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MOODS AND TENSES.
Every regular Verb has six principal parts, in the active voice, from which all the moods, and tenses are formed: viz. (69)
1. The imperative; as, buail, strike; crom, bend.
2. The infinitive, usually formed by adding ad, to the imperative, if the last vowel is broad; ead, if small; as, do buailead, or do Bualad, to strike; do cromad, to bend. (70)
3. The present, formed by adding im, or am, to the imperative; as, buailim, Istrike; cromam,
4. The preter,, formed by adding as, is, or eas, to the imperative; as, do buaileas, I struck; do cromas, I bent.
5. The future, formed by adding ad, ead, or id; fad, fead, or fid, to the imperative; as, buailfead, I will strike; cromfad, I will bend. (71)
6 The consuetudinal, subjunctive, formed by adding fann, fuinn, or finn, to the imperative; as, da mbuailfinn, had I struck; da geromfuinn, had I bent. (72)
Regular verbs are therefore conjugated through the primary tenses active, in this manner;
Buail, do bualad, buailim, do buaileas, buailfead, da mbuailfinn, strike.
Bris, do brisead, brisim, do briseas, brisfead, da mbrisfinn, break.
Cas, do casad, casam, do casas, casfad, da gcasfuinn, twist.
Ceap, do ceapad, ceapam, do ceapas, ceapfad, da gceapfuinn, shape, or fit.
Agall, d' agallad, agallam, d' agallas, agallfad, da nagallfuinn, accost.
Baist, do baistead, baistim, do baisteas, baistfead, da mbaistfinn, baptize.
Arduig, d' arduġad, arduigim, d' arduigeas, airdeocfad, da nairdeoċtuinn, raise,
Cruinnig, do cruinniugad, cruinnigim, do čruinnigeas, cruinneoċfad, do gcruinneocfuinn, gather. In this manner conjugate,
biog,--biogad, stir up
buaidir, -buaidread, trou-glan,--glanad, clean
goraig, --gorad, warm
claon,--ċlaonad, lamentiarr, -iarraig, search or ask
druid,--druidead, shut las,--lasad, burn
dùn,--dùnad, make fast
lom,--lomad, make thin
leag,--leagad, lay down leag,--leagad, read
meall,--meallad, deceive searg,--seargad, wither
samail, -samalad, compare
Many verbs have the
infinitive and imperative alike; and in some the imperative can only be distinguished from the infinitive, by having a small vowel in the termination. In all other parts they are conjugated regularly; as, (75)
Diol, do diol, diolam, do diolas, diolfad, da ndiolfuinn, sell or pay.
Cuir, do cur, cuirim, do cuireas, cuirfead, da gcuirfinn, send or put.
The following is a list of the most usual.
bruit, do bruit, boil
amairc,--amare, look cosg,--cosm, quell
luid, --luide, lie
toirmesg, --- toirmeasg, forbid
tocuis, --toċus, scratch sgrios,--sgrios, destroy
These form the infinitive in 7, viz.
admuiġ, d'admail, con- | fag,--fagbail, leave
The loving have the infinitive-in t; viz.
ail, d'aileamuin, nourish imtiġ,--imteaċt, go
geall,--geallamuin, pro- seas,--seasam, stand
sinn,--sinim, play music
Every regular verb has five principal parts, in the passive voice, viz.
1. The participle, formed by adding ta, or te to the imperative, active; as, buail, strike, buailte, struck; cas, twist, casta, twisted.
2. The imperative and the present, formed by adding tar, or tear to the imperative; as, buailtear, be struck, or I am struck; castar, I am twisted.
3. The preter, formed by adding ad or cad to the imperative active; as, do buailead, I was struck; do casad, I was twisted.
4. The future, formed by adding ar or ear, far or fear to the imperative active; as, buailfear, I shall be struck; casfar, I will be twisted.
5. The preter subjunctive, formed by adding faoidh, or fidh to the imperative active; as, da mbuailid, if I had been struck; da gcasfaoid, if I had been twisted.