Imatges de pàgina

tensive cloud of this kind, which I have seen, passed over in less time than fix hours.Moreover, it may be observed, that however great is the conflict, the western or fair wind ever prevails. If the bow appears in the morning, the cloud being welt, the wind is banking it from the east; but the cloud palling over in its tide, the wind changes; and when the bow appears in the cloud, that has paffed over, the wind is ever weft.--In this ealt. ern position of the cloud is the most common, and always the brightest appearance of the bow; for, as the wind which follows is the strongest, the cloud, being driven before it, becomes on this side the most compressed,

The watery and fiery colours of the bow, their relative inward and outward fituation, and many other circumstances of this token of the covenant, might be pointed out as showing the fearful and wonderful frame of the present world. But enough, perhaps, has been remarked to shew how expressly the bow, in relation to these pavilions of the Lord of Holts, the dark waters and thick clouds of the fries, and the brightness before him from which coals of fire are kindied, proclaims the true condition of the present world, as being constituted according to the archangel-state of the everlasting covenant.

But, as in relation to natural things, whilst the dark waters and thick clouds of the skies are on the one fide of the bow, the sun and clear heaven are on the other; so also, in the view of its being a token of the covenant, the clouds and rains, and swelling wa.

ters of tribulation, through which is wrought the redemption-work, appear on the one side; but the kingdom, the glorious reward of that work, according to the divine will, is seen on the other.-The bow in the cloud, in many respects, is significant of the ministration of the Spirit, and accords with the token of the covenant given to the church in gospel baptism.-In considering the subject in this view, we have the warrant of St. John, who, describing the gospel kingdom, Pays, Rev, iv. 3, A rainbow was round about the throne.

Our theory, according to the divine principle, offers to view two distinct baptisms, viz. One, in the deep; the other, far above it. The baptism, as under the requirement of the divine will, of humiliation and suffering unto death; and the baptism, by the expresion of the divine favour, and the bestowment of the promised reward, in the gift and grace of the Holy Ghost. These baptisms, though they be inseparably connected in the divine will, and belong both to the redemption-covenant, are still widely different things. And it will be recollected, that the state of humiliation and trial of Christ and his pecple, wherein the heir differeth nothing from a fervant, tho' he be Lord of all; is often referred to in the scriptures, as being a baptism. But Jesus answered and said, ye know not what ye afk, Are ye able to drink of the cup that 1 drink of, and to be baptised with the baptisin that I am baptized with 2 They say unto him, we are able." And he saith unto them, ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the

baptism that I am baptized with: but to fit on my right hand and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for uhom it is prepared of my Father. Matt. xx. 22, 23. I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how am I straitened till it be accomplished. Luke xii. 50. We are buried with him by baptism into death. Rom. vi. 4.—This baptism, in relation to the bonds of the law, and the redemption-discipline, though it be absolutely necessary to our salvation, and is included in the holy purpose of God in Chrift, is still widely different, and, in the scriptures, is clearly dillinguished from the baptism of the Holy Ghoit—which baptism characterizes distinêtly the gospel dispensation, as, thereby, we receive power to become the sons of God, and are made partakers of the earnests and fruits of glory. Thus, it is said, Aets i. 3-5. To whom also he fewed himself alive after his passion, by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and Speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God: And being assembled together with them, commanded them that they mould not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, faith he, ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water ; but ye fall be baptized with the Holy Ghost, not many days hence. Also Acts xiii. 24. John first preached before his coming, the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel. Again, Acts xviii. 24–25. And a certain Jew named ApolLos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesusa

This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being servent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. And he began to speak boldly in the synagoguc. Whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God MORE PERFECTLY. Apollos, before he was met by these disciples of Paul, was instructed in the way of the Lord; i.e. The Lord Jesus; and he appears to have well understood the whole system concerning Christ, as antecedent to the gift of the Holy Ghost; to which matter our baptism most indisputa. bly relates, together with all the distinguishing glories of the gospel church.

And again, it is said, Acts xix. 1–6. And it came to pass, that while Apollos was at Co. rinth, Paul, having passed through the upper coasts, came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, He said unto them, have ye received the Holy Ghost fince ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghoft. And he said unto them, unto what then were ye baptized ? And they said, unto John's baptism. Then Said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptifm of repentance, Jaying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Chrill Ffus. When they heard this, they were boylized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Prul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them, and they Spake with tongues, and prophesied.


appears, therefore, both from the theo: ry and ihe scriptures, that, from the doctrine of Chrift, in relation to distinct parts of the divine will, there arises two baptisms; which twofold nature and operation of the holy doctrine, may explain the manner of expresfion used by the apostle. Hebrews vi. 1, 2. Therefore, leaving the doctrine of the beginning of Christ, let us go on to the perfećt end; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, Of the doctrine of Baptisms, &c.

The baptism, as under the bond of the covenant, or the service-work and forfeiture of the law, is ever represented, by dark and tempestuous clouds, with their flood-causing rains; by the waters of the river, strong and many; and by the swelling and rolling of the deep ; or, as being a cup of sorrows, an immersion, a burial, &c. But, according to the promise of the Father, and the grace of the kingdom of heaven, the baptism of the Holy Gholt is represented by the pouring, dropping, or sprinkling of waters ; by a refreshing rain, and the waters of Shiloah that go Softly; or as being an influence from heaven, kind and gentle, As the dew of Hermon, that descended upon the mountains of Zion, where the Lord commanded the blefing, eve! life for evermore.

And as there are, fubftantially, two bap. tisms, differing so much the one from the other; fo likewise, there are two baptismal signs, which agree with, and in the most exact and striking manner, represent and shew for:h the great and folemn things thereby.

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