Imatges de pàgina

16, 1799.

well as the comfort and happiness of its The French corvette, i’Hussar, a very individuals. (Signed)

fine vefiel, only seven months old, mounts Tho. Trigge, Lieut. Gen. 20 nine-prunders, now serving as the

H. Seymour, Vice Admiral. Surinam Doop, and Lieutenant Cole, of Dated on boarii liis Majesty's ship Prince

* the Prince of Wales, appointed to com' of Wales, off Bram's Point, August mand her. The Campilaan

brig, of 16 guns, late belonging to the Government

of Holland, now serving under the same [Then follow the Articles of Capitula“ name, and Lieutenant Thwaites, of the tion.]

Prince of Wales, appointed to command

her. Admiralty Office, OEZ. 12. Lieut, Senhouse, of his Majesty's brig Copy of a Letter from Vice- Admiral Lord

Hugh Seymour to Mr Nepean. Requin, arrived this afternoon, with Jis patches from Vice-Admirai Lord Hugh

Prince of Wales, off Bram's Point, Seymour, Commander in Chief of his

Aug. 31.
Majesty's Tips and vessels employed at SIR,
Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands, to

I have the satisfaction to inciose, for Evan Nepean, Elg. Secretary of the Admiralty, of which the following are Co. the information of the Lords Commilpies.

fioners of the Admiralty, a letter which

I have juft received from Capt. Weitern Prince of Wales, of Bram's Point, of his Majesty's ship Tamer. dug. 31, 1799.

I am Sir, &r. SIR,

H. Seymoura I have the honor to forward, for the information of my Lords Commissioners Tamer, of Surinam, Aug. 29. of Admiralty, a copy of the Arricles My LORD, oftulation, figued on the 20th init. for facing the very valuable Colony of

I have the honour to inform your Surmam under his Majesty's protection ; Lordship, that on Monday morning, the.. çn which I mot sincerely con

26th init. a little after day.light. being fratulate their Lordships. Having been then about four leagues to Wefward ot aken very ill on Tuelday last, I have Orange, I discovered a strange fail bear. not fince been in a fiate to attend on bufi- ing W.N. W. and having ine evening ness, which I hope will be admitted by before had a running fight with a large their Lordships as a sufficient apology for French corvette, who escaped by getting iny not giving them a detailed account into thoai water, and the darknefs of the of this fortunate event. I have, however, night, and conceiving the fail in fight to fent a copy of my letter to the Secretary be the same, I immediately gave chace : of State, for their Lordships'information. about half past five P. M. I got alonglide I have sent Lieut. Senhouse in the Re. of her, when afier about ten minutes quin armed brig with my dispatches, close action the struck, and proves to be whose intelligence, zcal, and activiiy the national corveite Republicaine, (comhave recommended him moft ftrongly manded by Citoyen Le Buzee, Capitaine to my nodice, and will, I hope, to their de Frigare) of 32 guns, 24 long wines, Lordhips' favour and protection. I am and 8 iniriy.two pound carronades, and not able a present to forward an account 220 men, trom Cayenne, on a cruize, of the vefiels cap'ured at Surinam, two and has taken iwo Americans. I had of which I have been obliged to take in two seamen wounded in this busineis, to his Majesty's service until their Lord and my fails and rigging a good deal frips' pleafure can be known; but I Mall damaged, the alınost a wreck, take the first opportunity of sending that and I have towed her up here with me; account for their Lordships' informa- her lots I understand to b: nine killed and tion.

twelve wounded.
I am, &c.

I have the honour to be, &c.
H. Seymour.

Thos. Western.

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On account of the Long and very Interesting Intelligence from the Gazettes, (great part of which we have not been able to get into this Numbers we have referred the Article of Affairs in Scotland, & c. till our next.






With a View of MELVILLE-CASTLE, the Seat of the Right Hon. Henry




Page Register of the Weather for Feb. Si reign Affairs in France, and High Water at Leith for March, ib. from Gen. Buonaparte ; with Account of Experiments on Whin the Answers returned to them

stone, by Sir James Hall, Bart. 83 by the Right Hon. Lord GrenHints of Instruction to any who ville, his Majesty's Principal may adopt the Route over.

Secretary of State for Foreign Land from India, thro' Coun- Affairs, tries in Asia, and thro' Bul. Memoirs of Richard Brinsley garia, &c. 87 Sheridan, Ela.

128 Description of the View, 88 The Prince of Geelaun and the On the Study of Natural Philoso- King Mouse; a Perfian Tale, 133

phy, Natural History, and Ma. thematics ; in Letters from a

POETRY. Father to his Son,

89 Introduction to the Tale of the Esay on Landscape Gardening, 92 Dark Ladie ; by S. T. ColeOn Engli, Verse, 94 ridge,

141 The Probable History of King Ode for the New Year, by H. . Artbur,

Pye, Efq.

142 Anecdotes of Mirabeau and La The Hermit Boy,

143 Fayette,

The Affectionate Heart, by jo On the Spirit of Chivalry in Ex- Jeph Cottle,

- 144 ropes


MONTHLY REGISTER. On the Ancient and Modern Ule of Ghosts,

108 Proceedings of Parliament, T45 New Conftitution of France, 11. Interesting Intelligence from the Of the Legislative Power 113

London Gazettes,

147 Of the Government,

Affairs in Scotland,

158 _Of the Tribunal,


Trial of Griffith Williams for MurOf the Responsibility of the der, before the High Court of Public Functionaries, 116 Jufticiary,

ib -General Dispositions, ib. Births,

ib. Letters from the Minister for Fo- Marriages and Deaths,

159 L




H. M.

H. M.

6 27

8 33


9 48


Th. 6. To 14

7. II


Su. 9.
M. 10.
T. 11.

35 | 38

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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals, | High Water at LEIT! and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER in the open

for March 1800.

(From the Town and Counair, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and

try Almanack.) at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen,

Morn. Even.
in inches and decimals, from Feb. I. to 25. Deys.
18po in the vicinity of Edinburgh.

Sa.' I. 6 6
Su. 2.

7 13 1800. Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather.

3. 737



In. Pts.

4. 8 25

W... 5. 919
29.315 1.32
32 364 0.351
Rain s

10 40 2 29.295

41 0.04 Showers



Il 34 3 29.311 36 36 43


Sa. 8. 4 29.85' 36 44


O 35

o 55 5 30.078 32 40

1 20

· I 44 6 30.115


2 IO

2 34 7 30.1 3037


I 2. 2 56

Th. 13. 3. 47

4 12
9 30.01

Fr. 14. 4 37

5 3 jo 30. 35

Sa. 15. 5 30

6 II 30.02 34 38

Su, 16. 6.


7 12 29.955 29 Ditto

8 13 29.815 30 39

Cloudy T. 18. 8 32

93 14 29.955 34 40

W. 19. 9. 32

IO I 15 29.921

35. 0.04


Th.20. 10 28 10 55 16 29.751 33 37

Cloudy Fr. 21. II 23 I1 49

0 13
18 29.6
35 43

1 19 29.51 42 47


I 41 20 29.5 35 39


4 21 29.31


W. 26. 2 45

3 7
42 47.

3 39 3. 59 23 29.311 38


Fr. 28.

4.37 24 29.455 37 37 0.04


5 19 25 29.6

37 0.03 Ditto

5 45

6 7 M. 34. .6 54

3 24


34 39


M. 17. 731



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Quantity of Rain 0.952

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E. R. S. & F. A. S. EDIN.

[From the Tranfa&tions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.] THE experiments described in this kingdom, which he has thus reconcil

paper were suggested to me ma- ed to his fyftem. by years ago, when employed in ftu- One neceffary consequence of the dying the Geological System of the position of these bodies, seems, howlate Dr Hutton, by the following ever, to have been overlooked by Dir plaufible objection, to which it seems Hutton himself: I mean, that, after liable.

their fufion, they must have cooled Granite, porphyry, and basaltes, very lowly ; and it appeared to me are supposed by Dr Hutton to have probable, on that account, that, durflowed in a ftate of perfect fusion in- ing their congelation, a crystallization to their present position; but their had taken place, with more or less internal structure, being universally regularity, producing the ftony and rough and ftony, appears to contra. cryftallized structure, common to all di& this hypothesis ; for the result unftratified substances, from the large of the fusion of earthly substances, grained granite, to the fine grained hitherto observed in our experiments, and almolt homogeneous bafalt. This either is glass, or possesses, in fome eonje&ure derived additional probadegree, the vitreous character. bility from an accident fimilar to

This objection, however, loses much those formerly observed by Mr Keir, of its force, when we attend to the which had just happened at Leith : peculiar circumstances under which, a large glass-house pot, filled with according to this theory, the a&tion green bottle glass in fufion, having of heat was exerted. These subftan- cooled flowly, its contents had lost ces, when in fufion, and long after every character of glass, and had their congelation, are supposed to completely assumed the ftony ftruchave occupied a subterraneous posi- ture. tion far below what was then the fur. * Thefe views made part of a paper face of the earth; and Dr Hutton which I had the honour of laying behas ascribed to the modification of fore the Society in 1790 ; and about heat, occasioned by the pressure of the same time I determined to sub. the superincumbent mass, many im- mit my opinions to the test of expeportant phenomena of the mineral riment. I communicated this inten.


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tion to all my friends, and in parti- to our experiments. It is thus that cular to Dr Hutton ; from him, how, the astronomer, by obferviag the efever, I received but little encourage- fects of gravitation on a little penda. meni. He was impressed with the lum, is enabled to eftimate the influidea, that the heat to which the mi. ence of that principle on the heavenneral kingdom has been exposed was. ly bodies, and thus to lextend the of such intenfity, as to lie far beyond range of accurate science to the ex. the reach of our imitation, and that trene limits of the solar system, the operations of nature were perform- Encouraged by this reasoning, I ed on fo great a scale, compared to began my projected series of experi. that of our experiments, that no in- ments in the course of the same year ference could properly be drawn from (1790,) with very promising appearthe one to the other. He has since ances of success. I found that I expresied the same sentiments in one could command the result which had of his late publications, ( Theory of occurred accidentally at the glassthe Earth, vol. I. p. 251.) where he house ; for, by means of slow cool. ceosures thote who " judge of the ing, i converted bottle glass, after “ great operations of the mineral fusion, into a tony substance, which

kingdom, from having kindled a again, by the application of strong “ fire, and looked into the bottom of heat, and subsequent rapid cooling, I little crucible."

reftored to the itate of perfect glass. But, potwithltanding my venera- This operation I performed repeattion for Dr Huttoo, I could not help edly with the same specimen, lo as differing from him on this occafion : to ascertain that the character of the For, granting that these substances, result was ftony or vitreous, accordwhen in fusion, were acted upon by ing to the mode of its cooling. a heat of ever so great intensity, it is Some peculiar circumttances intercertain, nevertheless, that many of rupted the prosecution of these exthem must have congealed in moder- periments till last winter, (1798) ate temperatures, since many are eafi when I'determined to resume them. ly fusible in our furnaces; for it is Deliberating on the fubftance most impossible that a substance should con- proper to submit to experiment on geal at a higher point than that at this occasion, I was decided by the which it

may afterwards, be melted. advice of Dr Hope,* well known by If, then, these phenomena depend his discovery of the Earth of Strokupon the circumstances of congela. tites, to give the preference to whio. tion, the imitation of the natural pro

stone. cess is an obje& which may be pur- The term whinstone, as used in sued with a rational expectation of most parts of Scotland, denotes a nusuccess; and, could we succeed in a merous class of stones, diftinguihed few examples on a small scale, and in other countries by the names of with easily fufiblefabstances, we should basaltes, trap, wacken, grünftein and be entitled to extend the theory, by porphyry. As they are, inomy analogy, to such as, by their bulk, pinion, mere varieties of the fame or by the refractory nature of their class, I conceive that they ought to composition, could not be subjected be connected by some common name,

, and * In the course of laft winter, when I first thought of resuming my experiments, I proposed to this gentleman, that, in imitation of a practice, common in the Academy of Sciences of Paris we should perform them in company. To this proposal he cheerfully agreed; but, before any experiments had been begun, he found him self so much occupied by professional duties, that he could not bestow upon the fubject the time which it neceffarily required; and we gave up the idea of working is company.

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