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ment by a priest or any other, alone"; as likewise the denial of the cup to the people'; worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use; are all contrary to the nature of this facrament, and to the institution of Christ'.
V. The outward elements, in this facrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Chrift, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet facramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ'; albeit, in substance and nature, they still remain truly, and only, bread and wine, as they were before!
VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine, into the sub
I V. g h Because there is not disciples, and faid, Take, cat; the leait appearance of a war. this is my body. And he took rant for any of these things, the cup, and gave thanks, either in precept or example, and gave it to them, saying, in any part of the word of Drink ye all of it : For this God. See all the places in is ny blood of the New Testawhich the ordinance is men. ment which is shed for many tioned the most important of for the remiffion of sins. which are cited above.
1. Cor. 11. 26, 27. For as i Mat. 15. 9. But in vain often as ye eat this bread and they do worship me, teaching drink this cup, ye do thewfor dodrines the commandthe Lord's death ill he come. ments of men.
Wherefore, whosoever fall V. k Mat. 26. 26, 27, 28. eat this bread, and drink this And as they were cating Jesus cup of the Lord unworthily, took bread, and blessed it, and shall be guilty of the body and brake it, and gave it to the blood of the Lord.
ftance of Chrill's body and blood (commonly callesi transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to fcripture alone, but even tu common sense and rea.. son; overthroweth the nature of the facrament; and hath been, and is the cause of manifold fu-perstitions, yea, of gross idolatries",
VII. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this faerament", do then. also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death: the body and blood of Christ being then not corporally or carnally in, with, or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but spiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are, to their outward fenfes..
VI. m Ads 3. 21. Whom lilee, Behold my hands and the heaven must receive, un- my feet, that it is 1 myself: til the times of reftitution of handle me, and fee, for a all thing which God hath fpirit hath not feh and bones, Spoken by the mouth of all his as ye fee me have. holy prophets, lince the world VII. n I Cor. 11. 98. But began. 1 Cor. 11, 24, 25. let a man examine himself, and 'This do in remembrance of me: so let him eat of that bread, This do ye, as ofr. as ye and drink of that cup. I Cor. drink it in remembrance of 5. 7, 8. me. For as often as ye eat o i Cor. 10. 16. The cap this bread, and drink this cup, of blefling which we bless, is ye do thew the Lord's death it not the communion of the till he come. Luke 24, 6, 39. blood of Christ ?' The bread He is not here, but is risen: which we break, is it not the Remember how he spake unto communion of the body of you when he was yet in Gan Chrift. 1 Cor. 1o. 3, 4
VIII. Although ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this facrament, yet they receive not the thing signified thereby ; but by their unworthy coming thereunto are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to, their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot, without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy myfteries", or be admitted there. unto.
Vill. p. 1 Cor. 11. 27, 29. be my people. 1 Cor. 10. 21, Wherefore, whosoever fall Ye cannot drink the cup of eat this bread, and drink this the Lord, and the cup of decup of the Lord unworthily, vils, ye cannot be partakers faill be guilty of the body and of the Lord's table, and of the blood of the Lord. For he table of devils. that eateth ard drinketh un- q 1 Cor. 5. 6, 7, 13. Your worthily, eateth and drinkcih glorying is not good; Know damnation (judgment) tohim- ye not that a little leaven Icafelf, not discerning the Lord's veneth the whole lump? bouy. 2 Cor. 6. 14, 15, 16. Purge out therefore the old lie ye not unequally yoked to leaven, that ye may be a new gether with unbelievers; for lump, as ye are unleavened. what fellowship hath righte- For even Christ our passover ousness with unrighteousness? is sacrificed for las. But them and what communion hath that are without, God judgeth. light with darkness? And Therefore put away from awhat concord hath Christ mong yourselves that wicked with Belial? or what párt perfon. 2 Thess. 3. 6, 14, 15. hath he that believeth, with an Now we command you, breinfidel? And what agreement thren, in the name of our hath the temple of God with Lord Jesus Christ, that ye idols ? For ye are the temple of withdraw yourselves from ethe living God; as God hath very brother that walketh faid, I will dwell in them, diforderly, and not after the and walk in tbem ; and I will cradition which he received be their Gud, and they thall of us. And if any man CHA P. XXX,
Of Church Censures.
THE Lord Jesus, as king and head of his
church, hath therein appointed a government in the hand of church-officers, distinct from the civil magistrate'.
II. To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have power respectively to retain and remit fins, to shut that kingdom against the impenitent, both by the word and cenfures, and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the gos
obey not our word by this e- Peace. Of the increafe of his pistle, note that man, and goveroment and peace, there have no company with him, Joall be ro end, upon the that he may be ashamed.-- throne of David. ad upon his Yet count him not as an ene- kingdom, to order it, and to my, but admonith him as a ett zölish it with judgment and brother. Mat. 7. 6. Give not with justice froin henceforth that which is holy unto the even for ever; the zcal of the dogs, neither café yo your Lord of hosts will perform this. pearls before swinc, left they 1 Tim. 5. 17., Let the elders trample them under their feet, that rule well, be counter and turn again and rend you. worthy of double honour, elpe
I. a Isa. 9. 6, 7. For uuto cially they who labor in the us a child is born, unto us a word and doctrine. I 'Thefs. Son is given, and the govern. 5. 12.
and we beseech you, ment shall be upon his should- brethren, to know them which er : and his name shall be cal. labor among you, and are led Wonderful, Counsellor, over you in the Lord, and ad. The mighty God, The ever- monith you. 1 Cor. 12. 28. lafting Father, The Prince of And God hath set fome in the
pel, and by absolation from censures, as occaGion shall require".
III. Church censures are necessary for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren; for deterring of others from like offences; for purging out of that leaven which might infect the whole lump; for vindicating the honor of Christ, and the holy profession of the gospel; and for preventing the wrath of God, which might justly fall upon the church, if they fhould suffer this covenant, and the feals thereof, to be profaned by notorious and obstinate offenders.
church, first, apoflcs, se- Peace be unto you, as my Facondarily, prophets, thirdly, ther hath lent me, even lo send teachers, after that miracles, I you. And when he had said then gifts of healings, helps, this, he breathed on them, governments, diverfities of and faith unto them, Receive tongues. Pfal. 2. 6, 7, 8, 9. ye the Holy Ghost Whofe John 18. 36.
soever fins ye remit, they are II b Mat. 16. 19. And I will remitted
them : and give unto thee the keys of the whosesoever fins ye retain they kingdom of heaven; and what. are retained. 2 Cor. . 6, 78. fuever thou shalt bind on earth, Sufficient to fuch a man is this Thail be bound in heaven: and punishment, which was inflico whatsoever thou shalt loose on ted of many, so that contrari. carth, fhall be loofed in keaven. wise, ye ought rather to forMat. 18. 17, 18. And if he give him, and comfort bim, Thall neglect to hear them, left perhaps such an one should tell it unto the church; but if be swallowed up with over he negled to hear the church, much forrow. Wherefore I let him be unto thee as an hea- beseech you, that then man and a publican.- confirm your love towards him. Verily I say unto you,
III. c 1 Cor, sth chapter soever ye shall bind on earth, throughout.
I Tim. 5. 20. shall be bound in heaven: and Them that fin, rebuke before whatsoever ye shall loose on all, that others also may fear. earth shall be loosed in heaven. Mat. 7. 6. Give not that John 20. 21, 22, 23. Then which is holy unto the dogs, laid Jesus to them again, neither cast yeyourpearls before