they had instigated, has been curbed and repressed--the troops which they landed for its support, have been compelled to surrender; and the armaments since deftined for the same purpote, have, hy the vigilance and activity of my squadrons, been captured or difpersed. The views and principles of those, who, in concert with our inveterate enemy, have long planned the subversion of our Conttitution, have been fully detected and exposed, and their treasons made manifest to the world. Those whom they had misled or seduced, must now be awakened to their duty; and a just sense of the miseries and horrors which these traitorous designs have produced, must impress on the minds of alf my faithful fubje&ts, the neceflity of continuing to repel with fumness every attack on the Laws and established Government of their country.

Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Under the unavoidable pressure of protracted war, it is a great fatisfaction to me to obferve, that the produce of the public revenue has proved fully adequate to the increase of our permanent expenditure; that the naa tional credit has been maintained and improved; and that the commerce and industry of my subjects liave continued to fourish in a degree hitherto unknown.

The fituation in which we are placed, unhappily renders the continuance of heavy expences indispensible to the public safety; but the state of our resources, and the good sense and publie Spirit which prevail through every part of my kingdom, will, I trust, enable you to provide the neceffary lupplies without effential inconvenience to my people, and with as little addia tion as possible to the permanent burdens of the State. The progress made towards such a system, by the measures adopted in the last Seslion, and the aid given to public credit by the plan for the Redemption of the Land Tax, have been attended with the most beneficial effects, which you will, I am persuaded, omit 10 opportunity to confirm and improve.

My Lords and Gentlemen, I rely with confidence on the continuance of your exertions, to enable me ultimately to conduct the great conteit in which we are engaged, to a safe and honourable conclusion.

We have furmounted many and great difficulties-mour perseverance in a just cause has been rewarded with distinguished success, and our present situation, compared with that of other countries, fufficiently proves how much, in a period of general danger and calamity, the fecurity and happiness of the British Nation lave depended (under the blessing of Provi. dence) on its own constancy, its energy, and its virtue.

After his Majesty and the Cominons had withdrawn, Lord Bagot, Lord Hobart, and Lord Salterstown, took the oath and their seats in the House.

The Lord Chancellor then called the attention of their lordships to lvis Majesty's Speech from the Throne, of which he held in luis band a copy, and which he read to the House. It was also read by the Clerk in the usual form.

Earl Darnley immediately rose to move an Address in answer to the King's Speech ; his Lordihip began, as is customary on such occasions, with espressing a conscioufness of his own inadequacy to do justice to the fubjects on which he had undertaken to move the Address, and said it was the more incumbent on him to beg their Lordhips indulgence, as he had not the apology to plead of its being the first time of his having the honour of addressing their Lordships. Indeed, were he poffefsed of greater requisites for public speaking than he could pretend to, he was well aware that nothing could acid to the luftre of the communication that his Majesty had that day made to the House in respect to the very brilliant and splendid Victory obtained by Lord Nelson at the Mouth of the Nile. No Monarch had ever so glorious an opportunity of congratulating his people on the favourable prospect of their affairs. The nation was emerging from her difficulties, and confidence was restored among all ranks of people. He felt the warmest confidence, therefore that with refpect to the Address which he should propose, there would not be among their Lordships one diffentient voice: indeed, without such a conviction impreffed upon his mind, he would not have undertaken the talk of thus coming forward; a talk which, under other circumstances, would be one of confiderable difficulty. He was convinced that every Peer who heard hiin, must rejoice at the present fituation of the Country--its unprecedented elevation of warlike fuccefs and commercial prosperity; a situation worthy B 2


of being promulgated even to the remoteft corners of the world in tones of triumph and ecstacy. Impressed in the most lively manner with thefe grateful confiderations, he had the less difficulty in proceeding to such particular observations as the occasion called for, without further general preface. It had, he was aware, been sometimes complained of, that the Address moved on such days as the present, was too closely an echo to his Majesty's Speech ; but on the present occafion he could not, he was persuaded, do better than follow the language of his Majesty's Speech, as nearly as possible ; more especially as he was conscious it was not in the vain pomp of words to give additional lukre to a victory, which sufficiently demonstrated its own glory and magnitude of importance in the eyes of all Europe. Who could hear of the 'extraordinary heroism and virtue of our brave tars, and not have his mind filled with admiration of their courage and their patrioulin ! He had no hefitation in saying that the victory of the Nile was the most unparalleled atchievement in the annals of the Empire ; and it was as fruitful of advantages to the country as it was pregnant with glory—it had changed the political atmosphere of the world, The great and seasonable example which this country had shewn, had taught the nations of Europe their duty, and had convinced them that their best security depended on their own magnanimous exertions. Accordingly it was apparent that there were already symptoms of returning vigour in the Cabinets of several of the greatest powers of Europe, and he had no doubt but the ultimate effect of the victory would be, to inspire every Government with a just sense of wbat they owed to themselves and to society. Exclusive of that great and glorious victory, (which was enough to make Engliihmen exult, and consider that as a proud day for their country), the other topics touched upon in the Speech, were matters of solid fatisfaction to every one of their Lordships, and must be felt with pride and triumph by every British subject. The happy and fortunate suppression of the Rebellion that had broken out in Ireland, and the defeat or dispersion of fuch of the eneiny's detachments as had been sent to succour and support that Rebellion, which their own machinations and intrigues had given rise to, were also circumstances too failerinig not to be felt by their Lordihips with the fincerelt plcafure, and the more so, as they afforded additional proofs of the supaior skill, gallantry, and firmness of our naval commanders, and of Britih ftamen: not that he meant to insinuate that praise was due alone to those brave officers, who had been the happy inftruments of our late brilliant fucceffes at fea, as he sincerely believed we had many

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