Imatges de pÓgina
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FORMATION

OF THE

MOODS AND TENSES.
MOOD

ACTIVE VOICE.

Every regular Verb has six principal parts, in the active voice, from which all the moods, and tenses are formed: viz. (69)

1. The imperative; as, buail, strike; crom, bend.

2. The infinitive, usually formed by adding ad, to the imperative, if the last vowel is broad; ead, if small; as, do buailead, or do bualad, to strike; do cromad, to bend. (70)

3. The present, formed by adding im, or am, to the imperative; as, buailim, Istrike; cromam, I bend.

4. The preter,, formed by adding as, is, or eas, to the imperative; as, do buaileas, I struck; do cromas, I bent.

5. The future, formed by adding ad, ead, or id; fad, fead, or fid, to the imperative; as, buailfead, I will strike; cromfad, I will bend. (71)

6 The consuetudinal, subjunctive, formed by adding fann, fuinn, or finn, to the imperative; as, da mbuailfinn, had I struck; da gcromfuinn, had I bent. (72)

Regular

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Regular verbs are therefore conjugated through the primary tenses active, in this manner;

8

1

Buail, do bualad, buailim, do buaileas, buailfead, da mbuailfinn, strike.

Bris, do brisead, brisim, do briseas, brisfead, da mbrisfinn, break.

Cas, do casad, casam, do casas, casfad, da gcasfuinn, twist.

Ceap, do ceapad, ceapam, do ceapas, ceapfad, da gceapfuinn, shape, or fit.

Agall, d' agallad, agallam, d' agallas, agallfad, da nagallfuinn, accost.

Baist, do baistead, baistim, do baisteas, baistfead, da mbaistfinn, baptize.

Arduig, d' ardugad, arduigim, d' arduigeas, airdeoċfad, da nairdeoċfuinn, raise,

Cruinnig, do cruinniugad, cruinnigim, do čruinnigeas, cruinneoċfad, do gcruinneocfuinn, gather. In this manner conjugate,

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buaidir, -buaidread, trou-glàn,--ġlànad, clean

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fasten

druid,--druidead, shut

claon,--claonad, lamentiarr, -iarraig, search or ask

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las,--lasad, burn

lom,--lomad, make thin
or bare
lion,--lionad, fill
leag,--leagad, lay down
leag,--leagad, read

meall,

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osgaoil,--osgaoilead, open sginn, -sginnead, gush

pleasg,--pleasgad, burst

siob,--siobad, drift

pog,--pogad, kiss

slaodar,--slaodarad, drag

pos,--posad, marry

smuain,--smuainead, con

pronn,--pronnad, bestow

sider

plùc,--plùcad, smother

sgairt,--sgairtead, call

preab,--preabad, kick

sgailt,--sgailtead, split

reub,--reubad, tear

sguab,--sguabad, sweep

sgag,--sgagad, digest

sgriob, -sgriobad, scratch

sgriob,--sgriobad, write

sgaoil,--sgaoilead, loose

reid,--reidead, settle

rol,--rolad, roll

rusg,--rusgad, scourge

sgab,--sgabad, seatter
sat,--satad, stab
saor,--saorad, deliver

samail, -ŝamalad, compare

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Many verbs have the infinitive and imperative alike; and in some the imperative can only be distinguished from the infinitive, by having a small vowel in the termination. In all other parts they are conjugated regularly; as, (78)

Diol, do diol, diolam, do diolas, diolfad, da ndiolfuinn, sell or pay.

Cuir, do cur, cuirim, do cuireas, cuirfead, da gcuirfinn, send or put.

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The following is a list of the most usual.

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These form the infinitive in 7, viz.

admuig, d'admail, con- | fag,--fagbail, leave

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The loving have the infinitive in t; viz.

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ionoll,--ionlat, wash

seaċan,--seaċaint, shun cast

leig,--leigin, or leigint, rit,--ritint, run

teilg,--teilgin, or teilgint,

J lean,--leanmuint, follow

feuc,--feucaint, behold

feic,--feicsint, see

sgar,--sgarmuin, or sgar- fan,--fanmuint, stay

permit

muint, separate

The following cannot be reduced to any general

rule; viz.

ail, d'aileamuin, nourish | imtig,--imteact, go

geall,---geallamuin, pro- seas,--seasam, stand

blig,--bliagan, milk

mise

innis,--innse, tell

eist--eisteaċt, hear

gair,--gairm, call

sinn,--sinim, play music

gluas,---ġluasaċd, move.

(74)

PASSIVE VOICE.

Every regular verb has five principal parts, in the passive voice, viz.

1. The participle, formed by adding ta, or te to the imperative, active; as, buail, strike, buailte, struck; cas, twist, casta, twisted.

2. The imperative and the present, formed by adding tar, or tear to the imperative; as, buailtear, be struck, or I am struck; castar, I am twisted.

3. The preter, formed by adding ad or ead to the imperative active; as, do buailead, I was struck; do casad, I was twisted.

4. The future, formed by adding ar or ear, far or fear to the imperative active; as, buailfear, I shall be struck; casfar, I will be twisted.

5. The preter subjunctive, formed by adding faoidh, or fidh to the imperative active; as, da mbuailtid, if I had been struck; da gcasfaoid, if

I had been twisted.

Regular

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