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I should proceed to sea to bring to action mona, of 40; and Proserpine, of 40,) a reputed superior force, they rewed captured her the day before. great ipirit and used every exertion to These frigates had come from Carthaaccompany me in their armed transports, gena, had touched at Barcelona, failed as did Licutenant Simmonds, the other from thence on Saturday last bound to agent in his. I must now beg leave to Mahon, with eigbt millions of Rials to Inention my first lieutenant Mr George pay the troops. Jones, who, in the various and hazird. Deeming it absolutely necessary to ous services he had to undergo during make the Peterell useful until your rethe attack of the island, has proved turn, I took all the Spaniards out, (73 in highly delerving my praise; I have there number,) and gave her in charge of my fore put him to act as Commander of the fift Lieutenant Mr Lyne, with a mate, Peierell, which thip I have pre umed to two midshipmen, thirty seamen, and recommission to convey the present dif- twelve marines, directing them to land parches. There is also high merit due to an Officer and Guide at Fornelles, with my second lieutenant, Mr William Buch- a letter for Gen. Stuart, and to return annan, whom I landel as second in com bere immcdiately, mand vider Capt. Bowen, with more I am sorry to inform you the Spaniards than 258 seamen : There were likewise behaved very ill to the officers and feathe Leviathan and Centaur's marines men of the Peterel!, having robbed and with the army to the number of 100; plundered them of every thing. Great but other essential service calling Capt. part of the Captains and Officers clothes Bowen on board his ship, the command I have recovered. of the leamen devolved on Lieut. Buch.
I have the honour to be, Sir, &c. annan, and, as will appear by the strongest
James Bowen. accompanying teftimony given him from Commodore Duckworth, the Coinmander in Chief of the army, SIR, Before Ciudadella, Nov. 18, 1798 he performed the services with the army with the greateft ability and exertion. I the Gentiemen employed on shore under
I have the honour to return you and fhould feel myself remiss was I to close this without noticing to your Lordihip your command, my fincere thanks for the particular exertions, activity, and your activity, zeal, and assistance, in forcorrectness of Lieut. Whifton, of the warding the Light Artillery of the army; Conftitution cutter, in the various fervi neither can too much praise be given to ces and messages he had to execute.
the fearen for their friendly and chear· The general having signified his with ful exertions under very hard labour; that his dispatches should be sent without
exertions which were accompanied with delay, I have not yet been able to visit
a propriety of behaviour which I greatly
attribute to your management, and the port o! Mahon, to obtain a return of the ftate of the dock.yard or vessels cap ments, and affords me the fatisfaction of
which will ever merit my acknowledg. tured in that place ; but I understand, from Capt. Lord Robert Mark Kerr, that afturing you that I am, with fincere rethere are no Tips of war, and only one
pard, Yours, &c. Chas. Stuart.
Lieut. Buchannan. merchant ship of value ; the particulars of which I will transmit by the earliest A List of Stores found in the Arsenal at opportunity. I have the honour to be,
Port Mabon. my Lord, with the highest respect, &c. The keel and stern frame for a man of &c.
war brig, on the rocks, with all the 7. T. Duckworth. timbers, and part of the clothing, all the SIR, Argo, at Sea, 15th Nov. 1798.
rigging, &c.; 14 gun-boats, hauled up
with all their rigging in good order, but I have the honour in acquaint you, the boats very old ; 13 boats from 36 to that at half past three P. M. on the 13th 20 feet in length, all their rigging in good instant, I had the good fortune to come order, and fit for service; 2 cables of 19 up with the ship that I hauled the wind inch, 2 cables of 9 inch, z cables of sł atter round Cape Rouge, conformable to inch, and a great quantity of rope ; old your signal; she proved to be his Majes. junk, 6000 pounds ; fix anchors, from iy's ship Peterell, in poffeffion of Don 14 1017 hundred weight; seven grap. Antonio Franco Gandrada, second Cap- nele, of seven hundred weight; a large lain of the Spanish frigate Flora, who, in quantity of all sorts of iron work; a brass company with the three others named in mortar, of 13 inch; three ditto of 12 the margin, (Callda, of 40 guns; Po- ditto ; some inells, of 13 inch and of 8
inch ; two topmails for 74 gun ships ; .Whatever might have been the view three leffer ones ; leveral caps and spars ; of America, no doubt can be epiertained 1000 fir planks ; several knees, and some that France, in negociating the creaties, oak plank; twenty tons of nails of all was actuated by animoliiy, and a design forts; thirty bolt of new, and about 400 to reduce the commerce and humble the yards of old canvas ; fourteen Spanish power of a rival nation. The peace of pendants; blocks for the neers and heav. 1783, which gave us complete and acing ships down of ali detcriptions, with knowledged poffeffion of nationalindepeno ariou- other small articles.
dence, at the same time gratified the am(Signed). 7. Wooldridge. bition, and extended the commercial
Lieutenant of the Cormorant. views of France. November 18, 1798.
As long as the polpable interefit of that Lis of Ships and Vesels found at Port country was pr. moted by the operariun Mahon, and taken pof fion of.
of the treaty, to long an apparent core A nip «t 540 0118, parly iaden with dia ity fubfifte.'; but no tooner were the
Alames of war kindler: between the two cottor, gui!", and drogs; a fhip of 200
in Europe, than it betons, in billaft; a xebec of 60 tons, laden
came evident, the fole object on the part with horn ; and four small ...sians.
of France was to drag us into the conteft; (Signed)
7. Wooldridge, Lieutenant of the Cormorant. vled all the means in her power to de
and, failing of success, she has ever fince
prive us of the commercial advantages AMERICA.
contemplated by the treaty, in the rela-, [The following charge of the Ameri- tive fituasion of the three Dations, which can Jute Rush, will be read with plea. had actually taken place. sure an i approbation by every supporter Hence our connection with France will of norality and reigion.]
be found, during the war between her From the Philadelphia Gazette. Sept. 22•
and Great Britain, to be a history of alCharge, Delivered to the Grand Jury of
tercation and complaint on both sides, Luzerne County, at the late Court held and of aggression and plunder on the part
of France. at Wilksbarre, by his Honour Judge Rush.
Notwithlanding an express fipulation
in the treaty, “that the goods of an eneGentlemen of the Grand Jury,
my shall be free from capture on board I congratulate you on the diffolution an American bottom,' they have in a of the political ties that have been the lawless manner made prize of property means of connecting us for feveral years on board our vessels, though protected by with the French nation. Thank Heaven . the express terms of the treaty, to the the Gordian knot is at last cut, and we great injury of our citizens and interrupare feparated, I truft, for ever. The 17th tion of our trade. day of July, Congress, by law, dilan- We cannot, however, Gentlemen, be nulled our treaties with that country, surprized at this proceeding on the part and declared them to be no longer bind- of the French Government, when we ing upon the United States.
call to mind the infamous position they It would take up too much time, and have openly maintained, "that nations is foreign to my present purpose, to go have a right to break treaties whenever into a full detail of the numerous reasons they become inconvenient." Ii is, in. that have long required, and now fuily deed, a melancholy truth, that nations, juftify this procedure on the part of our in their intercourse with each other, are Government. From the date of our trea- too little refrained by the most facred ties with France in the year 1978, no engagements; yet it is worthy of remark, event occurred between the two nations notwithftanding their frequent infraction worthy of notice, till the commencement of treaties, they evince an anxiety to fa. of the war in Europe. The interval bea tisfy the world of the propriei y of their tween these two periods was highly bene- conduct by a publication of the reasons ficial to the French, by throwing into and causes that induce the violations, their hands the profits of an extensive and, in their opinion, authorise it. and lucrative commerce with this coun- This decent mode in use among na. try.
tions, when they have recourse to the
* See memorial of Le Brun, addrefled to the British Minifter.
violatinn of treaties, while it maniteits cominencement of the war, they suddene the fer so they entertain of tbcir binding ly and without no’ice, while the lea was force, is a silent and honourable fribuie covered with American veffuis, feized to the caule of truth and moral obliga- them for want of certain papers never ciron. It exi ibi's a foundness of principle contemplare by the tieaty, and conat ieait, though te practice may not rile derued veff:i and carga. Hence, too, fo high or be correfpondent to it. The they have preten led to pass laws for the French are, I believe, the first nation confiscation of our vefl-in, in case goods upon earth that have publicly renounced or merchandize of ine growth of the Brithe obligatory force or treaties, and al. tim poft lions are found on board them, sumed he profligate position, that shey In the fituation of the United States, it is may be broken whenever the circum- not conceivable that our commerce could stance of either party may require it. It receive a more tatal biow. is one thing to transgress the laws of After having thus in a manner annitruth and virtue, and another to maiu- hilaied our trade, the final scheme for tain the lawfulness of the action. The our deitructiin bas at length been fully very Algerines and lavages would blush unfolded to view. We have been injured, at the thought.
we have been insuited, we have bera robo Nor has the law of nations been treat. bed of millions; and on application for ed with more respect by thelt ferocious redress through the piedium of our Eninnovators. Our government has been voys, have been told (instead of doing us insulted with a charge of perfidious neu: justice), we must lubmit to pay
whatever trality, because we did not forcibiy relift fums of money their ambition may the British in their searches after French prompt them to demand; to which our property on board American bottons. Envoys objectirg, they were cooliy told No pofition can be more fully established 10 look at Venice and other countries by the law of nations, than that the pro. they had lubdued, and take warniny by periy of an enemy on board a neutral them. With respect to the justice of their bottom may be leized and confiicated. measures, they discovered at the imple
Though this principle be as incontroverte dence and cansour that highwaymen able as the existence of tbe Sun in the fire often practice. They admitted they were mament, yet it has met with opposition about to rob us, and urged the farse plea from French cafuiftry; and the most ap- in their defence their extreme want of proved and enlightened writers on the money, and their power to extort i:. Tubject have been impudenily styled musly Thus the mask is completely taken off, and antiquated authorities, because they and the bold experiment is to be tried of have not lanctioned their un warrantable reducing us to the fate of conquered usurpations. The firft efforts of the provinces for to this date we shall cerFrench Government were designed to tainly be reducerl, and be fo confidered involve us in a war with Great Britain. by the world, if we but submit to pay For several years this was the polar ftar the sums réquired, or even a tarihing. of their conduct towards us; and the These and other obfervations of a limiîcheme has been pursued, sometimes lar nature, we may presume, occurred to through all the windings of dupliciiy and the legislature of the United Staice, and falsehood, and at other times with open may be supposed to have induced thera and undisguiled violence. Herce their to refcind our treaties with the French . agenis have infolen:ly dared to arm vele nation. fe's in the ports of the United States to But whatever motives of a political cruize against their enemy. Military pro nature Congress may have had (i few of motions have been ffuró under the au- which have been bricliy ftated), there thority of the French Government, and are various other confiutritious that candistributed among our chizens ; and an not fail to renuier the evnt liigily in. atteript actually made to raile an armed teresting to every virtuous patrio-o force in our country, for the avowed pur every friend of religion and nioralier. pose of forcing us to depart from our The nation that now menaces us with neutrali: v, and involving wo in a war wiih conqueil and deftrucior, alivays equally Great Britain.
ambirintis, refleis, and intriguing, has Having in vain endeavoured to drag us been erabied, by overthroaing her moe into the vortex of the Europran war, narchy, nearly to realile the romantic they have fince systematically pursued a projecis of Louis the Fourteenth. The plan for the extirpation of our commerce. change in the form and appearance of Hence it was that four years after the their Government bas pot produced the
flightest alteration in the essential cha. infused into the nation, and so far these racter of the people. On the contrary, two parties perfectly agreed, and never it has given a new foring and energy to thwarted each other in their revolu. all those qualities by wbich they have tionary movements. been ever nationally diftinguished. Their Infidelity having got poffeffion of the endless intrigue, perfidy, and thirft of power of the State, every nerve was expower, which under the monarchy could erted to efface from che mind all ideas only find vent through their King, as of religion and morality The doctrine the legal organ and head of the govern of the immortality of the soul, or a fue ment, have been displayed to the world ture Nate of rewards and punishments, so with a tenfold accumulated force and essential to the prefervation of order in anischief, by their tumulcuary and popu. society, and to the prevention of crimes, lar assemblies.
was publicly ridiculed, and the people Whatever doubts may have been once taught to believe that “ Death is an conceived of the designs of the French re. everlasting Neep." formers, we apprehend lubfequent events They ordered the words “ Temple of
have authorized us to affert, that they Reason” to be inscribed on the churches, never intended to refiore freedom in in contempt of the doctrine of revela. France, but their sole. object was to ag- tion. Atheistical and licentious homigrandize their own country, at the ex- lies have been substituted in the churches pence of the liberty and independence instead of the old service, and a ludicrous of their neighbours. In the progress of imitation of the Greek mythology exhithis vast enterprize it was an indispen- bited under the title of the Religion of fable part of the plan to corrupt and en. Reason." Nay, they had gone fo far as flave their own country, thereby to in- to dress up a common trumpet with the crease the means, and to facilitate the moft fantaftic decorations, whom they fcheme of reducing and defolating the blasphemously styled “ The Goddess of rest of the world.
Reason," and carried to church on the The revolution in France originated houlders of some Jacobins selected for with the philosophers and politicians, the purpose, escorted by the national and in the accomplishment of the grand guards and the constituted authorities. work they went hand in hand. It is a When they got to the church, the ftrumwell known fact, that that kingdom, pre pet was placed on the altar crected for vious to the disorders which now diftract the purpose, and harargued the people ; it, fwarmed with Atheists, who dignified who, in return, professed the deepest adothemselves with the name of philofo- ration to her, and sung the Carmagnole phers ; with the fame propriety and jus. and other songs, by way of worshipping sice as if a gang of robbers thould allume her. This horrid fcene almoft roo hor. the character and call themselves, “ Therid to relate, was concluded by burning friends of peace and order.” However, the prayer book, confessional, and every fince they have gone by the name of thing appropriated to the use of public French philosophers, for the fake of dif- worship; numbers, in the mean time, tination we shall admit the title. These danced round the flames with eve. men, who had been educated in the ry appearance of frantic and internal atheistical school, that had been publicly mirth. taught for half a century in Europe, by Surely, Gentlemen, if any thing can Voltaire, D'Alemberte, and the great ftrike the mind with horror, it must be Frederick of Prussia--combining their to see the representatives of a whole nam influence with the politicians, happily, tion in the act of denying the existence of or rather unhappily, united irreligion the God of Heaven, and with every cirand ambition in the attainment of the cuinftance of deliberation, withdrawing fame object. This noxious race of infi. their allegiance from the Lord of Nature dels, by extinguishing all fente of moral and Parent of the Universe. This scheme, evil and of a future ftate of existence, though deep laid, and accompanied as prepared the nation for the diabolical it was with music, and every species purposes to which the politicians intend- of parade and pageantry that had a ed to apply it. Not that the politicians tendency to make an impression on the had the reaft regard to religion ; but they minds of the illiterate class of mankind, were not actuated by the same zeal and must have done vaft mischief; was, in malice against it that influenced the athe. all probability, of but little avail, when istical junto. It was equally the wish of coropared with the infinitely pernicious both to see the most liccntious priuciples consequences of abolishing the Christian
Sabbath, and fubverting the intitution effe Atual means ever devised to promote of marriage.
the notion, that death is an everlafting Totally to eradicate all regard to a sleep, and consequently to remove all : ftate of futurity, is, perhaps, not within restraint from vice. Even Julian, the the power of men, where the mind has apoftate and philosopher--the cool and received an early tin&ture of it. The insidious Julian, with all his rancour and observation of the Sabbath, and the law malice, was but a type of the Briffots, of marriage, as they are institutions of a the Dantons, the Condorcets of France. pofitive nature, may be much easier ba- How happy would be have been to have nished from society, especially when we lived in their day, to have seen the fruits reflect that some of the strongest pro- of their labours--the churches fhut uppensities of our fallen nature countenance a strumpet worshipped-Sunday abolithand favour the design.
cd-Chriftianity overthrown-God dir. The institution of the Sabbath is un honoured. queftionably of Divine authority, and Vain and impious mortale ! « He that bears the most evident marks of its high litteth in the heavens Thall laugh-the origin. It should never be forgotten, Lord shall have them in derision-he that man was made for immortality, shall break them with a rod of iron-he and the period of human life is that state shall dah them in pieces like a potter's of probation on which depends his hap: vessel.” Cease, ye vipers ; ye moral vipiness or misery beyond the grave. Der pers, cease, you are biting a file. The tined to live for ever, it seriously behoves very gates of hell Mall not prevail him to fet apare some portion of his to exterminate our holy religion. The time to ponder his ways-to look back fame Almighty Being that at firft fet ward and forward, and to prepare for bounds to the ocean, will in due season that unchangeable scene to which he is arrest thy greatness, thy wickedness, and rapidly haftening. Our infinitely wise thy madnessmand fay unto thee, Creator knew what was in man; he therto shalt thou come, and here thall knew the tendency which the incessant thy proud waves be stayed.” The relicases and business of life would have, to gion which ye persecute, fhall triumph baniih all thought of himself and a future over all your machinations, and flourith ftate; and therefore to prevent this, and strong and fair when ye are dead and for. at the same time to keep alive a sense of gorten ; or if your names be fill rememtheir existence and reality, has enjoined bered, it hall be only to proclaim, like us to appropriate a certain part of our that of Julian, the impotence of human time for the sole duties of piety and de- malice against the cause of Chriftianity. votion. “ Religion,” says the celebrated [To be concluded in our next.] Dr Johnson, “the rewards of which are
BIRTHS. diftant, and which is only animated by faith and hope, will glide by degrees out Nov. 30. The Lady of Lieut. Col. of the mind, unless it is invigorated and Hunter, of the 48ih regiment, a son, ac reimpressed by external ordinances, by Gibraltar. stated calls to worship, and the falutary Dec. 16. The Lady of the Right Hon. influence of example.” It is the opi. Dennis Brown, a son, at Ayr. nion of some wile and good men, that 23. Mrs Maclean, wife of Colonel Chriftianity will stand or fail as this day Maclean (Breadalbane fencibles), a fon, is observed or neglected ; of which it at Invereik. seems to be the main pillar or palladium. 15. Mrs Maitland, younger of RanTo the ordinances of public worship, and keilour, a son. the knowledge and impressions received. 27. Mrs Gregson, wife of Thomas by means thereof, we are indebted for Gregson, Esq. Cessford, a daughter. that good feed which produces daily such 29. Mrs Hogarth, wife of Mr David abundant crops of peace, order, and vir Hogarth at Lennelhill, a daughter. tue in society.
. Mrs Hathorn of Castlewigg, a If these observations are well founded, daughter. and we believe they cannot be well con- Jan. 1. Ac Barroch House, Mrs Sintroverted, what mighty havoc what in- clair of Barroch, a daughter. conceivable destruction on the morals of 6. Mrs Hay of Drumelzier, a son at a nation muft be the result of abolishing Dunfe Caftle. the Sabbath. It was certainly the most 11. Mre Buchan Sydserff, a daughter.
* Lives of the Poets ia Vita Milion.