Imatges de pàgina

his favour. Tho' he was a leper, the king might con, verse with him at a proper distance.

5. This was a most feasonable confirmation of the fact, directed, no doubt, by a particular providence.

6. The eftate had probably been confiscated, as den ferted by its owner.

8. This circumstance is a proof of the great respect that the neighbouring nations entertained of the God of Israel ; and after the cure of Naaman, who was of this country, and this very city, it is not ro be wondered at.

9. This was a very valuable present, tho' in the East many carriages more than are necessary are usually em. ployed in carrying presents ; but it is not said whether the prophet accepted of it or not.

10. The disease was not naturally incurable, and he would not die of it, but from a different cause.

13. He thought it was imposible that he should ever be guilty of such shocking cruelties, or have it in his power to commit them; yet when he was king of Syria, which the prophet foretold, he actually did these very things ; so much do men's dispositions and con. duct depend on the circumstances in which they are, and the influences to which they are exposed.

15. He had, perhaps, laid this plan before his interview with the prophet, who would, therefore, appear to have seen into his very thoughts, and have foretold the issue of his schemes. But according to Dr. Geddes's translation, he did not smother the king. He might intend to relieve and recover him by pouring water upon him, wlich is done in fevers in some hot countries. Sce Bruce's Travels, Vol. iii, p. 33.

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16. The words Jehosaphat being then king of fun dah, are not in two MSS. of de Rusli, or in the Syriac, Arabic, and some copies of the LXX, and are unquestionably an interpolation. K; By omitting them a feem. ing difficulty is removed.

17. The feeming inconsistency in the accounts of the commencement of the reign of Jehoram king of Ju. dah, fome remove by fuppofing that he was made king in the life time of his father, and this at two periods, the first when he was appointed, and the feeond when he was actually crowned. But this was unusual, and is therefore improbable.

18. Viz, Athaliah. As the kings of Judah did not Worship the calves at Dan or Bethel, this idolatry was probably the worship of Baal; tho' this had been discontinued by Ahab before his death.

20. The Edomites had been fubject to Judah one hundred and fifty years from the time of David's conqucft of the country.

21. This was probably fome city near the land of Edom.

22. Notwithstanding this victory, the country was hot recovered. Long after this it was conquered by Hyrcanus, and the people became incorporated with the Jews. This book, or the materials oat of which this part of it was compiled, was written before the captivity. Libna was a considerable city in the tribe of Judah, and belonged to the priests. Joth. xxi, 13. Why this place revolted, or to whom, is not said.

24. Tho' he was buried in Jerusalem, it was not in the sepulchres of his fathers. 2 Ch. xxi, 20.

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25. This was at the conclusion of the eleventh, and ths bevinning of the twelfth year, as appears from Ch.

203.641 2 Ch. xxii, 2, he is said to have been forty 1.) years old when he began to reign ; but this is proi bably an error in the copy. For in the LXX it is twento years. Athaliah was grand-daughter of Omri, for her father was Ahab. Ahaziah was the youngest son of Jehoram, his other children and wives having been cari r. laway by the hilistines and Arabs, when they made an inroad into the country. See 2 Chron. xxi, 16, where he is called Jchoahaz.

wh. IX. 1. This conmillion was given to Elijali, and it is now executed by Elisha. He, however, did not go bimself, but sent another person, probably be

the he would not be known, and the business required secrety.

2. Ile was probably commander in chief of the army. 3. tie was anointed perhaps as being of a new fami

Wad he succeeded to the crown by the right of irreritance, it is thought that this ceremony would not hve been necessary.

5. Jehu being the speaker on this occasion, makes it probable that he was the chief.

11. This young man, having the dress of a prophet, was treated with contempt by some of the company. Jehu thought io put them off by saying they knew what kind of a person he was by his dress, and might conclude that his errand was to give him some admonition on the subject of religion or morals; it being customary

with the prophets to exhort the people, and to make free even with kings themselves.

12. They suspecting, however, that this answer was evasive, he then told them the real purport of the message ; and they being probably previously disposed in favour of the measure, proceeded without delay to the ceremony of the corronation, making a kind of throne, or elevated feat, by means of their garments, or putting them upon fome bench on which he fat.

14. It had been fortified as a frontier town next to Syria.

20. He is called the son of Nimthi, tho' he was really his grandson.

22. Open fornication, and the arts of witchcraft, were practised by idolaters in those times.

25. They had attended as part of the guard of A-. hab, when this sentence was pronounced by the prophet.

27. It appears from 2 Ch. xxii, 9, that he went to Samaria, aud thence was brought to jehu, who ordered him to be put to death, probably at Jezreel, as a dercendant of Ahab.

31. Zimri was slain by Omri, the founder of Ahab's family. She might hope by reminding him of this to check his violence, but it had not that effect.

37. Thus, without any contrivance of Jehu, was the prediction concerning Jezebel exnelly fulfilled.

Ch. X. 1. Some of these were probably grandfons, who are often called fons.

3. This must have been said by way of insult, knowing that it was not in their power to support any defcendant of Ahab against him.

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9. He seems to infinuate that he was not personally accountable for all these deaths.

10. He observes, however, that in whatever manner they were put to death, it was a fulfilment of the predictions of Elisha.

13. The brothers of Ahaziah were carried captive before this time, 2 Ch. xxi, 17. These, therefore, must have been brothers fons, as it is explained 2 Ch. xxii, 8.

14. What is meant by the shearing house is very uncertain.

15. He was a Kenite, and a person of distinguished piety and prudence, and probably the founder of the fect of Rechabites, of whom a particular account is given in seremiah, Ch. xxxv. 6.

21. He must have concealed his design with great care, to succeed in his scheme fo completely

28. This was a great work, and it was effectual ; for we read no more of the public worship of Baal in the kingdom. 33. At this time, no doubt, Hazael acted as the

prophet told him that he would act, committing the greatest cruelties.

34. In the LXX, and other antient versions, it is king of Israel, which, no doubt, was the original read. ing.

Ch. XI. 1. Athaliah being of the house of Ahab, and provoked at the conduct of Jehu, in destroying all his descendants, seems to have been determined to do the same by the house of David ; having probably children by another husband than Ahaziah, whom the might intend to raise to the throne, 2 Ch. xxiv.7.

2. Probably

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