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their justification', adoption', fanctification, and whatever else in this life manifests their union with him".

Q. 70. What is justification ?

A. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto Ginners", in which he pardoneth all their fin, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his fight'; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but only for the perfect obedi. ence and full satisfaction of Christ, by God imputed to them, and received by faith alone

25, 26, 27. John 6. 64, 65. conciling the world unto himProv. I. 24 verse to the 32. felf, not imputing their trefPsalm 95. from verse 9 to the passes unto them. For he hath end.

made him to be fin for us, who t Rom. 8. 30. Moreover, knew no fin; that we might whom he did predestinate, be made the righteousness of them he also called; and whom God in him. Rom. 3. 22, 24, he called, them he also justified; 25. Even the righteousness of and whom he justified, them God, which is by faith of Jesus he also glorified.

Christ unto all, and upon all 1. Eph. 1. 5. Having pre- them that believe. destinated us unto the adoption z Eph. 1.6 & 7. Wherein of children by Jesus Christ to he hath made us accepted in himself.

the Beloved; In whom we w i Cor. 1: 30. But of him have redemption through his are ye in Christ Jesus, who of blood, the forgiveness of sin, . God is made unto us wisdom, according to the riches of his and righteousness, and fanctić grace. Řom 3. 28. Therefication, and redemption. fore we conclude, that a man

* Rom. 3. 22, 24, 25. Even is justified by faith without the the righteousness of God, which deeds of the law. is by faith of Jesus Christ unto a Rom. 3. 22, 24, 25. Being all, and upon all them that justified freely by his grace, believe ; for there is no differ- through the redemption that ence. Being justified freely by is in Jesus Christ. - -Whom his grace, through the redemp- God hath set forth to be a tion that is in Jesus Chrift. propitiation, through faith in Rom. 4. 5.

his' blood. Rom. 5. 17, 18, y 2 Cor. 5. 19, 21. To wit, 19. Much more they who that God was in Christ, re

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Q. 71. How is juftification an act of God's free grace?

A. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified': Yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from a furety, which he might have demanded of them; and did provide this surety, bis only Son", imputing his righte

eous.

receive abundance of grace, without fpot. Rom. $. 8. 9, and of the gift of righteousness, 10. While we were yet sin. shall reign in life by one, Jesus ners, Christ died for us. Chrift.-By the obedience of d Dan. 9, 24, 26.-Ifa. 53. one, Mhail many be made right. 6, 10, 11, 12. And the Lord

Rom. 4. 6, 7, 8. Even hath laid on him the iniquity as David also defcribeth the blef- of us all. Yet it pleased the sedness of the man unto whom Lord to bruise him, he hath God imputeth righteousness put him to grief: when thou without works, &c.

Ihalt make his soul an offering b Rom. 5.1. Therefore be- for sin, he shall fce his feed, ing justified by faith, we have he fball prolong his days, and peace with God. As 10. 43. the pleasure of the Lord thall To him gave all the prophets profper in his hand. He fall witness, that through his name see of the travail of his foul, whosoever believeth in him, and shall be satisfied. There. fall receive remission of sins. fore will I divide him a porGal. 2. 16. Phil. 3. 9. Rom. 3. tion with the great, and he

fhall divide the spoil with the c Mat. 20. 28. Even as the strong: because he hath pourSon of man came not to be ed out his soul unto death; and ministered unto, but to mi. he was numbered with the nister, and to give his life à transgressors; and he bare the ransom (or price of redemp. lins of many. Heb. 7. 22. By fo tion) for many. See also I much was Jesus made a surety Tim. 2. 6, I Pet. 1. 18, 19. of a better testament. Rom. For as much as ye know that 8. 32. He that spared not his ye were not redeemed with own Son, but delivered him corruptible things, as filver up for us all, how shall he not and gold :-but with the pre- with him also freely give us all cious blood of Christ, as of a things? lamb without blemila and

25, 26.

eusness to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith', which also is his gift®, their juftification is to them of free grace".

Q. 72. What is juftifying faith?

A. Justifying faith is a faving grace', wrought in the heart of a finner by the Spirits and word of God'; whereby he, being convinced of his fin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his loft condition", not only affenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel", but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness therein held

e 2 Cor. 5. 21. That we 1. 17, 18, 19. That the God might be made the righteous- of our Lord Jesus Christ, the ness of God in him. Rom. 4. Father of glory, may give unII. I Cor. 1. 30.

to you the spirit of wisdom f Rom. 3. 24, 25. Whom and revelation, in the knowGod hath set forth to be a pro- ledge of him. pitiation, through faith in his I Rom. 10. 14, 17. So then blood. Aas 16. 31:

faith cometh by hearing, and g Eph. 2. 8. For by grace hearing by the word of God. are ye faved, through faith; Roni. 1. 16. and that not of yourselves; it m John 16. 8, 9. And when is the gift of God.

he is come, he will reprove h Eph, 1. 7.

In whom we the world of sin, and of rightehave redemption through his ousness, and of judgment; of blood, the forgiveness of sins, fin, because they believe not on according to the riches of his me. Ads 16. 30. Sirs, what grace.

must I do to be saved? Ads i Heb. 10. 39. But we are 2. 37. Eph. 2. I. Acts 4. 12. pot of them who draw back Rom. 7.9. unto perdition; but of them n Eph. 1. 13. In whom ye that believe to the fuving of the also trusted, after that ye

heard foul.

the word of truth, the gospel k 2 Cor. 4. 13. We having of your salvation. the same spirit of faith. Eph.

forth, for pardon of fino, and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the light of God for salvation'.

Q. 73. How doth faith justify a finner in the Sight of God?

A. Faith justifies a finner in the fight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it'; nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his juftification”; but only as it is an instrument, by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousness'.

Q. 74. What is adoption ?

A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God', in and for his only Son Jesus Christ',

O ACs 10. 43. To him by faith without the deeds of gave all the prophets witness, the law. that through his name whoso r Rom. 4. 5. But to him ever believeth in him shall that worketh not, but helieveth receive remission of sins. Acts on him that justifieth the un16.31. John 1. 12.

godly, his faith is counted for p Phil. 3. 9. And be found righteousness. Compared with in him, not having mine own Rom. 10. 10. righteousness, which is of the s John 1. 12. But as many law, but that which is through as received him, to them gave the faith of Christ, the righte. he power to become the fous of ousness which is of God by God. Phil. 3. 9. faith. Acts 15. II.

t 1 John 3. i. Behold what believe, that through the grace manner of love the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, we hath bestowed on us, that we shall be saved even as they. should be called the sons of

q Gal. 3. 11. But that no God. man is justified by the law in v Eph. 1. 5. Having prethe fight of God, it is evident; destinated us unto the adoption for, 'The just shall live by faith. of children by Jesus Christ to Rom. 3. 28. Therefore we himself, according to the good conclude, that a man is justified pleasure of his will. Gal. 4u

But we

whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children", have his nami put upon them*, the Spirit of his Son given to them', are under his fatherly care and dispensations', admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Christ in glorya.

Q. 75. What is fan&tification?

A. Sanétification is a work of God's grace, whereby they, whom God hath, before the foundation of the world, chosen to be holy, are, in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit", applying the death and resurrection of Christ unto

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But when the fulness of 6. 32.-For your heavenly F:time was come, God sent forth ther knoweth cha: ye have need his Son, made of a woman, of all these things. made under the law, to redeem a Rom. 8. 17. And if chile them that were under the law, dren, then heirs; heirs of God, that we might receive the adop- and joint heirs with Christ: If tion of fons.

so be that we suffer with him, w John 1. 12. But as many that we may be also glorificd as received him, to them gave together. Heb. 6. 12. he power to become the fous of

b Eph. 1. 4. According as God,

he hath chofen us in him, hex Rev. 3. 52.-And I will fore the foundation of the world, write upon him

my new name. that we should be holy anil 2 Cor. 6. 18.

without blame before him in y Gal. 4. 6. And because love: i Cor. 6, II. And such ye are fons, God hath sent were fome of you: buc ye are forth the Spirit of his son into washed, but ye are fanctified, your hearts, crying, Abba, fa- but ye are juflified in the ther.

name of the Lord Jesus, and 2 Pfa. 103. 13. Like as a by the Spirit of our God. father pitieth his children, so 2 Theil. 2. 13. But we are the Lord pitieth them that fear bound to give thanks alway to him. Prov. 14. 26. In the God for you, brethren, befear of the Lord is Itrong con. loved of the Lord, because fidence: and his children shall God hath from the beginning have a place of refugi: Mat.

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