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Saints there had they obeyed His and three pistols. They were discovered will. We will see what followed it for by some of the Saints, and without the disobedience. We will not follow it for

least injury being done to them, said

Johnson struck Parley P. Pratt with many years from that time, but will

the breach of his gun, over the head; take the immediate results of their dis- after which they were taken and deobedience to the law of consecration.

tained till morning; which, it was beThen before I get through, I will show

lieved, prevented a general attack of the

mob that night. In the morning, they you something that I think we can were liberated without receiving the take satisfaction in. It is not all bad least injury. that I am going to talk to you this

"The same night (Friday) another

party in Independence, commenced morning. Here is an extract taken

stoning houses, breaking down doors from the history of Joseph Smith in and windows, destroying furniture, etc. the Millennial Star, Vol. 14:

This night the brick part attached to

the dwelling house of A. S. Gilbert, was "Friday, November 1, 1833, I left partly pull-d down, and the windows of Buffalo, New York, at eight o'clock a. his dwelling broken in with brick-bats m., and arrived at my house in Kirt- and rocks, while a gentleman stranger land on Monday the 4th, ten a. m., and lay sick with a fever in his house. found my family well, acording to "The same night, three doors of the the promise of the Lord in the reve- store of Messrs. Gilbert and Whitney lation Oct. 12th, for which I felt were split open; and after midnight, the to thank my heavenly Father.

goods lay scattered in the streets, such “Thursday night, the 31st of October, as calicoes, handkerchiefs, shawls, camgave the Saints in Zion abundant proof brics, etc. An express came from the that no pledge, written or verbal, was village after midnight to a party of longer to be regarded: for on that night, their men, who had embodied about half between forty and fifty persons in num- a mile from the village for the safety ber, many of whom were armed with of their lives; stating that the mob were guns proceeded against a branch of the tearing down houses, and scatterChurch west of the Big-Blue, and un- ing the goods of the store in the streets. roofed, and partly demolished, ten The main body of the mob fled at the dwelling houses; and in the midst of the approach of this company. One Richard shrieks and screams of women and McCarty was caught in the act of children, whipped and beat in a sav- throwing rocks and brick-bats into the age and brutal manner, several of the doors, while the goods lay strung men: and with their horrid threats around him in the streets; and was imfrightened Women


children into mediately taken before Samuel Weston, the wilderness. Such of them Esq., and a complaint was then made as could escape, fled for their to said Weston, and a warrant requestlives; for very few of them had arms, ed, that said McCarty might be secured: neither were they embodied; and they but said Weston refused to do anything were threatened with death if they in the case at that time. Said McCarty made any resistance; such therefore as was then liberated. could not escane by flight, received a “The same night, some of their houses pelting by rocks, and a beating with in the village had long poles thrust guns, sticks. etc.

through the shutters and sashes into "On Friday, the 1st of November, wo- the rooms of defenceless women and men and children sallied forth from their children, from whence their husbands gloomy retreats, to contemplate with and fathers had been driven by the heartrending anguish, the ravages of dastardly attacks of the mob, which a ruthless moh, in the mangled bodies were made by ten, fifteen, or twenty of their husbands, and in the destruc- men upon a house at a time. tion of their houses, and some of their "Saturday, the second of November, all furniture. Houseless, and unprotected the families of the Saints in the village by the arm of the civil law in Jackson moved about half a mile out, with most County; the dreary month of November of their goods, and embodied to the staring them in the face, and loudly number of thirty, for the preservation proclaiming an inclement season at of life and personal effects. This night hand: the continual threats of the moh, a party from the village met a party that they would drive out every "Mor- from the west of the Blue, and made mon" from the country; and the in- at attack upon a Branch of the Church, ability of many to remove, because of located at the Blue, about six miles their poverty. caused an anguish of from the village. Here they tore the heart indescribable.

roof from one dwelling. and broke "On Friday night, the 1st of November, open another house, found the owner, a party of the mob proceeded to attack David Bennett, sick in bed, whom they a Branch of the Church at the Prairie. beat most inhumanly. swearing they about twelve or fourteen miles from the would blow out his brains; and disvillage.

charged a pistol, the ball of which cut Two of their number were sent in ad- a deen gash across the top of his head. vance, as spies, viz: Robert Johnson, In this skirmish. a young man of the

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which party, remains yet to be deter- dead on the ground. Thus fell H. L. mined.

Brazeale, one who had been heard to The next day, Sunday, Nov. 3rd, four say, “with ten fellows, I will wade to of the Church, viz., Joshua Lewis, my knees in blood, but that I will drive Hiram Page, and two others, were dis- the Mormons from Jackson County." patched for Lexington, to see the cir- The next morning the corpse of said cuit judge, and obtain a peace warrant. Brazeale was discovered on the battle Two called on Squire Silvers, who re- ground with a gun by his side. Sevfused to issue one, on account, as he eral were wounded on both sides, but has declared, of his fears of the mob. none mortally, except one, Barber, on This day many of the citizens, profess- the part of the Saints, who expired the ing friendship, advised the Saints to next day. This battle was fought about clear from the country as speedily as sunset, Monday, Nov. the 4th, and the possible; for the Saturday night affray same night, runners were dispatched had enraged the whole country, and in every direction under pretence of they were determined to come out on calling out the militia; spreading as Monday, and massacre indiscriminate they went every rumor calculated to ly; and, in short, it was proverbial alarm and excite the unwary: such as, among the mob, that “Monday would that the “Mormons” had taken Indebe a bloody day."

pendence, and the Indians had sur"Monday came, and a large party of rounded it, being colleagued together, the mob gathered at the Blue, took etc.” the ferry boat belonging to the Church, threatened lives, etc. But they soon

I understand, brethren and sisters, abandoned the serry, and went to Wil- that these matters are not very pleasant son's store, about one mile west of the

to dwell upon; yet they occurred. and Blue. Word had previously gone to a Branch of the Church, several miles

the Saints had to meet them. We will west of the Blue, that the mob were have to meet them in the future, if we destroying property on the east side of allow ourselves to be placed in the same the Blue, and the sufferers there wanted

condition of disobedience as were the help to preserve their lives

and property. Nineteen men volunteered, and people that colonized Jackson County. started for their assistance; but dis- We cannot expect anything different. covering that fifty or sixty of the mob The Lord is the same today as He was had gathered at said Wilson's, they

yesterday. I present these things to turned back.

“At this time two small boys passed on you this morning that you may reflect their way to Wilson's, who gave in- upon them, and be more ambitious in formation to the mob, that the “Mor- endeavoring to keep clear of such posmons" were on the road west of them. Between forty and fifty of the mob im- sibilities. They are only a portion of the mediately started with guns in pursuit; sad results that followe'l disobedience after riding two or two and a half miles, to the law of consecration. The they discovered them, when the said

Saints pursued

whereby company of nineteen immediately disperseil, and fled in different directions.

the Lord could not justify himself in The mob hunted them, turning their preserving them upon the land of Zion. horses into a corn field belonging to the It was decreed of the Almighty that Saints- searching their corn fields and

that land should houses, threatening women and children

he purchased, as I that they would pull down their houses have read to you. I remember one and kill them, if they did not tell where time hearing President Hyde (I think it the men had fled.

was) speaking in regard to our going · Thus they were employed, hunting the men, threatening the women, until

back to Jackson County, and he said a company of thirty of the Saints from that inasmuch as they had abused the the prairie. armed with seventeen guns, Saints and wrested from them some made their appearance.

of their possessions, when we "The former company of nineteen had dispersed.and fied, and but one or two of

went back we would follow the same them had returned to take part in the course toward them. After he had got subsequent battle. On the approach of through, President Young spoke upon the litter company of thirty men, some

this, and he said the Latter-day Saints of the mob cried. "fire, God damn ye, fire." Two or three guns were then never would get possession of that fired by the moh, which were returned land by fighting and destroying life; by the other party without loss of time. but we would purchase the land, as the This company is the same that is represented by the mob as having gone

Lord had commanded in the first place. forth in the evening of the battle bear- And I will tell you that that land never ing the olive branch of peace. The mob will be purchased, except it is purchasretreated early after the first fire, leav

ed by the tithing of the Latter-day ing some of their horses in Whitmer's corn field, and two of their number,

Saints and their consecrations; never



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day Saints never will be in that condi- "And this shall be the beginning of tion of disobedience as were the people

the tithing of my people.

“And after that, those who had thus that colonized Jackson County. A re

been tithed, shall pay one tenth of all formation has taken place during the their interest annually."" last few months that is perfectly mar

This will be explained to you herevelous. I am amazed at what has been

after, although it is perhaps little the result of our teachings to the Lat

strange that there should be any necester-day Saints upon the principle of sity of explaining it. It is like the tithing. I will read this law of tithing school boy, however, when he comas it is given in Section 119 of the Book

mences to learn the alphabet. The of Doctrine and Covenants and I ask

letter A is pointed out to him by the you brethren to read it when you get teacher, and tells him what it is and home; not only once, but all the time

asks him to please remember it. The until you understand it thoroughly and

next letter, B, is pointed out, and distinctly, though it is so simple and

the boy is asked to remember that. The plain that one would imagine that read

teacher then returns to A. What letter ing it once would be sufficient.

is that? The boy has forgotten and it "Revelation given through Joseph, has

to be repeated by the teacher. the Prophet, at Far West Missouri, July 8th, 1838, in answer to the question,

Will you please remember it now? The O Lord, show unto thy servants how boy says, “O yes, I'll remember it." He much thou requirest of the properties feels sure that he can remember it now. of the people for a tithing?”

But when the teacher returns to the letThat is a plain request, and the an

ter once more, the boy has forgotten swer is equally as plain.

it again. So they go through the alpha"Verily, thus saith the Lord, I require bet, having to repeat each letter over all their surplus property to be put into the hands of the bishop of my church

and over again. It is the same with the of Zion.”

Latter-day Saints. We have to talk I want

a word in reference to them, and keep talking to them. to this surplus property. The Pro- Well, that is our business, so we need phet Joseph explained how it should be not worry about it. The Lord contingiven. When a person wished to con- ues: secrate property, the Bishop and the

"And this shall be a standing law person desiring to consecrate should unto them for ever, for my Holy Priestdetermine what was right in the mat

hood, saith the Lord.” ter, and if they could not agree, it That law is just as important and sacshould be left to twelve High Priests red today as when it first came from to decide, and the Bishop should not the Lord. be one of the number.

"Verily I say unto you, it shall come “For the building of mine house, and to pass that all those who gather unto for the laying of the foundation of Zion, the land of Zion shall be tithed of their ard for the Priesthood and for the surplus properties, and shall observe debts of the Presidency of my church." this law, or they shall not be found

worthy to abide among you." This Church could not go on unless there was revenue, and this revenue

No more than the people in Jackson God has provided for.


to Our temples, in


remain which we receive the highest blessings

in Jackson County. You will be shown

names aver conferred on mortal

probably hereafter that their

man, are built through revenue. We never could

shall not be recorded in the book of the send the two thousand Elders out into law of the Lord, neither the names of the world to preach the Gospel, as we

their fathers nor the names of their are now doing, unless there was revenue children. If we had time and Bishop to do it. It costs tens of thousands of Preston could talk to you about this. dollars, running into the hundreds o:

he would show you that the name of thousands, to send our Elders out to the every man, woman and child who pays world year after year. Then there are

tithing is recorded and none others. a thousand other things constantly oc- "And I say unto you, if my people curring for which means are required.

observe not this law to keep it holy.--" $40,000 or $50,000 is required yearly to No man can keep this law holy unless


"If my people observe not this law, Cash tithing paid in July, 1898

$17.900 1899

50.300 to keep it holy, and by this law sanctify the land of Zion unto me, that my stat

Increase in 1992.

$32,400 utes and judgments may be kept thereon, that it may be most holy, behold, Cash tithing paid in August, 1898... .314.000


37.00 verily I say unto you, it shall not be a land of Zion unto you. And this shall

Increase in 1899..

922, 100 be an ensample unto all the Stakes of Zion."

Cash tithing paid in September, 1898. $11, 100

1899. 16.700 If some of the Latter-day Saints had

Increase in 1899.,

.$35,300 not paid tithing our four Temples here

The total paid in these four months never would have been erected, and the

last year was $67,700. The total paid the judgments and statutes of God pertain

same four months this year, 1899, was ing unto exaltation and glory never

$164,900, making an increase of $95,800 could have been kept. The first prin

for the four months. In October, 1898, ciple of action to the Latter-day Saints

$18,000 was paid, and during the six is to sanctify the land by keeping this law of tithing and placing themselves days that are now past of this month

$22,000 has been paid. in a position where they can receive the

God bless the Latter-day Saints. I ordinances that pertain unto exaltation

want to have this principle so fixed and glory of our dead.

upon our hearts that we shall never Now we will turn to the more pleas

forget it. As I have said more than ing part of the subject, and see what

once, I know that the Lord will forgive the Latter-day Saints have been doing

the Latter-day Saints for their past since this matter was brought to their negligence in paying tithing. if they attention in St. George. In the month

will now repent and pay a conscientious of May the Lord manifested to me most

tithing from this time on. But it would clearly that it was my business and the

be woeful to think of the results if the business of the Elders of Israel to go

Latter-day Saints had failed to listen to speedily and teach this principle to the

the voice of the servants of the Lord. Latter-day Saints, because there had

It is God's truth that the time has now been woeful neglect of this law, and

come when He will not look favorably the Latter-day Saints should be shown

upon our negligence of this principle. I the necessity of observing this law most plead with you in the name of the Lord, faithfully, or else the results would not and I pray that every man, woman be agreeable to say the least. We have and child who has means shall pay onebeen talking about this since the latter tenth of their income as a tithing. I part of May, and it has been a matter beseech you to do this for the time has of deep consideration and thought as to now come when the Lord is prepared to how much talk would affect the Latter- bestow upon us the choicest blessings. day Saints. In looking over the books Our enemies are upon our path, and will we found that a great many of the if possible make us trouble. If we are Latter-day Saints had not paid one unfaithful in this matter the same recent of tithing. I was perfectly aston- sults will follow us as followed the peoished, for I had no idea that there ple in Jackson County. It is not our had been such neglect. But the Saints business to fight our enemies. There is have been wonderfully awakened, and no man or woman on the face of the it is marvelous what they have done earth, but is our brother or our sister. in the past few months. I am now go- They are the children of God and we ing to read to you in regard to the re- are here to bear and forbear with them sult of our talking to the Saints. We in their interest and for the glory of have the greatest pleasure and satis

God. It is not our business to destroy faction in knowing what the Latter

life. It is not our business to make day Saints are doing now in comparison war upon our enemies. They should let with what they have done for many

us alone. I would not say that I could years past:

govern and control by passions if a man

were to try to take my life. That is Cash tithing paid in June, 1898.

$23,000 another thing altogether. But it is not 1-93.


our business to fight them. They are Increase in 1999,

3 5.700 our brethren and ciotonn


possible to eliminate from the experimercy upon them. That should be our prayer. There are thousands of people ences of my brothers and sisters such that are fighting against us who would, trials. I believe thoroughly that if we if they knew what we know, lay down can apply to our lives each doctrine of their weapons and suppress the spirit the Gospel, and earnestly seek to im

press to contend against us. The time will

upon the circles in which come when they will know it. It will move, the necessity of a strict obedinot be in our day, but it will be in

ence to each ordinance established in somebody's day here on the earth, or on

the Lord's House, the promise that has some other earth. It is our business to

been given us will be fully realized. do what the Lord requires of us, and

Not that I anticipate for a moment He will protect us. It is very easy for that the victory is gained and that the

enemy of all the Lord to protect us and to overrule

righteousness will be our enemies' intentions that they may

speedily and thoroughly subdued. Our not interfere with our interests. God

Father has made the promise to the bless you. Let us observe the law of Latter-day Saints that He would soften

the hearts of their enemies from time God. Do not forget what the Lord re

to time until they gain strength. He quires of us today. Be faithful today,

has fulfilled this promise in the years and when tomorrow comes we will be

that are past and gone. Men whose the better prepared to be faithful then. So let us continue day after day, and

liearts seemed embittered, to an extent bye and bye we will be relieved of this

that was alarming, against the work

of the Lord, have modified their feelings body of sin and corruption, sorrow, and

and their actions in fulfillment of this grief, and we will have another body,

I believe that exalted and glorified, and we will dweli promise of our Father.

in future times like conditions will in the presence of God. We will be there

arise, until in the providence of God together and talk with one another as

His people shall be so fully established we are doing today. God bless you.

in the understanding of the truth and Amen.

in power in the world that they will

stand firm and readily obey every reELDER JOHN HENRY SMITH. quirement of the Gospel, and in that

obedience mankind

will prove the The Hearts of Men Softened Toward the Saints According to Divine Promise-The Lord will

generosity of the work of God in its Fight the Battles of the Saints-A Plea for the dealings with the children of men. InBrigham Young Monument - In Relation to Amusements-The Law of Tithing.

stead of their standing in dread of it

and the development of its power, they My brethren and sisters, with you I will recognize that its growth means believe that our services this morning an advance in the interests of morality should be most deeply impressed upon and honesty, and a spread of that every mind, and rather than to speak sentiment which leads to the protecmyself I certainly would much prefer tion and preservation of the liberties to remain in thought upon the sug- of the children of men. This is its misgestions couched in the discourse of sion. The consciences of men throughPresident Snow, bearing upon the well- out the world are to be guarded and being of the Saints in the early days protected by it. Under its guardian of this Church and the trying experi- care men shall be able to exercise their ences through which they were com- right of conscience untrammeled and pelled to go. In considering the cir- fulfill their mission on the earth in the cumstances surrounding our brothers way in which they deem best, without, and sisters in that day and those which however, interfering with or trampling surround us today, I feel that I would upon the right of their fellowmen. like to fix an idea in my own mind I have in my mind several subjects which would guard me, in the perform- upon which I would like to speak ance of my part in connection with briefly. I do not desire, however, to the work of God, from the possibility take your minds away from the utterof that severe experience through ances of our President this morning, which the Saints passed during that who has brought before us the history time. I feel not only so with regard of the past and the failures that have hut I would 14ke to

arisen from time to time, and given


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