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we be preserved from all fleshly, fashionable stood firm ; his mind was happily stayed on religion so very general among professors; the ancient settlements of love and grace, and remember it is written, .And grieve not which had been powerfully revealed to him, the Holy Spirit, by the which ye are sealed by the Holy Ghost, and blessedly realised unto the day of redemption. For the by him, in his soul's enjoyment thereof; apostle Peter calls him, “The God of all his heart was fixed on the finished work of grace who hath called us unto his eternal Immanuel ; his hope was unshaken by winds glory by Christ Jesus, &c.,' this is to parti- or waves; his faith was triumphant; and cipate in being called from living in, and his end was truly peace. He was baptized loving sin. Being led of the Spirit is a by Mr. John Stenson, (his pastor,) at Carproof of sonship (Rom. viii. 14); in being mel Chapel, Pimlico, together with his wife, made to groan after deliverance from de- / (now his widow,) and eight other persons, served wrath ; in feeling humbled and on Lord's Day, March 30, 1834; of whom emptied of all self conceit, self seeking, and three have been withdrawn from ; three have sufficiency: in relying alone upon his full. I entered into their rest ; and four are yet reness of merit and mercy ; 'who suffered the maining, walking in the good ways of the just for the unjust, that he might bring us
| Lord. The deceased rejoiced in an everto God.' To feel a groaning desire to love,
| lasting salvation, flowing from everlasting serve, honour, and obey him, and not to
love, and issuing in everlasting glory. A live after the flesh, or fleshly religions of
few days before his death, he was heard to men ; but as saved, to serve him ; as beloved
be much in prayer for the church, his pastor, to love him; as redeemed to honour him ;
the spread of the gospel, his wife, and, she
of the welland to know and acknowledge that all our being present, reminded him chastisements are not in wrath, but in love
known lines of Dr. Wattsto us, and beneficial for us ; • All, all, are
Long they were mourning here below, most needful, not one is in vain;" and
And wet their couch with tears; made willing to step, stoop, and stay as led
They wrestled hard, as we do now,
With sins, and doubis, and fears, by the Lord, directed by his word, and actuated by his promise ; for he hath said, When he, in his usual sharp manner, asked,
0 Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of What do you mean? That does not apply me.' Thus influenced, devils will tempt to me. She said, “What does not, my dear?' and accuse; mere professors will show con- | He answered, “Not with sins, and doubts, tempt; and the world will hate. But cheer and fears.' His wife replied, "What, then, up; fear not; it will soon be all over with were you wrestling so hard for?' To which, these things my friends; and should it be he answered, with a peculiar emphasis, ' For • That ye be reproached for the name of glory. His last desire was expressed in the Christ, happy are ye ; for the spirit of glory language of the poet :and of God resteth upon you ; on their part
Jesus, lover of my soul, he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is
Let me to thy bosom fly, glorified.'
Thus, dear Sir, in a leisure hour or two, I He was interred in the Brompton Cemetery, have tried to recollect the substance of what on Monday, September 6; and on the Lord's I delivered in Ipswich three weeks ago. My Day following, his pastor preached a funeral soul has had a second benefit from it. sermon to a numerous and attentive congreGrace and peace attend you always, gation from 2 Cor. v. 4, which words had Your's in Christ,
been previously chosen by the deceased for
Thomas Poock. the occasion. In speaking from the text Oxford, Sep. 30th, 1847.
the preacher having first noticed the several figurative expressions contained therein,
proceeded to enlarge on the three following Death of Mr. Peter Ashworth. particulars, as involved in the text, and em
| bracing the whole subject, viz :
First, a state of suffering indicated-We, DEPARTED this life on Tuesday, August that are in this tabernacle do groan, being 31, Mr. Peter Ashworth, of Draycott Ter | burdened. race, Chelsea, aged fifty-nine. His afflic. Secondly, a state of submission intition had been of a very painful character, for mated :--Not for that we would be unclothed, some months prior to his decease ; yet borne but clothed upon. with christian patience and resignation. His Thirdly, a state of satisfaction anticipated, heavenly Father favoured him with his mani. That mortality might be swallowed up of life. fest presence; his Captain cheered him
John Stenson. with continualsmiles; and caused his counte
King's Road, Chelsea, Oct. 1, 1847. nance to shine ; yea, his Saviour supported and solaced him; so that his mountain
Caution to the Religious Public.
Prayer for Pardon.
SIGHS OF A FILGRIM: OR, DEAR SIR: -Seeing on the cover of your
PRACTICAL PRAYERS FOR THE WEAK. Earthen Vessel for this month a notice headed as above; I beg, through the same
Jesus, at thy footstool bending, channel, for the sake of public good, to add
See a needy suppliant lie;
Conscience-stricken, wrath impending, a further testimony to the said statement;
Lord, to thee I raise my cry. and, truly, I may venture to say with Mr. Lord, thy wond'rous love transcending, Coles that one of the vilest imposters, or re
Matchless grace, so rich and free, ligious blacklegs, under the name of England,
On this all my hopes depending,
I would raise my hopes to thee. alias “ Webb,' alias “ Webster,' alias Leeson,
I have sinned 'gainst love abounding, &c. &c. that ever infested society, or im
So the devils cannot sin; posed upon the religious public, is at this With thy mercy all surrounding, time stalking round and about the country;
Canst thou Jesus take me in?
When by sin and guilt o'ertaken, levying his contributions especially on the
Vows I made, but these I broke; believers in christianity, and dexterously
Now at last, of all forsaken, swindling them out of their property, by a
Wilt thou Jesus cast me out? deep laid scheme, backed with pretended, or I have heard that thou canst pardon, borrowed christian experience, ingeniously
All who simply come to thee ;
Lord ! lest guilt and wrath should harden, played off by prating a prayer, and preach
Let thy pardon come to me. ing, (I should say) a borrowed serinon pretty
Lord, thy path was rough and thorny, well got off by heart, to deceive his victim
Oft thou wast cast down by fear ; and gain his base and sordid ends ; for Sorely smitten, tried and lonely,
Wilt thou not my breathings hear? which, if grace prevent not, he will, ere long,
From sin's distance, dark and dreary, meet the just reward of his labour in ini
Drawn by tidings of thy grace; quity, meet for all such ; (See Acts viii. 20, I have come with footsteps weary, xiji 10.) This vile hypocrite, lately, by Hoping yet t see thy face. his preaching and praying, and the use of I have heard the joyful tidings, other religious cant and cunning, obtained
owing through thy death,
O grant faith that here abiding, from several liberal christians, &c., in this
Refuge I may find and rest, town, to the amount of between eight and
Then thy kindness, Lord, proclaiming, ten pounds in goods and money, and then
I would gladly live to tell;
How thy grace and mercy conquering, decamped with his ill-gotten booty, under a
Saved a wretched soul from hell. solemn, yet, (it should seem) false promise
JUVENIS NERFLAB. that he would write to me in a few days ; but it is evident, this servant, (not to say son) of
Our Brother is gone. satan, never intended to make good his word. He was some two or three years [The following lines are from a handsome back imprisoned for three months in Barn. volume, sent to us by the Author, entitled staple jail, for swindling the people in north “Spiritual Songs, for Heaven-bound TraDevon, out of their property ; and, it seems
vellers." By š.' Lane, Minister of the he has been carrying on his favourite game Gospel, Bethesda Chapel, Hull.] ever since, at Worthing, in Sussex-at Yeo. He's gone to join the host above, vil, in Somersetshire - at Boston, in Lincoln
In songs of never ending praise ;
There to admire, adore, and love, shire-at Reading, in Berkshire-at Hull,
The Ancient of eternal days. in Yorkshire-and, perhaps nearly, if not () may our last expir'ing breath, all, the shires in England! As to his per Proclaim aloud our trust in God. son, he stands about five feet eight inches
And in the arms of icy death,
Rejoice in Christ's atoning blood, high ; straight, dark, or nearly black hair,
May we in Jesus find a friend, a speck in his left eye; he is about thirty
When death shall seize our mortal frame; five, or thirty-six years of age; has a good may our last our dying end, looking young wife, about twenty-five years Declare our trust in his dear name. old, and two young children, (if not three.)
And is he gone? with Christ to dwell!
In realms of everlasting light; He, evidently possesses a pretty good know
Where saints and angels join to tell, ledge of most gospel ministers, both in, and How God in Christ does all things right. out of the Establishment. He pretends to And is he gone? alas 'tis true ! much sanctity; calls himself a Particular No more shall we behold his face ;
No more the pleasing interview, Baptist ; though I shrewdly suspect he is
To talk of free and sovereign grace. either a gipsey, or a strolling player ; and | And is he gone! and gone to glory too! inwardly, I should say a decided infidel; at He's done his work below; still he has work to do, all events, a profound hypocrite; so much In heav'n to admire the glory of the grace, for this religious (or rather irreligious)
That brought him there to view the Saviour's face.
'Tis there he shouts with an immortal breath, monster in human shape.
Eternal victory o'er the sting of death,
He's join'd the saints, and sings the Lord is mine.
THE EARLY DAYS OF MARTIN LUTHER.
THE Year One Thousand, Eight Hun- humbled under his mighty hand; more dred and Forty-seven is fast drawing to a sanctified by his grace; and that, without close. Everlasting praise be given to the either courting the smiles or fearing the God of all our mercies for his kindness frowns of men, we may have a single eye in preserving, prospering, and bringing to the honour and glory of our most us safely to the present period of time. exalted Lord; that more than ever, we Perhaps no publication was ever com- may labour to be really useful (in our menced under more trying circumstances humble way) to poor Zion in her present than was the Earthen Vessel. Perhaps afflicted condition, and that we may at no publication was ever more imperfectly last finish our course with joy, and enter managed; pressed almost out of measure, into rest. as the Editor is, by continued heavy But, says the reader, what has all this labours, it has been found impossible to to do with Martin Luther-whose give that time and attention to the selec- name stands at the head of this page ? tion and insertion of articles, which is Well, I will tell you. From Mr. Cumrequired. No man can be more deeply mings' “ Lectures on the Book of Revesensible of manifested imperfections, than lation,” I have given you below, a very is the Editor of this little work. Many interesting sketch of the early days of valuable correspondents have been alto- Martin Luther. In writing a little ingether neglected; and many papers have troduction to the same, my mind was led been inserted, that had much better been to say a few words to you on the close of thrown into the fire. This confession the year. But I now say, farewell for may appear strange to some who know the present; the God of all grace, comnothing of the solemn anxieties, the fort and support you, prays your poor painful conflicts, the glorious breakings servant,
THE EDITOR. forth, and the blessed liftings up above all temporal things, which daily exercise
“In the year 1483 was born Martin Lu
ther. He was the son of a poor miner of the man who every day of his life is
| Mansfield ; and so poor was Martin Luther, (more or less) called to consult and to
| that when at school he had sometimes literconverse with souls in trouble ; and who
ally to beg his bread from door to door, and nearly every evening has to go forth to
to ask a morsel, for the love of God, to the ministry of the Word. However, keep him from starving. And yet that we may exclaim in the midst of all, schoolboy could not be starved. His bread “ Thanks be to God who giveth us the and water were provided for him from evervictory through our Lord Jesus Christ.”' lasting ages. He had a work and mission Perhaps no periodical was ever more which he alone was designed to do. The nowerfully onnosed than this has been waves of the Nile could not bury Moses in Many ministers of truth-(we have wit.
his cradle of bulrushes, -and so not all the nesses in proof of what we write)-have
spirits in hell, nor all the priests of Roine,
could crush the child of the poor miner of made it their business to condemn, and
Mansfield. The selection of such an instruto cast away both the Editor and his
ment for achieving the Reformation shews Vessel. We know instances where some
us 'not many mighty men, not many noble of these men that pretend to have so much
men hath God chosen : but he has chosen love for poor sinners, have gone into the weak things of the world to confound houses, and lo! and behold, the first thing the things that are mighty; and base things they have seen has been The Earthen of the world, and things which are not, to Vessel. Immediately they have gone to bring to nought things that are : that no work upon us, as Balaam did upon his flesh should glory in his presence.' Yet ass : and as Balaam said to the poor
insignificant as he appeared to man, Europe beast; so have they (in spirit) said of
of waited for Martin Luther, and Martin Lu
ther was preserved for Europe. Martin us—“I would there were a sword in mine
Luther! It is a name ploughed into the hand, for now would I kill thee.” But, I hearts of millions. While we must not play the Angel that redeemed us from all evil, the Papist by canonisiny Luther, or any has gone on to bless us; and, our heart's other saint, we must not prove ourselves undesire and prayer to God is, that we may grateful by erasing his name from the brightbe more sensible of his goodness; more est place in the roll of the illustrious dead, December.--PART XXXV.-Vol. III.
“ Luther entered the University of Erfurtsudden movement in his mind? What in the year 1501. It is recorded that he originated these struggles ? Luther was one made remarkable progress in his various day searching in the library of the universtudies ; he was distinguished for the sity of Erfurt; and, in the course of his strength of his intellect, the rapidity of his searches, he found a large volume, with acquirements, and the facility with which be strong clasps, covered wiih dust, evidently triumphed over the most difficult tasks pre not opened for half a century, or it might scribed to him. Luther excited the admi-be more. Struck with the strangeness of its ration, we are told by Merle D'Aubigné, of appearance, and with the bulk of the all his teachers. He shewed himself to be volume, he opened it: it was called the a student of real intellect and a labourer of Bible. He had never seen it before. He indomitable perseverance. He shewed he knew nothing more of the Bible than the would shrink from no toil, and would be lessons extracted from it in the Missal, or conquered by no difficulty. Auguries of the incidental histories given from it, in the success, the most splendid, were given forth Breviary. He began to read that Bible. He by his professors and teachers. He was found in it new and awakening facts-he destined by some for the law-he was set read of the guilt of man so deep that no apart by others for the church. It was pre- tears could wash it away, and of the holiness dicted by all that he would prove to be no of God so awful that no sinner could meet ordinary man: and such he proved to be, it; and he felt, between his own conscience though in a way unsuspected by his admirers. in its calm and sequestered hours, and the In the midst of his career, suddenly, and delineation of man's conscience contained without giving notice to his teachers, or in that Bible, such an identity as satisfied assigning one single reason to any of his that lonely youth that the God who made companions, Luther determined to leave the his conscience, wrote that book called the University, and enter an Augustinian Con- Bible. And he looked at it again and again, vent: that is, a convent adopting the prin- and he found fresh proof that, while one ciples, and bearing the name of the cele- page of it revealed a guilty world, the other brated Latin father, St. Augustine. What page revealed a holy, a just, and a righteous could be the reason of so sudden and un-God. Luther's great mind was, perhaps, promising a change? Why did Luther thus touched by a celestial unction, he felt that abandon the path that pointed to his realis- if he was, what he knew he was, the chiefest ing bright promises, and cast a cloud upon of sinners, and if God was, what he read he brilliant prospects? Why did he leave a was, a just and a righteous and a holy God, university career of unrivalled promise, and then there was no prospect of salvation for immure himself in a Augustinian convent, his soul beyond the grave. He trembled where his usefulness would be utterly de- and he read; he read again and again : he stroyed, his name obliterated, his talents | trembled, and wept, and read. The Reforburied as in a napkin, and his prospects mation depended on this whether Luther annihilated, as far as man could see, for should read on, or whether he should shut ever? There was a reason: that great mind, the book, and place it where it was before. as if struck with some supernatural impulse, The Reformation with all its issues, was stirred in the midst of his university stretching into eternal ages, was contained career, with solemn and awful forebodings | in the dusty Bible Martin Luther discovered of death, and judgment, and eternity to in the library of the University of Erfurt. come. That great heart which quailed at But God said, Come forth; and nothing no perils, and was conscious of no fear of could repress it. God's providence seconded man, began to hear sounding in its own the leading of God's grace, for we read in depths the very voice of God; pre-intima- the interesting history of Luther, in D'Auting to the student another course than that bigné's history, that Luther was one day which university professors bad assigned walking in the fields with a fellow student'; him. His soul felt its contact with the there overtook them suddenly a tremendous ocean of eternity: and the waves and ripples storm of thunder and lightning ; they ran of that sea began to overflow that spirit, and for shelter, but ere they reached a place of to reveal in its bosom, as in a brilliant shelter, Luther's companion was struck by mirror, that great tribunal, before which the lightning and dropped dead at Luther's Luther felt that monks and monarchs, feet. Luther was preserved. That comprinces and peasants, niust stand to receive | panion the world could do without, but judgment according to the deeds that they neither the world nor the Church could do had done in the body. In the midst of without Luther. This great event impressed university studies he suddenly felt the reality and awed the spirit of Luther. He felt of judgment and of God, and after the man- again with increasing force, Life how short! ner of the times he thought a convent was Judgment how near! Eternity how territhe proper place for religious men.
ble! And when he recollected again what “What was the instrumental cause of this his own conscience felt, and what God's
word declared, and thought that he also of every minister, and preacher, and father might be struck by the next flash, or over in the church :- By the deeds of the law whelmed by the next storm, and sent to no man living can be justified. In this stand shivering and naked and guilty at the state then of conviction-in this state of judgment-seat of God, he endured an agony alarm, that nothing could quell-in this of spirit that was beyond all expressiun. state of perplexity that nothing could reWhat, he asked himself, what must I do to move, Luther at last met with one who felt be saved? What can I do? He cried out, for him--one who was in the Church of in the anguish of his soul, “Oh my sin ! Rome, but not of the Church of Rome. my sin ! what, who can forgive me my sin ?' Staupitz was Vicar-general of the convent
“Now let me beg of you to take a retro- and strange to say, a Christian and a Prospective glance at the sequestered convent testant-though called a Papist : there are of the Augustinians. Do you see that pale such, I believe, still: but these are not the spectre shivering amid the corridors? Do product of Popery, but the product of you see that emaciated monk wandering the Christianity that penetrates its darkness. with bowed head, and beating heart, and fe. Even in the Church of Rome, though the vered eye amid the cloisters of the convent ? sirocco of a blasting superstition has swept There is plenty to eat, brother Martin, abun- it, and the cloud of awful and overshadowing dance of raiment, right merry companions, apostacy bangs over it, yet such are the men that fear not God, and care not for brightness and the power of the beams of man, why be sorrowful ? This was no com God's truth, that they penetrate the cloud, fort to his soul : like the stricken deer, he and pour into the depths of the hearts of many preferred to wander alone, separated froin who pant and thirst in the midst of that the rest; there was a barbed shaft rankling Church for the light of life, and for the love in his spirit which no human hand could of God. So was it here. Staupitz was a extract; and in that suffering, pained, ema Christian, under a Papist in name-a Prociated, lonely monk, amid the corridors and testant, and yet a monk -a believer in the the cloisters of the Augustinian convent, I Bible, and yet a reader of the Breviary. you have the living and the visible evidence This was inconsistent, no doubt, as far as we of the reality of that solemn text, ' a wounded can see, but are there no inconsistencies with spirit who can bear?'
us ? Luther found access to the Vicar“But look at him again, he is determined general : he explained his case to him, and, to to have peace if it can be had at any price. the amazement and delight of Luther, StauHe goes to the inmates of the convent; he pitz said, “The righteousness of Christ is speaks to his brother monks; he tells them the only righteousness by which the sinner of man a sinner, and God all holy: some can be justified.' 'And the love of God in laugh at him ; some try to amuse him with Christ,” said Staupitz, to the vexed, torn, other things; and the most serious among bleeding heart of Luther, the love of God them prescribe to him increase of fasting is the only fountain of genuine repentance.' and penances. Luther took the only pre- But,' said Luther, ‘my sin, my sin : how scription that seemed an earnest one. He can I expect to have an interest in this? I clothed himself with thorns, made long and am a great, a miserable sinner?' Staupitz weary pilgrimages, endured the most excru- said, 'Would you only be the semblance of ciating penances, went days without food, a sinner? Then you must expect only the and fasted to an extent that the eremites of semblance of a Saviour: but if you be what Tractarianism make but a very shabby imi- you say you are, a real sinner, then there is tation of, and endured a martyrdom while for you a real Saviour-in his blood, forgiveliving that was not equalled or exceeded by ness-in his righteousness, a title to heaven the martyrdom once endured by saints that and everlasting happiness. The clouds of are dead. In all this he sought peace, by night were successively swept from the mind seeking to realise justification from sin. Did of Luther, and the Sun of Righteousness, he find it? Far from it. No suffering of described in the chapter, shone forth upon man reaches high enough to touch the his soul in meridian splendour-a new era offended heart of an offended God; and no dawned, a new career unfolded itself to his penances or atonement of man descend deep mind. Superstition and will-worship and enough to reach the conscience and com- voluntary humility departed, and in the light municate to it peace. When you behold of that Sun he saw light. He beheld,' to him fasting, and doing penances, and use language of the Evangelist on another making pilgrimages, and living without occasion, 'he beheld the glory of Christ as the bread or water, and covering his couch with glory of the only begotten of the Father, full his tears, in order to have peace with God, of grace and truth.' The bitterness of Luther and reaching none, you learn another lesson ; was gradually removed - his wounded spirit so short and simple in words, but full of was healed ; and he was heard, in the joy and meaning ; a text, that would God it were excitement of his soul, to exclaim, 'O happy sin written by the Spirit of God upon the heart that has introduced me to such a salvation !'"