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the Executive Government, and which gentlemen opposite him have the candour to confess have been used with difcretion, lenity and moderation, are we at once to throw away as useless. and unavailing those very precautions to which the country has been fo materially indebted, merely because we have escaped from those dangers, the existence of which the gentlemen who opposed him would not see, or if they saw it, would not own? They must be little read, indeed, in the book of human nature, who did not discover in the system of jacobinilin which was growing up in this country, every thing that is most degrading and perverted in human nature; every thing that betrayed qualities that excite the disgust and abhorrence of mankind a system, the progress of which may have been arrested by salutary measures which were employed to counteract it, but which is fure to return ; for it never can be extinguished as long as the mischievous activity of those who are tainted with the principles that foster and promote it remains unrepresied. The evil of that system has been propagated with the most inveterate obftinacy-and if what is bad and detestable is supported and carried by such means, what have we to employ in favour of what is laudable and good but that which is moft likely to fruftrate them? Let us therefore oppose to that inveterate obstinacy, perseverance and firinness, and that inveterate obstinacy muft at length yield to our invincible perseverance. And indeed would it be prudent to Qumber in unsuspicioussecurity, as long as there exif men who are hourly meditating and planning our destruction-men who never wake or sleep, or walk abroad without a dagger thirsting for our blood ! Would it be prudent, until we are satisfied that this deadly weapon is laid afide, to disarm our breasts of obat Shield which enables us to defy its point, and has effectually protected and preserved our lives? He could not but rejoice at finding that an hon. Gentleman (Mr. M. A. Taylor) agreed in the sentiments he had now expreffed ; but he feared that, though candour seemed to didate his arguments in favour of the question, yet that his partiality for bis political friends would induce the hon. Gentlemen to vote against it. But there was a word or two more which he would beg leave to address to that hon. Gentleman and to his political friends-He would vote for the motion, he fays, had there been a secret committee appointed, to examine into the necessity of the meafure, and if the report of that committee justified such a vote. But he would tell that hon. Gentleman that no such report was now necessary. The neceffity of adopting the measure under discussion that hon. Gentleman would strongly feel, if he would but reflect with
him upon what has passed in Ireland ; if he would but reflect parbat were still the designs of the enemy; if he would but reet flect that they still entertained the hope of realising those de
figns on some future occasion, and that they were anxiously in watching for that favourable moment; if he but reflected that o.it was through the medium of their traiterous agents in this
country that the Irith traitors had carried on their correspondence with the enemy; these reflections, and the confession of the traitors themselves, were doubtless fufficient to produce a change of sentiment in these gentlemens mjgds respecting the propriety of suspending the Habeas Corpus; there was therefore no necessity for a secret committee, nor could any betler ground be derived from the report of such a committee in favour of the measure now proposed. The day, however, might come, and perhaps it was not far distant, when it inight be wife and advisable to appoint such a committee, that, through its medium the public might be put in poffeffion of the extent of the treasons thul have been plotted in concert with the rebels in Ireland, and of the system of co operation adopted and pursued by their accomplices here. The period for that enquiry might come in the present session ; but at the present he had every reason to convince him of the necessity of continuing the falutary precautious by which the country has already been rescued from such imminent danger, vi
Mr. M. A. Taylor and Mr, Alderman Gombe said a few words in explanation.
Mr. Tierney said, that he voted last year for the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act, but he saw nothing in the present circumstances of the country that could now justify his voting for its being continued.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer fairl, he did not particularly allude to the hon. Gentleman who spoke last, though he had him in eye as well as those of his friends, who denied the exist.ence of the dangers that since have been made evident, and who resisted the precautionary system which minifters had been aoxious to embrace in order to avert those dangers. The question was now called for, and the House divided,
VOLUNTEER CORPS. Mr. Dundas rose to explain the grounds upon which he i5fended to move for a bill for exempting such persons as enroll themselves in the Volunteer corps from being ballotted for in
the supplementary militia. He said there was one duty which he had been anxious to perform, and vo time seemed more fic for it than the present, and that was, to make the acknowledgements of the country to the country, for the unequalled żeal and entergy which it had manifelted. The House could not but recollect, that about twelve months ago the country was, he would not say in a panic, but certainly in serious expectation that the enemy would make an attempt to invade the ifland. The period he alluded to was just after the rupture of the negotiations at Lifle. The whole of the force whicly at that time existed in this country, amounted in infantry, in regular militia, volunteers, &c. to 84,000 men; the cavalry, regulars, volunteers and yeomanry amounted to about 20,000, making the whole number of armed men in this country at that tiine 104,006. But in consequence of the threats of the enemy, the people of England felt that they ought to teach the enemy, that any attempt to invade this country would be followed by the total destruction of the invaders, and the mode which Englifhmen took to teach that lesson to the enemy, was to put themselves in a posture of the most complete defence. Since that period, out of the force which he had mentioned, about 2000 men had been captured at Oftend, who, having entered the purposes of the expedition, had been prevented by the weather froin re-embarking. Besides these, a body of 5000 men had been sent to India. It had been judged right to send 3500 upon a secret expedition into the Mediterranean. In addition to all these, this country had spared no fewer than 25,000 men to the asistance of Treland, making together a body of above 35000 men out of the 104,000 he had mentioned. He had now, however, the happiness to state, notwithstanding fo large a body had been sent out of the kingdom, that this country was, by the most unparalleled exertions, protected by the zeal and courage
of 240,000 men in arms. If the country remained true to itself if it kept up that zeal which it had hitherto displayed, he would announce with confidence, that it would remain in a state of impregnable security. He stared this with the sincerelt satisfaction, and he confidered it as a proud day for England that he was able to flate it. That we were in this proud situation was due to the people themselves— to them alone the merit belonged. They had thewn by their conduct that they were determined to protect their constitution and those laivs under which they had enjoyed so much happiness. He had faid, we were in a late of impregnable security; he would not have used such strong words, if he had not conlidered the nature of the force by which we were defended. Pró
tected as we now were, he certainly looked upon the idea of invasion with derision. But he wished no man to infer from his prelent security, that the continuance of his zeal and of his exertions were not necessary.
At present every part of the country was amply supplied with forces to reliít any attempt which the enemy might veniure to make. This was the state of the remoter parts of the country.
In the southern district there were above 32,000 men, under the command of that able veteran, Sir Charles Grey. In the eastern district there were no less than 80,000 men, under the command of another most able general. Besides these, the forces were arranged in such a manner, that in two or three days time, the forces in these districis might be augmented by above 20,000 men. This was the situation of the country with respect to its defence. The country was determined to remain free, and it rested for den fence upon its own spirit and determination. When upon former occasions he had moved for some of the bills for arming the people, fome Gentlemen exprelied a little alarm at putting arms into their hands. He said then, what he was convinced was true, that by far, very far the greater body of the people were found; and besides, he knew that the best way to make men feel a love for their country was to put them in a way to defend it. This had contributed much to that fortunate and happy change upon which they congratulated each other. He concluded with moving, That leave be given to bring in a bill for exempting persons serving in volunteer corps from being ballotted for the supplementary militia, under conditions.
Mr. Bouwerie hoped that care would be taken that no impediment thould be thrown in the way of raising the supplementary militia.
Sir William Young thanked the right hon. Gentleman for the compliment he had paid the country. He then described a corps to which he belonged, and which he thought entitled to the exemptions which the right hon. Gentleman had
Mr. Dundas said, that from the description which the hon. Baronet had given of the corps, he supposed it would fall within the exeinptions.
Leave then was given to bring in the bill, and Mr. Secretary Dundas and the Secretary at War were ordered to prepare and bring in the same. The House then refolved itself into a committee on the
INCOME BILL, Several of the cases of the schedule were then, with a va riety of amendments, which produced much desultory and irregular conversation, agreed to by the committee.
The tenth case, which related to the value of the profits of woods, mines, manors, and other profits of uncertain annual amounts, created much discussion.
Sir W'. Lemon called the attention of the committee to the peculiar circumstance of the Cornish mines, which were very different from those of every other description ; they were in general undertaken upon speculation, and that under peculiar disadvantages. In one cafe, he knew where a sum of between 85,00ol. and 90,00 l. was expended, and no return received therefrom until very lately. He thought properties embarked in this very precarious manner, should be favourably con, fidered.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer observed, that the same ar, guments might be advanced for the exemption of most other works of speculation. He saw no peculiar difficulties which undertakings of that kind in Cornwall lay under; they might in some points of view be considered as more precarious than the mines in other parts of the country : but on the other hand, there was a consideration in their favour, that by difcoveries, not unfrequently made in the course of working, they might be suddenly rendered a great deal more profitable than mines of other descriptions. It appeared to him there were but two ways in which the income of such concerns could be properly come at; either by taking the actual value within the year, or by taking it at a certain average, which upon the whole, he thought would be belt confided to com millioners resident in the country.
Mr. burdon made a few observations to the same effect.
Mr. Percival said, that conlistently with the principle of the bill, no difference could be made whether the income was derivable from a large or from a small capital,
The hon. Baronet complained of the business in question being in general a precarious speculation. So it would be forind to be in most others. For instance, the profesiion which he belonged to, the law; it was indeed a very precą. rious speculation, and so a great number of those who em. barked in it had experienced; but he begged Gentlemen to consider, that the disadvantages attending speculations in the Cornih mines did not arise from this bill; they were not