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SECRETARY TO THE BOARD OF TRADE; AUTHOR OF “COMMERCIAL

STATISTICS," &c., &c.

VOL. II.

GEOGRAPHICAL AND STATISTICAL.

LONDON:

WHITTAKER & CO., AVE MARIA LANE.

1847.

E18 м2

V.2)

C. WHITING, BEAUFORT HOUSE, STRAND.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.

PROGRESS OF AMERICA.

PAGE

Chap. I. Configuration and Area of North

America

1

of British America

2

of the North West and Hudson

Bay Territories, &c.

17

- of the United States

19

Mountainous elevation of the various

States

20

Valleys, Rivers, and Lakes of North

America

22

Great Lakes of Canada, and the United

States

23

Animals, birds, reptiles, and fishes, of

America

26

North American Forests....

27

Theory of the Climate of North Ame-

rica (various Tables)..

37

Extension of Territory, Area, and Pro-

gress of the Population of the United

States

70

Population Returns by Census of 1830

and 1840—Numerical increase, and

per centage Ratio of Increase in Ten

Years, in each State and Territory

(Tables I. to IV.)

74

Population of Cities and Towns, ar-

ranged by Professor Tucker (three

Tables).......

78

Population of each State and Territory,

exbibited by six enumerations in fifty

years, with decennial Rate of Increase

for the same period (five Tables)...... 82

Increase of Population from Europe to

America

84

Increase of the Atlantic and Western

Slaveholding and Non-Slaving States

compared ...

91

Religious Denominations in each State 93

Number of Universities, or Colleges,

Schools, &c., in the United States-the

number of Scholars at Public Charge,

&c., according to Census of 1810...... 96

Distribution of Industrious Classes

(various Tables) .....

99

Chap. II. Description and Statistics of each of

the United States of America ......... 104

I. NORTHERN ATLANTIC STATES.

1. MAINE, Agricultural Products of, in

1840

107

Manufactures of

110

- Religious Denominations in, and

Banks, and Public Works of........... 111

Public Debt of.

112

Commerce and igation of 113

Principal Rivers, Scaports, and

Towns

114

MAINE-Trade, &c., of the Ports of ... 121

PAGE

2. New HamPSHIRE, Commerce and

Navigation of

127

Principal Towns in....

130

3. VERMONT, Commerce of, from 1791

to 1843....

135

Principal Towns in......

136

4. MassACHUSETTS, Education, State

Institutions, &c. &c.

138

Manufactures of

140

Commerce of

142

Fisheries of

145

Quarries and Minerals, Public

Works, &c.

146

Revenue, Expenditure, Public

Debt, &c., of........

148

Insurance Companies in..... 150

Banks of (eleven Tables)

152

Stability of Bank Stock in Boston 160

Savings' Bank of, in 1843

163

Principal Commercial and Manu-

facturing Cities and Towns in.

ib.

Commerce and Navigation of Bos-

ton (various Tables)

170

5. RHODE ISLAND....

195

Finances, Revenue, and Expenditure

of the State in 1843-4.

197

Commerce of, from 1791 to 1844., 198

Fisheries of

ib.

Principal Seaports and Towns in.. 199

6. CONNECTICUT, Live Stock, Agricul-

tural Produce, &c. &c.

201

Finances of, for 1842-1843......... 204

Commerce of, from 1791 to 1844.. 205

Principal Seaports and Towns in.. ib.

7. New York, General Statistics of,

i. e. Surface, Population, Soil, Pro-

ducts, Rivers, Lakes, &c. &c.

212

New York, Trade and Manufactures of 214

Schools, Religious Professions,

and Public Works

215

Finances, Real and Personal Pro-

perty, Population, State Debt, and

Receipts and Expenditure of (various

Tables).....

216

Banks of

223

Principal Commercial and Manu-

facturing Cities and Towns in the

State of....

230

Trade and Navigation of the

Port of (eleven Tables)....

247

Marine Insurances

253

Auctions, Sales, and Commissions 258

8. NEW JERSEY, General Statistics of.. 265

Finances, Debt, Public Works,

&c., of

267

Trade and Commerce of 1791 to

1843

268

Principal Ports and Towns in ... ib.

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391

Trade and Manufactures, &c., of.. 392

Banks and Public Works of 393

Principal Towns of ...

ib.

Finances of, for 1843

394

3. KENTUCKY, Population, Soil, Pro-

ductions, &c., of

395

Trade and Manufactures, &c., of.. 396

Principal Towns of....

397

4. Missouri, Population, Soil, Products,

&c., of .......

398

Trade and Manufactures, &c., of.. 400

Finances of

403

5. ILLINOIS, Population, Soil, Produc-

tions, &c., of....

404

Trade and Manufactures, &c., of.. 405

Banks and Public Works of

Principal Towns of

410

Finances of

411

6. INDIANA, Population, Soil, and Pro-

ducts of......

412

Trades and Manufactures of 414

Banks, Public Works, and Chief
Towns of ...

415

Finances of

416

7. Ohio, Population, Soil, &c., &c., of.. 417

...... 406

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PACE

PAGE

Onio, Manufactures, &c., &c., of 419

Houses and Food of the Newfoundland

Principal Towns of

420

Fishermen

559

Finances of

425

Labrador Fishery.....

8. MICHIGAN, Population, Soil, &c., of.. 426 Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, and St.

Productions, Trades, and Manu-

Lawrence Fisheries

562

factures of

428

Bay de Chaleur Fisheries.....

563

Banks, Public Works, and Chief

Gulf of St. Lawrence Whale Fishery... ib.

Towns of

429

Gaspé Fishing Company..

566

Finances of

431

Fisheries of New Brunswick

570

9. WISCONSIN, Population, Soil, and CHAP. VII. Fisheries of the United States...... 571

Productions of.........

432

Cod Fishery of Massachusetts...... 573

Manufactures, and Public Works,

Quantities of Dried and Pickled Fish

&c.

434

exported from 1791 to 1843

574

Produce of United States Fisheries at

INDIANA, OR WESTERN TERRITORY... 435

various periods, to 1843 inclusive

Table of the Number and Condi-

(three Tables)

575

tion of the several Tribes in the Indian

Mackarel Fishery of the United States 578

Territory of the United States, east

Lake and River Fishery of the United

of the Rocky Mountains

437

States

580

Iowa TERRITORY, General Statistics of 438 Whale Fishery of the United States ... 583

MANDAN ditto,

ditto......... 439

Outfits of Whale Ships.......

591

OREGON ditto,

ditto.......
440

Shipping engaged in, and Progress of,
Chap. III. Mineral Riches of the United States 444

the United States Whale Fishery at
Produce of Mines in the United States

various periods up to 1843 inclusive

(various Tables).

450

(thirteen Tables)....

592

Chap. IV. Produce of the Forests, and Timber

American System of Whale Fishing.... 598

Trade

468

Law relative to American Vessels en-

CHAP. V. Agriculture and Agricultural Pro-

gaged in the Whale Fishery

607

ducts of the United States........ 474 Chap. VIII. British Whale Fishery (9 Tables) 608

Progress of Agricultural Improvement 484 CHAP. IX. Manufactures of the United States 613

Culture of Cereal Grains

487

Rise and Progress of the Cotton Manu-

Culture of Grain and various other

facture

619

Agricultural Crops in the United

Exports of Domestic Manufactures of

States in 1840

489

Cotton from the United States, to

Cultivation of Rice

490

various Countries from 1826 to 1843.. 625

Estimate of the Crops for 1843 and

Imports of certain Manufactures into

1814

492

the United States from England, from

Calculation and Estimates of Produc-

1821 to 1844...

632

tion of Wheat, and other Bread-stuff

Exports of Plain and Printed Calicoes

Grains, as bearing upon Consumption

from England, during the Years 1830

in, and Exportations from, the United

to 1844, to the British and Foreign

States (various Tables)

493

West Indies and to the United States 633

Provisions and Live Stock exported ... 502 Value of Exports of Domestic Cotton

Pork Trade of Cincinnati.....

503

Goods, from 1826 to 1844

634

Cultivation of Sugar in the United

Value of Cotton Goods imported into

States (various Tables)

506

the United States from 1821 to 1844

Tobacco Culture

514

inclusive

ib.

Manufacture of Tobacco in the United

Woollen Manufactures of the United

States

519

States

ib.

Statements relative to the Exports of

Silk Manufactures of the United

Tobacco, Snuff, &c., from the United

States

637

States, from 1821 to 1840 inclusive... 520

Manufacture of Flax and Hemp in the

Consumption of Tobacco in Great Bri-

United States

639

tain, and Quantities of the same ex-

Leather Manufacture of the United

ported in various years to England... 521

States

641

Exports of Tobacco from the United

Manufactures of Iron and other Metals 645

States to all Countries, during 1842

Manufactures of miscellaneous Articles,

and 1843

522

viz., Buttons and Combs

647

Growth and Produce of Cotton Wool

Carriages, Lead, Soap, and

in the United States (four Tables) ... ib.

Candles......

648

Early Imports of American Cotton

Paper, Cabinet Ware, and Clocks 649

from the United States into England 537

Glass.

650

Exports of Cotton Wool from the

Spirits, Chemical Produce, and
United States to all Countries, during

Salt Manufacture of the United

1842 and 1843

States (various Tables).......

653

Growth of Silk in the United States... ib.

Tabular Statement of the United States

Growth of Hemp and Flax ditto......... 542

Manufactures in 1840..

662

Chap. VI. Fisheries of North America-

Value of Cottons, Woollens, Silks, Li-

Newfoundland Fisheries

545

nens, Hardwares, Earthenware, &c.,

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