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Wines, Sprits, Teas, &c., imported Chap. XV. Trade between the Countries of
the United States bordering the
ported from the United States in
American wheat and other ship-
Canals and Railroads in the New
and retained for Home Consumption
729 CHAP. XVIII. American Trade with the Prai-
ries, and with Santa Fé....
Lake Commerce of Cleveland,
bles relative to the Tonnage of the
Detroit to the Military Stations, on
Imports into the United States
Trade at Buffalo, Black Rock,
Total Value of Domestic Ex-
various Foreign Countries in each
Great Britain, exhibiting the propor-
Recapitulation of the Naviga-
periods, to the United States , ....... 925
Value of Cargoes carried by Chap. XXII. Navigation and Trade between
Value of Principal Articles of
Central America, and the States of
Imports of Foreign Merchandise CHAP. XXIX. Miscellaneous Tables ;
prising a Summary View of the prin-
cipal Exports, and other Statements
relative to the trade of the United
Value of principal Articles of
Ditto ditto at Mobile for same
nufactures Exported to the United
Ditto ditto at New York for
Ditto ditto from 1833 to 1844.... 920
Return of British Trade at New
United Kingdom, in each Year, from
Trade at New Orleans, during same
Amount of Tonnage employed
Exports of Cotton and Tobacco
States and Great Britain, during
Statement of Sugar made in
belonging to the Port of Phila-
States, and Europe
Passages made by the “Great West-
against Fire, adopted by the New
York Fire Insurance Companies......1057
998 CHAP. XXXIV. Lighthouse Establishments in
Passages to and from Liverpool and
the United States...
Halifax, of the British and North CHAP. XXXV. Currency and Banking Insti-
tutions of the United States of Ame-
-1840 and 1842..
Marseilles, Hamburg, &c. &c. Lines
-Monies, Weights, and Measures of
the United States
Average Freights during Summer of
-Mint of the United States ..1174
Public Lands in the United States......1189
Names and Tonnage of the principal CHAP. XXXVI. Finances of the United States
British and American Vessels which
arrived at the Port of London from CHAP. XXXVII. Customs' Revenue in each
the United States, during the first
State from 1791 to 1844.... ........1203
Six Months of 1845
Receipts of the Treasury and Expen-
British Navigation with the North
diture of the United States from 1791
Cargoes from British North America.. 1012 (See also following Revenue Tables,
CHAP. XXXII. Tariff and Customs Law of
up to 1844 inclusive.)
the United States (1842) ..........1016 CHAP. XXXVIII. Taxation and Debts of the
Rate of Duties payable on the principal
several States ..
Articles imported into the United CHAP. XXXIX. Statistics of Texas
States from Great Britain, under the CHAP. XL. Treaties of Commerce between
Tariff of 1842....
the United States and Foreign
Ci-devant Tariff of Texas
Rates at which Foreign Money, or CHAP. XLI. The Hon. Mr. Spencer's Stric-
Currency, are taken at the Custom
turus on the Hon. Mr. Upshur's Re-
House, New York ....
view of the Constitution of the United
Tares allowed by Law, Fees of Office,
... 1039 CHAP. XLII. Commercial Legislation of Eng-
Statute Laws relating to Vessels ib.
land and America
A M E R I C A.
CONFIGURATION AND AREA OF NORTH AMERICA.
Tae configuration of North America is even more diversified, by inlets of the sea, by islands, and by lakes, than Europe; while there is a remarkable similarity in the outlines of South America and of Africa.
North America is usually considered to include the countries, islands, inlets, and lakes, extending from New Granada in 9 deg. north latitude to the Arctic Sea, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
The territories, comprised within this great area, include Greenland, and the frozen regions; Labrador, and the vast country west of Hudson Bay, including Russian America; the Canadas, and the country called Columbia, claimed by Great Britain, west of the Rocky Mountains; the islands of Newfoundland, Cape Breton, Prince Edward, Anticosti, and Cuba ; several minor islands lying off the coast of North America; Porto Rico, Hayti, and all the British and other West India islands, with the exception of Trinidad and the Dutch and other islands which lie off the coast of South America; Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick; the extensive territories comprised within, and appertaining to, the republics of the United States; Texas, and the states of the republic of Mexico, including California; and Central America or Guatemala, which includes Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, and the Mosquito country.
The Andes extend through Mexico, where their summits are far higher than those of the Alps, and through the territories of the United States, and of Great
Britain, under the name of the Rocky Mountains ; and divide the waters falling into the Pacific from those which fall into the Bay of Hudson, the St. Lawrence, the Atlantic, and the Gulf of Mexico. The Ozark range stretches parallel with, and nearly midway between, the Mississippi and Rocky Mountains. The Alleghaneys, which Jefferson in his time designated the spine of the United States, divide the waters flowing into the Atlantic from those flowing north into the river St. Lawrence, and west into the Ohio and Mississippi, from the waters flowing south of Cape Gaspé into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and from Nova Scotia to Carolina, into the Atlantic. These, with the ranges north of the St. Lawrence, form the great mountain regions of North America. With the moderate interruption of some highlands in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, and the rocky cliffs and heights of Newfoundland, the foregoing mountains form the exceptions to the generally level, and undulating character of all America, north and east of Mexico.
The other great general features of North America are: the inlets of Hudson, Baffin, and other bays and inlets of the frozen regions ; the gulf and estuaries of St. Lawrence; the bays of Chaleur, Fundy, Chesapeake, and the Mexican and Californian gulfs ; the islands of Newfoundland, Anticosti, Cape Breton, Prince Edward, Long Island, and the West Indies; and those lying along the shores of the northern promontories, and peninsulas, of Greenland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Florida, California, and the north-west coast of America ; the five great lakes of Canada and the United States ; the Great and Lesser Lakes of the northern territory; the St. Lawrence, Hudson, the Mississippi, and the numerous other great, and small rivers, which discharge their waters, not carried off by evaporation, into the Atlantic, Hudson Bay, the Arctic, or Pacific seas ; the geological formation of the mountains, hills, great and lesser valleys, prairies, and alluvions; and the forest zones or regions extending from within nine degrees north of the equator, to the northern limit of utter barrenness.
CONFIGURATION AND ASPECT OF BRITISIL AMERICA.
The physical aspect of British America presents along the Atlantic coasts, with but few exceptions, a broken, rugged configuration, in some parts thickly wooded to the water's edge, or to the utmost verge of the most perpendicular cliffs; in others, as along the greater part of Newfoundland, the south-eastern shores of Nova Scotia, and the whole of Labrador, rocks, with dwarfish trees