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endeavour to be an assistant and a support to has taught all the Medes to submit to him my grandfather, making myself the most skil. So be well assured that your father will not fal amongst those who excel in horsemanship." dismiss me, nor any one from about him, inHis mother is then reported to have said : structed how to gain power and ascendency "But how, child, will you be instructed here over others.” in the knowledge of justice, when your teachers IV. Many such kind of discourses did Cyare there ?” “O mother !” said Cyrus, “that I rus hold. At last his mother went away: he understand exactly already." “ How so?" said stayed, and was there brought up. He immeVandane. “Because my teacher,” said he, “ap- diately joined himself to those that were his pointed me judge over others, as being very exact equals in age, so as to be on a very familiar and in the knowledge of justice myself. But yet,” friendly footing with them; and he presently said be, “ I had some stripes given me, as not gained their fathers, both by visiting them, and determining right in one judgment that I gave. by giving evidence of his affection for their The case was this : a bigger boy, who had a So that if they had any business with little coat, stripping a less boy, who had a the king, they bid their boys ask Cyrus to do larger, put on the little boy the coat that was it; and Cyrus, such was his benignity and love his own, and put on himself the coat that was of esteem and praise, did his utmost to accomthe little boy's. I therefore passing judgment plish it for them : and Astyages had it not in on them, decreed that it was best that each his power to refuse gratifying Cyrus in whatsbould keep the coat that best fitted him. On ever he asked of him; for Cyrus, when his this my teacher thrashed me, and told me that grandfather fell ill, never quitted him; never when I should be constituted judge of what ceased from tears; and made it evident to all fitted best, I should determine in this manner: that he was in the utmost fear of his dying. but when I was to judge whose the coat was, And in the night, if Astyages wanted any thing, then, said be, it must be inquired what right Cyrus was the first to perceive it, and started possession is ; whether he that took a thing by up the nimblest of any to serve him in any force should have it, or whether he who made thing that he thought pleasing to him ; so that it or purchased it should possess it: and then he entirely gained Astyages. Cyrus was perhe told me what was according to law was just, baps a little over-talkative ; but this he had and that what was contrary to law was violent. partly from bis education, his teacher obliging

He bid me take notice, therefore, that a judge him to give a reason for every thing that he ; ought to give his opinion with the law. So, did, and to hearken to it from others, when he

mother," said be, “ I understand what is just was to give his opinion in judgment: and bein all cases very exactly; or, if any thing besides, being very eager after knowledge, he was

wanting to me, my grandfather here will teach always asking those about him abundance of ! it me." “ But, child,” said she, “the same questions, how such and such things were; and

things are not accounted just with your grand- on whatever subject he was questioned by father bere, and yonder in Persia; for among others, being of a very quick and ready apprethe Medes your grandfather has made himself hension, he instantly made his answers : so that, lord and master of all; but amongst the Per- from all these things, he contracted an oversians it is accounted just that all should be talkativeness. But, as in the persons of very 1 equally dealt by; and your father is the first to young people, who have shot up suddenly, so execute the orders imposed on the whole state, as to be very tall, there yet appears something and receives those orders bimself: his own childish that betrays their youth; so in Cyrus, humour is not his rule and measure, but it is it was not an impudence and boldness that apthe law that is so. How then can you avoid peared through that talkativeness, but a simbeing beat to death at home, when you come plicity and good nature ; so that one was defrom your grandfather instructed not in kingly sirous rather to hear yet more from him, than arts, but in the arts and manner of tyranny; to be with him while he held his tongue. one of which is, to think that power and as But as years added to his growth, and cendant over all is your due ?" “ O mother," brought him on towards the time of bis be. said Cyrus, “ your father is much better able coming a youth, he then used fewer words and to teach one to submit than to take the as a softer voice; he became full of shame, so as cendant. Do you not see,” said he, “that he I to blush when he came into the company of

men of years, and that playful pertness, in proach, and which those were that he might bluntly accosting every one, did not continue confidently pursue. They told him that bears with bim as before. So he became more soft had destroyed many that had ventured to apand gentle, but, in his conversation, extremely proach them; and that lions, wild boars, and agreeable ; for in all the exercises that he and leopards had done the same; but that stags, his equals used in emulation of each other, he wild goats, wild sheep, and wild asses were did not challenge his companions to those in harmless things. They told bim likewise that which he knew himself superior, but such as rough and rocky places were not less to be he well knew himself to be inferior in, those dreaded than the beasts; for that many, both he set on foot, declaring that he would do them men and horses, had fallen headlong down prebetter than they. Accordingly, he would be cipices. Cyrus took all these instructions very gin vaulting the horse, throwing the javelin, eagerly; but as soon as he saw a stag roused, or shooting with the bow on horseback, while forgetting all that he had heard, he pursued, he was yet scarce well able to sit on a horse; and looked at nothing but at that which he and when he was outdone he was the first to followed ; and his horse taking a leap with him, laugh at himself: and as, on the account of fell on his knees, and wanted but little of throwbeing baffled, he did not fly off and meddle no ing him quite over his neck. However, Cyrus, more with the things he was so baffled in, but though with difficulty, kept on his back, and continued repeating bis endeavours to do better, the horse sprang up. When they got into the he presently became equal to his companions plain he struck the stag with his javelin, and in horsemanship, and, by his love of the work, brought him to the ground: a large, noble creaquickly left them behind. He then presently ture it was, and he was most highly delighted. applied himself to the taking of the beasts in But his guardians coming up with him, chid the park, pursuing, throwing at them, and kill- and reproved him; told him what danger be ing them ; so that Astyages could no longer had run into; and said that they would tell it supply him with them. And Cyrus, perceiv- to his grandfather. Cyrus, having alighted ing that he could not furnish him with these from his horse, stood and heard this with much creatures, though very desirous to do it, often uneasiness; but hearing a balloo, he mounted said to him : “ What need you take so much bis horse at a leap, as in a sort of enthusiasm, pains, grandfather, to find me out these crea- and as soon as he saw a boar rushing forward tures? If you will but send me out to hunt over against him, he rusbed on him, and, aim. with my uncle, I shall reckon that all the beasts ing right with his javelin, struck the boar in I see are creatures that you maintain for me.' the forehead : and here his uncle, seeing his But though he was very desirous to go out to boldness, reproved him : he, while his uncle hunt, yet he could not now be pressing and was reproving him, begged that he would allow importunate, as when he was a boy: he became him to carry off the beasts that he had taken, very backward in going to his grandfather ; and and to give them to his grandfather. To this, what he blamed in the Sacian for not admitting they say, his uncle replied : “ But if he dishim to his grandfather, he became in this a cover that it is you that have pursued and taken Sacian to himself; for he never went in, unless them, he will not only reprove you, but me, he knew beforehand that it was seasonable ; for allowing you to do it.” “Let him beat and begged the Sacian by all means, to signify me,” said he, if he will, when I have given to him when it was seasonable, and when not; them to him : and do you, if you will, uncle," so that the Sacian now loved him extremely, said he, “ correct me as you please ; do but as all the rest did.

gratify me in this.” Cyaxares at last said : When Astyages therefore knew that he was Well, do as you please, for it is you that extremely desirous to hunt abroad and at large, seems now to be our king." he sent him out with his uncle, and sent some So Cyrus, carrying off the beasts, presented elderly men on horseback with bim, as guards them to his grandfather, and told him tbat he to him, to take care of him in rough and rocky himself had taken them for him. The javelins parts of the country, and in case any beasts of he did not show him, but laid them down all the savage kind appeared. Cyrus therefore bloody, where he thought that he certainly was very earnest in inquiring of those that would see them. Astyages said : “ Child, I attended him what beasts he was not to ap- | receive with pleasure whatever you give me

bat I am not in such want of any of these i return to you, what would you do ?” “ What things as to run you into danger for them.” else," said he, “but have him whipped, that he " If you do not want them, grandfather,” said may do so no more, then make use of him as Cyrus,“ pray give them me, that I may dis- | before ?" “ It is time therefore,” said Cyrus, tribute them to my companions." “ Child,” |“ to prepare yourself to bestow a whipping on said Astyages, “take them, and distribute me, as having contrived to run away, and take them to whom you please, and of every my companions with me a-hunting.” “ Then,” thing else whatever you will.” Cyrus, taking said Astyages, “you have done very well to the beasts, gave them to the boys; and withal tell it me beforehand; for henceforward, I told them: “Boys,” said he, “what very order you not to stir. It is a fine thing, triflers were ve when we hunted in the park! indeed,” said he, “ if, for the sake of a little In my opinion it was as if one had tied the venison, I shall send out my daughter's son to creatures by the leg and hunted them; for, ramble at his pleasure.” first, we were within a narrow compass of Cyrus, hearing this, obeyed, and stayed at ground; then the creatures were poor, slender, home much afflicted, carrying a melancholy scabby things : one was lame, another maimed: countenance, and remaining silent. Astyages, but the beasts in the mountains and marshes, when he found that he was so extremely how fine, how large, and how sleek they ap- aMicted, being willing to please him, carried pear! The stags, as if they had wings, leap him out to hunt; and, assembling abundance to the very heavens ; the boars, as they say of people, both foot and horse, and likewise brave men do, attack one hand to hand, and the boys, and driving the beasts out into the their bulk is such that it is impossible to miss champaign country, he made a great bunt ; them. These, even when they are dead,” said and being himself present, royally attended, he he," are, in my opinion, finer than those other gave orders that none should throw till Cryus walled-up things when alive. But,” said he, was satisfied and had enough of the exercise. “ would your father, think you, send you out But Cyrus would not let him hinder them. “ If to bunt ?” “ Yes, very readily," said they, “ if you have a mind, grandfather,” said he, “ that Astyages ordered it.” Cyrus then said : I should hunt with pleasure, let all those about “ Who is there amongst you therefore that me pursue and engage in the fray, and do the would mention it to Astyages ?" “ Who more best.” Astyages then gave them his leave, able,” said they, “ to persuade him than your- and, taking a station, saw them engaged amongst self ?” “ But, truly,” said he, "for my part, the beasts, striving to out do each other, pursuing I know not what kind of creature I am be- and throwing their javelins. He was delighted come; for I am neither able to speak, nor can with Cyrus, who, in transports of joy, could I any longer so much as meet my grandfather's not hold his tongue, but, like a young generous eyes ; and, if I go on in this way so fast, I dog that opens when he approaches the beast fear,” said he, “ I shall become a mere block- he pursues, encouraged every one, calling on head and fool : yet when I was a little boy I them by name. He was pleased to see him was thought a notable talker.” The boys then laughing at one: and another he observed him said: “ You tell us a sad piece of news, if you to praise cordially, and without the least emocan do nothing for us in case of need, but tion of envy. At last Astyages, having taken that we must beg that of another that is in abundance of game, retired; but was so pleased your power to effect.”

with that hunt, that he always went out with Cyrus, hearing this, was nettled ; and retir-Cyrus, whenever he was able, taking abunding without saying a word, he stirred himself ance of people with him, and the boys, for the up to boldness; and having contrived how to sake of Cyrus. Thus, for the most part, did speak to his grandfather in the least offensive Cyrus pass his time, doing service and pleasure manner, and to obtain for himself and the boys to all, and hurt to none. what they desired, he went in. Thus then he But when he was about fifteen or sixteen began : “ Tell me,” said he, “ grandfather, if years of age the king of Assyria's son, being to one of your domestic servants should ran away, celebrate his nuptials, had a mind at that time and you should take him again, what would you to hunt; and hearing that there was plenty of do with him?" “ Why,” said he, “what game on the borders of the Assyrians and should I do but put him in chains, and force him Medes, they having not been bunted, because to work?" “ But if a runaway should of himself of the war between the nations, hither he desir


ed to go. That he might hunt therefore se- ed : “ Grandfather,” said he,“ are these men curely, he took with him a body of horse and enemies that sit quietly there on horseback ?" another of light-armed foot, who were to drive “ They are enemies,” said he.

“ And are the beasts out of their fastnesses into the open, those so too that are scouring the country ?" cultivated country. Being come therefore to “ Yes, and those too." “ By Jove, then, the place where their garrisons were, and a grandfather !” said he, “methinks these that guard always attending, here he supped, as in- are thus plundering us are wretched fellows, tending to hunt the next day early in the morn- and mounted on wretched horses : and must ing: but that evening a guard of horse and foot not some of us march against them?” “Do arrived from the city to relieve those who not you see, child,” said he, “what a body of were there before. He therefore thought that horse stands there in close order, and who, if he had now a handsome army with him, con we advance against the others, will intercept sisting of a double guard, besides a considerable us? And we have not yet our full strength number, both of horse and foot, that had at. with us.” “ But,” said Cyrus, “ if you wait tended on himself. He judged it best there-here, and collect those that are marching to join fore to undertake a plunder of the Median ter- us, these of our enemies that are here will be ritory; that this would be a nobler exploit than under apprehension, and will not stir; and the a hunt; and he thought he should procure plunderers, when they see any men marching great store of beasts for sacrifice. So rising against them, will presently drop their booty.” early in the morning, he led his army forwards. On his saying this, Astyages thought there was The foot he left in close order on the borders : something in what he said, and wondering at he himself advanced with the horse up to the his sagacity and vigilance, ordered bis son to Median garrisons; and, keeping the best of, take a squadron of horse and march against the them and the greatest number with himself, he plunderers. “ I,” said he, “ will bear down on halted there, that the Medes in garrison might these men that are here, if they offer to move not march and charge those who were to scour towards you ; so that they shall be obliged to the country; and such as were proper he sent be intent on us.” out in parties, some to run one way and some an Cyaxares taking of the strongest and best, other; and ordered them to surround and seize both of men and horses, marched; and Cyrus all that they met with, and bring all off to him. seeing these put forward, joined and pushed on These did as they were ordered. But notice with them, and presently got at the head of being given to Astyages that the enemy was them. Cyaxares followed, and the rest were got into the country, he marched with what not left behind. As soon as the plunderers forces he had at hand to the borders. His son saw them approaching, then quitting their did so, in like manner, with some horse that booty, they fled. They that were with Cyrus were at hand; and he signified to all his other intercepted them, and flew to blows with such forces to march after to support him. When as they could come up with, and Cyrus was the they came up, and saw a great number of As- first at the work. Those who, by turning aside syrians in close order, and their horses standing escaped them, they pursued in the rear, and quietly and still, the Medes likewise halted and did not give over, but met with several of stood.

them. Like a generous dog that has no exCyrus, seeing other people marching on all perience, and that runs headlong without causides to support their friends, set forward him- tion on a boar, so ran Cyrus, minding only to self, putting on his arms for the first time; deal his blows where any came within his never imagining that he should be so soon reach, without farther foresight or consideraarmed with them in the manner he desired; for tion. The enemy, when they saw their people they were very fine, and fitted him very well, in distress, moved their main body, judging that being such as his grandfather had ordered to the pursuit would cease as soon as they should be made to fit his body. So, being thus com- be seen to advance : Cyrus, notwithstanding, pletely armed, he set out on horseback. Asty- did not give over, but calling out to his uncle ages, getting sight of him, wondered by whose for joy, pursued, and pressing continually ons order and encouragement he came : however, put the enemy to an entire route. Cyaxares he bid him keep by him. Cyrus, when he saw followed, (perhaps being in awe of his father,) a great number of horsemen fronting him, ask- and the rest followed after, who thought, per

baps, they would not have shown themselves would return, lest his father should be uneasy very brave against men that had opposed them, and his country blame him.” Astyages there. yet were on this occasion more than ordinarily fore seemed to be under a necessity of parting eager in pursuing. Astyages, when he saw with him : so he sent him away, but first prethese men so incautiously pursuing, and the sented him with such horses as he desired to enemy in a close body marching towards them, have, and furnishing him with other things of all fearing for his son and for Cyrus, lest they in kinds, both because of the affection he had for disorder and confusion should fall in with the him, and because he had great assurance and enemy, prepared to receive them, and suffer hopes that he would prove a man thoroughly damage, he presently led on towards the ene- able to do service to his friends, and mischief my. The enemy, as soon as they saw the to his enemies. Jíedes move forward, halted i presenting some All people waited on Cyrus at his departure their javelins, and some their bows, in order to attending him part of his way on horseback, stop them, when they came within bow-shot, as both boys, youth, men, and those in years; so their general practice is. For when they are likewise did Astyages himself. And they say near, they push each other at a certain distance, that not one turned back at parting with bim and so frequently skirmish on till evening. But without tears; and it is said that Cyrus himwhen they saw their own men in full rout fly- self shed many tears at parting; that he gave ing towards them, and those with Cyrus fol- many presents to his companions and equals in lowing close bebind them, and Astyages, with age out of what Astyages had given him; and his horse, already within bow-shot, they gave that, at last, taking off the Median robe he bad way and fled. The Medes, in a body, pursu- on, he gave it to a certain youth, declaring by ing, killed several in the first charge, and who this that he loved that youth the most of any. ever they came up with they fell on, whether it is said that they who had taken and accept. man or horse, and whoever fell they killed. ed of these presents returned them to Astyages, Nor did they stop till they came up with the and that Astyages sent them to Cyrus, but that Assyrian foot, and there they gave over, fear- he sent them back again to the Medes, and ing lest some greater force than appeared might sent word thus : “ O grandfather! if you lie in ambuscade to receive them. Astyages on would have me return hither again with plea. this retreated in much joy at this victory ob- sure, and not with shame, let every one keep tained by bis cavalry, but knew not what to say what I have given him :” and that Astyages to Cyrus, for he knew him to be the author of hearing this, did as Cyrus had begged him by the action, and saw him wrought up to such a his message to do. degree of boldness as amounted almost to mad But if I may be allowed to relate a sportive ness; for while the rest were retiring home, he affair, it is said that when Cyrus went away, alone, by himself, did nothing but ride round and that he and his relations parted, they took and view those that had fallen in the action. their leave, and dismissed him with a kiss, acAnd they who had it in charge, dragging him cording to the Persian custom ; for the Persians with difficulty away, brought him to Astyages, practise to this day; and that a certain while he put his conductors forward before him, Mede, very excellent person, had been long because he saw the countenance of his grand struck with the beauty of Cyrus ; that when father look dissatisfied on seeing him.

he saw Cyrus' relations kiss him, he stayed beThese things passed among the Medes, and hind, and when the rest were gone, accosted all people liad Cyrus in their mouths, both in Cyrus, and said to him : " And am I, Cyrus, their discourses and songs. But Astyages, the only one of all your relations that you do who before had a great esteem for him, was not know ?"

“ What !” said Cyrus, now quite astonished and struck with him. you a relation ?" “ Yes,” said he. Cambyses, the father of Cyrus, was pleased to the reason then," said Cyrus, “ that you used hear these things of him ; but when he heard to gaze at me; for I think I recollect that you that Cyrus begun to perform acts of manhood, frequently did so." “ I was very desirous," be called him home, that he might complete his said he, "to salute you, but I was always institution among the Persians, according to ashamed to do it.” • But,” said Cyrus, “ you the rules of his country. And on this occasion that are a relation ought not to have been 90.” Cyrus is reported to have said, “ That he | So, coming up to him, he kissed him. The

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