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the revolters of every district; and, in proportion as new bodies of our publick-spirited and brave militia of Britain were poured into Ireland, the Rebels gave way in every quarter, and from maintaining the open field in military array, were contented to lurk in fastnefses among the mountains, and assume the character of banditti, whose fell objects were universal rapine and midnight murder, where defenceless innocence suggested the safety of practising either the one or the other. The instant the Head of Rebellion was crushed, mercy and pardon were proclaimed to all who chose to lay down their arms, and take advantage of the King's lenity; a measure as wise as it was benevoleni, and not more temperate than it was succeflful. In confequence of this politic proceeding, even the Chiefs of the Rebellion, those who had planned and matured the revolt, made earnest application to Government to save the life of a favourite instrument of their designs, and obtained his reprieve, on the condition of an ample confession of their treasons, and an engagement to leave the kingdom of Ireland for ever, when it should please Government to transport them to other countries. The closing with this proposition reflected infinite credit on the new Lord Lieutenant (Lord Cornwallis) and his Government, and displayed its moderation, prudence, and fagacity in as strong a light as it had before manifested its firmness, its vigour, and its power in military exertions. A more important or more useful step never was taken under any circumstances of civil commotion that Hila tory has recorded. The doubts of mankind were by this means effectually removed, and those who, in the imprudence of Party zeal, had gone the length of de posing in a Court of Justice their confident opinion that one of the Leaders of the Irish Rebellion was swayed by the same motives of patriotism, that they took credit for themselves, were confounded by the conviction of their own rashness. The military occurrences in Ireland, fince this public confeffion of the Chiefs of the Rebels was made, have gradually
tended to enfeeble the efforts of the remaining revolu ters; and the surrender of the detachment of French forces, who had landed in Galway under the command of Monf. Humbert, after a flight resistance, indicated that approaching general suppression of the insurrection, which was effectually completed on the successful termination of the action fo gallantly fought off the north-western coasts of that kingdom, between Sir John Borlase Warren and the French squadron, the ships of which were fully freighted with arms, ammunition, and troops, designed to support that revolt, which the great nation, as they call themselves, had been induced to assist in fomenting.
Under these flattering circumstances, his Majesty has been enabled to meet his Parliament, and open the session with a speech, every line of which conveys an idea highly satisfactory to the feelings of his loyal and affectionate subjects, and that satisfaction must be encreased, when it is considered, that the speech states a series of successes of the utmost importance, and which cannot but reflect great honour on the national character. It is not to be wondered at, therefore, that in both Houses of Parliament unani. mity prevailed, and the members, who took part in the first day's debate, feemed to rival each other in the warmth of their acknowledgments, of the value of our recent victories at home and abroad. At the commencement of a session, in which measures of Finance of a nature altogether new, necefiarily comprehensive, and of considerable magnitude, will of course be brought forward, it is with the extremest Tegret, that we perceive any of the leading characters of the late opposition, (which Lord Lansdown said, " had disappeared, and was reported to be dead and buried,”) absent from their posts, and regardless of their parliamentary duty. We repeat the argument that we took the liberty of urging last year, when the same circumstance first presented itself to notice, and again allert, that wilfully to ablent himself from the service of his constituents in the senate, is highly
unconstitutional, and an absolute breach of publick trust in any member of either House of Parliament; nor is the shallow pretence of a conviction that he can do no good, or promote the interests of the kingdom in general, or of his individual electors, by duly attending in his place, either in the House of Lords or St. Stephen's Chapel, to be admitted as a justifiable plea for such conduct. If the member for a county, a city, or a borough, chuses to arrogate to himself what properly belongs to his constituents, the right of judging and deciding on the conduct of their representatives, he ought to follow up his seceffion from Parliament with the relignation of his seat, and thus afford those who sent him to fill it, an opportunity of electing another in his stead, more zealoully attached to their interests, and less bigotted to his own ill-founded opinion. Such a line of conduct would be a proof of political integrity eminently consistent, and highly honourable to the individual who practised it. The argument applies, certainly not in its particular detail, but in a general sense, to the noble Peers, if any there be, who may" have taken a similar determination to absent themselves from attendance in the House of Lords. Delegated by the constitution itself, and holding under it as hereditary counsellors of the crown, the people have an undoubted right to the full benefit of their wisdom, and their unremitted attention to interests in their legislative capacity.
Having thus enforced the constitutional objection to willful parliamentary secession, which appears to us to be unanswerable, we quit the irksome talk of political animadversion on ihe conduct of a few great and deservedly distinguished publick characters, and resume the more pleasant subject of congratulation to our Readers, on the singularly auspicious and favourable complexion, that the affairs of Great Britain have affumed, in the fixth year of a war unprecedented in all its circumstances. Let men have differed ever so widely upon the question of the justice
or the necesity of the war on its commencement, that question can now only be looked back to as a matter of fruitless fpeculation, since all must agree, that this country has done, what may possibly be deemed, more than enough to restore peace and general tranquility ; and that nothing can give repose to Europe, and security to its several powers, but an effectual check to the inordinate ambition of the French Republick, and its unbounded views of acquisition and aggrandizement. Confidering the war singly as a British war, a more glorious contest was never maintained by this country, though it had to contend with an enemy, who publicly set the law of nations at defiance, and furnished itself with resources by means as unparalleled, as they were revolting and repugnant to every positive duty of government, and the eltablished notions that have prevailed in the civilized world for ages. But extraordinary as the means have been, which the French Republick have not scrupled to resort to for supplies, from the very nature of them, it was impossible that they should be
permanent or lafting; and it has been lately seen, that having first exhausted the greater part of its own wealth by every possible method of general extortion and coercive robbery, the French have, by repeated requisitions and demands, equally unwarranted in pretext and prodigious in amount, so far emptied the coffers of every state which has unfortunately submitted to become dependants on the Republick, and drained them of their riches, that they are now nearly reduced to a state of bankruptcy and ruin; and borne down by the pressure of such a melancholy situation, are under the necessity of living upon their former credit, and the hopes of better times.
How happy is it then for Great Britain that at this advanced period of the war, her condition presents a picture the very reverse of that which has just been described! Still rich in resources, flourishing in her commerce, triumphant in arms, and stronger internally in consequenceof a suppreffed rebellion in a quar
ter of the Empire most intimately connected with her dearest interests; the stands pre-eminent among nations, and has arrested the admiration and applause of all Europe by her prowess and success in a part of the world, where the British thunder was scarcely ever heard before. Nor is the contrast between the situation and circumstances of the two distinguished Officers, who commanded lately, at sea and on thore, on the part of Great Britain and France, at the extremity of the Mediterranean, less singularly striking. Buonaparte, the Conqueror of Italy, who was sent, as it appears, on the forlorn hope to Egypt, (where he and his army will probably perish without having effected any one object sufficient to compensate for the risque, the danger, and the expence of fo Quixote. like an enterprise,) is either wandering in a hopeless ftate among the plains of Egypt, in the desarts of Arabia, or over the sands of Syria, and approximating a iniserable termination to his fame and his exiftence; On the contrary, our Christian Hero, Lord Nelson, (as he was emphatically called in the House of Peers) may say with the Roman Conqueror, “ veni,
vidi, vici,” (for such is the true character of his Victory in the Bay of Beguires,) and has returned nearer home to receive the honours and presents which awaited him, not merely from his own country, but from Foreign Powers, who have shewn therfelves eager to express their grateful sense of those eminent services, which cannot but produce a fenfible effect on the Politicks of Europe, and accelerate the wished for hour of general tranquillity and peace.
The great business of the Minister in the present Sefion of Parliament must be in bringing forward fuch measures of Finance, as are most likely to prove efficient and productive, proportionate to the immenfe amount of the Public Expenditure. An' amount never known in our annals, but which a variety of complicated circumstances have combined to render indispensibly necessary. It remains, there