Imatges de pÓgina

in inipudence, which paffes for that he may percharce retire to the seat of eativels of address, considered by the his predecesfurs to nurse the remains world as one of the natural and efti- of his fortune, and endeavour to make mable endowinents of a man of family a figure at a county meeting ;-But and fortune. The tutor finds it ne- whatever his fate may be, let it fink cessary to overlook the contempt with into an happy oblivion, as it is unnewhich he is treated by tie hope of cessary to crace any farther events of the family, who, instead of entering a life, the progreis of which will in into the beauties of a Virgil and a all probability be neither rendered an Horace, or of making himself per object of curiosity nor of admiration, fectly acquainted with the hiltory of by his exertions in the Senate or his his own country, is either receiving conduct in the army ; nor worthy the polite lessons of the dancing mat. of being recorded in any anuals but ter, or becoming an adept in the those of prodigality, oftentation, and myiteries of the stable and dog ken. gallantıy. nel, under the direction of the groom I shall now pass to occurrences and game-keeper. Nurtured in fully more deserving of contemplation; ta and ignorance till he is of an age fit mark the progress of meu whose tato receive the finish of his education lents are called into exertion by ne. in an university, he is sent there, ceflity, and whole genius is not funk with the attendance of his tutor, a into inactivity by case and affluence. proper

suite of servants, and an in. It is in the middle walks of life, to come adapted to his rank and expec- which younger brothers are in genetations. He there enters into every ral devoted, that we must look for degree of diffipation and extrava. eminent ttatesmen, brilliant orators, gance ; neglects the cultivation of his able philosophers, brave and illuftri. mind, although he pays a moit servile ous military commanders. and exact attention to the adornment When the younger sons attain to of his person; and while the tutor an age at which benefit may be de. composes his essays, young hopeful at rived from instruction, they are sent tends cvery public place of amuse- to a public school, where they are ment; and attracts at the same time early inured to disappointment and the favour and admiration of the punishment, where they have opporladies, and the contempt of men of tunities of emulation, one of the sense. The termination of his exist. greatest advantages which public tuience may be various. He may be iion affords, and where they see abilikilled in a duel originating from ties alone lead to superiority. In trifling punctilios,.oi from circum- the occurrences of the Ichool may ftances dangerous to the honour and discovered the dawnings of pre-emirepose of some worthy family; pro- nence, which if properly attended to, bably attracted by the glare of scarlet would afterwards burst out with and gold, he may commence a nili- fplendour in their riper years. In tary career in a militia regiment; hę the planner and conductor of their may become a filent or voting mem- enterprizes may be discerned the fue ber of Parliament, as that light and ture commander who might huri confrivolous conversation, and that egre. fulion on the troops of his enemy; gious vanity which rendered him the in the bold defender of their exploits, favourite of the fair, and a shining the future ftatesman or orator, in the personage in the polite circles, will cautious and plodding scholar, the no longer avail him when oppoled by future philosopher, in the generous men of the most genuine abilities, afferter of the rights of his companand of the most brilliant eloquence; ions, the patriot who might after



wards support those of his country. avoided. It is however too generally In a word, a public school is a mini- the case, that the father of a family ature of the world, where all the pas- lays down the line of life which he fions which agitate mankind are ex• wishes his children to pursue, and hibited upon a Imaller scale; and adheres to it with a pertinacity borwere parents to attend to the indica- dering upon itupidity, however adtions of spirit and inclination which verse and unfuiiable ihe inclinations are there displayed, many fatal events of these children may be. that daily occur (owing to the prefent system of education,) would be

(To be concluded in cur next.)

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THE present Abbey was founded them again with the dust of earthly

by King David I. in 1136, and cares; to his extraordinary piety the dedicated to the Virgin Mary ten monks have added the fupernatural years after its foundation. It is most power of working miracles ; his reagrecably situated in a pleasant and putation was increasid as a holy man, fertile vale, about a mile and a half forasmuch as Ingranı Bishop of Glasweft of Old Melrose, upon the south gow, and four Abbots, upop opening fide of che river Tweed, in the shire his grave i welve years after his buriof Roxburgh, and presbytery of Sel- al, found bis budy entirely uncorrupkirk

ted; he was canonized by the Church This Abbey was a Mother-Mo of Rome, and many offerings were mastery to ali the Houses of the Cis- made at his tomb in the Church of iertian Order in Scotland; the Monks this Monaftery, were brought fiom the Abbey of After the reformation Queen Mary Rievaile in York hire. It was amp- granted this Abbey, with all its Iyou dowed by King David its found. lands and revenues, to James Earl of tr, and the Charter of foundation Bothwell, who forfeired it on account was confirmed by Prince Henry his of treason. It was afterwards glantfon, from which it appears that he ed to James Douglass, second son of gave to it all the lands of Melrose, William Douglass, of Lochleven. Elduo of Derniwic, Galtownside, It was also given to Sir John RamGaltownside haugh, and Galtown- say as a reward for his rescuing King fidie-wood, and many privileges in the James VI, from the attempts of the for. Its of Silkirk and Traquair, par- Earl of Gowry, and his brother at ticularly betwixt the waters of Galla Perth. James Vi. afterwards beand Leeder.

stowed it on Sir Thomas Hamilton. Many Abbots of this Monastery whom he created Earl of Melrose in were remarkable for their piety and 1619, which title he fome time after learning; among these the inott emi. exchanged for that of Haddington. nent was Waldevus ihe second Ab. It is at present in the possession of boi, who was a son of King David his Grace the Duke of Buccleugh, the founder. He was elected Bishop to whole respect and tafte for those of St Andrews, but declined accepi- venerable remains of antiquity the ing the See, saying he had washed public is indebted for its present ex: his feet, and could not contaminate ittence.


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THE LIFE OF MIRABEAU. From Biographical Anecdotes of the Founders of the French Revolution, vel. 2. THE THE name and family of Mira. defire of obtaining celebrity, he

beau have been illustrious both published an eloge on the great Condé, in arms and letters. Born with an

Born with an and some pieces of poetry. But he athletick conftitution, he also re- wanted a guide to direct his first ceived strong passions from nature; Alight, to regulate his taste, and to the passions were in fome measure the rein in the wanderings of an ardeat inheritance and distinctive character- genius. istiek of his house. Education, by a

Locke became that guide. Miproper direction of them, might have rabeau has often confessed that he made a great man of him ; constraint, was indebted for his progress, to the on the other hand, by reftraining writings of this author. It was in their flight, and repressing their de. them he found that luminous, forci. velopement, could not prevent him ble, irresistible logick, with which from becoming a famoxs one : he had his works abound, and without which a mixture of both in his compofi. there cannot be any real eloquence. tion.

An order from his father, and the He was indebted for his genius force of custom, made him embrace and his faults to his misfortunes. The the military profession. From a school, Hercules of the revolution had his he repaired to a garrison. It was beEuristheus: the thorns that opposed yond a doubt at this seminary of the his career were strewed by the jealous young nobility, that an excellent dismediocrity of his father, who to the position was perverted, and the pre pride of an author joined the harsh- sage of talents, ftiAed by vices, which ness of the head of a sect.

it was the custom to applaud and honThe first years of Mirabeau's youth our. were spent under the direction of an It was there that youth was fa. able preceptor called Poisson ; and thioned to the insolence of tyranny, bis son, at present known by the and the meanness of lavery. His name of Lachabeauffiere, who has fenfibility at length awoke: love conditinguished himself by some thea- verted him into a new being, and his trical pieces, received his instruction first paflion, announced by stormy at the same time, and partook of the symptoms, was marked with all the fame lessons : he has since claimed a peculiarities of his character. translation of Tibullus, attributed to The father of Mirabeau was alarm. Mirabeau.

ed: this husband, who squandered Mirabeau pra&tifed with facility away his fortune in a scandalous man. and delight the various exercises for ner among mistreffes, became the instrengthening and improving the bo- flexible tyrant of the tender passion dy; his phyfical was more regular of his fon, whom he caused to be shut than his moral education.

up in the fort of the isle of Rhé; he At the age of fourteen, he left his was actually on the point of forcing tutor, from whom he had imbibed a him to embark for the Dutch colo: knowledge of the clafficks, and a fer- nies, a fate reserved for the vileft of vent desire for further instruction, the Europeans, of whom they are at Sent afterwards to a boarding-school, once the receptacle and the tomb. he Itudied mathematicks during two The friends of the Marquis de Mirayears, and cultivated with success the beau, however, prevented him from agreeable arts of music and drawing. executing fo base an assassination. It -Young, but tormented with the was this first abuse of authority that Ed. Mag. Jan. 1799. B


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