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derflood to be a circle of circles or globes; which accounts for the planets, and explains the fituation and motion of the earth and other planets, with refpect to the fun; and this appears to be the cafe with the other progreffions, that they are circles of circles, as finally there is a circle of the whole. These particular circles or fpheres, formed in the feparating motion, muft be the number of the planets, whatever it be; of which the one half will be formed by the fluid proceeding from the point where this movement began, which I confider to be nigh to the place of the fun, and the other half by its returning; confequently, every other one will be on oppofite fides of the general circle.This may, perhaps, account for their ap pearance, which has been fo much wondered at, that every other one fhould look more or lefs red or fierv.
This general circle will, doubtless, be elliptical; and it may be demonftrated, by experiments, that the fluid moving in this man. her, the fpheres or globes fo formed, will be generally flatted at the points where they communicate with each other; and thofe which are in the middle of the general circle, will be the largelt. And those who are ac quainted with the movements of this fluid, will not conceive of its paffing from globe to globe, in a fleady motion, but as having an interrupted, fucceffive or pulfive motion. Indeed this may be confidered as the pulle of the creation.
An idea of the firft movement of the fluid,
which we call feparating, being in this globing form, and of its thus embracing the vapours, feems to be fuggefted by the hollow and rumbling found of thunder in a cloud, which nothing can imitate but the agitation of large hollow bodies. This is certainly agreeable to that appearance in a thunder cloud, commonly called Thunder Heads;and that the eye is not wholly deceived in this appearance is evident, from the circumftance that when two of thefe globulous forms approach each other, and come near in contact, there is, ufually, a flash of lightning: and, it is obferved that, in the fame degree, as thefe appear agitated, crowded together and condenfed, the thunder will be frequent and heavy. But, if I mistake not, the most common experiments, by an electrical machine, may demonftrate that this feparating movement of the fluid, is ever in this globing manner.
Such being the movement of the fluid, forming the globes, at certain required dift ances of action; and the fluid paffing from globe to globe in this form, it will not tend to move them forward in this direction, i. e. in the direction of their poles; but these fpheres or globes being formed, and the expanding or tranfverfe movement taking place and operating upon their circumference, it muft caufe them, in this direction, to roll as a wheel under the operation of a ftream of water. Hence, their diurnal motion-and being carried forward by a daily progrefs, which is probably made by each one as far
nearly as the measure of its whole circumfe rence, they go round the fun, and defcribe an annual circle. In this manner, the line of the firft circle is continually changing;but, it appears that, on the whole, it will neither enlarge nor diminish.
Ancient aftronomers were of the opinion, that the planets mutually governed the earth, &c. and when their change of relative fituation is confidered, in the view of their being conductors to each other of the vital fpirit of the creation, this opinion will not be thought undeferving of attention.
And, from the analogy of the cafe, we may conclude that an operation takes place in each of these spheres or globes, from the expanding motion, fimilar to that defcribed of the earth; and that the defcription of the formation of the earth given by Mofes, applies, for fubflance, to all the planets; and therefore it is, that he fo evidently intends the great circle of all thefe fpheres, as the line from whence the waters divided from the waters, and the firmament expanded.
Though the frame of the world was finifhed by these four creative operations, ftill we look for refults;-for as the firft operation led to a fecond, and thefe together produceda third, and thefe alfo a fourth, each one in glory rifing above the other, fome peculiar refult must be expected from the whole, unfolding more expresfly the great defign of the Creator, in the exhibition of the glory of Chrift; this will be the formation of the inhabitants of the fea and air, and of the
earth; all which operation will, naturally, terminate in one moft perfect work; and which, according to the divine theory, is that of forming a head to the body, or one capacitated to have dominion over the fish of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Movements of the electric fluid are properly called winds-they are doubtlefs the philofophy of winds; and the four diflin&t movements we have defcribed, are thought to be meant by the four winds, named in Hebrew kadim, tzaphon, darom, and rouach-hajam, which, in the feripture, are represented to be principal agents throughout the world, both in the work of creation and providence.
Daniel defcribes the unnatural creatures, the monsters of the earth, as being raised up by the four winds, ftriving together. May it not then be concluded, that the natural creatures, with man at their head, in all their perfection and moft beautiful order were raised up, according to the divine will, by four winds harmonizing together. May this be doubted, when, in the new creation or refurrection from the dead, as defcribed, Ezek. xxxvii. 9. this moft wonderful operation is alcribed to fuch an agency? Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon thefe flain, that they may live.
Our ears witness to the fact, that a peculiar effect is produced by four particular winds-for fuch are the four parts of mufic. A difcord of four diftin&t founds, which we
know are winds or motions of the air, is horrible to the fenfes; but an accord is a delicious entertainment. This, if I may exprefs my own fenfation, is an harmony of harmony; for, as from two according founds there results an harmony, which is a diftinct found, and may be called an harmony of accord or agreement; fo, from four, there is a fecondary refult, which may be perceived to be the fame in ratio, or the progress of the fame theory, and may be called a fecond harmony, or an harmony of harmony.
That this fecond harmony exifts in the fame theory, or triple ratio, we have all aFong contemplated, is evident; for the harmony of the perfect accord, is the first note. of another octave, to which, let the according note be added, which makes the four parts, and the harmony will again result.This therefore, all this, is in nature the most wonderful divine emblem; and, undoubtedly, for this reafon, making melody or according founds, is an inflituted fervice of God.
By the grofs corruptions and perverfions which, at the present time, are prevalent in pfalmody, both in the compofitions and performances, but chiefly in the latter, this refult of an harmony in founds, with all its wonderful effects, is in a great measure loft; for by the numerous and unnatural tranfitions of the notes, the rapid and clustering numbers of the movement, and the frequent fugeing of the parts, besides numerous other faults in the compofitions of tunes, very lit