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will adhere too closely to instructions, or fail to include in the bound volume the characteristic notelets' which, to quote Mr. Ebsworth, the present Editorial Ancient Mariner sends forth' in his accustomed mood of tolerant good humour. Not the least attractive portions of the volume are Mr. Ebsworth's cheery and Lamb-like essays upon his own responsibilities, upon the coyness of English public libraries, the shortcomings of subscribers (in their payments), and so forth. Fortunate, indeed, is a society which can find an editor thus brisk, competent, self-reliant, and energetic. The entire work of the volume, including the reproduction of the numerous new drawings and engravings, has been executed by Mr. Elsworth single-handedly and free of any cost whatever to the members of the Society. Wholly miscellaneous are the contents of the present part, consisting principally of social and amorous ballads, which may be roughly arranged [following the order of the original Roxburghe Collection at the British Museum,] by the predominant initial letter of the titles, under the letters D. [E., etc.] We have thus ' The Dorsetshire Damosel,' “The Doubting Virgin,' The Dumb Lady,' • Dying Tears of a Penitent Sinner,' 'Downright Dick of the West,' * Disdainful Virgin led Captive,' «The Dying Lover's Reprieve,' and so forth. Excellent reading are not a few of the ballads. To our thinking, however, the prefaces and notes, the latter brimming with humour and with quaint and curious information, constitute the most attractive portion of the work. The appearance of Part XII. is eagerly expected.-Notes and Queries, 6th series, vii. p. 380, May 12, 1883.

Part XII. of The Roxburghe Ballads, now issued under the care of the Rev. J. Woodfall Ebsworth, completes the fourth volume of the series. The entire volume, the previous parts of which have been noticed in our columns, is dedicated to Mr. William Chappell, the predecessor of the present editor in the task of preparing for the press this superb collection of ballads. The contents of the present part are made up of Historical Ballads, on the Duke of Monmouth, the victory at Bothwell Bridge, with loyal songs and satires against Jack Presbyter. In no respect of value or interest do these ballads yield to their predecessors. Aphra Behn, Tom Brown, Carew, Dryden, D'Urfey, Etherege, Rochester, Sedley, and Waller, are among the authors whose writings are put forth in the ballad form. To Andrew Marvell, dubiously, on the strength of public report, are assigned a ballad called “The Haymarket Hectors,' dealing with the cutting of Sir John Coventry's nose, and one, even more in his style, on the gallant exploit of “The Three Dukes,' killers of a beadle who interfered with their pleasures. The epigram upon ‘My Lord AllPride' is unmistakeably by Rochester, and has all the characteristics, good and bad, of his style. *Gallantry All-a-Mode ; or, The Bully to the Life,' sung to the Tune of Let the Traitors Plot on,' affords a wonderfully vivacious picture of the followers of Belial indicated by Milton in the second book of Paradise Lost. Mr. Ebsworth’s introduction to the second series is in keeping with the work. Some of the rollicking spirit of the ballad-mongers seems to have entered into his mind, and his jeers at ‘Scotch critics' [i.e. W. D. Christie, David Masson, etc.), at 'the prudish and mawkish proprieties of this very hypocritical age,' at the 'cheap professors of English literature,' and the hackwriters of the day whom publishers delight to honour, who toss off editorial pancakes with a light heart, and squeeze dead authors dry like lemons '[this meaning, probably, Edmund W. Gosse, Professor Morley, and possibly Louis Stevenson who traduced Villon and boasted that he showed the clay feet' of Robert Burns), are exhilarating, and almost Rabelaisian in their overflowing drollery and joviality. Mr. Ebsworth is doing good work, which no one can do so well as he. It is pleasing to see that, in the midst of the difficulties and obstacles which environ him, he retains a cheerful and indomitable spirit, and goes about his task with a light heart. When it is remembered that, beside

the [chronological] arrangement of ballads, which in the original are thrown together higgledy-piggledy, every word of introduction and comment is by Mr. Ebsworth, and every fac-simile of the quaint and interesting old woodcuts is by his hand, the nature and extent of the work accomplished may be understood. It is pleasant to hear that Volume Five copied out, and that its publication will forthwith be commenced.-Notes and Queries, 6th series, vol. viii. p. 438, December 1, 1883.

With the thirteenth portion of the Roxburghe Ballads Mr. Ebsworth commences the fifth volume of this rapidly progressing series. With it also terminates the second group of ballads on the struggle for succession between the Duke of Monmouth and the Duke of York. The period covered in the present Part extends from the meeting of the Oxford Parliament in the March of 1680-81, to the week preceding the discovery of the Rye-House Plot, in June, 1683. The most interesting portion consists of the ballads on the marriage of Tom Thynne, and on his murder, at the instigation of Count Königsmark, by Captain Vratz, Lieutenant Stern, and the Pole Borotszi, who were hanged in Pall Mall, close to the scene of the murder. Bitter lampoons are directed against the Duchess of Portsmouth and other royal favourites. Through this not too satisfactory epoch in our annals Mr. Ebsworth progresses, supplying, in the shape of preliminary information and illustrative comment, a complete history of the country from a strongly anti-Monmouth point of view. Few of those who look at these quickly succeeding volumes can rightly estimate the amount of patient labour and active research involved in making the requisite references. Few, moreover, calculate how clear a light is cast upon English History by these fragmentary illustrations. No student of history should fail to subscribe to the Ballad Society.- Notes and Queries, 6th series, vol. ix. p. 40, January 12, 1884.

[Highly favourable Reviews of the successive parts have also appeared in The Atheneum, The Academy, The Antiquary, The Antiquarian Magazine, etc.)

POSTSCRIPT. Two fresh Parts are now quite ready, completing Vol. V., and a new volume is being printed without delay, commencing with a Group of Naval Ballads. The end of the work is near at hand, the speed of issue depending solely on the receipt of our subscriptions. A GENERAL INDEX will conclude the Roxburghe Ballads. The Balance-sheets now issued will show which of our members (alas, how few !) responded to the call for doubling their contribution, in order to expedite delivery. Our best thanks are due to them, but it is ungenerous of others to grudge the help necessary when the number of supporters is so small. Death has removed some staunch friends, among whom we especially regret to lose Frederick Ouvry, V.P.S.A., and Henry A. Bright (the accomplished nephew of the latest former possessor of the Roxburghe Collection, and gatherer of the Supplementary Vol. IV.). Close your ranks, resist the foe, ye veterans ! and let every man do what he can to supply the place of lost comrades.

Though much be taken, much abides ; and though
We are not now that strength which in old days
Moved earth and heaven, that which we are, we are:
One equal temper of heroic hearts,
Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will
To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield.


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